UGoogle wasusa inkxaso yeRISC-V kwi-Android kwaye ukhankanya ukuba oku "ayithethi ukuyeka inkxaso"

UGoogle wayisusa inkxaso yeRISC-V kwi-Android

I-RISC-V yi-architecture iseti yomyalelo (ISA) umthombo ovulekileyo ngokusekelwe kwingcamango yokunciphisa imiyalelo (RISC). Ine-32, 64 kunye ne-128 bit ezahlukeneyo, kunye neenkcukacha zayo ezivulekileyo eziye zavuselela umdla omkhulu wokwakha izixhobo eziphathwayo.

Ngakolunye uhlangothi, I-Android yi-OS eguquguqukayo kwizakhiwo ezahlukeneyo kunye nezixhobo, oku kungenxa yendalo yayo "yemvelaphi evulekileyo". Nditsho Ngelo xesha uGoogle wavakalisa "uthando" lwakhe lweRISC-V  ngexesha le-"RISC-V Summit 2022" ebanjwe ngoDisemba kwaye ikhankanya iinjongo zayo zokuxhasa ngokusemthethweni i-architecture kwi-Android.

Nangona kunjalo, Kubonakala ngathi oko kwahlala kumagama kuphela, okanye yiloo nto uGoogle ayibonisileyo kutsha nje amabala asusa inkxaso yeRISC-V I-ACK (i-Android Common Kernel) isekela i-RISC-V kernel, i-RISC-V kernel build, kunye ne-RISC-V emulator. Esi sigqibo sivelise izimvo ezahlulahlulayo, kodwa ubukhulu becala, kukugxeka okuye kwanetha kuGoogle.

Tal kwaye njengoko i-Android Authority ichaza: I-ACK isisiseko se-kernel yazo zonke iimveliso ze-Android kwaye ikwabonelela ngesiseko sekernel esidityanisiweyo se-AOSP. Ukubeka nje ngokulula, i-ACK yifolokhwe ye-Linux kernel enyukayo kaGoogle, kodwa ngezongezo ezikhethekileyo ze-Android ezongeziweyo ezingekadityaniswa kwi-mainline okanye iNkxaso yexesha elide (LTS) kernel.

Kukho amasebe amaninzi e-ACK, kuquka i-android-mainline, eyona nto iphambili yesebe yophuhliso esebenza kumasebe e-kernel "GKI" (isishwankathelo se-kernel), iprojekthi eyasungulwa nguGoogle ukuya Sombulula ingxaki yokuqhekeka kwekernel ngokudibanisa.

I-kernel ye-GKI inikeza ujongano oluzinzileyo lwemodyuli ye-kernel (KMI) kwiimodyuli ze-kernel, ukwenzela ukuba imodyuli kunye ne-kernel inokuhlaziywa ngokuzimeleyo. Isixhobo ngasinye se-Android esiqinisekisiweyo siya kuthumela nge-kernel esekelwe kwelinye lala masebe e-GKI, njengoko i-Google ingaqinisekisi ngoku izixhobo ze-Android ezakhiwe nge-Linux kernel engundoqo.

Ngale nto, ngokusisisekoInguqulelo elandelayo ye-Android esebenzisa inguqulelo yamva nje ye-GKI ayiyi kuhambelana nayo izixhobo ezine chips RISC-V. Ngenxa yoko, iinkampani ezinqwenela ukwenza inguqulo ye-Android ye-RISC-V izixhobo ziya kufuneka ziphuhlise kwaye zigcine inguqu yazo ye-Linux kernel isebenzisa iipatches ze-RISC-V ACK.

Nangona kunjalo, Esi siqwenga sidityanisiweyo asisosigxina, ukususela ngoku UGoogle akasusanga ngonaphakade ukuhambelana ne-RISC-V, kwaye i-Google ayizange ihlale ithule kwaye ikhankanye ukuba ukuzibophelela kwayo kwi-RISC-V kuyinyani kwaye nangona ingxabano eveliswa ngama-patches amva nje, i-Google iqinisekisile ukuba iyaqhubeka nokuxhasa i-RISC-V yokwakha kwi-Android.

Inkampani siphawula ukuba, ngenxa yesantya sokuphindaphinda, uhlengahlengiso lwenziwe kumfanekiso wekernel we-Android (GKI), ngoko ke intshukumo eyenziweyo ayithethi ukulahlwa kwemizamo yayo yokwamkela iRISC-V.

Ukuqinisekisa ukuhambelana I-Android ene-RISC-V, uGI-oogle isebenza ngentsebenziswano noluntu kunye neprojekthi ye-RISE (RISC-V Software Ecosystem), oku ngenjongo yokukhawulezisa ukufumaneka kwesoftware yokusebenza okuphezulu, amandla aphantsi e-RISC-V abaqhubekekisi kwaye hayi kuphela kwi-Android, kodwa nakwiLinux kunye nezinye iinkqubo zokusebenza kwiindawo ezahlukeneyo zesicelo, ezinje. njengekhompyuter yokusebenza ephezulu.

Okokugqibela, kufanelekile ukuba ikhankanywe UGoogle akanikanga zinkcukacha malunga nesizathu emva kokukhutshwa kweepatches, kodwa iyaqinisekisa ukuba inkxaso ye-RISC-V kwi-Android ayizange isuswe ngokupheleleyo, kwaye kukho uqikelelo lokuba inyathelo liqhutywe yimigaqo-nkqubo karhulumente ejoliswe ekuthinteleni ukukhula kokuveliswa kwezixhobo e-China kunye naloo nto I-United States ifuna ukumisa i-China ekusebenziseni i-RISC-V ye-architecture.

Nangona oku kungacacanga ngokupheleleyo, okwangoku ngesigqibo sikaGoogle kunye nokuzibophelela kwayo ukuba singakushiyi ukuhambelana kunokuthetha ukuba kuya kufuneka silinde ixesha elide kunokuba bekulindelwe ngaphambi kokubona izixhobo zorhwebo ze-Android ezisebenza ngeetshiphusi zeRISC-V.

Umthombo: https://www.androidauthority.com


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