Ushicilelo lwe-63 lwe-Top 500 sele ishicilelwe

TOP500

I-TOP500 ihlela kunye neenkcukacha ze-500 ezinamandla kakhulu ezingasasazwanga kwiinkqubo zekhompyutha emhlabeni.

Zimbalwa iintsuku ezidlulileyo Ushicilelo lwe-63 lwenqanaba le-"Top 500" lapapashwa ehlela ezona khompyutha ziqhuba kakhulu ehlabathini. Olu luhlu lusekwe kwindlela yokulinganisa ukusebenza kweenkqubo kusetyenziswa i-LINPACK benchmark, ebala isantya apho inkqubo inokusombulula isethi ye-equations yomgca.

Kwaye kolu hlelo lutsha lunikiweyo, xa luthelekiswa nopapasho lwangaphambili (uhlelo 62) amaqela ahlala iindawo ezintlanu zokuqala kuluhlu lwangaphambili zigciniwe izikhundla zabo.

  1. Indawo yokuqala kwi-Top 500 iyaqhubeka igcinwa ngu «Umda», oye wakhokela isikhundla iminyaka emi-2 ilandelelana. Ifumaneka kwiSebe laseMelika leSebe lezaMandla kwiLebhu yeSizwe ye-Oak Ridge, eli qela linee-processor cores ezizizigidi ezisi-8.7 (64 GHz AMD EPYC 2C) kunye Inika ukusebenza kwe-1206 exaflops. Iqela linikwa amandla yi-HPE Cray OS (i-SUSE Linux Enterprise Server edition 15).
  2. Inkqubo ye-Aurora kwi-Argonne Leadership Computing Facility e-Illinois, eU.SA, iphumelele indawo yesibini kwi-TOP500. Eli qela linyuse inani lalo leprosesa (Xeon CPU Max 9470 52C 2.4 GHz) ukusuka kwi-4.8 ukuya 9.2 izigidi, okukhokelela ekusebenzeni kwe-1012 exaflops. Ngaphantsi kwe-hood kukho i-SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 15 SP4.
  3. Kwindawo yesithathu kukho "Ukhozi" olufakwe kwiMicrosoft Azure Cloud e-US, ifumana kwakhona indawo yayo ebifikelele kuyo emva kokubonakala kwayo okokuqala kuluhlu lwangaphambili. Yena "Ukhozi" liqela elisetyenziswe nguMicrosoft kwilifu le-Azure kwaye liqulethe i-processor cores yezigidi ezi-2 (iXeon Platinum 8480C 48C 2GHz CPU), Inika ukusebenza okuphezulu kwe-561 petaflops. Isoftware yeqela isekwe ku-Ubuntu 22.04.
  4. Fugaku: Ifumaneka kwi-RIKEN Institute for Physical and Chemical Research eJapan, eli qela lisebenzisa iiprosesa ze-ARM (i-158976 nodes esekelwe kwi-Fujitsu A64FX SoC, exhotywe nge-8.2 GHz 2,2-core Armv48-A SVE CPU) kunye inikeza i-442 petaflops yokusebenza. IFugaku iqhuba iRed Hat Enterprise Linux.
  5. LUMI: Ifumaneka kwi-European Supercomputing Centre (EuroHPC) eFinland, eli qela libonelela nge-rukusebenza kweepetaflops ezingama-379. Yakhelwe kwiqonga le-HPE Cray EX235a kwaye ibandakanya i-2.2 yezigidi zeeprosesa (i-AMD EPYC 64C 2GHz, i-AMD Instinct MI250X i-accelerator, i-Slingshot-11 network). Isebenzisa i-HPE Cray OS njengenkqubo yokusebenza.

Ukongezelela, indawo yesithandathu ithathwe yi-Alps cluster entsha, eyasungulwa kwi-Swiss National Supercomputing Centre. Eli qela libonisa 1,305,600 NVIDIA Grace 72C 3.1 GHz processor cores kwaye ibonelela 270 petaflops ukusebenza.

Ngokuphathelele iikhompyutha ezinkulu zasekhaya, kukhankanyiwe ukuba i I-Chervonenkis, i-Galushkin kunye ne-Lyapunov iqoqo elidalwe yi-Yandex liye lahla kwirenki. Basuka kwi-36, i-58 kunye ne-64 ukuya kwi-42, i-69 kunye ne-79 ngokulandelanayo. La maqela enzelwe ukuxazulula iingxaki zokufunda koomatshini kunye nokubonelela ngokusebenza kwe-21.5, 16, kunye ne-12.8 petaflops ngokulandelanayo. Basebenzisa Ubuntu 16.04 kwaye baxhotyiswe nge-AMD EPYC 7xxx iprosesa kunye ne-NVIDIA A100 GPU.

Ngu inxalenye yeendlela ezintsha zokuma kwiikhompyuter ezinkulu kukhankanyiwe ukuba:

  • Kukho ii-supercomputer ze-181 eMntla Melika (i-171 kwiinyanga ezintandathu ezidlulileyo).
  • EYurophu: 157 supercomputers (143 kwiinyanga ezintandathu ezidlulileyo).
  • I-Asia: ii-supercomputers ze-147 (i-169 kwiinyanga ezintandathu ezidlulileyo).
  • EMzantsi Melika: ii-9 supercomputers (iinyanga ezili-10 ezidlulileyo).
  • Oceania: 5 supercomputers (6 kwiinyanga ezintandathu ezidlulileyo).
  • Afrika: 1 supercomputer (engatshintshwanga).
  • I-Intel ilawula isikhundla ngokukhetha kwe-62.8% (67.9% kwiinyanga ezintandathu ezidlulileyo).
  • AMD CPUs: 31.4% (28% kwiinyanga ezintandathu ezidlulileyo).
  • Amandla e-IBM: 1.2% (1.4% kwiinyanga ezintandathu ezidlulileyo).
  • Zonke iinkqubo ezikuluhlu zisebenzise iLinux njengenkqubo yazo yokusebenza ukusukela ngoNovemba ka-2017.
  • Ubuncinci bomgangatho wokusebenza ukungena kwi-Top500 inyuke yaya kutsho kwi-2,13 petaflops.
  • Ukusebenza okupheleleyo kwazo zonke iinkqubo kwinqanaba lenyuka ukusuka kwi-7 ukuya kwi-8,2 exaflops kwiinyanga ezintandathu ezidlulileyo.

Y malunga nokusetyenziswa kokuhanjiswas, kukhankanyiwe ukuba:

  • I-42.4% (44.6% kwiinyanga ezintandathu ezidlulileyo) isebenzisa ii-Linux-based systems, kodwa ungakhankanyi ukuhanjiswa.
  • Ukusetyenziswa kwe-RHEL ngoku kunyuke ukuya kwi-16.8% (ngaphambili i-12.6%)
  • I-CentOS yehla ukuya kwi-9.4% (ngaphambili i-11%)
  • I-Cray Linux ene-9,2% (9.6%)
  • Ubuntu bufumene isabelo esincinci sinyukela kwi-8.4% (7,8%)
  • I-SUSE yahlala iyi-4,4% (4,4%)
  • I-Rocky Linux inyuke yaya kutsho kwi-3% (2%)
  • Alma Linu 1,2% (1%)
  • AmazonLinux; 0.2% (0.2%)
  • I-linux yezenzululwazi 0.2% (0.2%)

ekugqibeleni ukuba ukhona unomdla wokwazi ngakumbi ngayo, Ndiyakumema ukuba uqhagamshelane nopapasho lwe-Top 500 kwi eli khonkco lilandelayo.


Shiya uluvo lwakho

Idilesi yakho ye email aziyi kupapashwa. ezidingekayo ziphawulwe *

*

*

  1. Inoxanduva lwedatha: I-AB Internet Networks 2008 SL
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.