Iyo 59th edition yepamusoro mazana mashanu yakatoburitswa uye nzvimbo yechipiri inoenda kuARM

TOP500

Kuburitswa kwe 59th edition yemarongerwo emakomputa mazana mashanu ane hunyanzvi hwepamusoro hwe nyika. Muchinyorwa chitsva, gumi epamusoro aisanganisira masumbu matatu matsva, ayo akachengetedza nzvimbo yavo yekutanga, yechitatu neyegumi.

Nzvimbo yekutanga yakaenda kuFrontier itsva, iri kuUnited States Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory. sumbu racho ine angangoita 9 miriyoni processor cores (AMD EPYC 64C 2GHz CPU, AMD Instinct MI250X Accelerator) uye inopa 1102 petaflops mashandiro, angangoita katatu mutungamiri wekare. Panguva imwecheteyo, mashandisirwo emagetsi eFrontier akaderera ne30% pane aimbova mutungamiri.

IJapan Fugaku cluster yakavakwa nema processors eARM (158976 nodes yakavakirwa paFujitsu A64FX SoC, ine 8.2-core 2,2GHz Armv48-A SVE CPU) akaenda panzvimbo yechipiri. Iyo Fugaku cluster inotambirwa kuRIKEN Institute for Physical and Chemical Research uye inopa kuita kwe442 petaflops. Iyo inoshanda sisitimu ndeye Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

Nzvimbo yechitatu yakatorwa neiyo itsva LUMI cluster, yakaitirwa paEuropean Supercomputing Center (EuroHPC) muFinland uye inopa kuita kwe151 petaflops. Iri sumbu rakavakirwa paiyo imwechete HPE Cray EX235a chikuva semutungamiri mutsva mune chinzvimbo, asi chinosanganisira 1,1 miriyoni processor cores (AMD EPYC 64C 2GHz, AMD Instinct MI250X accelerator, Slingshot-11 network). Iyi puratifomu inoshandiswa zvakare muFrench cluster Adastra, iri pachinhanho chechigumi uye ine mazana matatu nemakumi mapfumbamwe nemazana mapfumbamwe emakumi matatu emakumi matatu nemazana mapfumbamwe emakumi matatu emakumi matatu emakumi matanhatu evatatu processor cores (yakazara kuita kwe10 petaflops).

Sumbu manhengatenga, yakatumirwa neBMM kuOak Ridge National Laboratory (USA), yawira pachinhanho chechina. Iyo cluster inomhanya Red Hat Enterprise Linux, inosanganisira 2,4 miriyoni processor cores (ichishandisa 9-musimboti IBM Power22 3,07C 22 GHz CPUs uye NVIDIA Tesla V100 accelerators), ichipa 148 petaflops yekuita.

Kana ari ma supercomputers epamba, mapoka Chervonenkis, Galushkin uye Lyapunov yakagadzirwa neYandex yakadonha kubva ku19th, 36th uye 40 nzvimbo. kunzvimbo 22, 40 uye 43. Aya masumbu akagadzirirwa kugadzirisa matambudziko ekudzidza muchina uye kupa kuita kwe21,5, 16, uye 12,8 petaflops, zvichiteerana. Cluster inomhanya Ubuntu 16.04 uye ine AMD EPYC 7xxx processors uye NVIDIA A100 GPUs: Chervonenkis cluster ine 199 nodes (193K AMD EPYC 7702 64C 2GH cores uye 1592 NVIDIA A100 80 GHkin 136 GPUs 134 7702 GHkin 64 GPUs 2 1088G 100 GHkins 80 uye 137 NVIDIA A130 7662G GPUs), Lyapunov - 64 nodes (2 zviuru AMD EPYC 1096 100C 40GHz cores uye XNUMX NVIDIA AXNUMX XNUMXG GPUs).

Christofari Neo cluster yakashandiswa neSberbank yakadonha kubva pa43 kusvika panzvimbo 46. Christofari Neo anomhanya NVIDIA DGX OS 5 (Ubuntu Edition) uye inopa 11,9 petaflops yekuita. Iro cluster rine pamusoro pe98k cores yakavakirwa pa AMD EPYC 7742 64C 2.25GHz CPU uye inouya neNVIDIA A100 80GB GPU. Boka rechipiri reSberbank (Christofari) rakasimuka kubva ku72nd kusvika kune 80 panzvimbo yepamusoro muhafu yegore.

Mafambiro anonyanya kufadza ndeaya anotevera. Kugoverwa nehuwandu hwemakomputa makuru munyika dzakasiyana:

  • China: 173 (173 - hafu yegore rapfuura). Pakazara, masumbu eChinese anoburitsa 12% yezvese kubereka (mwedzi mitanhatu yapfuura, 17,5%).
  • USA: 127 (149). Kushanda kwese kunofungidzirwa pa47,3% yehuwandu hwehuwandu hwekuita (mwedzi mitanhatu yapfuura - 32,5%).
  • Japan: 34 (32). Kubudirira kwese - 14,3%
  • Germany: 31 (26). Kubudirira Kwese - 11,5%
  • Furanzi: 22 (19)
  • Canada 14 (11)
  • UK: 12 (11)
  • Russia 7 (7)
  • Netherlands: 6 (11)
  • Itari: 6 (6)
  • Brazil 6 (5)
  • South Korea 6 (7)
  • Saudi Arabia 6 (6)
  • Poland 5 (4)
  • Australia 5 (3)
  • Sweden 5 (4)
  • Switzerland 4 (3)
  • Finirendi: 4 (3).

Muchikamu chemaitiro ekushandisa anoshandiswa mumakomputa makuru, Linux chete yakabata yayo kwemakore mashanu:

  • 47,8% (51,6%) haina tsananguro yekugovera
  • 18.2% (18%) shandisa CentOS
    8,8% (7,6%) - RHEL
  • 8% (7%) CrayLinux
  • 5,2% (5,4%) - Ubuntu
  • 3,8% (4%) - SUSE
  • 0.8% (0%) - Alma Linux
  • 0,6% (0%) - RockyLinux
  • 0,2% (0,2%) - Sayenzi Linux

Iyo shoma yekuita chikumbaridzo chekupinda muTop500 haina kuchinja kwemwedzi mitanhatu uye iri 1,65 petaflops (mwedzi mitanhatu yapfuura, 56 masumbu akaratidza kushanda kwe1,65 petaflops, ikozvino - 20). Makore matatu apfuura chete 272 masumbu akaratidza kushanda pamusoro petaflops, makore mana apfuura 138, makore mashanu apfuura 94). Pamusoro peTop100, chikumbaridzo chekupinda chakawedzera kubva pa4,78 kusvika ku5,39 petaflops;

goho rose yezvese masisitimu ari pachinhanho yakawedzera kubva pa3,04 kusvika ku4,40 exaflops mumwedzi mitanhatu (makore maviri apfuura yaive 1,650 exaflops uye makore mashanu apfuura yaive 566 petaflops). Iyo sisitimu inovhara iyo yazvino chinzvimbo yakaiswa 464th mumagazini yekupedzisira.

Imwe vhezheni itsva yeimwe Graph 500 rating yemasumbu masisitimu inotarisirwa kuburitswa munguva pfupi iri kutevera. Iyo Green500, HPCG (Yakakwira-Performance Conjugate Gradient) uye HPL-AI zviyero zvakasanganiswa neTop500 uye inoratidzwa muhukuru hweTop500.

Chekupedzisira, kana iwe uchifarira kuziva zvakawanda nezvazvo, unogona kutarisa ruzivo Mune inotevera chinongedzo.


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