I-SUSE ipapashe iprototype yokuqala ye-ALP

I-Adaptable Linux Platform (ALP), isizukulwana esilandelayo se-SUSE

I-ALP ijolise ekufuneni eyona mali incinci yongenelelo ngoncedo olunokwenzeka

Abaphuhlisi beprojekthi ye-SUSE yaziwe, ngopapasho, iprototype yokuqala ye I-ALP (iQonga le-Linux eliziqhelanisayo), ibekwe njenge ukuqhubela phambili kophuhliso lwe ulwabiwo Ishishini le-SUSE Linux.

Umahluko ophambili yenkqubo entsha kukwahlulwa kwesakhelo esisembindini solwabiwo sibe ngamacandelo amabini: I-"host operating system" ehluthiweyo ukuze iqhube phezu kwe-hardware kunye nenkxaso yenkxaso yesicelo egxininise ekusebenzeni kwizikhongozeli kunye noomatshini ababonakalayo.

Malunga ne-ALP

Ingcinga kukuphuhlisa "kwindlela yokusebenza yenginginya" ubume obuncinane iyimfuneko ekuxhaseni nasekulawuleni ihardware, kwaye uqhube zonke izicelo kunye namalungu yendawo yomsebenzisi hayi kwindawo exubeneyo, kodwa kwizikhongozeli ezahlukeneyo okanye koomatshini bokwenene esebenza ngaphezulu kwe "indlela yokusebenza yenginginya" kwaye yakhiwe enye kwenye. Lo mbutho uya kuvumela abasebenzisi ukuba bagxininise kwizicelo ezingabonakaliyo kunye nokuhamba komsebenzi we-hardware yezinga eliphantsi kunye nenkqubo yendawo.

Umbono ongemva kwe-ALP kukuvumela abasebenzisi ukuba bagxile kumthwalo wabo wemisebenzi ngelixa bekhupha kwi-hardware kunye ne-application layer. Usebenzisa oomatshini bokwenene kunye nobuchwepheshe beekhonteyina, iQonga leLinux eliGuqulelayo lenza ukuba umthwalo wemisebenzi uzimele geqe kwikhowudi.

Iprototype yokuqala ye-ALP ibizwa ngokuba yi "Les Droites".

Imveliso I-SLEMicro, ngokusekelwe kuphuhliso lweprojekthi ye-MicroOS, isetyenziswa njengesiseko se "indlela yokusebenza yenginginya«. Kulawulo oluphakathi, iTyuwa (efakwe ngaphambili) kunye neAnsible (ukhetho) iinkqubo zolawulo loqwalaselo ziyanikezelwa, ngelixa I-Podman kunye ne-K3s (Kubernetes) ziyafumaneka ukuqhuba izikhongozeli ezizimeleyo. Amacandelo enkqubo equlathelweyo aquka yast2, podman, k3s, cockpit, GDM (GNOME Display Manager), kunye ne-KVM.

Ukusuka kwiimpawu zokusingqongileyo kwenkqubo, kukhankanyiwe kwayeUsetyenziso olungagqibekanga loguqulelo oluntsonkothileyo lwedisk (FDE, Ufihlo lweDiski egcweleyo) nge ukukwazi ukugcina izitshixo kwiTPM, ukongeza kweso sahlulelo ingcambu inyuselwe ukufunda-kuphela kwaye ayitshintshi ngexesha lokusebenza.

Imo engqongileyo isebenzisa indlela yokufakela uhlaziyo lwe-athom, ngokungafaniyo ne-ostree kunye ne-snap esekelwe kuhlaziyo lwe-athomu olusetyenziswa kwi-Fedora kunye no-Ubuntu, i-ALP isebenzisa umphathi wepakethe eqhelekileyo kunye ne-snapshot ye-snapshot yenkqubo yefayile ye-Btrfs endaweni yokudala imifanekiso eyahlukeneyo ye-athomu kunye nokuphumeza iziseko zokuhambisa ezongezelelweyo.

Ngokumalunga nenxalenye yeekhonsepthi ezisisiseko ze-ALP, ezi zilandelayo zikhankanyiwe:

  • Ukunciphisa ungenelelo lwabasebenzisi (zero-touch): ibandakanya ukuzenzekela kolona lungiso luphambili, ukusasazwa kunye neenkqubo zoqwalaselo.
  • Ukugcinwa okuzenzekelayo kokhuseleko kunye nokukhangela inkqubo yangoku (ukuzihlaziya): ibonelela ngemo eqwalaselweyo yofakelo lohlaziyo oluzenzekelayo (umzekelo, ungavumela ufakelo oluzenzekelayo lolungiso kuphela kubuthathaka obubalulekileyo, okanye ubuyele kuqinisekiso lwezandla lofakelo lohlaziyo). Ukuchwetheza okubukhoma kuyaxhaswa ukuhlaziya i-Linux kernel ngaphandle kokuqalisa ngokutsha okanye ukunqumamisa umsebenzi.
  • Usetyenziso oluzenzekelayo lolungiselelo (ukuzilungisa) kunye nokugcinwa kokusinda kwenkqubo (ukuziphilisa): Inkqubo ibamba imo yamva nje ezinzileyo kwaye emva kokufaka uhlaziyo okanye ukutshintsha ubumbeko kwimeko yokufunyanwa kwezinto ezingaqhelekanga, iingxaki okanye ukuphulwa kokuziphatha, idluliselwa ngokuzenzekelayo kwimeko yangaphambili isebenzisa i-Btrfs snapshots.
  • Multiversion software istaki: ukwahlula amacandelo kwizikhongozeli kukuvumela ukuba usebenzise iinguqulelo ezahlukeneyo zezixhobo kunye nezicelo ngaxeshanye. Umzekelo, unokusebenzisa usetyenziso oluxhomekeke kwiinguqulelo ezahlukeneyo zePython, Java, kunye neNode.js ngokwahlula ukuxhomekeka okungahambelaniyo. Ukuxhomekeka kwesiseko kuza ngohlobo lwe-BCI (iMifanekiso yeSikhongozeli esiSiseko) seti. Umsebenzisi unokudala, ukuhlaziya, kwaye asuse izitaki zesoftware ngaphandle kokuchaphazela ezinye iimeko-bume.

Ngokungafaniyo ne-SUSE Linux Enterprise, uphuhliso lwe-ALP luqhutywa ekuqaleni ngenkqubo yophuhliso evulekileyo, apho ulwakhiwo oluphakathi kunye neziphumo zovavanyo zifumaneka esidlangalaleni kubo bonke, ukuvumela amaqela anomdla ukuba enze umsebenzi wokubeka iliso kwinkqubela kwaye uthathe inxaxheba kuphuhliso.

Okokugqibela, ukuba unomdla wokwazi okungakumbi ngayo, unokujonga kwiinkcukacha Kule khonkco ilandelayo,


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