Uyifaka njani i-Ubuntu desktops kwiLinux Mint 21 Vanessa

I-Linux Mint 21 ene-Ubuntu desktops

Ngokukhutshwa ngakunye kweLinux enencasa ye-mint, i-buzz malunga nokuba yeyona ndlela ilungileyo ku-Ubuntu iyakhula. Emva koko ukufika de Linux i-21, le ndlela yokuziphatha iye yagxininiswa kuphela, kwaye bathanda ngokwenene izinto ezifana nokuba iFirefox ayiqukwanga njenge-Snap okanye umsebenzi wokukhulula i-RAM engasebenzi kakuhle njengoko iCanonical ingathanda, ukubulala izicelo eziSebenzisayo.

Andizukuthi lahla Ubuntu kuba "ubuntu obutsha yiLinux Mint". Andizukutsho nokuba utshintsho kufuneka lwenziwe kwiLinux Mint 21 ukuyenza ibengcono. Into endiyifunayo kukubonisa indlela yokufaka iidesika ulahlekile ukuze ukwazi ukusebenzisa okufanayo njenge-X-buntu, kwaye ezo zezona zisetyenziswa kakhulu kwi-Linux, GNOME kunye nePlasma, kunye ne-LXQt, i-Budgie kunye ne-UKUI. Ezi zimbini ezingafunekiyo zi Xfce y UMATE, ekubeni sele zikhona kwii-ISO ezisemthethweni.

Uzifaka njani iidesktops kwiLinux Mint 21

GNOME

Ukusukela iLinux Mint 21 kunye nazo zonke ezinye iinguqulelo zisebenzisa i-Ubuntu yokugcina, ukufaka i-GNOME kulula njengokuvula i-terminal kunye nokuchwetheza:

uhlaziyo lwe-sudo apt && sudo apt phucula sudo apt ukufaka ignome

Emva kokucofa u-enter kunye nokubeka igama eligqithisiweyo, iya kusibonisa zonke iipakethe zokuzifaka. Samkela kwaye silinde. Ngexesha elithile liya kusibuza ukuba yeyiphi umphathi weseshoni esifuna ukuyisebenzisa. Kufuneka ukhethe ibe nye. Xa ukufakela kugqityiwe kufuneka siphume kwaye sikhethe enye ye-GNOME.

Susa i-GNOME

Ukususa i-GNOME siya kubhala:

sudo apt ukususa i-gnome && sudo apt ukususa

Plasma

IPlasma inokufakwa koovimba basemthethweni, kodwa hayi ukuba esikufunayo kukusebenzisa iinguqulelo zamva nje. Ukufakela iPlasma kwiLinux Mint 21 okanye nayiphi na inguqulelo esaxhaswayo, sichwetheza:

sudo yongeza-apt-repository ppa:kubuntu-ppa/backports sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade sudo apt install kde-plasma-desktop

Njengakwi-GNOME, xa ixesha lifika, liya kusibuza ukuba yeyiphi iseshoni yomphathi osetyenziswa ngokungagqibekanga. Ndincoma ukusebenzisa i-lightdm kuzo zonke iimeko, ngaphandle kokuba ufuna ukusebenzisa i-desktop entsha 100%, apho kuya kufuneka ufake/ukhuphe ezinye izinto. Ukuba ufuna okungaphezulu kune desktop, i KDE ikwabonelela ngeenketho kde-full y kde-standard, ukuquka iPlasma yokuqala kunye nazo zonke ii-apps ze KDE kunye neyesibini iPlasma kunye nokhetho lweapps kwiprojekthi.

Nje ukuba ifakiwe, siyaphuma kwaye sikhethe iPlasma. Umfanekiso weskrini ongezantsi ngowohlobo lwePlasma olusuka kwii-Ubuntu zokugcina, hayi ii-Backports.

IPlasma kwiLinux Mint 21

Susa iPlasma

Ukususa iPlasma siya kubhala oku kulandelayo kwi-terminal, sikhetha desktop, stantard o full kuxhomekeke kwinto esiyifakileyo:

sudo apt susa i-kde-plasma-desktop && sudo apt ukususa

LXQt

I-LXQt yidesktop encinci enezinto ezifanayo kwi-Xfce, kodwa ikhethwa lunikezelo olukhetha into elula, nokuba iyafana okanye "umzala wayo wokuqala" i-LXDE. Umzekelo, iRaspberry Pi OS. I-LXQt inokufakwa kwakhona kwiindawo zokugcina ezisemthethweni okanye kwi- ii-backports ezintsha. Ukuba sifuna ukusebenzisa inguqulelo yamva nje, siya kuvula i-terminal kwaye sichwetheze:

sudo yongeza-apt-repository ppa: lubuntu-dev/backports-staging sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade sudo apt install lxqt

Khetha umphathi wefestile

Ngokungafaniyo ne-GNOME kunye nePlasma, i-LXQt ayikubuzi ukuba yeyiphi iseshoni yomphathi onokuthi uyisebenzise. Endaweni yoko, umphathi wefestile uyadibana nathi. Iziphumo ngeMuffin ziya kuba zezi zilandelayo:

LXQt kwiLinux Mint 21

Susa i-LXQt

Ukususa i-LXQt siya kubhala oku kulandelayo kwi-terminal:

sudo apt ukususa lxqt && sudo apt autoremove

Budgie

I-Budgie isebenzisa amacandelo ayo kunye nezinye iiprojekthi, ezifana ne-GNOME, egqwesileyo kwi-aesthetics. Ukuyifaka kwi-Linux Mint 21 kufuneka sibhale oku kulandelayo kwi-terminal:

uhlaziyo lwesudo apt && sudo apt upgrade sudo apt ufake ubungu-budgie-desktop

UBudgie akasiceli mphathi weseshoni okanye umphathi wefestile. Kukufakela nokusetyenziswa.

Budgie kwiLinux Mint 21

Susa uBudgie

Ukuyiphelisa siya kubhala:

sudo apt susa ubungu-budgie-desktop && sudo apt autoremove

I-NGI

Ukuba ubucinga ukuba kuphelile, hayi. Idesika enye isahleli, kodwa incinci eyaziwayo eyenzelwe uluntu lwaseTshayina. Yeyona isetyenziswa ngu-Ubuntu Kylin, kwaye ukuyifaka kuya kufuneka songeze indawo yokugcina, efana ne-KDE kunye ne-LXQt Backports, kodwa oku akusiyo isoftware yangoku:

sudo yongeza-apt-repository ppa:ubuntukylin-amalungu/ukui sudo apt update sudo apt install ukui-desktop-environment

Ukui kwi Linux Mint 21

Susa UKUI

Ukwenza indlela ebuyayo, siya kubhala:

sudo apt susa ukui-desktop-indalo && sudo apt autoremove

Akukho zikhetho zininzi kakhulu

I-Linux Mint 21, njengazo zonke iinguqulelo zeMint, ilungile emva kokufaka okutsha, okanye njengoko ii-Anglo-Saxons zisitsho, "ngaphandle kwebhokisi". Kodwa iinketho zikhona kwabo bafuna ukuzisebenzisa. Eli nqaku libhalelwe bona, kwabo bangafuni ukuyeka, umzekelo, i-GNOME kwaye bafuna ukuphepha utshintsho oluthile ku-Ubuntu. Akukho zikhetho zininzi kakhulu, kwaye ngazo unokuba neLinux Mint oyikhethayo... ukuba ufuna into eyahlukileyo kuleyo sele inikezela ngokungagqibekanga.


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