Ingxaki kwicandelo letekhnoloji. Iqamza elitsha?

  • Iinkampani ezinkulu zobugcisa zisengxakini

Intiyo yeengcinga eziviwa ziintatheli ezininzi kunye nabaphembeleli ngaku-Elon Musk hBenza ukulahlwa kwe-Twitter kubonakale ngathi sisiganeko esizimeleyo xa ilithontsi nje lamanzi kulwandle lokugxothwa. oko kubhentsisa ingxaki yecandelo lezobuchwepheshe.

Kweli nqaku siza kuzama ukuphendula umbuzo wokuba sijongene a uhlenga-hlengiso olulula lweshishini elifikelele ekuhluthweni kweemarike okanye ukugqabhuka kweqamza njengoko kwenzekayo ngonyaka ka-2000

yintoni iqamza

Sinokuchaza ukuba yintoni iqamza ngento esiyifunde kwiikhathuni ezindala: "Okunyukayo kufuneka kuhla." Ukunika inkcazelo esesikweni ngakumbi sinokuyichaza njengeokanye inkqubo yokunyuka okugqithisiweyo kwixabiso leshishini (Ibonakaliswe kwixabiso lexabiso lezabelo zayo kwi-stock market) ilandelwa ukuhla ngokukhawuleza njengokunyuka. Oku kwenzeka ngexesha elifutshane ngokwentelekiso.

uphuhliso lweqamza

Ingcali yezoqoqosho uHyman P Minsky ichonge inkqubo elandelwa liqamza:

  • Ukufuduka: Abatyali-zimali bafumana ithuba elitsha leshishini elifana nemveliso entsha okanye itekhnoloji abalindele ukufumana inzuzo ephezulu ngayo.
  • Boom: Abatyali-mali abaninzi bajoyina kuba besoyika ukushiywa ngaphandle kweshishini. Oku kubangela ukuba ixabiso lesabelo linyuke.
  • Imincili: Abatyali-mali baphosa ecaleni naluphi na uhlobo lokulumkisa okubangela ukuba amaxabiso anyuke ngokungalawulekiyo.
  • Thatha inzuzo: Abatyalo-mali abalondolozayo okanye abanobuchule baqala ukukhupha xa benze inzuzo efanelekileyo okanye babone iimpawu zokuqala zokuphela komjikelezo.
  • Ukuphaphazela: Ekugqibeleni, wonke umntu uyazi ukuba amaxabiso aza kuhla kwaye azame ukuphuma, nto leyo ebangela ukuhla okukhulu kwexabiso.

Omnye umba omawuqwalaselwe kuphuhliso lweqamza ukusuka kwindawo yokujonga umthengi.

Iskimu sikaMoore sibonisa ukuba imveliso nganye idinga ixesha lokuvuthwa phambi kokuba ifumaneke kuluntu ngokubanzi. Iqala yamkelwa liqela elincinci labaqambi, emva koko isasazeke kwigcuntswana elincinane labamkeli bokuqala. Ukuba imveliso iphumelele ke iya kusetyenziswa sisininzi kude kuvele enye into kwaye ligcuntswana kuphela eliya kuqhubeka liyisebenzisa.

Kulula ukufumana iindawo zokuhlangana phakathi kwamanyathelo e-Minsky kunye neskimu sikaMoore, Kwaye, kuya kuba lula ukuba songeza isixhobo sesithathu sokuhlalutya: I-matrix yokwabelana ngokukhula.

Le matrix ithathela ingqalelo izinto ezimbini:

  • Izinga lokukhula kwemarike.
  • Izinga lokuthatha inxaxheba kwemveliso kuloo marike.

Ukusuka apho uchaza iindidi ezine zeemveliso. Ndiza kuguqula ucwangco oludla ngokusetyenziswa ukulwenza lungqamane namanyathelo kaMinsky.

  1. Imibuzo yeemveliso: Banesabelo esiphantsi semarike kodwa kukho abantu abacinga ukuba inamandla amakhulu okukhula.
  2. Iimveliso zeenkwenkwezi: Bavelisa inzuzo enkulu kwaye kulindeleke ukuba babe nokukhula okuphezulu.
  3. Iimveliso zenkomo: Bavelisa inzuzo, kodwa abayi kukhula ngakumbi.
  4. iimveliso zezinja: Abavelisi ngeniso kwaye isabelo sabo semarike siyehla.

Kuba uninzi lweemveliso ezinxulumene netekhnoloji zifuna izixhobo ezinkulu zokuphuhlisa, kufuneka kubekho ulungelelwaniso phakathi komtyali-mali kunye nomdla wabathengi.s. Isiphakamiso esithile sinokuba yintoni abathengi abayifunayo, kodwa ukuba iyasilela ukuvusa inkxaso yomtyali-mali, ayiyi kufikelela kwimarike. Kwenzeka okufanayo ukuba abatyali-mali babona ukukhula okunokwenzeka kwinto abathengi abangayifumani luncedo.

Iqamza lechaphaza

Ekuqaleni kwee-XNUMXs bekukho ukutyeba okugqithisileyo kwe-venture capital eyaya kwiinkampani ezisekwe kwitekhnoloji. Ngowe-1995 kwathi kwavela i-Internet, inkoliso yaloo mali yathunyelwa kwiinkampani ezineshishini elisekelwe kule nkonzo intsha ngethemba lokuba zaziza kuba nengeniso.

Nangona kunjalo, Uninzi lwezi nkampani bezingenangeniso kwaye kwiimeko ezininzi azikwazanga ukubonisa imveliso ethethelela ixabiso. ukuba izabelo zayo zizuzwe ngexesha le-IPO yayo.

Ekugqibeleni, imarike yabuyela ezingqondweni kwaye ngo-2001 uninzi lwezo nkampani zanyamalala.

Kwinqaku elilandelayo siza kubona ukuba zeziphi iingongoma eziqhelekileyo zengxaki yangoku kunye neyo-2001 kwaye ukuba inokuchazwa njenge-bubble.


Shiya uluvo lwakho

Idilesi yakho ye email aziyi kupapashwa. ezidingekayo ziphawulwe *

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  1. Inoxanduva lwedatha: I-AB Internet Networks 2008 SL
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.

  1.   UMiguel Rodriguez sitsho

    Ukuba sithatha ingcamango yeSikolo sase-Austrian sezoQoqosho kwimiphumo yayo yokugqibela, yonke imarike iya kuba yinto enkulu okanye encinci kwi-bubble ... Nangona kunjalo, ukunqongophala kwamacandelo okwenziwa kwezixhobo zobuchwepheshe kunye nezixhobo zingathathwa njenge iqamza, ngenxa yolawulo kunye nongenelelo lukarhulumente olwenze lwanokwenzeka uxinaniso lwesininzi sababoneleli kwabambalwa (kukho imihlaba enqabileyo exhatshazwayo kwamanye amazwe ukuba ngenxa yezizathu zikaRhulumente kwakhethwa ukuyigcina kangangoko kunokwenzeka) endaweni yokuba «Laissez faire et laissez passer, le monde va de lui même» (Masenze kwaye sidlule, ihlabathi lihamba ngokwalo). Iziphumo zoku kukunyuka kwamaxabiso (uphawu lwezoqoqosho lokunqongophala kwento), oku kukwanoxanduva lokuwa kwindawo yesoftware ngenxa yeendleko zokugcina isoftware entsha enomthamo ongaphezulu (ekuthi Ukujika kufuna i-hardware eninzi), kwelinye icala, ukuba sigxininise kwiimodeli zenethiwekhi zentlalo ezifana ne-twitter ekhankanywe ngasentla, banako kwaye baya kuncipha lo gama nje bengenzi izinto ezintsha, bahlaziye iqonga labo lesoftware, iinkonzo ezongezelelweyo abanokuthi babe nazo. kunye nobubanzi bayo; Ekubeni iimarike zihlala zisiya kwizinto ezibonelela ngeyona nzuzo inkulu, yile ndlela iinkampani ezithathwa njengeziqinileyo njengeBlockbuster okanye i-Kodaq okanye i-3dfx ziye zincitshiswe phantse zingabi nanto okanye zingene kwi-bankruptcy epheleleyo.

    1.    UDiego waseJamani uGonzalez sitsho

      Liyinyaniso elokuba, zininzi kakhulu izinto ezimele ziqwalaselwe. Kodwa, ndicinga ukuba kule meko ingaphezulu ngenxa yokungaphumeleli ukulungelelanisa utshintsho kwiimarike.