I-Mesa 24.0 ifika kunye nophuculo lwenkxaso, izandiso ezintsha zeVulkan kunye nokunye

Itafile yabaqhubi

I-Mesa ngumthombo ovulekileyo, ophuhlisiwe kwithala leencwadi lemizobo elibonelela ngophumezo oluqhelekileyo lwe-OpenGL.

Ukuqaliswa kwenguqu entsha yabaqhubi be-"Mesa 24.0" kutshanje kubhengezwe, leyo Luhlelo lokuqala lwesebe le-Mesa 24.x ehlelwa njengovavanyo kwaye emva kokuzinziswa kwesebe, ukukhutshwa kwenguqulelo ezinzileyo kuya kwaziswa.

Le nguqulo intsha ye I-Mesa 24.0 inikezela ngenkxaso epheleleyo ye imizobo API IVulkan 1.3 ngabaqhubi abahlukeneyo, kuquka i-anv ye-Intel GPU, i-radv ye-AMD GPU, i-NVK ye-NVIDIA GPU, i-Qualcomm GPU, kunye ne-lvp kunye ne-vn rasterizer. Ukongezelela, inkxaso ye-Vulkan 1.0 iphunyezwe kwi-v3dv (i-Raspberry Pi 4 Broadcom VideoCore VI GPU) kunye ne-dzn (ukuphunyezwa kwe-Vulkan kwi-Direct3D 12) abaqhubi.

Ezona zinto zintsha zitheyibhile 24.0

Kolu guqulelo lutsha lweMesa 24.0 Ukuhambelana ngokupheleleyo ne-OpenGL 4 kugqamile.6 kuluhlu olubanzi lwehardware, njengoko ezinye izinto ezintsha ziye zaphunyezwa kwaye eyona iphawuleka kakhulu yi Inkxaso yomqhubi we-d3d12.

Ngokunjalo, kwiThebhile 24.0, Inkxaso ye-OpenGL 4.5 inikezelwe kwi AMD (r600) kunye neNVIDIA (nvc0) GPUsngelixa Inkxaso ye-OpenGL 3.3 Ikhona kwi-softpipe (software rasterizer), asahi (AGX GPU esetyenziswa kwi-Apple M1 kunye ne-M2 chips), kunye ne-nv50 (NVIDIA NV50) abaqhubi.

Enye inkalo ekhankanyiweyo yi Ukuphunyezwa kweVulkan 1.3 API kunye nokongezwa komqhubi omtsha "pvr". ye-Imagination PowerVR GPU, kunye nomqhubi we-Asahi we-Apple AGX GPU iquka inkxaso yeeshadi zejometri kwaye iyahambelana ne-OpenGL 3.3 kunye nomqhubi we-RADV Vulkan we-AMD GPUs uphucule ukusebenza kwe-ray tracing.

Zikwaqaqambile kwakhona Izandiso ezintsha zeVulkan zokukhawulezisa izixhobo ye-encoding yevidiyo kwiifomati ze-h.264 kunye ne-h.265 kunye neempawu kubaqhubi abaninzi, kuquka i-RADV kunye ne-Asahi.

Izandiso ezininzi zongeziwe kumqhubi we-NVK Vulkan we-NVIDIA GPUs: VK_KHR_vulkan_memory_model, VK_EXT_multi_draw, VK_EXT_subgroup_size_control, VK_KHR_fragment_shader_barycentric, VK_KHR_synchronization2, VK_KHR_shader_float_controls, VK_KHR_shader_subgroups_exshader_exshader_exshader_exupsha

Kwelinye icala, umqhubi weRADV Vulkan we-AMD GPUs uhlaziywe ngenkxaso yothotho lwezandiso: VK_EXT_image_compression_control, VK_EXT_device_fault, VK_EXT_depth_clamp_zero_one, VK_KHR_calibrated_timestamps, VK_KHR_vertex_attribute_divisor, VK_KHR_maintenance6 kunye ne-VK_KHR_ray_fetch_tracing

Kwicala le ukulungisa iibhagi, I-Mesa 24.0 ijongana noluhlu olubanzi lwemiba kunye ne-bugs ezichongiweyo kwiinguqulelo zangaphambili kunye nezilungiso eziphawulekayo ziquka:

  • Lungisa iingozi kumdlalo wevidiyo kunye neRadeon RX6600 yokukhawulezisa ihardware enikwe amandla.
  • Ukulungiswa kobugcisa begraphical kukwakheka kwamanzi kwi-OpenGOAL.
  • Lungisa i-HEVC encoder crash xa usebenzisa i-VAAPI:EFC kwi-VCN2.
  • Lungisa imiba yokuchasana ne-antialiasing kwi-Blender nge-AMD RDNA3 GPU.
  • Ukusilela kokwakha okulungisiweyo nge-MSVC ngexesha lomjikelo wophuhliso we-23.3.
  • Lungisa iimpazamo ngexesha lohlalutyo lwe-OpCopyLogical SPIR-V.
  • Isisombululo seengxaki zemveliso yobunzulu obunokugcinwa ngeRADV, phakathi kwezinye.

Gqibela ukuba unomdla wokwazi okungakumbi ngayo malunga nolu guqulelo olutsha lwabaqhubi beMesa, ungajonga i iinkcukacha kwikhonkco elilandelayo.

Uyifaka njani iMesa yevidiyo kwiLinux?

Iiphakheji zeMesa ifunyenwe kulo lonke ulwabiwo lweLinux, ke ukufakwa kwayo kunokwenziwa ngokukhuphela kunye nokudibanisa ikhowudi yemvelaphi (Lonke ulwazi malunga nalo apha) okanye ngendlela elula, exhomekeke kubukho kumajelo osemthethweni osasazo lwakho okanye amaqela esithathu.

Kulungiselelwe abasebenzisi be-Ubuntu, iLinux Mint kunye neziphumo banokongeza indawo yokugcina elandelayo apho abaqhubi bahlaziywa ngokukhawuleza.

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:kisak/kisak-mesa -y

Ngoku siza kuhlaziya uluhlu lwethu lweephakeji kunye noovimba kunye:

sudo apt update

Kwaye ekugqibeleni sinokufaka abaqhubi nge:

sudo apt upgrade

Kwimeko yabo Abasebenzisi beArch Linux kunye nezinye izinto, siyazifaka ngalo myalelo ulandelayo:

sudo pacman -S mesa mesa-demos mesa-libgl lib32-mesa lib32-mesa-libgl

Nokuba bangobani Abasebenzisi beFedora 32 banokusebenzisa le ndawo yokugcina izinto, ke kuya kufuneka benze i-Corp kunye:

sudo dnf copr enable grigorig/mesa-stable

sudo dnf update

Ekugqibeleni, kwabo bavulekileyoSUSE abasebenzisi, banokufaka okanye baphucule ngokuchwetheza:

sudo zypper in mesa

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