I-Fedora 40 ifika kunye ne-Gnome 46, ukuphuculwa kwe-Wayland kunye nokunye

Fedora 40

Fedora 40 Isibhengezo

Namhlanje siyabhiyozela kwaye isizathu ukukhutshwa ngokusemthethweni kwenguqulelo entsha yeFedora 40, efika ngexesha elifanelekileyo, kuba kwiifoto ezahlukeneyo zokukhutshwa kwangaphambili zaboniswa ngenxa yeengxaki ezifunyenweyo kwaye ndacinga ukuba i-Fedora 40 ayiyi kuba yinto ehlukileyo, kuba ngoku Umba wethala leencwadi le-XZ, iCanonical iye yalibazisa ukukhutshwa kwayo.

Kodwa ke, ukushiya oku ecaleni kwaye uqhubeke nombhiyozo, Fedora 40 ibonisa inani elikhulu lotshintsho olubalulekileyo kunye nophuculo, olusuka kuphuculo lwezixhobo, ulawulo lwepakethe, kunye notshintsho kunikezelo olutsha lweAtomic Desktops yesiko, phakathi kwezinye izinto.

Yintoni entsha kwiFedora 40?

Kule nguqulo entsha ye-Fedora 40 evezwa kuhlelo lwe-desktop Uguqulelo olutsha lwenziwe GNOME 46 eyiphi izise nomsebenzi wokukhangela wehlabathi, ukuvumela abasebenzisi ukuba bakhangele yonke inkqubo ngokuthe ngqo kwi-desktop. Ngaphandle koko, Ukusebenza okuphuculweyo komphathi wefayile kunye ne-terminal emulators, Inkxaso yovavanyo ye-Variable Refresh Rate (VRR) yongezwa kunye nomgangatho wesiphumo sokukalwa kwe-fractional nawo waphuculwa, ngaloo ndlela kuphuculwa umboniso kwimiboniso enesombululo esiphezulu. Olunye uphuculo oluphawulekayo lubandakanyaamandla awandisiweyo okunxibelelana neenkonzo zangaphandle, uhlaziyo kwisicwangcisi senkqubo kunye nophuculo lwenkqubo yesaziso kunye noko I-GTK isebenzisa injini entsha yonikezelo esekwe kwiVulkan API.

GNOME 46
Inqaku elidibeneyo:
Yintoni entsha kwi-GNOME 46 'Kathmandu': uphuculo oluphawulekayo oluya konyusa amava akho eLinux

Kuhlelo lwedesktop nge KDE yahlaziywa kuguqulelo I-KDE 6, usebenzisa i Wayland protocol endaweni ye X11, olu tshintsho lubandakanya ukuyekwa kwenkxaso yeeseshoni ezisekelwe kwi-X11, ngenxa yokuqwalaselwa kweseva ye-X.Org ithotyiwe kwi-RHEL 9 kunye nokususwa kwayo okucwangcisiweyo ekukhutshweni kwexesha elizayo. Olu tshintsho luququzelelwe lutshintsho lwabaqhubi be-fbdev ukuya kubaqhubi be-simpledrm, abadibanisa ngcono ne-Wayland, kunye nenkxaso ye-Wayland kubaqhubi abanini be-NVIDIA.

KDE 6 Mega-Ukhupho
Inqaku elidibeneyo:
Le yeyona misebenzi mitsha iphawulekayo ye KDE 6 Mega-Release

Kwicala les unikezelo lwesiko, iFedora idityanisiwe ezahlukeneyo zayo phantsi kophawu lweAtomic Desktops, oku kuquka i-GNOME-based Fedora Silverblue, i-KDE-based Fedora Kinoite, i-Fedora CoreOS, kunye ne-Fedora IoT. Ngokukwanjalo, iinguqulelo ezintsha zeFedora Sericea kunye neFedora Onyx ngoku zisasazwe phantsi kwamagama Fedora Sway Atomic kunye neFedora Budgie Atomic.

Fedora Atomic Desktops
Inqaku elidibeneyo:
I-Fedora Atomic Desktops, usapho olutsha lwe-Fedora spins engaguqukiyo

Ukongeza koku, kuphawulwe ukuba Isigaba sesibini sokutshintshela kwinkqubo yokulayisha ehlaziyiweyo sigqityiwe, enciphisa umahluko nge-classic boot ngokwamkela umfanekiso wekernel odityanisiweyo obizwa ngokuba yi-UKI. Kweli nqanaba lesibini, i ukukwazi ukulayisha UKI ngqo kwi UEFI shim.efi imodyuli, ukukhupha nge-bootloader eyahlukileyo efana ne-grub okanye i-sd-boot, inkxaso yokusebenzisa i-UKI kwiinkqubo ezine-architecture ye-Aarch64 iphunyeziwe, kwaye uguqulelo lomfanekiso we-UKI olungiselelwe ngokukodwa ummandla welifu kunye noomatshini abakhuselweyo abakhuselweyo balungiselelwe.

Olunye utshintsho olubonakalayo kwi-Fedora 40 kukuba Iphakheji esele ilungele ukusetyenziswa kunye nesikhokelo sokufunda somatshini wePyTorch yongezwe kwindawo yokugcina. Le phakheji okwangoku ixhasa ukusebenza kwii-CPU ngaphandle kwe-GPU okanye i-NPU yokukhawulezisa, kodwa inkxaso ye-GPU kunye ne-NPU ye-accelerators icwangciswe ukuba yongezwe kwixesha elizayo.

Zikwaphunyeziwe ukuphuculwa kweNethiwekhi yomphathi, Ewe, kwi-Fedora 40, indlela yokubona iingxabano zedilesi ye-IPv4 kuthungelwano lwasekhaya ngoku yenziwe ngokungagqibekanga, kwaye idilesi esisigxina ye-MAC yoqhagamshelo olungenacingo nayo yenziwe yasebenza.

Yakha izixhobo ezifana ne-Mock, i-Koji kunye ne-Copr ngoku isebenzisa i-DNF 5 yomphathi wepakethe ukufaka ukuxhomekeka kokwakha, kunye nokulayisha imethadatha kunye noluhlu lweefayile ezibandakanyiweyo kwiipakethi ngoku zikhutshaziwe kwi-DNF ngokungagqibekanga.

Kwi-Fedora 40, iphakheji enethala leencwadi le-OpenSSL 1.1 isusiwe ngenxa yokuphela kwenkxaso yayo, kunye nokuxhomekeka okunxulumeneyo kuye kwatshintshwa ukuze I-OpenSSL 3.0. Ukongezelela, ilayibrari ye-Zlib ithathelwe indawo ngefoloko ebizwa ngokuba yi-Zlib-ng, enika ukulungiswa okongeziweyo ukuphucula ukusebenza ngelixa ugcina ukuhambelana kwe-API-level kunye ne-zlib.

OpenSSL
Inqaku elidibeneyo:
Inguqulelo entsha ye-OpenSSL 3.3.0 sele ikhutshiwe

Ekugqibeleni, yalithoba ilayibrari yelibuser kwaye yasusa ipakethe esekwe kwi-passwd ye-libuser, ukuyibuyisela endaweni yento eluncedo esuka kwipakethe yezixhobo zomthunzi. Ukongeza, utshintsho lukwimisebenzi ye-GCC ukubandakanya uguqulelo olutsha lomgangatho wolwimi lwe-C ngokungagqibekanga, oluya kuba nefuthe kwezinye iimpawu zolwimi lwelifa.

Ye- Olunye utshintsho olwahlukileyo:

  • Ukuveliswa kohlaziyo lwe-delta yeepakethe ze-RPM kumisiwe, oku kuthetha ukuba kuphela idatha elungisiweyo ngokumalunga noguqulelo olufakwe ngaphambili lwepakethe lulayishwa ngexesha lohlaziyo. Inkxaso ye-Deltarpm nayo yacinywa kwi-DNF kunye ne-DNF5.
  • Yaziswa iPasim, iseva ye-caching eyilelwe ukusasaza iifayile ezicelwe rhoqo kuthungelwano lwasekhaya ngaphandle kokufikelela ngokuthe ngqo kwiiseva eziphambili okanye ukubhenela kwiiCDN zehlabathi.
  • Umakhi woMfanekiso ngoku usetyenziselwa ukuvelisa imifanekiso yeFedora Workstation Live kunye ne-osbuild yemifanekiso encinci kuyilo lwe-ARM.
  • I-Kiwi ithathe indawo ye-ImageFactory ukuvelisa imifanekiso ye-Fedora Cloud Edition.
  • Iiphakheji ezinxulumene ne-Kubernetes ziye zahlengahlengiswa kwaye i-Fedora IoT ngoku isebenzisa izikhongozeli zokuqalisa ezakhiwe nge-OSTree kunye ne-bootc.

Ukuba unomdla wokwazi ngakumbi ngayo, ungabonisana ne iinkcukacha kule linki ilandelayo.

Khuphela iFedora 40

Kwabo banomdla wokukhuphela le nguqulo entsha ye-Fedora 40 ukufaka okanye ukuvavanya kwiikhompyuter zabo, unokufumana umfanekiso wenkqubo nge-Gnome okanye ukwahluka kwayo okwahlukileyo (i-Spins) kwiwebhusayithi esemthethweni yokuhambisa. Ikhonkco yile.


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