Google ayaa meesha ka saartay taageerada RISC-V ee Android waxayna sheegtay in tani "aanay macnaheedu ahayn joojinta taageerada"

Google ayaa ka saartay taageerada RISC-V ee Android

RISC-V waa naqshad habraaca tilmaamaha (ISA) il furan oo ku salaysan fikradda hab-raaca tilmaamaha la dhimay (RISC). Waxay leedahay 32, 64 iyo 128 bit kala duwanaansho, oo ay la socdaan qeexitaankeeda furan ee dhaliyay xiisaha weyn ee dhismaha aaladaha mobilada.

Dhinaca kale, Android waa OS la qabsan kara naqshado iyo qalabyo kala duwan, taas oo ay ugu wacan tahay dabeecadeeda "il furan". Xataa Waqtigaas Google waxay muujisay "jaceylka" ay u qabto RISC-V  intii lagu guda jiray "RISC-V Summit 2022" ee la qabtay Diseembar waxayna xustay rabitaankeeda ah inay si rasmi ah u taageerto naqshadaha Android.

Si kastaba ha noqotee, Waxay u muuqataa in taasi ku hadhsan tahay oo keliya erayada, ama ugu yaraan taasi waa waxa Google uu muujiyay dhawaanahan balastar ka saaraya taageerada RISC-V ACK (Android Common Kernel) waxa ay taageertaa RISC-V kernel, RISC-V kernel, iyo RISC-V emulator. Go'aankani waxa uu dhaliyay fikrado kala duwan, laakiin inta badan, waa dhaleecayn ka soo da'ay Google.

Tal iyo sida ay Android Authority u sharaxdo: ACK waa saldhigga kernel ee dhammaan alaabta Android iyo sidoo kale waxay siisaa saldhig kernel midaysan oo loogu talagalay AOSP. Si fudud loo dhigo, ACK waa fargeeto Google-ka korreeya Linux kernel, laakiin lagu daray Android-gaar ah oo lagu daray oo aan wali lagu milmin khadka dhexe ama kernel Taageerada Muddada Dheer (LTS).

Waxaa jira dhowr laamood oo ACK ah, oo ay ku jiraan android-mainline, oo ah laanta horumarinta ee ugu weyn ee laanta laanta kernel "GKI" ( dulmar kernel), mashruuc ay Google u bilowday xallin dhibaatada kala-goynta kernel-ka iyadoo la mideynayo.

Kernel-ka GKI wuxuu bixiyaa interface module kernel-ka deggan (KMI) oo loogu talagalay cutubyada kernel-ka, si moduleka iyo kernel-ka loo cusbooneysiiyo si madaxbannaan. Qalab kasta oo Android ah oo shahaado haysta ayaa la soo rari doona kernel oo ku salaysan mid ka mid ah laamahan GKI, maadaama Google aanu hadda caddayn qalabyada Android ee lagu dhisay kernel-ka ugu weyn ee Linux.

Tan, asal ahaanNooca xiga ee Android ee adeegsada nooca ugu dambeeyay ee GKI ma noqon doono mid la jaan qaada qalabka leh chips RISC-V. Natiijo ahaan, shirkadaha doonaya inay abuuraan nooca Android ee aaladaha RISC-V waxay u baahan doonaan inay horumariyaan oo ay ilaashadaan nooca u gaarka ah ee kernel-ka Linux iyagoo isticmaalaya RISC-V ACK patches.

Si kastaba ha ahaatee, Balastan la isku daray ma aha mid joogto ah, tan iyo markii Google waligeed ma saarin waafaqsanaanta RISC-V, Google-na ma aamusin oo waxay xustay in go'aankeeda RISC-V ay tahay mid dhab ah, inkastoo ay jiraan muran ka dhashay balastarkii dhawaa, Google ayaa xaqiijisay inay sii wadi doonto taageeridda naqshadaha RISC-V ee Android.

Shirkadda swuxuu xusay in, xawaaraha ku celcelinta awgeed, dib u habeyn lagu sameeyay muuqaalka guud ee kernel-ka Android (GKI), markaa tallaabada la sameeyay macnaheedu maaha inay ka tagtay dadaalkeedii ku aaddan qaadashada RISC-V.

Si loo hubiyo iswaafajinta Android leh RISC-V, Google wuxuu la shaqeeyaa bulshada iyo mashruuca RISE (RISC-V Software Ecosystem), tani iyada oo ujeedadu tahay dardargelinta helitaanka software ee waxqabadka sare, awoodda hoose ee RISC-V iyo ma aha oo kaliya Android, laakiin sidoo kale Linux iyo nidaamyada kale ee hawlgalka ee goobaha codsiyada kala duwan, sida. sida xisaabinta waxqabadka sare.

Ugu dambeyntiina, waa in la xuso taas Google ayaan faahfaahin ka bixin sababta Ka dib faafinta balastarrada, laakiin waxay xaqiijinaysaa in taageerada RISC-V ee Android aan gebi ahaanba meesha laga saarin, oo ay weheliso warar la isla dhexmarayo oo sheegaya in tallaabadan ay ka dambeeyeen siyaasadaha dawladda ee looga golleeyahay in lagu xakameeyo kobaca wax-soo-saarka qalabka ee Shiinaha iyo taas Maraykanku wuxuu doonayaa inuu ka joojiyo Shiinaha isticmaalka RISC-V architecture.

In kasta oo aanay tani gebi ahaanba caddayn, xilligan la joogo go'aanka Google iyo sida ay uga go'an tahay in aanu ka tagin is-waafajinta waxa ay la macno tahay in aanu sugi doono in ka badan intii la filayay ka hor inta aan la arkin aaladaha Android ee ganacsi ee ku shaqeeya chips-ka RISC-V.

source: https://www.androidauthority.com


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