Nyora Yakachengetedzwa Pendrive paLinux

kunyora-yakachengetedzwa pendrive

Kana iwe uine SD memory kadhi, pendrive kana chero USB yekuchengetedza diski iwe yaunoda nyora kudzivirira, muchinyorwa chino tinokuudza nhanho nhanho uye nenzira iri nyore yekuzviita. Uye pane zvishoma zvekudzivirira-kunyora kudzivirirwa zvinotenderwa nevamwe vatyairi, vanozivikanwa se «nyora kudzivirira zvishoma»Zvichienderana nekuti iri kushanda here pa1 kana 0, inobvumidza kunyorera kuuniti kana kuti kwete. Ichi chidiki hachifanirwe kuvhiringidzwa neWP yemarejista eCUUs, anodzivirira kunyora pamusoro nekugadzira forking maitiro pane UNIX-senge masystem, nekudaro ichichengetedza ndangariro huru kubva pakunyora dhata. Kana kune chaiwo dziviriro tebhu yatinowana mune mamwe makadhi e SD kana midhiya yekuchengetedza. Mune ino kesi isu tiri kutaura nezve dziviriro inoitwa mune yechipiri yekuchengetedza midhiya.

Ipo mutungamiriri weiyo chengetedzo svikiro USB kana SD memory kadhi, kana chero nzira, kuona kuti chidimbu ichi chiri kushanda, mutyairi anodzivirira kernel kubva kuodha odha yekunyora uye nekudaro inogona kungoverenga zvirimo. Izvo chaizvo zvinoshanda kana isu tikachengeta dhata yatisingade kuchinjwa, tichidzivirira kunyora kana kubviswa nekukanganisa. Asi kana imwe yeidzi midhiya yakachengetedzwa yawira mumaoko edu uye isu tisingazive nezvekuvapo kwechinhu ichi, tinogona kutambisa maawa tichifunga kuti yedu yuniti yakanganisika, kana kusimudza nekudzikisa iyo diki tebhu iyo mamwe mapendende kana makadhi e SD anofanirwa chengetedza ivo pasina mhedzisiro. (Lock / Unlock) ...

Kwira kuverenga-chete kana kunyora-chete midhiya:

Kadhi reSd ine Lock tab

 

Kunyangwe zvisiri izvo chaizvo zvatiri kutsvaga neKunyora Kudzivirirwa Bit, isu tinogona zvakare kuona kuti svikiro rave otomatiki kana manyorerwo akaisirwa kuverenga-chete, saka hatizove nekwanisi yekunyora mairi. Chinhu icho mune dzimwe nguva chinogona kutsamwisa uye kutitadzisa kubva kugadzirisa kana kuchengetedza zvinhu. Zvakanaka, mhinduro yeiyi yakapusa.

Nyaya inoenderana:
Dzima USB yekuchengetedza muLinux

Semuenzaniso, kana mu / etc / fstab faira chishandiso chakagadzirirwa kukwidza otomatiki nesarudzo ro (verenga chete) kana kana takazviisa nemurairo:

sudo mount -o ro /dev/sda /mnt

Mumamiriro ezvinhu akadaro tinogona kungoverenga iyo / dev / sda chishandiso mune ino kesi yakaiswa pane / mnt mount point. Saka kuti tikwanise kunyorera zvakare:

sudo mount -o remount,rw /dev/sda /mnt

Kana iyi nzira ikasashanda kwauri, zvino zvichave nekuti chidimbu chatataura nezvacho chiri kuita, uye ndosaka tichafanirwa kushandisa chishandiso chatinoisa pazasi.

Chii chinonzi hdparm?

Hard dhisiki nevanoshanda

Kuraira hdparm chishandiso chepasi-chikamu iyo inoshanda seinongedzo pakati pezvakasiyana Linux kernel madhiraivha uye SATA / PATA / SAS yekuchengetedza midhiya uchishandisa raibhurari raibhurari, pamwe neyekare IDE midhiya. Rangarira kuti vazhinji USB vanochengeta midhiya vanodzora, kusanganisira vaverengi vemakadhi senge makadhi e SD, zvakare shandisa iyi mhando ye controller kuti ishande, saka inoenderanawo navo

Su syntax yakakosha es:

HDparm [sarudzo] [mudziyo]

Uye zvipo Mazhinji sarudzo yekushanda nayo, kunyangwe ini ndisingakurudzire kuti uishandise kana iwe usinga zive zvaunoita nemazvo, sezvo uri mudziyo wepasi-pasi unogona kukuvadza zvakanyanya kifaa chako, semuenzaniso kana tikashandisa dzimwe sarudzo dzakadai se -B . Asi ini ndichakuudza kuti pakati pesarudzo dzayo pane zvimwe zvinonakidza senge:

  • Tora iyo setup ye diski:
sudo hdparm /dev/sdd

  • Ratidza iyo kuzivikanwa ye diski:
 sudo hdparm -i /dev/sdd 
  • Tarisa buffer uye cache kuverenga nguva:
sudo hdparm -t /dev/sdd
sudo hdparm -T /dev/sdd

Nguva dzose yeuka kushandisa ropafadzondiko kuti, vamhanye semudzi mushandisi kana kuisa Sudo pamberi pavo kana kuti hazvishande ...

Bvisa uye gadza memory memory bit ne hdparm:

Kamwe iyo hdparm chishandiso ichizivikanwa, tinogona kushandisa iyo -r Sarudzo yatinogona kutarisa mamiriro eichi chidiki nemirairo yakapusa. Kuti tiite izvi, isu tinongoda chete kuziva zita chairo rechinhu chedu chekuchengetedza. Semuenzaniso, kana / dev / sdd vakadaidzwa, mune iyo kesi isu tinogona kushandisa:

 sudo hdparm -r /dev/sdd 

Uye kukosha kwechinhu chidiki kucharatidzwa pachiratidziri. Kana kukosha kwayo kuri 1 zvinoreva kuti iyo modhi iri kushanda kuverenga chete kana kuverenga-chete, kana nemamwe mazwi, nzira yekunyora-kudzivirira inoshanda uye hauzokwanisi kunyora chero chinhu mundangariro. Kuti uibvise kana kugadzirisa zvishoma, iwe unofanirwa kungoita zvinotevera:

sudo hdparm -r0 /dev/sdd

Uye ikozvino kana isu tikateedzera yekutanga kuraira uye toshandisa iyo nyika isu tichaona kuti yadzokera ku0, saka iyo readonly modhi yakadzimwa kana kuremedzwa. Kana iwe uchida kuidzosera kune inoshanda nyika, shandisa iyo sarudzo -r1 Panzvimbo ye -r0 uye makagadzirira. Semuyenzaniso:

sudo hdparm -r1 /dev/sdd

Izvo zviri nyore ndizvo gonesa kana kudzima ichi chidiki. Iyo haina chakavanzika chakawandisa asi kune avo vasingazive izvi zvinogona kutemesa musoro kana zvasvika pakudzivirira yavo yekuchengetedza midhiya.

Ndinovimba yakubatsira uye ikozvino iwe unoziva kugadzira yekunyora-yakachengetedzwa pendrive, usakanganwa siya mhinduro yakoEhe ...


Izvo zviri muchinyorwa zvinoomerera pamisimboti yedu ye tsika dzekunyora. Kuti utaure chikanganiso tinya pano.

Makomendi gumi, siya zvako

Siya yako yekutaura

Your kero e havazobvumirwi ichibudiswa.

*

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  1. Inotarisira data: AB Internet Networks 2008 SL
  2. Chinangwa cheiyo data: Kudzora SPAM, manejimendi manejimendi.
  3. Legitimation: Kubvuma kwako
  4. Kutaurirana kwedata
  5. Dhata yekuchengetedza: Dhatabhesi inobatwa neOccentus Networks (EU)
  6. Kodzero: Panguva ipi neipi iwe unogona kudzora, kupora uye kudzima ruzivo rwako

  1.   Hernan akadaro

    Kwaziwai!
    Chekutanga pane zvese, ndatenda nemanotsi! Izvo zvinogara zvichikosha.

    Ini ndiri mushandisi weDebian 9.
    Mune ino chaiyo kesi, ndine dambudziko randisingakwanise kugadzirisa. Ndine chinyoreso "chakatapukirwa" chine chinyorwa chekudzivirira chandisingakwanise kubvisa. Ndiri kutofunga kuti ndezvemuviri nekuti ini ndakatendeseka kuyedza zvese (kudzika kusvika pasi-chikamu fomati muWindows kana kununura disks, kugadzirisa zvikamu, nezvimwewo) uye hapana.

    Ini ndaifunga kuti ndave kuda kuzvigadzirisa, kana ndichitevera matanho ako, ini ndakaona kuti peni yekutyaira yekunyora kudzivirirwa yaive "iri", asi pandakangoichinja kuti "ibvise" ini handikwanise kudzima kana kugadzirisa chero chinhu pairi.

    Zvingave zvipi? Pane imwe nzira here yekugadzirisa izvi? (Ini handina basa nekurasa info ini yandinayo mukati)

    Ndinokutendai mberi kwekubatsira kwenyu.

    Hernan

    1.    paco akadaro

      Kugona! Handizive kana vakakuudza mhinduro yacho kana kuti pakupedzisira wakazvigadzirisa, asi ini ndiri mune imwe nyaya newe.
      Mungandipa zano here?
      Ndinokutendai zvikuru.

  2.   willian salgado akadaro

    tsananguro yakanaka

  3.   Sergio akadaro

    Mhoroi ndine USB iyo iyo system isingazive, ini ndinokutumira iwe ruzivo kana uchikwanisa kundibatsira ndatenda

    cdes

    [83384.348839] usb 1-1: nyowani yekumusoro-soro USB nhamba nhamba 8 uchishandisa ehci-pci
    [83384.506219] usb 1-1: Chishandiso cheUSB chitsva chakawanikwa, idVendor = 0c76, idProduct = 0005, bcdDevice = 1.00
    [83384.506225] usb 1-1: Tambo nyowani dzedhidhi ye USB: Mfr = 1, Chigadzirwa = 2, SerialNumber = 0
    [83384.506228] usb 1-1: Chigadzirwa: USB Misa Kuchengetedza
    [83384.506231] usb 1-1: Mugadziri: GENERIC
    [83384.506848] usb-yekuchengetera 1-1: 1.0: USB Misa Kuchengeta mudziyo waonekwa
    [83384.508235] scsi host5: usb-kuchengetedza 1-1: 1.0
    [83385.524951] scsi 5: 0: 0: 0: Direct-Kuwana GENERIC USB Misa Kuchengeta 1.00 PQ: 0 ANSI: 2
    [83385.556757] sd 5: 0: 0: 0: Yakabatanidzwa scsi generic sg3 mhando 0
    [83385.561706] sd 5: 0: 0: 0: [sdc] Yakabatanidzwa SCSI diski inobviswa

    midzi @ localhost: ~ # fdisk -l
    Disk / dev / sda: 698.7 GiB, 750156374016 bytes, 1465149168 zvikamu
    Units: zvikamu zve1 * 512 = 512 bytes
    Ukuru hwechikamu (zvine musoro / zvepanyama): 512 byte / 4096 byte
    I / O saizi (shoma / yakakwana): 4096 bytes / 4096 byte
    Disklabel mhando: gpt
    Disk identifier: 995F9474-C5F1-4EE9-8FD7-13EA790423DC

    Mudziyo Kutanga Magumo Maseketi Saizi Type
    / dev / sda1 2048 1050623 1048576 512M EFI Sisitimu
    / dev / sda2 1050624 49879039 48828416 23.3G Linux faira system
    / dev / sda3 49879040 69410815 19531776 9.3G Linux fileystem
    / dev / sda4 69410816 76107775 6696960 3.2G Linux chinja
    / dev / sda5 76107776 80013311 3905536 1.9G Linux file system
    / dev / sda6 80013312 1465147391 1385134080 660.5G Linux systemystem

    midzi @ localhost: ~ # fdisk -l / dev / sdc
    fdisk: haigone kuvhura / dev / sdc: Hapana svikiro rakawanikwa

    midzi @ localhost: ~ # hdparm / dev / sdc

    / dev / sdc:
    SG_IO: yakaipa / isina pfungwa dhata, sb []: f0 00 02 00 00 00 00 0 00b 00 00 00 3 00a 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX
    multcount = 0 (yabviswa)
    readonly = 0 (yabviswa)
    readahead = 256 (pa)

    midzi @ localhost: ~ # hdparm -C / dev / sdc

    / dev / sdc:
    drive mamiriro ndeiyi: yakamira

    midzi @ localhost: ~ # hdparm -I / dev / sdc

    / dev / sdc:
    SG_IO: yakaipa / isina pfungwa dhata, sb []: f0 00 02 00 00 00 00 0 00b 00 00 00 3 00a 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX

    ATA chishandiso, ine isingabvisike midhiya
    Miitiro:
    Zvichida zvakashandiswa: 1
    Kugadzira:
    Zvine musoro max zvazvino
    sepombi 0 0
    misoro 0 0
    zvikamu / track 0 0
    -
    Inonzwisisika / Panyama Sector size: 512 byte
    saizi yedhiyo neM = 1024 * 1024: 0 MBytes
    saizi yedhiyo neM = 1000 * 1000: 0 MBytes
    cache / saizi saizi = isingazivikanwe
    Unyanzvi:
    IORDY hazvingadaro
    Haugone kuita maviri-izwi IO
    R / W akawanda chikamu chinja: haina kutsigirwa
    DMA: haina kutsigirwa
    IOP: pio0

  4.   dextre akadaro

    maita basa kana maviri uye kwete Iyo yaibvumidzwa kuita, haina kusiya nguva saka sezvo ini ndaitoziva ine zita randakamupa, iro raive "sdc" mune terminal ndakaisa zvese semudzi mushandisi.
    # dd kana = / dev / zero | pv | dd ye = / dev / sdc bs = 1M pano unomirira kwechinguva
    # dd kana = / dev / zero | pv | dd ye = / dev / sdc bs = 446 count = 1 iwe unoburitsa woisa zvekare usb yaunopa
    # mkfs.vfat -F 32 -n "anaconda" / dev / sdc uye wapedza

  5.   MGT akadaro

    Parabens! Akawanda ma voltas andinopa nenyaya iyi ndeyekupa kosi tsananguro. Ndatenda Moi.

  6.   Víctor akadaro

    Hukuru. Ndatenda.

  7.   iori akadaro

    Pakupedzisira chimwe chinhu chakandishandira chaizvo, ndatenda.

  8.   kumira akadaro

    Mhoroi ini ndine 16 GB ADATA chikamu 10 microsd memory

    Ini ndakaita maitiro uye zvinoita sekunge zviri kushanda, asi kuisazve uye kuichekesa nyika inoidzosera kuverenga-chete.

    Ndakaedza kuimisa asi haina kushanda. Chandinogona kuona mafaira angu.

    chero chishandiso kana nzira yekugadzirisa dambudziko?

  9.   Jose akadaro

    yakapusa uye yakapfupika, yakakwana tsananguro uye mienzaniso, zvave zvichibatsira.

  10.   Michelangelo akadaro

    Mhoroi, ini ndiri mushandisi weKali Linux mune yayo yazvino vhezheni, ini ndatoedza nzira bhiriyoni (ndine urombo nekuwedzeredza) asi hapana kana imwe yadzo inondipa ini kana muLinux kana Windows.

  11.   danikardone akadaro

    kwandiri, debian, ndangariro inobviswa inofanira kudzikiswa….

  12.   JR akadaro

    wakanaka, ndatenda
    Ini ndakakwanisa kudzoreredza akati wandei ekushambadzira anotora pamwe nemirairo yavo

  13.   jero akadaro

    Mhoroi, zvinoshanda asi dhairekitori remushandisi rinosiyana, zvingave zvakanaka kuti zvijekeswe, asi ini ndine kukanganisa, mumurairo unondiratidza kuti ndinougadzirisa, asi pandinoda kuisa dhairekodhi kana chero chinhu pane iyo pendrive iyo inotaurira ini kuti yakanyorwa-kudzivirirwa. Kana iwe uchikwanisa kundibatsira kuzvigadzirisa, izvo zvingave zvakanaka. Kwaziso

  14.   oriel akadaro

    inogamuchira iwo murairo uye anoiratidza seisina dziviriro ndeye r = 0, asi kana ndichida kuifometha inondiudza ndakachengetedzwa. Ndatenda

  15.   William R Lareal G akadaro

    Mhoro zuva rakanaka. Naizvozvi ndakanga ndisina kuyedza asi muWindows ndakaita zvese uye hapana. Yangu pendrive ndeyekunyora yakachengetedzwa, kunyangwe iine sudo hdparm -r / dev / sdd inopa kukosha 1, asi ne Sudo hdparm -r0 / dev / sdd haigone kubvisa dziviriro yekunyora futi. Kutenda nekwaziso kubva kuVenezuela.
    Yangu Linux vhezheni yakavhurikaSUSE Tumbleweed 15.3

  16.   Carlos AG Ramos akadaro

    Ruzivo rwekare nekujeka uye kuvimbika. Maawa eLevei achiyedza sem semhinduro dzemhinduro uye izvi, zvakaratidzwa pano, ndiyo yakatarwa yedambudziko rakanangana nekuverenga nekuvharira gravação.

  17.   LUIS akadaro

    Mupiro wakanaka, zvese zvakazoitika sezvawataura ... thanks

  18.   uziel akadaro

    Ndinokutendai zvikuru, inobatsira zvikuru, izvi zvinowanzoitika zvakanyanya mu usb, mhinduro iri nyore uye inokurumidza.