ISiseko saMahla seSoftwe siyafa

Isiseko seSoftware sasimahla

ISiseko sasimahla seSoftware ngumbutho onjongo yawo ikukusasaza le ntshukumo

Mva nje U-Drew DeVault, i-hacker emva kwe-SourceHut kunye nezinye iiprojekthi ezininzi ezivulelekileyo, kwabelwane ngeposti yebhlog apho achaza imbono yakhe malunga nokwehla kweSiseko seSoftware yasimahla.

Kwaye kukuba emva kweminyaka engaphezu kwama-40 ekhona, uDrew DeVault ucinga ukuba iFSF iyafa. Ukuba i-blogger iyavuma ukuba i-FSF ibe negalelo kwinqanaba elithile ekuqhubeleni phambili intshukumo yesoftware yasimahla, nangona kunjalo, ugcina ukuba isiseko asiphumelelanga kwinjongo yayo ephambili.

Ukuqonda inqaku likaDrew DeVault kancinci, kufuneka siyikhumbule loo nto intshukumo yesoftware yasimahla yaqala ngeminyaka yoo-1980 nguRichard M. Stallman (RMS), esinokuthi namhlanje kukho isoftware esimahla kunanini na ngaphambili kwaye phantse yonke isoftware entsha iqulathe amacandelo esoftware yasimahla.

Ukufikelela kwinqanaba elinjalo lokwandisa, i-Free Software Foundation (FSF) eyenziwe ngo-1985 nguStallman. idlale indima ebalulekileyo ngomsebenzi wayo ukukhuthaza inkululeko yabasebenzisi ngeekhompyuter.

Ezinye iingxoxo ezivela kuDrew DeVault ukucacisa ukufa okuqhubekayo kwe-FSF kusekelwe kwinto yokuba ISiseko seSoftware sasimahla kufuneka:

  • Ukusasaza ifilosofi yesoftware yasimahla
  • Phuhlisa, upapashe kwaye ukhuthaze iilayisensi ze-copyleft
  • Ukubeka iliso kwimpilo yentshukumo yesoftware yasimahla.

Kwaye ngokukaDeVault, ukusukela ulIsiseko asiphumelelanga kwinjongo yaso ephambili, ahora uchitha izixhobo zakho kwizinto eziphazamisayo. Ukuze azenze aqondwe ngakumbi, uyachaza, umzekelo, ukuba kwindima yakhe njengenkokeli yengcinga yentanda-bulumko isoftware yasimahla, Umyalezo weFSF ulinganiselwe kumda. Imiyalezo yombutho ithulisiwe, ayisebenzi kwaye ingumyopic. Amaphepha ezincoko ezishinyeneyo zefilosofi kunye nee-FAQ ezicwangciswe kakubi aziboneleli ngenqaku lokungeno eliluncedo okanye ireferensi kuluntu. Kwi-DeVault, umyalezo awunakusasazwa ngolu hlobo.

Iimbono ezifana ne-copyleft kunye nesoftware aziqondwa kakuhle luluntu. Usapho lweelayisenisi ze-GPL eziyimfuneko kwintshukumo yesoftware yasimahla ayiqondwa kakuhle luluntu, nangona i-FAQ yamagama ayi-16.000 ehamba kunye. I-DeVault ikwaxoxa ngelithi i-FSF ayiyiqondi indawo yayo kwihlabathi elikhulu okanye ubudlelwane bayo neentshukumo eziqhubekayo ezenzeka kwi-ecosystem nangaphaya. Kuye, isiseko asihambelani neenkokheli ezintsha zoluntu (ezinje ngezo zifumaneka kwi-software evulekileyo ye-software yoluntu), zibashiya ukuba benze amaziko angabonakaliyo kwaye abuthathaka phakathi kwabo, ngaphandle kolwalathiso oluphakathi, kwaye basishiya sisengozini yokuxhaphaza ukukhula. iintshukumo ezinje ngekernel evulekileyo kunye nohlaselo lwetrademark ngokuchasene nesoftware yomthombo ovulekileyo.

Ezinye izisombululo athi uDrew DeVault wacebisa ukukhupha iFSF kwintlupheko yayo, olu tshintsho lulandelayo:

  • Ulawulo lohlaziyo: lixesha lokuba uRichard Stallman ahambe…Ubunkokeli obukhoyo ngoku, ngakumbi obu be-RMS, budala umoya wokungabandakanywa kwindawo apho ukubandakanywa nokumelwa kubalulekile kwimpumelelo yombutho.
  • Hlaziya iziko: I-FSF kufuneka ilungise umbono wayo wombono omfutshane we-ecosystem, ifikelele kwiinkokeli ezisakhasayo kwihlabathi lesoftware esimahla kwaye ibacele ukuba bathathe ubizo lweFSF… Ukuba iFSF isafuna ukuba yinxalenye yombutho, kufuneka ibone kwaye ixhobise. iinkokeli ezikhuthaza injongo.
  • Phinda uchaze umyalezo: abantu baxhomekeke kwiFSF ukuseka isiseko esiluqilima kwifilosofi yesoftware yasimahla kunye nezenzo phakathi koluntu, kwaye iFSF ayiboneleli oko.
  • Susa unxulumaniso lweFSF kwiProjekthi ye-GNU: IProjekthi ye-GNU imele iqhezu elincinci le-ecosystem yesoftware yangoku, kwaye iSiseko seSofthiwe sasimahla kufuneka sizimele kuyo nayiphi na iprojekthi ethile kwaye sigxile kwimpilo ye-ecosystem iyonke.
  • Phuhlisa iilayisensi ezintsha ze-copyleft: Usapho lwelayisenisi ze-GPL lusisebenzele kakuhle, kodwa kufuneka senze ngcono. Elona phepha-mvume likopishwe ngokucokisekileyo namhlanje yi-MPL, enefomu emfutshane kunye nolwimi olufikelelekayo oluyodlula i-GPL ngeendlela ezininzi. Nangona kunjalo, ayinikezeli impendulo epheleleyo kwiimfuno ze-copyleft, kwaye iilayisensi ezintsha ziyafuneka ukuze zizalise ezinye iindawo zentengiso; iFSF kufuneka ibhale ezi layisensi...

Okokugqibela, ukuba unomdla wokwazi okungakumbi ngayo, unokujonga kwiinkcukacha Kule khonkco ilandelayo.


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  1. Inoxanduva lwedatha: I-AB Internet Networks 2008 SL
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
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  1.   UDiego waseJamani uGonzalez sitsho

    Ubunam de kwavela igama elithi “Inclusion”, xa ndilifunda okanye ndiliphulaphule kwenzeka into efanayo nakum kumlinganiswa othile okhohlakeleyo xa esiva igama elithi isiko.
    Ukubandakanywa akucwangciswanga, kuyaqheliswa.
    Eyona ngxaki iphambili ngeFSF kukuba ichitha ixesha elininzi igxeka isoftware yobunini kunye neemveliso zayo kunokuphuhlisa izinto abantu abafuna ukuzisebenzisa.

    1.    BEC sitsho

      Ndiyavuma, andiyiboni enye into endinokongeza