Richard Stallman anotaura nezve mamiriro emahara software kufamba uye kurwisa Apple neCanonical

 

Mamwe mazuva apfuura Richard Stallman akataura nezve "mamiriro emahara software kufamba" uye mune izvo zvaasina kuve netsitsi kuna Apple neCanonical mune izvi zvirevo.

Uye ndiye Richard Stallman inotaura kuti Apple inoramba ichishandura Macs kuita rudzi rwe "jeri" nekudzivirira vashandisi kuita chero zvavanoda nemichina yavo uye kuisa mapurogiramu avo kana mabhinari akawanikwa kubva kune vamwe vanhu, izvo "akaratidza kuti izvi zvinofanira kunge zvisiri pamutemo", uye Stallman haafaririwo kushandisa Ubuntu, iyo yaanoti haisi yemahara GNU/Linux kugovera.

Kune avo vasina kujairana naRichard Matthew Stallman (RMS), iwe unofanirwa kuziva kuti aive nesimba guru papasirese yesoftware (kunyanya yemahara software), asi anozivikanwa zvakare kune dzimwe nguva kupokana kwekutaura uye zvinzvimbo.

Mudziviriri akasimba wesoftware yemahara, haapotsa mukana wekushoropodza makambani pamavambo ezvigadziriso zvevaridzi uye anotungamira kurwa kwakakosha kurwisa Apple. RMS yakaramba ichishoropodza kambani uye muvambi wayo Steve Jobs, ichivapomera kuti vakagadzira "yakavharwa komputa ecosystem umo vashandisi vanosungwa." Kwaari, hapana ane kodzero yekurambidza vanhu kuita zvavanoda nemichina yavanenge vatenga.

"Steve Jobs, piyona wehunyanzvi hwemakomputa ejeri akagadzirirwa kubira vanhu rusununguko, akafa. Handisi kufara kuti afa, asi ndinofara kuti aenda. Hapana munhu anofanirwa kufa, kunyangwe Mabasa, kana Bill Gates, kana kunyange vanhu vane mhosva yekutadza kukuru. Asi isu tose takakodzera kupera kupesvedzero yakaipa yeMabasa pamakomputa evanhu. Vanhu ngavarege kurumbidza Mabasa nekuda kwemaitiro emujeri anoyevedza aakagadzira nesignature yake. Hazvina kunaka kuisa vashandisi mutirongo, ”akadaro muevhangeri wemahara software achangofa mushakabvu Steve Jobs.

mumharidzo yake awa nehafu pa "The State of the Free Software Movement" Stallman haana kuchinja rhetoric yake kuApple. Sekureva kweFree Software Foundation (FSF), "Nekuda kwekunetseka kusingatarisirwe kwehunyanzvi, RMS yakaita mharidzo yayo nenzira yepodcast." Iyo FSF yakaita kuti odhiyo iwanikwe kuti iwe uteerere, asi panguva ino, heino rondedzero yezvimwe zvinyorwa kubva mukutaura kwake.

RMS akatanga nekutenda munhu wese akapa software yemahara uye akakurudzira avo vanoda kubatsira kushanyira webhusaiti yeGNU Project.

"Iyo yemahara software kufamba ndeyepasirese uye haifanire kusarura chero munhu. Kunyangwe paine mhosva dzinofanirwa kurangwa, kudzivirira mumwe munhu kuti asabatsire kune software yemahara kunoranga nyika. Kwete munhu iyeye," akadaro. Zvakare yakaratidza zvimwe zvinhu zvakavandudzika mukufamba kwemahara software, kusanganisira kuvandudzwa kukuru kumapurojekiti akaita seGNU Emacs kana uchiona mapakeji ekunze.

RMS yainyanya kutsamwa nekuti "yose tech kambani ikozvino inoda kuvhara vanhu uye kuvaisa pasi." Maererano naye, "izvi zvinotsausa komputa kubva kune chinangwa chayo chepakutanga, icho chiri kuita kuti hupenyu huve nyore kuvanhu."

“Zvakanaka, michina yemahara yatinayo yasakara uye yave kushomeka. Zvakaoma kuwana nzira yekutsigira chimwe chinhu chitsva, nekuti vese Intel ne AMD vanogadzira hardware yavo kuti vatore vanhu. Dai vaive vatsoropodzi voruzhinji, zvaizovanetsa kuti vaite zvakaipa kupfuura zvavari kuita,” vakadaro.

Akabva ataura nezve Ubuntu, kugoverwa kwakagadzirwa uye kutengeswa neCanonical:

"Ubuntu, chokwadi, kugovera kusiri kwemahara uye handingakurudzire chero munhu kuti ashandise. Mamwe mapakeji akakosha ave kugovaniswa chete kuburikidza neavo isiri-kusununguka-kuremekedza package system, kwete seDebian mapakeji. Naizvozvo, zvakatonyanya kuoma kupfuura nakare kuwana chero rusununguko kubva pakuiswa kweUbuntu, ”akadaro RMS. 

Mushure maizvozvi, Stallman akataura nezvekusununguka kwezvinhu uye Macintosh:

"VaMacins vari kuita majeri, senge iMonsters. Zviri kuramba zvichiwedzera kuomera vashandisi kuti vatoise mapurogiramu avo kuti ashande. Uye izvo, zvechokwadi, zvinofanira kunge zvisiri pamutemo. Zvinofanira kunge zvisiri pamutemo kutengesa komputa isingatenderi vashandisi kuisa yavo software kubva kusource code. Uye komputa yako pamwe haifanirwe kubvumidzwa kukumisa kuisa mabhinari aunowana kubva kune vamwe vanhu, kunyangwe zvinobvumwa mumamiriro ezvinhu akadaro unozviita nenjodzi yako, "RMS yakati.

RMS akapedzisa mharidzo yake nokuzivisa bhuku idzva wanyora, bhuku rezvinyorwa zveGNU C compiler.

Pakupedzisira, Kana iwe uchifarira kuziva zvakawanda nezvazvo, Iwe unogona kutarisa izvo zviri mupodcast, iyo iwe yaunogona kuteerera kubva chinotevera chinongedzo.


Izvo zviri muchinyorwa zvinoomerera pamisimboti yedu ye tsika dzekunyora. Kuti utaure chikanganiso tinya pano.

Makomendi gumi, siya zvako

Siya yako yekutaura

Your kero e havazobvumirwi ichibudiswa.

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  1.   nicov akadaro

    jaajja nhasi ndanga ndichida kuisa apex uye nekuti ndaive nenhare mbozha haina kunditendera uye haina kana kukwira (kadhi rekubhadharira masevhisi eruzhinji muArgentina) android inotaridzika zvakanyanya senge ios.

  2.   Ivan Avalos akadaro

    Zviri pachena kuti havanzwisisi nyaya yacho zvakanaka, sezvo vachishandisa izwi rekuti “mahara” pane rekuti “mahara”. Kuvhiringidzika kunobva pakuti izwi rechirungu harina kujeka, asi muchiSpanish harisi, saka ndinokumbira kuti ururamise izwi iri, sezvo Richard Stallman haambotauri nezvemutengo, nezve rusununguko chete.

    Zvingave zvakanaka zvakare kana vakajekesa kuti software yemahara inogona kutengeswa uye inoshanda zvachose.

    Thanks.