I-Post-Quantum Cryptography Alliance, imanyano yophuhliso lwe-algorithms ye-post-quantum encryption

I-Post-Quantum Cryptography Alliance

Ilogo ye-Post-Quantum Cryptography Alliance

Kwiintsuku ezimbalwa ezidlulileyo, i Linux Foundation, yabhengezwa ngeposti yebhlog ukusekwa kwe-Post-Quantum Cryptography Alliance (PQCA), iqumrhu elizinikele ekujonganeni nemingeni yokhuseleko enxulumene nokuphunyezwa kwe-quantum computing.

Kuyakhankanywa ukuba eyona njongo iphambili yePost-Quantum Cryptography Alliance yi phuhlisa kwaye usebenzise i-algorithms ye-post-quantum encryption ukuchasana nezoyikiso ezenziwa yi-quantum computinga yokhuseleko lolwazi. I-Alliance izibophelele ekudaleni ukuphunyezwa okuthembeke kakhulu kwe-algorithms ye-post-quantum encryption algorithms, kunye nokuthatha inxaxheba ngokubonakalayo ekumiseni umgangatho kunye nokulinganisa i-algorithms entsha ye-post-quantum.

IPQCA kujongwe ukuba ibe sisiseko esisembindini semibutho evulelekileyo kunye neeprojekthi ukufuna amathala eencwadi alungele imveliso kunye neepakethe ukuxhasa ulungelelwaniso lwazo kunye ne-Arhente yoKhuseleko lweSizwe lwaseMelika lwe-Cybersecurity Advisory ye-Commercial National Security Algorithm Suite 2.0. I-PQCA iya kuzama ukwenza i-crypto agility kuyo yonke i-ecosystem ngexesha lexesha elichazwe apho.

Phakathi kwamalungu asekayo Umanyano lubandakanya iinkampani eziphambili kunye nemibutho efana no-AWS, Cisco, Google, IBM, NVIDIA, IntellectEU, Keyfactor, Kudelski IoT, QuSecure kunye neSandboxAQ, kunye neDyunivesithi yaseWaterloo. Kubalulekile ukugqamisa ukuba phakathi kwabathathi-nxaxheba kweli nyathelo kukho ababhali be-algorithms I-CRYSTALS-Kyber, i-CRYSTALS-Dilithium, i-Falcon kunye ne-SPHINCS+, ezixhathisayo kuhlaselo lwe-quantum computing kwaye zikhethelwe ukubekwa emgangathweni yi-NIST.

La Isidingo sokukhuthaza i-post-quantum cryptographic algorithms ivela ngenxa yophuhliso olukhawulezayo lweekhompyuter zequantum. Ezi khompyutha ziyakwazi ukusombulula iingxaki ezikhawuleza kakhulu ezifana neprime number factorization (RSA) kunye ne-elliptic curve discrete logarithms of points (ECDSA), ezisisiseko se-asymmetric public key encryption algorithms. Ezi ngxaki zisebenza ngokufanelekileyo kwiiprosesa zeklasiki.

I-PQCA iya kubandakanyeka kwiiprojekthi ezininzi zobugcisa ukuxhasa iinjongo zayo, kubandakanywa ukuphuhliswa kwesofthiwe yokuvavanya, i-prototype kunye nokuphumeza i-algorithms ye-post-quantum entsha. Ngokubonelela ngolu phunyezo lwesoftware, isiseko sifuna ukuququzelela ukwamkelwa okusebenzayo kwe-post-quantum cryptography kumashishini ahlukeneyo.

Umsebenzi we-PQCA wakha phezu kwesiseko esibekwe ngamalungu amaninzi asekayo kwiminyaka elishumi edlulileyo elungiselela ukutshintshela kwi-post-quantum cryptography. Amalungu amaninzi e-PQCA adlale indima ebalulekileyo ekumiselweni kwe-post-quantum cryptography ukuza kuthi ga ngoku, kubandakanywa njengababhali ababambeneyo beendlela ezine zokuqala ezikhethiweyo kwiProjekthi ye-NIST Post-Quantum Cryptography Standardization (CRYSTALS-Kyber kunye neCRYSTALS-Dilithium, Falcon kunye ne-SPHINCS + ).

Nangona amandla akhoyo eekhompyuter ze-quantum akwanelanga ukukrazula i-algorithms ye-encryption yakudala kunye notyikityo lwedijithali olusekwe kwizitshixo zoluntu ezinjenge-ECDSA, kucingelwa ukuba le meko inokutshintsha kwiminyaka eli-10 ezayo. Ngoko ke, kubalulekile ukuphuhlisa nokwamkela i-post-quantum cryptographic algorithms echasene nokuhlaselwa kwe-quantum, ukuqinisekisa ukhuseleko lolwazi kwixesha elizayo.

Kuxelwe ukuba ngoku, iiprojekthi ezimbini zidluliselwe phantsi kwenkxaso yomanyano, ezizi:

  • Vula iQuantum Safe (OQS): Le projekthi inikezelwe kuphuhliso kunye neprototyping ye-cryptographic systems ezixhathisayo kwi-quantum computing. I-OQS isebenza kwilayibrari yolwimi evulekileyo ye-C ebizwa ngokuba yi-liboqs, equlethe ukuphunyezwa kwe-post-quantum algorithms. Ukongeza, le projekthi iphuhlisa uluhlu lweeprojekthi zokudibanisa ezi algorithms kwiiprotocols ezahlukeneyo ezifana ne-SSH, TLS, S/MIME kunye ne-X.509 kunye nezicelo ezifana ne-OpenSSL, i-OpenSSH, i-wolfSSL, phakathi kwabanye.
  • PQ Code Package: Le projekthi igxile ekudaleni nasekugcineni ukuphunyezwa okuthembekileyo okuphezulu kwe-post-quantum algorithms ekhuthazwa njengemigangatho. Kwinqanaba layo lokuqala, iprojekthi ijolise ekuboneleleni ngokuphunyezwa kwe-ML-KEM (i-Module-Based Key Encapsulation Mechanism) algorithm. Emva koko, umsebenzi uya kuqalisa ekuphunyezweni kwe-ML-DSA kunye ne-SLH-DSA. Ukuqinisekisa ukuthembeka kokuphunyezwa, uphicotho-zincwadi lwangaphandle oluzimeleyo luya kwenziwa, ngaphezu kokuqinisekiswa okusesikweni. Ukongeza, kukho umdla wokuqhubeka nokuphuhlisa ukuphunyezwa kweML-KEM ekhoyo kwiilwimi ezinje ngeC kunye neRust, kunye nokukhetha okuphuculweyo usebenzisa imiyalelo ye-AVX2 kunye ne-Aarch64 CPU izandiso.

Gqibela ukuba unomdla wokwazi okungakumbi ngayoUngajonga iifayile ze iinkcukacha kwikhonkco elilandelayo.


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