Zvimwe zvezvakavanzika zveSteamOS 3.0 kubva kuSteam Deck, sekureva kwaCollabora, saPacman mune yekuvandudza modhi.

Steam OS 3.0

Pakupera kwezhizha Valve shambadzo yake Steam Deck, pakanga paine mibvunzo yakawanda kupfuura mhinduro. Kune vashandisi vakaita sevhavha, pakutanga yaiita sechinhu chidiki (zvakare) chinodhura, kunyanya kana tikafunga kuti mazita eSteam chete anogona kuridzwa. Nekufamba kwenguva takadzidza kuti kwete, kuti mudziyo uyu unopfuura kunyaradza, uye kunyange akasiyana masisitimu anoshanda anogona kuiswa. Iyo inouya yakaiswa by default ndeye Steam OS 3.0, naSimon McVittie, weCollabora, Anotsanangura isu zvishoma kuti zvinoshanda sei.

Asi tisati taenderera mberi, tinofanirwa kunyevera kuti iyi haisi "ongororo" kana bvunzo yechero mushandisi. McVittie anoshanda kuCollabora, avo vakabatana neSteam kuita kuti zvese izvi zviitike. Mune mamwe mazwi, iruzivo kubva kune mumwe munhu akabatanidzwa muchirongwa, asi ruzivo zvakadaro. Zvinotanga nekutsanangura chimwe chinhu chatinoziva kare, kuti SteamOS 3.0 iri zvichibva paArch Linux, Rolling Release kugovera nerutsigiro rweyezvino vhezheni yeMesa.

SteamOS 3.0 yakavakirwa paArch Linux, ichisiya Debian kumashure

McVittie anoti chishandiso chakaita seichi chinoda masisitimu akagadziridzwa, uye ndicho chimwe chemipiro mikuru yeCollabora kuSteamOS 3.0, ichibatsira kugadzira zvigadziriso nekukurumidza uye zvisina musono. Anotsanangura zvakare kuti nedhizaini yake "A/B", ikozvino kune maviri ekushandisa system partitions nemhando mbiri dzakasiyana dzeSteamOS. Paunenge uchivandudza, mufananidzo mutsva unozoiswa pane chikamu chisiri kushandiswa system isati yatangazve. Yakakosha bootloader module inozvisarudzira yazvino vhezheni yeiyo inoshanda sisitimu uye yoitanga. Kana iyo yekuvandudza yakabudirira, iyo nyowani yekushandisa system ichashandiswa, uye yekare inotsiviwa neiyo ramangwana vhezheni yeSteamOS.

Iyi "A/B" marongerwo inonakidza nekuti inotivimbisa kuti hapana chichakanganisika. Ndiko kuti, kana iyo inoshanda sisitimu yakagadziridzwa uye isingatangi zvakanaka, iyo bootloader ichadzokera kune zvaive pachikamu chekushanda, uye tinogona kugadzirisa zvakare gare gare.

KDE Plasma ndiyo yakasarudzika yakaiswa desktop

Sezvatakambotaura, masisitimu akasiyana-siyana anogona kuiswa pairi, uye imhaka yekuti inonyatso senge "mini" mhando komputa. Kana isu tabuda iyo yemitambo software, SteamOS 3.0 inotisiya mu kde plasma desktop iyo inoiswa neiyo default. Uyezve, zvese zvakagadzirirwa kuve zvakaoma kukanganisa:

Mukushandiswa kwakajairwa, iyo inoshanda OS partition inoverengwa-chete, kuchengetedza iyo Steam Deck yakasimba sezvinobvira. Nekudaro, kusiyana neakawanda emitambo consoles, chishandiso chakavhurika zvizere, uye chinogona kuchinjirwa kune yekuvandudza modhi apo iyo OS partition inoverengwa/inonyora uye inogadziriswa. Arch Linux's "pacman" package maneja inowanikwa kuti ishandiswe mukuvandudza modhi.

Pasina kukanganwa kuti chinhu chakakosha ndiyo mitambo

McVittie anopedzisa nekuyeuchidza kuti hapana chimwe cheizvi chingave chine musoro pasina mitambo, ndosaka vakagadzira iyo Steam Deck. Panyaya iyi, yeuka kuti tine kuwana kune ese aripo Steam mitambo yeLinux uye mamwe akawanda eWindows, nekuda kweProton uye software seWINE kana DXVK.

Ehe, hapana chimwe cheizvi chinonakidza kwazvo pasina mimwe mitambo, uye nekuwedzera kune ekuzvarwa Linux mazita anowanikwa paSteam, iyo Steam Deck inogona zvakare kumhanyisa mitambo yakawanda yakavakirwa Windows. Inoita izvi ichishandisa Proton, dhizaini yekuenderana yakavakirwa kutenderedza WINE uye DXVK neCodeweavers, Valve, uye WINE nharaunda. Proton haisi yeSteam Deck chete: nekuda kweyakagadzika, Debian-yakavakirwa mudziyo nharaunda yakapihwa neSteam Linux Runtime, uye yakatangwa neiyo yekumanikidza-mudziyo mudziyo wakagadzirwa naCollabora, inogona kumhanya munzvimbo inowirirana pakugovera kwakawanda. desktop Linux, kubva kune ichangoburwa kuburitswa seArch Linux, kune yekare LTS kugoverwa seUbuntu 14.04.

Iyo Steam Deck ndiyo inowanikwa kubva pakupera kwaFebruary. Vashandisi vekutanga kuigamuchira vachave avo vakaichengeta, uye ivo vachazviita mukurongeka kwavakakumbira kuburikidza ne-queue-based system.


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