Komputa muUSSR. Iyo nyaya yeimwe divi reIron Curtain

Komputa muUSSR

Yedu ongororo yeiyo prehistory yeLinux yaive yakanangana neWest uye kunyanya kuUnited States. Izvi zvinodaro nekuti huwandu hukuru hwebhaibheri hunowanikwa kubva munyika iyoyo. Nekudaro, drimwe divi reI Iron Curtain (Iron Curtain, kana uchida) komputa yaive nebudiriro inonakidza. Kunyangwe zvingave zvisina kuve nezvakawanda zvine chekuita nekuzvarwa kweLinux, yemahara software kana iyo Internet, ichiripo iyo nyaya yevanhu vane rudo ruzivo uye kushuvira tekinoroji kwakavatyaira kuti vasvetuke kumberi kunyangwe paine paanogumira.

Izvo zvinodikanwa kuti uzive izvo iyo Union yeSoviet Socialist Republics (USSR) nenyika dzaive pasi pesimba radzo dzaigara dziine sainzi yakanaka kwazvo. Iwo maPoles aive ekutanga kutyora Enigma (iyo Nazi cipher muchina) nepo East Germany zvigadzirwa zvekuwonekera zvaive zvichidikanwa nevatori vemifananidzo nevazivi venyeredzi kupota nyika. Uye hatifanirwe kukanganwa kuti USSR yaive piyona mukutsvagisa nzvimbo.

Dambudziko ravaigara vainaro kwaive kusagona kwake kushandura zvaakawana zvesainzi kuita zvigadzirwa zvemhando yepamusoro.

Mushure mekupera kweHondo Yenyika II, United States neUSSR zvakatanga inonzi Cold War. Izvi zvaisanganisira mhando dzese dzekukwikwidzana kusvika pakurwiswa kwakanangana nemauto. Imwe yenhandare yehondo yaive propaganda.

Magazini yeTime payakaburitsa pikicha yemakomputa emagetsi muna1950 Mako III uye zita rekuti "Munhu anogona kugadzira superman here?" kubva kunepepanhau reSoviet vakapindura nekuseka kwehurota hwemakapitalist hwekutsiva vashandi vekirasi-vanoziva uye varwi vevanhu, vanogona kusarudza kusarwira bourgeoisie, nemarobhoti anoteerera.

Uyewo vakaseka pfungwa yekushandisa makomputa kugadzirisa ruzivo rwehupfumi uye ivo vakafananidza vanhu vemuAmerican bhizinesi vakapindwa muropa neruzivo nevamwe vavo hypochondriacs vanoda mapiritsi ekurapa.

Cybernetics ndiyo sainzi iyo inoongorora iyo yekutaurirana uye otomatiki mirau masisitimu ezvipenyu uye anoishandisa kune emagetsi uye emuchina masystem anotaridzika sawo. Kwenguva, yaingovawo tarisiro yekurwiswa nevamwe vadzidzi veRussia. Nyanzvi yezvepfungwa Mikhail Iaroshevskii akaitsanangura se

Dzidziso yemazuva ano yekunyepedzera inogadzirwa nevazivi vasingazivi uye ine hukasha kuvanhu nesainzi

Kubva pane zvatinogona kunzwisisa kubva kubhaibheri rakabvunzwa, hapana kwekushoropodza kwakauya kubva kune nyanzvi pane iyi nyaya. Anenge ese aive akavakirwa pachinyorwa nemutori wenhau wesainzi kubva kune yakafarirwa magazini, iyo yakazofuridzirwa nenyaya yeTime. Chimwe chinhu senge mumwe munhu aripa maonero paSoviet indasitiri yemakomputa kubva kuTwitter achitaura pamusoro penyaya ino.

Kuva wakanaka kuvaRussia, muchina wekumadokero mukuru waive uye uchiri kusaziva zvachose tekinoroji.

Komputa muUSSR. Mashoko uye chokwadi

Panguva imwecheteyo vatapi venhau vakamutuka, mauto nemasayendisiti vakashanda kuti vasasara kumashure kweWest.

Sergei Sobolev pachake, mukuru wemasvomhu weSoviet zvombo zvenyukireya chirongwa, asinganeti akasimudzira kuvandudzwa kwemakomputa matsva. Saka pakabuda yekutanga komputa yeSoviet Union, iyo MESM, uye yekutanga diki komputa, iyo M-1.

Moscow yakatoita zvikwata zviviri zvakasiyana zvinokwikwidza. Imwe yakatsigirwa neSoviet Academy yeSainzi uye imwe neDhipatimendi Rekugadzira Mashini neMidziyo. Wechipiri ndiye akahwina, uye zvikamu zvinomwe zveStrala, komputa yakaenzana nekamuri, zvakagadzirwa.

Strela yakagadzirirwa kuitisa zvechiuto. Aive akakosha mukugadzirwa kwebhomba rehydrogen, mukugona kwekufananidza kwekurwiswa kwenyukireya, mukuumbwa kweiyo missile defense system uye mune mamwe akawanda maNavy nema Air Force mapurojekiti.

Zvisinei, iyo Soviet Academy yeSainzi chirongwa, chinonzi BESM, haina kukanganikwa futi. Iyo yakavandudzwa vhezheni yaizove iri inokurumidza komputa muEurope.

Kunyangwe nanhasi, makore makumi maviri nemapfumbamwe mushure mekutsakatika kweUSSR, hazvichakwanise kuita ongororo isina hunyoro pasina vanyanyisi kubva kune rimwe divi kana kumwe kusvetukira muchirongo cheuyo anoedza kuzviita. Chinhu chimwe chiri pachena, liye nhoroondo yekomputa yeSoviet mudanho rayo rekutanga ndiyo nhoroondo yekurwira kwemasayendisiti vachipesana nevamiriri. Vanyori vezvakaitika kare vanotaura nezvekuti vaongorori vaifanira kukanganisa basa ravo kuti vapinde muzvirongwa zvezvematongerwo enyika zvaisanganisira kushoropodzwa kwemakomputa.

Ndinoshuva kuti mumwe aigona kutaura kuti izvo zvakafa neSoviet Union. Asi, munyika dzekuMadokero avo vanotsvaga kufambira mberi kwetekinoroji vanoramba vachikanganiswa nevatariri uye vezvematongerwo enyika.

Muchinyorwa chinotevera tinoenderera mberi nenhoroondo yecomputer kune rimwe divi reIron Curtain.


Izvo zviri muchinyorwa zvinoomerera pamisimboti yedu ye tsika dzekunyora. Kuti utaure chikanganiso tinya pano.

Makomendi gumi, siya zvako

Siya yako yekutaura

Your kero e havazobvumirwi ichibudiswa.

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  1. Inotarisira data: AB Internet Networks 2008 SL
  2. Chinangwa cheiyo data: Kudzora SPAM, manejimendi manejimendi.
  3. Legitimation: Kubvuma kwako
  4. Kutaurirana kwedata
  5. Dhata yekuchengetedza: Dhatabhesi inobatwa neOccentus Networks (EU)
  6. Kodzero: Panguva ipi neipi iwe unogona kudzora, kupora uye kudzima ruzivo rwako

  1.   Yo-yo akadaro

    Ndinotarisira nyaya inotevera yandisiya ndiine nzara. Iye ari mumufananidzo ndiStalin kana Stallone?

    1.    Diego ChiGerman Gonzalez akadaro

      Mutsvaki akanditengesa. Iyo stallone

  2.   Iye akadaro

    Iyo diki sei yakakomba iyi portal iri !!!!

    Ivo vanoshandisa yakaipa Stallone kudhirowa kutangazve Stalin uye kuteedzera kune Wikipedia chinyorwa "Nhoroondo ye Hardware muEast Bloc nyika."

    Ini ndinodzokera kuWindows 3.1.

    1.    Diego ChiGerman Gonzalez akadaro

      Hapana chinhu mune ino chinyorwa kuteedzera / kunama kubva kuWikipedia.
      Pano iwe unayo kuti uenzanise.
      https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Historia_del_hardware_en_los_pa%C3%ADses_del_Bloque_del_Este
      Ndakadya yaStallone, asi yakanaka. Uye ini handina kumbobvira ndareva kuve serious.

  3.   Joseph Sylvester Stalinone akadaro

    a) inoshuva newbie inonyora pane linuxaddict

    b) fan inobvuma kuti ivo vaisada kuve serious

    c) linuxadictos haitonge zvirimo

    d) dambudziko nderekuti isu tinomhanyisa njodzi yekuparadza makomputa edu kana tikashandisa izvo zvatinoverenga pano

    Naizvozvo linuxadictos inzvimbo inoshora muverengi

    1.    Diego ChiGerman Gonzalez akadaro

      1) Zvinoshuvira rookie zvinorevei?
      2) Ndakati ini handisi munhu akakomba nekuti iko kukanganisa nemufananidzo kunoita senge kunoseka kwandiri uye hakukanganisa zvirimo muchinyorwa
      3) Kwayakabva nyaya yacho zvinyorwa naSlava Gerovitch, MIT purofesa uye munyori wemabhuku nezvenhoroondo yehunyanzvi uye yekuongorora nzvimbo yeSoviet.
      4) Ndichakamirira kumhan'ara kunotsigirwa nezviri mukati menyaya yacho.
      5) Sezvo pasina dzidziso yakabatanidzwa muchinyorwa, ini handione kuti ingakuvadza sei komputa.

  4.   Charlie Brown akadaro

    "... nhoroondo yekomputa yeSoviet mudanho rayo rekutanga ndiyo nhoroondo yekurwira kwemasayendisiti vachipesana nevamiriri"

    Haisi (kana yakanga isiri) kurwira kwemasayendisiti vachipesana nevamiriri, asi kupokana kuri muhurongwa hwehudzvanyiriri. kusara kwemauto (kusanganisira nzvimbo), kwaive padanho repasi pechitatu.

    Kubudirira kunowanikwa chete kana munhu achinakidzwa nerusununguko rukuru runogoneka mukugadzira nekuita.

  5.   Hernan akadaro

    Ndinokutendai zvikuru netsamba Diego, ndakaifarira.

    Ini pachokwadi handinzwisise kushoropodzwa kwevamwe vaverengi. Tinogona kubvumirana kana kwete netsamba, asi kubva ipapo kurwisa zvakashata munhu anonyora zvakasiyana nezvatinofunga, hazvina hunhu uye kwete kubva kuvanhu vakanaka.

    Ndatenda zvakare Diego.

    1.    Diego ChiGerman Gonzalez akadaro

      Thanks nekutaura

  6.   Shit akadaro

    Russia yaive uye marara