Yintoni iLinux kwaye yeyantoni?

Yintoni iLinux kwaye yeyantoni?

Kweli nqaku siza kuphendula ngendlela ecacileyo nelula kwimibuzo yabo bafuna ukuqalisa kwihlabathi leLinux okanye bazi nje ukuba imalunga nantoni.

Siza kugubungela, phakathi kwabanye, le mibuzo ilandelayo: zeziphi iimpawu zeLinux, ungazama njani, zeziphi izinikezelo ezikhoyo, uzikhuphele njani, kunye nokunye okuninzi.

Yintoni iLinux?

Ukuze siqonde ukuba yintoni i-Linux, kufuneka siqale sichaze ingcamango yenkqubo yokusebenza. Inkqubo yokusebenza yisoftware elawula zonke izixhobo zehardware ezinxulumene nesixhobo esinje ngekhompyuter, isixhobo esiphathwayo, okanye ithebhulethi. Amaqokobhe enathi, inkqubo yokusebenza ilawula unxibelelwano phakathi kwesoftware yakho kunye nehardware yakho.

Amalungu ayo amacandelo ngala:

  • Umphathi webhuthi: Inkqubo yekhompyutha eqalisa ikhompyutha.
  • IKernel: I-kernel (i-nucleus) isebenza njengekhonkco phakathi kwezixhobo ze-hardware kunye neenkqubo ezahlukeneyo zenkqubo yokusebenza, ukuqinisekisa ulwabiwo lwezibonelelo ngendlela efanelekileyo kakhulu.
  • Qalisa inkqubo: Inkqubo yokuqalisa yinkqubo yokuqala eyenziwa yi kernel ngexesha lokuqala. Kwaye iyaqhubeka ukusebenza de inkqubo icinyiwe. Inoxanduva lokuqalisa zonke ezinye iinkqubo ezifana needaemoni, iinkonzo kunye nezinye iinkqubo zangasemva.
  • Ndimkile: Ezi ziinkonzo zemvelaphi (ushicilelo, uqhagamshelo lwenethiwekhi, ukudlala kwakhona kwesandi, njl. njl.) eziqala ngexesha lokuqalisa okanye emva kokuba ungene kwi-desktop. Zisetyenziswa zizicelo ezahlukeneyo ukwenza imisebenzi eqhelekileyo.
  • iseva yegraphic: Le yinkqubo esezantsi enoxanduva lokunikezela ngemizobo kwimonitha.
  • Imeko yedesktop: Eli licandelo abasebenzisi abasebenzisana nalo. Indawo nganye yedesktop ibandakanya usetyenziso olwakhelwe ngaphakathi (njengabaphathi befayile, izixhobo zoqwalaselo, iibhrawuza zewebhu, kunye nemidlalo).

I-Linux yinkqubo yokusebenza yomthombo ovulekileyo. Oko kuthetha ukuba inokuhanjiswa kwaye iguqulwe ngaphandle kwezithintelo.

Yintoni umahluko phakathi kweLinux kunye neGNU/Linux?

Ngokobuchwephesha, iLinux ligama nje le kernel.. Uninzi lwezixhobo ezisebenzisayo ukuba yinkqubo yokusebenza zaphuhliswa yiprojekthi ye-GNU. Ngenxa yesi sizathu, abantu abaninzi ekuhlaleni bacinga ukuba kufuneka ibandakanywe ekukhankanyiweyo.

Yenzelwe ntoni iLinux?

NgeLinux ungenza izinto ezifanayo njengayo nayiphi na inkqubo yokusebenza. Ukuquka ukubukela umxholo wostrimisho.

Unikezelo lweLinux olwahlukileyo (Jonga inkcazo kwicandelo elilandelayo) ziyilelwe ukuhlangabezana neemfuno zeentlobo ezahlukeneyo zabasebenzisi bekhompyutha. Kukho ezinye ezijolise kubasebenzisi basekhaya, ezinye zijolise kwiinjongo ezithile ezifana nemveliso yemultimedia okanye uphando lwezenzululwazi, kunye nezinye ezijoliswe kwimarike yenkampani.

Ngamanye amagama, ngokukhetha unikezelo olufanelekileyo, unokwenza okufanayo ngeLinux njengeendlela zokusebenza ezihlawulwayo.

Yintoni usasazo lweLinux?

Ukuhanjiswa kweLinux ludibaniso lwe Linux kernel, isilayishi, iidaemon ezahlukeneyo, umncedisi womzobo, idesktop kunye nothotho lwezicelo ezikhethiweyo ngokweemfuno zohlobo oluthile lomsebenzisi.

Eminye imizekelo yonikezelo lweLinux:

  • Ubuntu: Yeyona idumileyo kunikezelo lweLinux, ngoko ke yeyona ineendlela ezininzi ezahlukeneyo zeenkqubo.
  • Linux mint: Unikezelo olufanelekileyo lokuqalisa kwihlabathi leLinux kuba kulula kakhulu ukuyisebenzisa ngenxa yojongano lomsebenzisi olucacileyo.
  • Fedora: Sisiseko seRed Hat Enterprise Linux, ngoko kuyacetyiswa kwabo bafuna ukufunda iLinux ngobungcali.
  • Archlinux: Kwabo bafuna ukuqwalasela yonke into ngokuthanda kwabo, olu nikezelo lunesifundo esipheleleyo sofakelo.

Ixabisa malini iLinux?

Uninzi lonikezelo lweLinux lunokukhutshelwa simahla kwi-Intanethi. Basenokufunyanwa ngokuthenga ikopi yeemagazini zekhompyutha okanye njengesipho esivela kwiqela labasebenzisi basekuhlaleni.

Kukho ezinye zezo zijoliswe kuluntu ngokubanzi olucela umnikelo ngokuthanda phambi kokukhuphela. Kwelinye icala, ezinye zezo zijolise kwicandelo leshishini zifuna ukuhlawulwa kwelayisenisi enika ilungelo lokufumana inkxaso yobuchwephesha.

Ngaba ndifuna izixhobo ezikhethekileyo ukusebenzisa iLinux?

Nangona kwiminyaka yakutshanje unikezelo lweekhompyuter ezineLinux lukhule ngokukhawuleza, akukho mfuneko yokuthenga i-hardware ekhethekileyo. Nangona kunjalo, kulungile ukwenza uhlolo lokuhambelana njengoko amanye amacandelo afana namakhadi evidiyo athile anokungasebenzi ngokugqibeleleyo.

Ekubeni iimfuno ze-hardware ziphantsi, kunokwenzeka ukwandisa ubomi beekhompyuter ezindala ngokufaka iLinux kuzo.

Ndingayivavanya njani iLinux?

Kuyenzeka ukuba uzame iLinux ngeendlela ezimbini: ukuyifaka okanye ngaphandle kokuyifaka. Ufakelo lunokwenziwa kwi-drive ephambili ecaleni okanye endaweni yenkqubo yokusebenza yangoku. Kwakhona, ungasebenzisa idisk yangaphandle okanye ipen drive nje ukuba inesithuba esaneleyo.

Enye indlela kusetyenziso lomthengi womatshini wenyani. Le yinkqubo ekuvumela ukuba ulinganise ikhompyuter apho ukuhanjiswa kweLinux kunokufakwa khona.

Uvavanyo ngaphandle kofakelo lubulela kwinto eyaziwa ngokuba yi "live mode". Kwimowudi ephilayo, yonke into eyimfuneko ekusebenzeni kwenkqubo yokusebenza ilayishwa kwi-RAM rhoqo xa inkqubo iqaliswa. Ngokuqhelekileyo, uhlengahlengiso olwenziweyo alugcinwanga, nangona kunokwenzeka ukuguqula oku.

Ndingazisebenzisa iinkqubo zam?

Impendulo kukuba kuxhomekeke kwiprogram. Ezinye, njengesiphequluli sikaGoogle Chrome, zineenguqulelo zeLinux. Abanye abafana neOfisi yeMicrosoft banenguqulelo efini eneempawu ezininzi zenguqulelo yedesktop. Ukongeza, kukho izixhobo ezisebenza njengeetoliki phakathi kwezicelo zeWindows kunye nokuhanjiswa kweLinux, nangona kungasebenzi kwi-100% yamatyala.

Ngapha koko, Kuyenzeka ukufaka iWindows kunye neLinux kwihard drive efanayo.

Ngaba zikhona iinkqubo zeLinux?

I-Linux inesicelo esijongene nokukhangela, ukufaka kunye nokuhlaziya iinkqubo.

Ewe. Kukho inani elikhulu leenkqubo zasimahla kunye nezihlawulelwayo.

Nganye yonikezelo ineprogram ejongene nokufumana, ukukhuphela kunye nokufaka iinkqubo. Ngapha koko, iivenkile zeapp eziphathwayo ziphefumlelwe yiLinux. Iinkqubo zikhutshelwa kwiindawo zokugcina iipakethe ezaziwa ngokuba ziindawo zokugcina.. Iindawo zokugcina zigcinwa ngabo banoxanduva lokusasazwa ngalunye okanye uluntu oluyixhasayo. Kukho kwakhona iindawo zokugcina eziqhelekileyo kuzo zonke izinikezelo.

Kuyenzeka, nangona kungacetyiswanga, ukufaka iinkqubo ngesandla.

Ngaba ungadlala ngeLinux?

Njengombuzo weenkqubo, Impendulo kukuba kuxhomekeke ukuba yeyiphi imidlalo. Kusenokwenzeka ukuba asiyi kuba nokufikelela kwizihloko zamva nje ngaxeshanye njengakwezona qonga zidumileyo. Nangona kunjalo, kunokwenzeka ukudlala izihloko zakudala. Iindaba ezimnandi zezokuba uluhlu lwemidlalo yeLinux yemveli iyaqhubeka nokukhula.

U-Ethan Lee, imidlalo yevidiyo yeLinux
Inqaku elidibeneyo:
5 imidlalo yevidiyo emangalisayo kunye nesimahla yeLinux

Ungalufumana phi unikezelo lweLinux?

Ubuntu Studio lusasazo oluthile lwemveliso yemultimedia.

Nanini na kunokwenzeka, kungcono ukukhuphela ukuhanjiswa kweLinux kwiwebhusayithi yayo. Oku kuqinisekisa ukuba sinolona guqulelo lwangoku. Olunye ukhetho ziimagazini zekhompyuter okanye amaqela abasebenzisi asekuhlaleni. Iisayithi zokukhuphela isoftware kufuneka ziphetshwe.

Ezinye zeendawo ezithembekileyo ukusuka apho ukhuphela khona ukuhanjiswa kweLinux zezi:

I-Distrowatch

Le ndawo yamagqala igcina ulwazi lwangoku malunga nokukhutshwa kweenguqulelo ezintsha zonikezelo lweLinux ngamakhonkco kumaphepha asemthethweni. Ikwanayo ne-injini yokukhangela epheleleyo eneendlela ezahlukeneyo zokufumana eyona ilungileyo.

Into ongafanele uyithathele ingqalelo kakhulu kuluhlu lwazo lonikezelo kuba lusekwe kuphela kweyabo idatha eyenziwe lula.

FOSS Torrents

Apha sinokufumana amakhonkco ukukhuphela ukuhanjiswa kweLinux usebenzisa iBittorrent. Yenye iwebhusayithi ekufuneka uyijonge xa ​​ujonge ukufumana ukuhanjiswa.

Uluhlohla njani unikezelo lweLinux?

Ukufakela iLinux kwikhompyuter kufuna into ebizwa ngokuba ngumfanekiso. Lo ayisiwo umzobo kodwa yikopi yeefayile ezifunyenwe kumncedisi wonikezelo. Ngenkqubo ethile, loo mfanekiso urekhodwa kwindawo yofakelo (cedé, devedé, pendrive okanye imemori khadi).

Kuyenzeka ukuba uqhubeke nofakelo ngaphandle kokuba noqhagamshelo lwe-Intanethi ukusukela ukuba indawo yofakelo iqhele ukuba neenkqubo eziyimfuneko. Kodwa, awuzukufumana iinguqulelo zamva nje zeenkqubo.

Nje ukuba ukurekhoda kugqityiwe, kufuneka siqale kwakhona ikhompyuter kwaye siyilungiselele ukuba iqale kwimidiya yokufaka. Njengoko oku kohluka ngokuxhomekeke kwi-motherboard, kulungele ukusebenzisa i-injini yokukhangela ukwazi ukuba yenziwa njani.

Uninzi losasazo lweLinux lunesifakeli segraphical esiphantse sizenze ngokuzenzekelayo inkqubo.. Kufuneka sikhethe kuphela ulwimi, uyilo lwebhodi yezitshixo, igama lomsebenzisi kunye negama lokugqitha. Kwakhona ukuba inkqubo entsha yokusebenza izakufakwa ecaleni kwale yangoku okanye izakuyibuyisela endaweni yayo.

Inye into ekufuneka uyigcine engqondweni xa ufaka iLinux ecaleni kweWindows yile IiWindows zihlala zihlohlwa kuqala. Kungenjalo ayizukwazi ukufikelela kwiLinux. Kukho isisombululo, kodwa, kunzima kakhulu.

Enye inqaku elibalulekileyo kukuba ngaphambi kokuqhubeka nokufakwa kweLinux, Kuya kufuneka uqiniseke ukuba iWindows ayinalo uhlaziyo olulindileyo. Ngaphandle koko, i-installer isenokungayiboni kwaye isenokungabonakalisi ukhetho lofakelo ekwabelwana ngalo.


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  1.   Selim sitsho

    Enkosi ngolwazi, kwabo bethu bangazi nto, kodwa banomdla kakhulu.