Windows, iyo yakanakisa kugoverwa kweLinux kwe2020 nekuda kweWSL 2

Windows, iyo yakanakisa kugovera kweLinux
Windows inoenda nzira yekuve yakanakisa Linux kugovera kwe2020. Izvi zvichadaro kana zviziviso zvakaitwa mumusangano wekupedzisira zvinogadziriswa yevagadziri kuti gore rino rakagadzirwa zvirinani.

Ndanga ndichitevera (uye ndichidzivirira) kuyedza kweMicrosoft yekuswedera padyo nekuvhura sosi kwenguva yakareba. Kuedza izvo yakatanga kunonoka muhutungamiriri hwaSteve Ballmer iyo femu payakasiya Silverlight (kuyedza kwayo kukwikwidza neAdobe Flash) uye ndokumbundira nehushamwari HTML 5. Kuuya kwaSatya Nadella, wekutanga wemapurezidhendi avo asina kubva kubato uko Microsoft yaive mutungamiri, kwakasimbisa maitiro.

Ehezve tiri kutaura nezve makambani. Shanduko yeMicrosoft yanga isiri yerudo asi yebhizinesi. Red Hat (Imba yeBMM (*)) kana Canonical inofara kusiya Linux uye yakavhurwa sosi kana iri mukufarira kwevanogovana navo. Asi, Chero bedzi zvido zvevashandi veMicrosoft zvikaenderana nezvedu sevashandisi vevashandisi, ngatitorei mukana wacho pachinzvimbo chekuumba zano rekurangana nezvezvakaipa zvirongwa zvekuparadza Linux.

Tinofanira kunzwisisa izvozvo bhizinesi raMicrosoft iri masevhisi egore. Izvo hazvifarire kune vashandisi ve desktop desktop operating system; kana iyo yeLinux kana iya yeWindows. Vashandisi veiyo Insider vhezheni ye Windows 10 cherekedza kuwanda uye kuwanda kwezvikamu zvehurongwa hwekushandisa zvinosanganiswa pamwe negore.

Kubva pakutanga vakajekesa kuti Windows Subsystem yeLinux (WSL), hwaro hwayo matekinoroji ekumhanyisa zvishandiso zveLinux paWindows, inoitirwa programmers. Kunyanya kune avo vanogadzira zvishandiso muLinux midziyo inomhanya paAzure, Microsoft yegore chikuva.

Kunyangwe mune yakanyanya kutaurwa nezve chiziviso chekuti Linux zvishandiso zvine graphical interface inogona kumhanyisa, ivo vanonongedzera kuti izvo zvavari kutsvaga ndizvo kanaipa programmers kugona kushandisa yavo yavanofarira yakasanganiswa nharaunda.

Tichifunga nezve izvo kunze kweMuvaki, iyo GNOME IDE, vese vane Windows vhezheni, ini handigone kuzvinzwisisa.

Nekudaro, anotevera mavhezheni eWindows ari munzira yekuve neyakanakisa ese ari maviri masisitimu anoshanda.

Windows ichave yakanakisa kugovera kweLinux. 2020 zviziviso

Windows Subsystem yeLinux eIyo nharaunda umo vashandisi vanogona kumhanyisa yavo Linux kunyorera kubva kuWindows PC. Nenzira iyi, mugadziri anoshanda achigadzira maficha ekuti aiswe mukati megore remidziyo yeLinux anogona kuvandudza uye kuyedza izvi zvebasa munzvimbo mavo paWindows PC vachishandisa zvishandiso zvakafanana zveLinux zvavakajaira.

Microsoft yakazivisa nhevedzano yekuvandudza inosangana neiyi tekinoroji

  • Graphic kumhanyisa: Imwe nguva yapfuura Microsoft yakagadzira tekinoroji iyo inobvumidza iwe kushandisa iyo inomiririra makomputa kadhi yemifananidzo yekumhanyisa grafiti munzvimbo chaidzo nharaunda. Iye zvino mutyairi akagadzirirwa iyo Linux kernel iyo inobvumidza WSL kubatana neiyo tekinoroji. Zvishandiso zveLinux zvichave nemikana yakafanana yeGPU yekuwana seWindows zvinoshandiswa
  • WSL2: Iyo vhezheni nyowani inotora mukana weunyanzvi hutsva hweWindows hypervisor chikuva nekumhanyisa kugovera uye maturusi mumidziyo, pamufananidzo chaiwo weLinux kernel. Mushini chaiwo unotanga kutonhora mumaminitsi mashoma kana maviri. Iyi vhezheni nyowani inoenderana zvirinani uye inokurumidza zvikuru.
  • Nyowani vhezheni yeDocker Desktop: Docker Inc. yakasarudza kumisikidza Docker Desktop yeWindows paWSL 2. Nekuda kweizvi, midziyo ichatanga nekukurumidza uye ichadya zviwanikwa zvishoma.
  • Kumwe-kuraira kumisikidza: Kugonesa WSL unofanirwa kutevera matanho akati wandei mushure mekutsvaga paInternet. Microsoft inovimbisa kuti inogona kuitwa nemirairo imwe chete.
  • WSL 2 ichaiswa nekumisikidza: Sezvo vhezheni yechipiri yakanga ichiri mukusimudzira, zvaive nemusoro kuti kumisikidza kwaive kwekusarudza Mumwedzi mishoma inotevera izvi zvichachinja uye zvichaiswa ne default.
  • Zvishandiso zvine graphical interface: Iyo ingangove yakanyanya kushambadzirwa. Pamusangano, Ziso reGnome (gwaro rinoona) gedit (chinyorwa mupepeti) uye mpv (multimedia player) inogona kuoneka ichimhanya paWayland ichimhanya mukati meWSL, iyo yaitaurirana nekombiki yedesktop iri pane iyo Windows.

Ini handifunge kuti uyu ndiwo makwikwi echinyakare kugoverwa kweLinux. Kwete GNOME, Budgie, XFCE kana KDE mushandisi ari kuzovasiya yeWindows. Pamwe Virtual Machine Chikumbiro Vanogadzira Vanofanirwa Kunetsekana. Zvisinei, WSL ichaita basa rakakura kuwedzera kupihwa kwekushandisa kweLinux. Mushure mezvose ivo vanozogona zvakare kumhanya paWindows.

(*) Kuti ndidzivise kuvhiringidzika, ini ndinojekesa kuti chirevo changu chekuti kambani inosiya rakavhurika sosi kana paine shanduko mumamiriro emusika ipfungwa yemunhu zvichienderana nekuti isu tiri kutaura nezve kambani ine kuvimbika kwekutanga kune avo vanogovana navo . Ini handina zano reRed Hat yazvino kana ramangwana zvirongwa.

Uye, zvinoita kunge zvakakwana kana vakadaro. Tiri kutaura nezve ngowani tsvuku, kwete Red Cross.


Izvo zviri muchinyorwa zvinoomerera pamisimboti yedu ye tsika dzekunyora. Kuti utaure chikanganiso tinya pano.

Makomendi gumi, siya zvako

Siya yako yekutaura

Your kero e havazobvumirwi ichibudiswa.

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  1.   RocoElWuero akadaro

    Pane kudaro, ichave iyo hombe chingadera yakambogadzirwa: v

  2.   jorgpeper akadaro

    Mukupedzisira, Microsoft ichafanirwa kugadzirisa izvo nharaunda ye "vavakidzani" isina kugadzirisa mumakore, vasingabvumire kugadzira chimwe chinhu chakamisikidzwa kune vese vashandisi.

    Zvimwe zvekuti zvese zvinogona kuitwa graphically, zvakaverengerwa mumaforamu, vamwe vanokutumira iwe zvakananga kuconsole kugadzirisa iyo nyaya (chinhu chakajairika), ini ndatoti nharaunda ye «vavakidzani». Izvo zvinonzi zvakakodzera, senge android kana ikawedzera mune linux yehuwandu kana seyazvinoramba ichiti haina linux. :)

  3.   Robert akadaro

    Iri jee, handiti?

  4.   Zoharis akadaro

    Zvinosuruvarisa uye zvinonyadzisa, kuti kune mablog akafanana, apo vanhu vasina hunhu vanoshandisa zita rekuti kernel rehurongwa hwemahara, vaine zvikonzero zvakamonyoroka kunyengedza, kuvhiringidza nekuzvidza vashandisi veGnu / Linux uye mahara software.
    Ndokumbira kuti uchinje zita re blog kuti
    Windows vakapindwa muropa.
    Inoenda zvakanyanya zvinoenderana nemaonero ako nefilosofi.

    1.    cjair akadaro

      Anovenga haazomboshayikwa.

  5.   Claudio akadaro

    Windows yakandidyisa, ichi ichiisa sarudzo dzayo pane yangu, mitengo inoshamisira yesystem inoshanda zvisirizvo, muchidimbu, Microsoft ichakwanisa kugovera GNU Linux. Usandivimbe, ndakaenda.