Iingcebiso zaBasebenzisi beWindows abafuna ukuqala kwiLinux

iingcebiso kubasebenzisi beWindows kwiLinux

Kwizihlandlo ezininzi siye sabonisa ii-distros ezithile ezinokubonakala okufanayo kwi-macOS, okanye nge jongeka ngokufana nakwidesktop yeMicrosoft Windows. Kodwa ngeli xesha yinto ebaluleke ngakumbi kunoko, kuba sisikhokelo esipheleleyo sayo yonke into abasebenzisi beqonga leRedmond ekufuneka belazi ukuba banokuziqhelanisa ngokukhawuleza nangokulula kwi-distro ye-GNU / Linux entsha.

Ngalesi sikhokelo, awuyi kwazi kuphela ukuhanjiswa okunokuba lula kuwe, kodwa nezinye amaqhinga kunye neengcebiso ezinokungaqapheleki ngabaninzi, kodwa oko kunganciphisa umthwalo womsebenzi kulungelelwaniso lwakho, kwaye kukuthintele ukuba ungabuyeli kwimixokelelwano yeWindows njengoko kusenzeka kwabanye abazama ukuzama iLinux kwaye babuyele ngokukhawuleza kwinkqubo yabo yakudala…

Izizathu ...

MacOS vs iLinux

Ukushiya iWindows e yiya ngqo kwi-GNU / Linux kukho uninzi lwezizathu. Nangona kuyinyani ukuba abasebenzisi abaninzi banamathele ngokufanelekileyo kwiWindows ngumkhwa okanye imicimbi yokuhambelana, ngakumbi kwimidlalo yevidiyo. Kodwa ukuba unamathandabuzo kwaye ufuna ezinye izizathu zokuthatha isigqibo sokuthatha umtsi:

  1. I-centralization iyakudina? Zama iincasa ezahlukeneyo. NjengakwiMacOS, iMicrosoft inolawulo olupheleleyo lophuhliso lweWindows. Kungenxa yoko le nto inye kuphela incasa yayo, ndiyayithatha okanye ndiyishiye. Kwelinye icala, kukho inani elikhulu lokusasazwa kwe-GNU / Linux ukukhetha eyona uyithandayo okanye efanelekileyo kwiimfuno zakho. Kuyinyani ukuba oku kuzisa amaqhekeza, kodwa inani labasebenzisi abonelisekileyo lenza ukuba lifanele.
  2. Uzinzo, ukomelela kunye nokusebenza. IWindows iphucule malunga noku kule minyaka idlulileyo, ngakumbi nge-Windows NT kernel. Kodwa isekude kwiinkqubo ze-nix. Kwaye ukuba sithatha njengomzekelo Windows 10 ebonakala ngathi izakusilela ngenxa yokuhlaziya, iingxaki ziyakhula ziye zeRedmond. Kuhlaziyo lokugqibela kubekho iingxaki ezininzi ezinyanzele iMicrosoft uqobo ukuba ibuye umva kunye nohlaziyo lwayo. Kuninzi okuye kwahletywa kwaye kwaqikelelwa malunga nezizathu ezinokubakho, kodwa kuyothusa ngokwenene… Inkqubo yohlaziyo lwazo zonke i-distros ayisiyonyani, kodwa ngokuqinisekileyo ayinangxaki njengale nto yenzekayo kwi-Win10.
  3. Gcina. Nangona zininzi ii-freeware zeWindows kunye neeprojekthi ezininzi zasimahla ezihambelana neli qonga, inyani kukuba ukuhlawulela ii-suites ezinje ngeOfisi, iFotohop, kunye nezinye iisoftware ezihlala zisetyenziswa kweli qonga azizi ngexabiso eliphantsi. Uhlala unethuba lokuqhekeza, kodwa oku kuneengxaki ezimbini ezinxulumene noko:
    1. Akukho semthethweni, ke ukuba uyayenza kufuneka wazi ukuba uyenza phantsi koxanduva lwakho kwaye ucinga ngeziphumo.
    2. Ibandakanya umngcipheko wokhuseleko olunokwenzeka, kuba iintanda ezininzi, ii-keygens, kunye nabanye bosulelekile okanye bangeniswa ukuze bangenise i-malware kwinkqubo yakho. Ukongeza, bahlala bekucela ukuba ubenze njengomlawuli kunye nokwenza ingasebenzi intsholongwane.
  4. Khu seleko. Windows 10 ikhuseleke ngakumbi kuneenguqulelo zangaphambili, ukuza kuthi ga ngoku ndicinga ukuba singavuma. Kodwa iqonga le-nix likhuselekile ngakumbi kune-Windows xa kungekho msebenzi wenziwe lukhuni. I-Linux ikhuseleke ngakumbi ngenxa yezizathu ezininzi, kodwa ukuba ufuna enye enzima ngaphandle kokuya kwiinkcukacha zobuchwephesha, kungenxa yokuba yinkqubo yokusebenza enabasebenzisi abambalwa, inani le-malware ekujolise kulo li-Linux liphantsi kakhulu. Kwaye ukuba unika amandla imithetho ye-firewall nge-iptables, okanye uphakamise inkqubo efana ne-SELinux okanye i-AppArmor, njl., Ukhuseleko luya kunyuka ngendlela egqithileyo. Kwinto ethile le nkqubo ikhethwe ngamaziko edatha, ii-supercomputer, oorhulumente, ezomkhosi, njl. Awucingi Andicingi ukuba ngemali abayiphetheyo kuphela ngumcimbi weelayisensi njengoko abanye besitsho ... akunjalo? Ukongeza, ukuzithemba kokukwazi ukuhlalutya ikhowudi yemithombo yinto ekufuneka uyithathele ingqalelo xa kufunyanwa iingcango zangasemva okanye ubungozi obunokuthi busetyenziswe, into engavunyelwa yiWindows kuba ingumthombo ovaliweyo kwaye ayazi ukuba yintoni kanye kanye. ukwenza.
  5. Imfihlo kunye nokungaziwa. IWindows ayikaze ilunge kule meko, kwaye yenye yeendlela ezisebenzayo ezinobuhlobo kule meko. Kodwa ngokukhutshwa kweWindows 10 eye yambi kakhulu. Ibe yinkqubo ebika isixa esikhulu sedatha yomsebenzisi.
  6. Ukwenziwa komntu. Iwindows inzima kakhulu, ngokuchaseneyo neLinux. Ukunika umzekelo olula, iWindows inokuthelekiswa nebhloko yentsimbi ebiza iindleko ukuyiguqula, ngelixa iLinux ifana nebhloko yeplastikhi onokuyibumba ngendlela othanda ngayo ngenxa yokuguquguquka kwayo.
  7. Phuhliso. IWindows inexabiso elikhulu lokuphucula isoftware, kwaye iinjini zemizobo ezininzi njalo njalo ziyahambelana neWindows. Kuyinyani oko, kodwa iLinux ayenzi mfutshane kule nkalo, kwaye inomdla kakhulu kubaphuhlisi abaninzi. Ipesenti ephezulu kakhulu ekhulayo ngakumbi nangakumbi isebenzisa iLinux, ngakumbi Ubuntu. Iye yaba yenye yeenkqubo ezizithandayo zophuhliso.
  8. Crash kwaye usete kwakhona. Ii-BSoD, okanye izikrini eziluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka, imiyalezo yempazamo, ukuqala kwakhona okungalindelekanga ngenxa yezizathu ezahlukeneyo (kubandakanya uhlaziyo) kubangele ukuba imisebenzi emininzi yabanye abasebenzisi ilahle. Ukunqongophala kwemveliso kule nto yiyo ebangele ukuba abanye abasebenzisi bafune iqonga elinamandla nelizinzileyo njengeLinux.

Kwakhona Ibhola isephahleni lwakho, kwaye kufuneka ukhethe isizathu okanye izizathu eziza kukuqinisekisa ukuba uthathe inyathelo lokugqibela olifunayo. Kwaye ndiyathemba ukuba unika iLinux ithuba lokuba ikubonise izibonelelo zayo, kwaye ixesha elide ngokwaneleyo ukuba ungaqhela kwaye awupheli ubuyela kwiWindows ngokungazenzi njengokuba abanye abasebenzisi abangakhathaliyo besenza ...

Ukusombulula amathandabuzo akho ngokulungelelanisa ngokukhawuleza

MacOS vs Linux amathandabuzo

Ungumsebenzisi weWindows kwaye uyathandabuza ukutshintshela kwiLinux. Ngokuqinisekileyo unayo nakuphi na ukuthandabuza uhamba ngengqondo yakho ngoku kwaye ndinethemba lokusombulula apha ...

Luluphi ulwabiwo olungcono ukuqala ngalo?

I-Linux Mint, iWindows

Es into yobuqu apho ndingakwaziyo ukukunceda kakhulu. Umsebenzisi ngamnye lihlabathi elahlukileyo kwaye uneemfuno zakhe. Ke ngoko eyona distro ilungileyo yokuqala kwiLinux iya kuba yeyona uyithandayo kunye neyona uzive ukhululekile kuyo. Nangona kunjalo, Nazi ezinye iingcebiso:

  1. Ubuntu: kubo bonke abasebenzisi abafuna yonke into ukuba isebenze kakuhle kwaye bangabinangxaki, eyona ilungileyo yile khetha Ubuntu. I-Canonical distro izisa ukulula, ukuzinza, ukomelela, ukhuseleko kunye nenkxaso enkulu yezixhobo zekhompyutha. Inesixa esikhulu sesoftware efumanekayo kwiindawo zayo zokuphumla kwaye ukuba ungathandabuzeki yenye yezona zifundo zininzi kumnatha.
  2. Lubuntu: I-flavour eyahlukileyo ethathwe kwiLubuntu yangaphambili, ene-LXDE kwimo ye desktop eya kujongeka njengeWindows. Kwakhona, ukungasindi kunokwenza umatshini wakho wakudala weWindows ongasasekeli uhlaziyo lweWindows yeWindows. Khuphela uLubuntu.
  3. Zorin OS: yi-Linux distro ejolise ngokukodwa kubasebenzisi be-novice GNU / Linux, ngakumbi abo bavela kwindawo yeWindows. Uya kufumana ukufana okuninzi kunxibelelwano lwayo kwaye akuyi kubiza mali ukuba uyiqhele. Khuphela iZorin OS
  4. Linux mintOlunye ulwabiwo ekulula ukuyisebenzisa yiLinux Mint. Inkqubo yokusebenza yanamhlanje, enenani elikhulu lezixhobo zokukunceda mihla le ukuze ungabenzi nzima ubomi bakho kwaye ukhululeke kakhulu kwaye ubelula. Khuphela iLinux Mint.
  5. SolusUyilo oluzimeleyo lujolise ekusebenziseni lula kunye nakumsebenzisi wasekhaya. Into efana neWindows eya kukukholisa ukusuka kumzuzu wokuqala. Khuphela i-Solus OS
  6. RoboLinuxNgaba unokucinga ukuba une-Linux distro ejongeka ngokufana neWindows, kwaye ikwakhona ukuqhuba isoftware yemveli yeqonga leMicrosoft? Ewe, sukucinga, yile projekthi yeRoboLinux, kuba enkosi kukuvumela ukuba ufake iinkqubo zakho ozithandayo zeWindows ngaphandle kwengxaki ... Khuphela iRoboLinux
  7. IFenix ​​OS: Yiprojekthi yaseSpain yakutshanje enokutshintsha ukubonakala kwayo njenge-chameleon yokulingisa iWindows desktop oyithandayo, kwaye unokuyisebenzisa kwiRaspberry Pi yakho. Khuphela iFenix ​​OS.
  8. UFedora: Udiniwe yiyo yonke into eyaphahlazeka kwiWindows, emva koko uFedora uliqina. Khuphela iFedora
  9. I-Linspire / iFreepire: Ezinye ii-distros ezindala eziphinde zavela kwiinguqulelo zabo ezihlawulelwayo nezasimahla ngokwahlukeneyo. Inkqubo yokusebenza ejolise ekuhlaziyeni ilizwe leLinux ngenkangeleko yalo efana neWindows kunye namancedo anjenge-CNR yayo, ukuyifaka ngonqakrazo olunye. Into ebonakala ngathi ayisiyonto intsha, kodwa ngelo xesha yayiguqukela kwilizwe leLinux. Kodwa ngokwam ndingacebisa nayiphi na kwezi zinto zingasentla ngaphambi koku ... Khuphela iLinspire

Ngaba kukho ezinye iindlela zokusebenza zeWindows?

WSL2 kwi Windows 10

Kwi-GNU / Linux unako baneendlela ezingapheliyo zesoftware Kwaye uninzi lweapps osele uzisebenzisa kwiWindows ziya kufumaneka ngokwendalo kwiLinux, enje ngeFirefox okanye iChannel. Kodwa unokufumana ii -apps ze-Android ezineemulators, ii-DOS zokusebenza ezineeprojekthi ezinjenge-DOSBox, imidlalo yevidiyo evela kwii-retro consoles, kunye neeapps zeMac ngeDarling. Ke ngubani othe akukho software kwiLinux?

Ngethuba elidlulileyo Ndapapasha inqaku elinenye indlela a Iinkqubo zeWindows ukuba mhlawumbi unokuba nomdla ...

Kuthekani ukuba akukho ndlela yimbi? Ndingayisebenzisa usetyenziso lwam lwendalo lweWindows kwiLinux?

Logo yewayini

Unemimangaliso Iprojekthi yewayini, enye umaleko wokuhambelana ukuqhuba isoftware (usetyenziso kunye nemidlalo yevidiyo) yemveli kwiqonga leMicrosoft kwiLinux. Ingasebenza nesoftware, nangona ezinye zinokuba neengxaki okanye zingenayo yonke imisebenzi. Kodwa ihlala ihamba kakuhle.

Kwaye ukuba oko kubonakala kukuncinci kuwe, ungasoloko ubhenela kwi oomatshini ababonayo ukuba ungena kuyo nayiphi na ingxaki kwiphakheji yangaphambili. Okanye jonga ezinye izisombululo ukuba zikhona, umzekelo, nangona iMicrosoft Office ingafumaneki kwiLinux, ungasebenzisa le Windows office suite kuhlobo lwayo olukwi-intanethi lwelifu.

Kwaye ungalibali ukuba zikhona iiprojekthi ezinje ngeProton eyakhelwe kumxhasi weValve's Steam ukukuziselaImidlalo yevidiyo yeWindows nakwiLinux ngaphandle kokukhathazeka nangantoni na, kwaye noluhlu olukhulu lwezihloko esele zihambelana ngokupheleleyo ...

Ngaba ndingazifumana iikhompyuter ezineLinux efakwe kwangaphambili njengeWindows?

ISlimbook PROX 15

Ewe ungazifumana. Kukho abasasazi abaninzi abanazo phakathi kweemveliso zabo kwaye abanye bathengisa izixhobo ze-OEM ngaphandle kwenkqubo yokusebenza okanye ngokulula ukukunceda ukhethe lowo ukhetha (jonga i-Non-OS okanye iFreeOS). Ngokubhekisele kwiikhompyuter ze-AIO, iilaptops kunye needesktops kunye ne-GNU / Linux distro oyithandayo efakwe ngaphambili, sicebisa iSpanish Slimbook. Babonakaliswa ngokusebenza kwabo, umgangatho, inkxaso yezobugcisa kunye noyilo. Ezona khompyuter zilungileyo kwiLinux ezandleni zakho kunye namaxabiso amahle ...

Thenga iSlimbook

Ezinye izinto omele uzazi

eyahlukileyo

Eminye imiba ekufuneka uyazi ukwenza kube lula kuwe ukuba uziqhelanise kwi-distro ye-GNU / Linux, kwaye ungaziva ungaqhelekanga ukuba uvela kwihlabathi leWindows, zezi:

  • FAT / NTFS: Kuya kufuneka uyazi ukuba zombini ii-FS okanye iifomathi ziya kuhambelana ne-GNU / Linux, ke ukuba kuya kufuneka wabelane ngeedrive hard, iipeni zokuqhuba, iimemori khadi, njl, ungayenza ngaphandle kweengxaki. Kananjalo kuya kufuneka uyazi ukuba unokwabelana ngayo yonke into kunye neeprojekthi ezinje ngeSamba ukuba nenethiwekhi engafaniyo.
  • Khohlwa malunga ne-ExE kunye neMSI: KwiWindows, njenge-macOS, yonke into ilula kwaye inqongophele. Kodwa kwiLinux, ngenxa yexabiso elikhulu lokuqhekeka oya kulifumana Ubuninzi beephakeji ezahlukeneyo ezingafanele ukuba zikoyikiseNjengoko iivenkile zeeapps zangoku zikuvumela ukuba ufake ngonqakrazo olunye lwempuku yakho, kunye neephakeji jikelele ezinje nge-snap, Flatpak, kunye ne-AppImage ziyayitshintsha yonke loo nto.
  • PowerShell: Kuya kufuneka uyazi ukuba usebenza rhoqo neli qokobhe kwaye ungumlawuli osele ekuqhelile, nokuba andikuthandi, ungayifumana i-PS yeLinux ngokwendalo ixesha elide. Ke umdlalo weqonga kulo mbandela.
  • Umahluko phakathi kwetyala eliphezulu nelisezantsi. Into engasebenziyo kwi-Windows ngokungagungqiyo kukujonga imeko, kwaye amagama eefayile kunye nezikhombisi ziya kwahlulwa phakathi kwecala eliphezulu nelisezantsi. KwiWindows, kunokubakho ifayile ekuthiwa molo, kwaye iya kwamkelwa nokuba MHLO, molo, molo, njl. Endaweni yoko, kwiLinux zonke zinokwahluka, njengoko zinobuntununtunu kwimeko. Into ebalulekileyo kwinkqubo kwaye inokuvumela ukuba uvelise amagama ahlukeneyo ...
  • Unqakrazo olunye okanye ezimbini. Nangona ungayilungiselela, ukuba usebenzisa i-KDE Plasma iza ngokungagqibekanga kusebenze ukuze ii-icon zivulwe ngonqakrazo olunye endaweni yesibini njenge-Windows. Kodwa ndiyaphinda, ayifani nakwezinye iindawo nakwiPlasma inokuqwalaselwa ngokucofa kabini.
  • Umlawuli vs ingcambu: KwiWindows akukho ngcambu okanye umsebenzisi omkhulu, endaweni yoko sebenzisa iiakhawunti zoMlawuli. Umahluko ocacileyo onokuwufumana phakathi kwezi zibini ngamandla, kuba ingcambu inamandla ngakumbi kwaye inokwenza yonke into. Kwelinye icala, iakhawunti yoMlawuli inemiqobo kwaye kukho imisebenzi enokuthintelwa okanye engenakuyenza.
  • Ngaphandle kwezixhobo, molo iifayile. Kwi-Unix yonke into eyifayile, kunye nezixhobo. KwiWindows uneDrive C:, D:, E:, njl, kunye nomphathi wesixhobo sehardware. Kwelinye icala, kwiLinux, ngenxa yelifa layo le-Unix, yonke into yifayile (/ dev / sda1, / dev / loop, / dev / video,…). Uncedo kukuba ungasebenzisa izixhobo ukwenza iifayile ngezi zixhobo ngokunjalo.
  • Iinkonzo vs iidemon. KwiLinux kunye nenye * nix uneedemem, eziyinkqubo ezisebenzisa inkonzo kwaye ziqhuba ngasemva. Oku kuya kulingana.
  • Ulibale i-WinPE. Le nkqubo inomda kakhulu, ngelixa kwi-GNU / Linux uneeLives ezikuvumela ukuba usebenze i-100% yokusebenza kwe-distro ngomthamo opheleleyo (kubandakanya ukugcinwa kwedatha) kwindawo ekhutshiweyo enje nge-pendrive okanye inkumbulo ye-USB kwaye nakwindawo ebonakalayo (CD / DVD) ukubaleka ngaphandle kokufaka kwi-RAM.

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  1.   Cesar sitsho

    Ukufunda inqaku andinakukunceda kodwa ndiyeke ndiye kweli candelo ukuze ndinike ingxelo ngempazamo kulo, xa bethetha ngoLubuntu kwaye bekhomba kwikhonkco lokukhuphela, indawo abayikhankanyileyo ayilunganga (indala) entsha lubuntu.me, nceda ulungise ngokukhawuleza.

    1.    david sitsho

      Ewe indawo esemthethweni yile lubuntu.me