Ubuntu 24.04: nhau uye kudhawunirodha kwese zviri pamutemo flavour

Ubuntu 24.04

Nhasi, Kubvumbi 25, yakanyorwa pakarenda sezuva rekuburitswa kwe Ubuntu 24.04uye takazviziva kubva muna Gumiguru apfuura. Iyo ishanduro itsva yeLTS, uye codename yayo ndeye "Noble Numbat." Ubuntu is an operating system uye kwatova ne11 official flavour. Kunyangwe iyo huru vhezheni inoshandisa zita rayo pasina chero surname, ese ari "Ubuntu", asi imwe neimwe ine yayo pachayo uye mairi chikonzero chekuve uye chiripo.

Kubheja dzaivepo kwemavhiki maviri, mazuva manomwe anonoka nekuda kwe dambudziko ne XZ. Nezvo zvatogadziriswa uye zuva radonha, iwe unogona ikozvino kurodha ese epamutemo maflavour, kana isu tichakwanisa kuzviita munguva pfupi. Kunyangwe izvo zvinoburitswa zvichiwanzo kuwiriraniswa, zvinogara zvichigoneka kuti chimwe chezvikwata chinotora nguva yakati rebei kurodha iyo ISO mifananidzo kana kugadzirisa webhusaiti yavo, asi isu hatisi kuzomirira zvakare uye isu tichashambadza nhau dzinonyanya kukosha kune. flavour imwe neimwe.

Yakagovaniswa nhau dzeUbuntu 24.04 Noble Numbat

Sezvatichangobva kutsanangura, Ubuntu ndiyo inoshanda sisitimu kubva kune ese epamutemo maflavour, uye saka akafanana pamwoyo yavo. Pakati pezvinhu zvitsva zvinogoverwa nevose zviri pamutemo, tinowana:

  • Linux 6.8 zve Core.
  • Inotsigirwa kwenguva yakareba, makore mashanu kune iyo huru vhezheni uye 5 kune yasara (kana ivo vasina kusarudza kuchinja chero chinhu).
  • Python 3.12.
  • Firefox 125.
  • Kutinhira 115.9.0. Ikozvino chete snap vhezheni inopihwa.
  • LibreOffice 24.2.2.
  • systemd v255.4.
  • AppAmour 4.0.
  • Netplan v1.0.
  • GCC 14.
  • binuils 2.42.
  • glibc 2.39.
  • OpenJDK 21.
  • LLVM 18.
  • Ngura 1.75.
  • Chikamu 1.22.
  • .NET 8.

Kuti tisaite kuti chinyorwa ichi chirebe kupfuura zvakafanira, isu tinobatanidza kune zvine hukama zvinyorwa mune akawanda emapoinzi. Dhawunirodha dziri/ dzichawanikwa kubva kune avo epamutemo mawebhusaiti, pa Ubuntu cdimage uye mumabhatani ari pazasi pebhuroko rega rega.

Chii chitsva muUbuntu 24.04

Ubuntu 24.04

Iyo yakakosha edition ndiyo yakagadziridzwa zvakanyanya zvakananga neCanonical, uye inoshandisa iyo GNOME desktop. Zvinhu zvitsva zvinonyanya kuzivikanwa ndezvi:

  • New installer. Pakati pezvimwe zvinhu, ikozvino kune chidzitiro chekugadzirisa sarudzo dzekuwanika (mimwe mifananidzo mukati chinyorwa chedu nezve beta).

6- Isa kana edza Ubuntu 24.0

  • GNOME 46.
  • Iyo software centre yava Apps Center kana Application Center. Iyo yakagadziridzwa kana ichienzaniswa neyakare vhezheni, pakati pezvimwe zvinhu ine nyowani icon. Iyo haisati itsigire flatpak mapakeji (haambofi ...).
  • Iyo app dhirowa ikozvino ine Ubuntu logo.
  • Mazhinji maitiro ekugadzirisa uye kuvandudzwa.
  • Mazhinji kuvandudzwa kweUI uye zvinhu zvitsva zvinoonekwa.
  • Kuwedzera rutsigiro rwe disk encryption.
  • Memory kushandiswa optimization.
  • Sisitimu yekutarisa yakachinjirwa kuGTK 4.
  • Yepamberi maficha eZFS faira system.
  • Kuvandudzwa mumudziyo uye kubatanidzwa kwegore.

Webhusaiti yepamutemo.

Kubuntu 24.04: Plasma yakafanana, kugadzikana kwakawanda

Kubuntu 24.04

Kubuntu 24.04 ingangove iyo flavour ine zvidiki zvitsva zveese. Chikonzero ndechekuti KDE yakaramba irimo Plasma 5.27 kubva munaFebruary 2023 kusvika Kukadzi 2024, panguva iyoyo vakaburitsa Plasma 6.0. Noble Numbat ishanduro yeLTS, uye zvingave zvine njodzi kushandisa desktop ine shanduko huru umo mabhugi mazhinji achiri kugadziriswa. Nokudaro, uye kechitatu mumutsara, shandisa Plasma 5.27. Iniwo ndaizoshandisa iyo imwechete Wallpaper dai ndisina kuichinja kune iyo yapfuura skrini.

Pakati pezvimwe zvezvinhu zvitsva, mazhinji ndeaya akagovaniswa nemhando dzese, asi pane imwe yakanyatso mira pachena: achinja kushandisa Calamari semunhu anoisa.

Webhusaiti yepamutemo.

Xubuntu 24.04 inopa itsva "diki" ISO

Ubuntu 24.04

Xubuntu 24.04 inosanganisira akawanda matsva maficha, senge nyowani "diki" ISO ine chete zvakakosha. Kunze kwezvo:

  • XFCE 4.18, iyo inosiya yakawanda yekuvandudzwa. Inosanganisirawo zvikamu kubva kuGNOME 46, GTK 2.24.33/3.24.41/4.14.1 uye MATE 1.26.
  • GNOME Software yakapa nzira kuChikumbiro Center (Snap Store).
  • Iye zvino shandisa iyo itsva Flutter based installer.
  • Pipewire (uye wireplumber) ikozvino yakabatanidzwa muXubuntu.
  • Mosaic, iyo grid-yekuzadza puzzle, yakawedzerwa kuSGT Puzzles.
  • MenuLibre, iyo Xfce-inoshamwaridzika menyu mupepeti, yakagadziridzwa neakati wandei emhando yehupenyu kuvandudzwa. Iyo nyowani yekuraira edhita inotora yekufungidzira kunze kwekuvaka yakaoma application yekutanga. Mabhokisi ekubatsira mabhokisi anoita kuti zvive nyore kudzidza chimwe nechimwe chinotsigirwa. Vapatsanura vanoratidzwa murunyorwa rwekushandisa kuti utarise zviri nyore uye kurongazve.
  • Magadzirirwo anooneka, kusanganisira akagadziridzwa madingindira.

Webhusaiti yepamutemo.

Lubuntu 24.04 inoburitsa sarudzo dzemusoro

Ubuntu 24.04

Lubuntu 24.04 inosvika iine zvinhu zvitsva zvine chekuita nedesktop, Zvikamu LXQt 1.4.0, asiwo nechimwe chinhu. Paunotanga Live mode, ichakubvunza kuti ndeupi mutauro waunoda kushandisa uye kana iwe uchida kubatanidza kune network yeWiFi. Iyo yekuisa, iyo ichiri Calamares, ikozvino inopa matatu sarudzo: yekutanga isina desktop kana snapd (barebone), yakajairwa ine seti yemapurojekiti epurogiramu uye kuisirwa kwakazara kunosanganisirawo software senge Element, Thunderbird kana Krita.

Pakati pedzimwe nhau:

  • Nyowani desktop icon yeinoisa.
  • Kuvandudzwa muBluetooth maneja.
  • SDDM Configuration Editor.
  • Mitsva yakasarudzika madingindira (mu X aripo muenzaniso).
  • Inzwa kuvandudzwa mune simba maneja, chimwe chinhu chiri mukusimudzira.
  • Yakagadziridza bhatiri icon.

Webhusaiti yepamutemo.

Ubuntu Budgie 24.04: desktop nyowani yakatarisa kuWayland

Ubuntu Budgie 24.04

Mazhinji matsva maficha muUbuntu Budgie 24.04, kunyanya tichifunga kuti zvinyorwa zvayo zvekuburitsa zvinosanganisira shanduko dzese dzakaunzwa kubva 22.04. Chinonyanya kukosha ndechekuti iye zvino anoshandisa Budgie 10.9, shanduro itsva yedesktop inotora mamwe matanho akananga kuWayland. Pakati pedzimwe nhau dzine chekuita nedesktop:

  • Kuvandudzwa kwakawanda mumaapplets uye mini-apps.
  • Nyowani yekugovera logo, shiri diki inoonekwa paunotanga sisitimu yekushandisa uye mune yekuvhura app, pakati pezvimwe zvikamu.
  • Shanduko muKudzora Center, nekugovana skrini kwakabviswa nekuchinja muGNOME, tsigiro yekuyera chikamu yakavandudzwa, uye mwero wekuzorodza skrini ikozvino yaratidzwa muBCC Displays.
  • Yakagadziridza zvakare Bluetooth applet.
  • Kuvandudzwa kweapplet yenzvimbo yebasa.
  • Iyo applet yewachi haicharatidzi chinongedzo chekarenda app.
  • Zadzisa kugadziridzazve yakavakirwa-mukati Budgie theme.
  • Iyo Task list icon haichatsigire zvisina kubatanidzwa maapplication.
  • Iyo Media Player widget ikozvino ine yakawedzera compact dhizaini.
  • Iwe unogona ikozvino kudzvanya zvidhori mumusoro weiyo Sound Input uye Output widget kuti unyaradze mudziyo unoenderana.
  • Iwe unogona ikozvino kudzima mazita emazuva muKarenda widget.
  • Ikozvino kune nyowani Raven widget inonzi Usage Monitor. Iyi iwijeti yeminimalist inoratidza CPU, RAM uye Swap kushandiswa.
    Zviziviso zvinorongwa kubva pakare kusvika pazvitsva.
  • Budgie Desktop ikozvino inosanganisira yekuzvarwa skrini yekugona - tsvaga iyo icon mumenyu - kana kungo dzvanya dhinda skrini / alt print screen etc.

Mufananidzo weRaspberry Pi hausvike nenguva, isu tichafanirwa kumirira.

Webhusaiti yepamutemo.

Ubuntu MATE 24.04: kutora nhaka zvishoma kubva kuGNOME

Ubuntu MATE 24.04

Iyo MATE edition yeNoble Numbat inosvika nayo MATE 1.26.2 uye, kuwedzera kune shanduko dzakagovaniswa:

  • New installer.
  • GNOME Firmware inotsiva Firmware Updater.
  • App Center inova chitoro chesoftware, ichitsiva Software Boutique.
  • Yakabviswa Ubuntu MATE Welcome
  • Celluloid 0.26.
  • Evolution 3.52.

Webhusaiti yepamutemo.

Ubuntu Unity 24.04: mugadziri mutsva uye kugadzirira ISO neLomiri

Ubuntu Kubatana 24.04

Iyi Ubuntu Unity 24.04 inokwikwidza naKubuntu 24.04 kuona kuti ndiani anounza zvidiki zvitsva. Kuseka takaparadzana, vachiri kushandisa Unity 7.7, pamwe nekuti ivo vakatarisa zvakanyanya pamufananidzo naLomiri. Haana kusvika nenguva ye 23.10, uye zvinoita sekunge haazosvike Noble Numbat futi. Hongu pane yekuedza Iyi link, uye munguva pfupi tichanyora nyaya ichitaura nezvechisarudzo ichocho.

Zvavakaita zvave shandura iyo yekuisa uye chinja kushandisa Calamares. Kana maakaundi angu akasandikundika, patova nemaflavour mana anoramba iyo Canonical installer.

Webhusaiti yepamutemo.

Ubuntu Cinnamon 24.04 ine shanduro itsva yedesktop.

Ubuntu Cinnamon 24.04

Ubuntu Cinnamon 24.04 inosvika nayo Cinnamon 6.0.4, sechitsva chinonyanyozivikanwa. Zvakare, ikozvino shandisa iyo Flutter based installer.

Webhusaiti yepamutemo.

Ubuntu Studio 24.04: yakafanana desktop, yakagadziridzwa multimedia ruzivo

Ubuntu Studio 24.04

Studio edition yabatwawo nekushaikwa kwezvinovandudzwa muPlasma, asi pakadai apa hazvina basa. tanto. Chikonzero chekuvapo kweUbuntu Studio ndeye multimedia metapackages, uye iyi Numbat inouya ne (pamwe chimwe chinhu chakagadziridzwa mumaawa mashoma apfuura):

  • PipeWire yakaramba ichivandudzwa uye ikozvino inogona kushandiswa munzvimbo dzehunyanzvi. Iyo vhezheni ndeye 1.0.4.
  • Ardor 8.4.0
  • qtractor 0.9.39
  • OBS Studio 30.0.2
  • Audacity 3.4.2
  • digiKam 8.2.0
  • Kdenlive 23.08.5
  • choko 5.2.2

Webhusaiti yepamutemo.

Edubuntu 24.04 inoburitsa mufananidzo mutsva weRaspberry Pi 5

dubuntu 24.04

Edubuntu 24.04 inosvika neiyo GNOME 46 seyakanyanya edition. Muchokwadi, ihwo Ubuntu hune metapackages edzidzo, asi mune ino Noble Numbat mune dzimwe shanduko. Semuyenzaniso, kuti ruvara rwemataurirwo rwachinja kubva kune yakare rutsvuku kuenda kune yepepuru padyo ne eggplant.

peple-accent-ruvara

Pakati pedzimwe nhau:

  • Mufananidzo weRaspberry Pi 5. Hapana chakataurwa nezveshanduro dzakapfuura, asi zvinogona kushanda paRPi4. Iwo maedzo akaitwa chete neRPi5.
  • New metapackage yekudzidzisa mimhanzi.
  • Zvishandiso zvitsva zvinosanganisirwa:
    • Gradebook: nzira yekutevera mamakisi evadzidzi.
    • Inosanganisirwa mumidziyo yekudzidzisa metapackage:
      • qzw - Yepamusoro crossword puzzle kuvaka chishandiso.
      • Auto Multiple Sarudzo: yakawanda mhinduro bvunzo jenareta.
    • Inosanganisirwa muMumhanzi Dzidzo Meta Pack:
      • fmit: tuner.
      • gnome-metronome: A metronome.
      • Solfege: chishandiso chekudzidzisa nzeve.
      • Pianobooster: piano yekudzidzisa chishandiso ine MIDI sarudzo.

Webhusaiti yepamutemo.

Ubuntu Kylin 24.04

Ubuntu Kylin 24.04

Tichagadziridza chinyorwa ichi neruzivo rwakawanda kana chaburitswa, asi isu takatodhawunirodha ISO uye tinogona kutaura kuti, semamwe maflavour, mazhinji ezvinyowani zveUbuntu Kylin 24.04 zviri munzvimbo yayo ine graphical. Isu takakwanisa kuona, kwete pasina kuomerwa - kuisirwa kwatadza - kuti inoshandisa UKUI 3.0.2, zvirinani muchikamu chekurarama.

Webhusaiti yepamutemo.

kuti ufare nazvo

Zvigadziriso kubva kune inoshanda sisitimu ichaitwa munguva pfupi, kunze kwekunge iwe uri pane LTS vhezheni, iyo activation ichaitwa gare gare. Zvino zvava kuwanikwa, nakidzwa nazvo.


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