Iyo yekutanga nhoroondo yeInternet. Kunzwisisa zviripo zveLinux

Iyo yekutanga nhoroondo yeInternet

Kune chero munhu anoziva nhoroondo yehunyanzvi, shanduko yeindasitiri yemakomputa haisi kushamisika. Icho chiri kunyatsotevera chaizvo matanho akafanana neayo emagetsi emagetsi ekugadzira uye yekupa indasitiri.

Mumazuva ekutanga, majenareta mahombe aisagona kure zvakanyanya kubva kwayaishandiswa. Shure kwaizvozvo, mainjiniya uyeVakawana nzira yekudzikisa saizi yayo, kudzikisa mitengo, uye kuwedzera chinhambwe pamusoro pacho mvura yemagetsi yaigona kutapurirwa.

Pakasvika nguva apo Izvo zvainge zvisisina musoro kune mumwe nemumwe mutengi kuti ave nejenareta yake. Zvaive zvakachipa uye zvisina kuomarara kutenga magetsi kubva kukambani yekugovera.

Cloud computing inotevera iwo iwo musimboti. Kune makomputa ane hukuru hwekugadzirisa masimba anokwanisa kushandira zviuru zvevashandisi, uye kune vashandisi vasina kubhadharwa nekuve varidzi vecomputer zviwanikwa zvavanoda.

Kunze kwekushushikana nezve kuvanzika, kubva pakuona kwezvehupfumi, nguva dzese tZvinoita zvine musoro kushandisa masevhisi egore.

Uye, mugore, mambo Linux.

Asi, kuti unzwisise kuti Linux yakauya sei pano isu tinofanirwa kuziva shanduko yetekinoroji yakaita kuti zvikwanisike

En zvinyorwa zvedu zvakapfuura Isu takacherekedza kuti paive nezvinhu zvinoverengeka zvaizosimbisa kubudirira kweLinux. Vari:

  • Linus 'sarudzo yekusunungura kernel pasi peGPL rezinesi.
  • Iko kugona kwevagadziri kuisa yakavhurika sosi maturusi nekudaro kugadzira kwekutanga kugovera.
  • Kuzivikanwa kweiyo CD-ROM senge rutsigiro rwekuparadzira software

Munguva pfupi vamwe vanopa mhinduro veIT vakaona kuti vaigona kushandisa izvo zvitsva kugoverwa nevatengi vavo. Ivo vakashandisa modhi nyowani yebhizinesi inoenderana nekubvunza pane kutengesa marezinesi kana Hardware.

Yasvika nguva yekuzivisa mumwe protagonist wenyaya iyi; Indaneti.

Iyo yekutanga nhoroondo yeInternet

Izvo zvese zvakatanga ne kuvhurwa kwekutanga satellite yekugadzira munhoroondo. Iyo yainzi Union yeSoviet Socialist Republics yakaparura Sputnik musi waGumiguru 4, 1957. Makumi emakore Hondo Yenyika II yapera uye zano remauto eAmerica raive pamusoro pekudzivirira kuburikidza nehukuru hwezvombo. Kudzora kwenzvimbo kwaive chinhu chaisakwanisa kukanganiswa.

Mhinduro yeMutungamiri Eisenhower yaive yekugadzira iyo Network yeAdvanced Research Projects MaAgency (HARP). Yakabatanidzwa na lvakajeka pfungwa dzesainzi munyika. Basa rayo raive kusimudzira kutsvagurudza kwesainzi uye kusimudzira kufambira mberi kwetekinoroji mune zvese zvidzidzo zvine chekuita nenyaya dzekudzivirira.

EIzvi zvakakonzera kudiwa kwekomputa zviwanikwa zvakakura pane zvekupa. Uye sezvo yanga isiri munda wakakurumbira wekudzidza, nyanzvi hadzina kuwandawo.

Mumwe wavo aive Leonard Kleinrock. Kleinrock aive nedhigirii raTenzi muinjiniya yemagetsi uye pachiremba wake wechiremba akasarudza chidzidzo chekutaurirana pakati pemakomputa.

Achifunga kuti tambo dzerunhare yaive mota isina kufambisa yekutakura, akatanga dzidziso dzemasvomhu kufambisa kweruzivo. Akakakavara kuti data raifanirwa kuve rakakamurwa kuva akaenzana-akareba mapaketi kuve nechokwadi chekutonga, kunyatsoita, uye kuvimbika.

Panguva imwechete (uye pasina kuzivana) nyanzvi yezvepfungwa JCR Licklider akaunza pfungwa yeGalactic Network.

Akamufungidzira se network yepasirese yemakomputa ayo vanhu vaigona kudyidzana uye kugovana ruzivo. Muongorori chero kupi aigona kuwana "zvakasikwa zve data" uye nekumhanyisa zvirongwa pane mamwe makomputa

Licklider akakwanisa kumisikidza maonero ake nekuda kwekukwira kwake pachinzvimbo chemukuru weHofisi yeArpa yeRuzivo Ekugadzirisa Matekinoroji. Yaive mune iri basa kuti akasangana naLarry Roberts, aimbova Kleinrock lab shamwari uye anofarira dzidziso dzake.

Yakatumirwa naARPA Larry Roberts naThomas Marill Ivo vakashanda pachirongwa chekumisikidza kutaurirana pakati pemakomputa maviri. Imwe yaive muSanta Barbara California uye imwe iri muMassachusetts.

Kubatana pakati pemakomputa maviri pasirese Izvo zvakaitwa nekumhanyisa kwe1200bps, yaive yekutanga nzvimbo yakakura network (WAN) kutaurirana uye yakashanda seuchapupu hwepfungwa.

Yakaratidzawo kuti Kleinrock aigara achitaura chokwadi uye kuti akajairika masekete erunhare aisave iwo akakodzera nzira yekutaurirana.

Nyaya iyi ichaenderera mberi…


Izvo zviri muchinyorwa zvinoomerera pamisimboti yedu ye tsika dzekunyora. Kuti utaure chikanganiso tinya pano.

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  1. Inotarisira data: AB Internet Networks 2008 SL
  2. Chinangwa cheiyo data: Kudzora SPAM, manejimendi manejimendi.
  3. Legitimation: Kubvuma kwako
  4. Kutaurirana kwedata
  5. Dhata yekuchengetedza: Dhatabhesi inobatwa neOccentus Networks (EU)
  6. Kodzero: Panguva ipi neipi iwe unogona kudzora, kupora uye kudzima ruzivo rwako