Tux: inozivikanwa mascot yeLinux uye kushambadzira shure kwayo

tux logo linux

Anenge munhu wese anoziva iyo yakakurumbira Linux Tux mascot, chave chiratidzo chinodiwa kwazvo mukati menzanga. Asi kure nekwakatangira kana zvazvinomiririra, chimwe chezvishoma zvinozivikanwa imari inogadzirwa nerudzi urwu rwekutengesa izvo vanhu vazhinji vanobva pasi rese vanotenga.

Muchinyorwa chino iwe uchaziva zvese zvaunoda kuti uzive nezvekuti pfungwa yaTux yakatanga sei, vamwe curiosities kuti pamwe iwe wanga usingazive uye zvimwe zvakawanda zvinhu nezve chinonyanya kutengeswa chikamu chemhuka iyi nezvose zvakasiyana, izvo zvakawanda ...

Nhoroondo yeTux

Larry Ewing, musiki weTux

Tux ndiro zita yeiyo penguin hunhu iyo yakagadzirirwa kuti ive yeLinux kernel brand. Pakutanga paive nemamwe makwikwi ekugadzirwa, semakwikwi akagadzirwa kusarudza akanakisa. Asi Tux pakupedzisira ndiyo yakanyanya kushandiswa nemunhu wese uye iyo yakaramba iri yepamutemo, kunyangwe akawanda maGUU / Linux mapurojekiti uye kugoverwa kunowanzo shandisa shanduro dzakashandurwa dzeTux kana mamwe marogo akasiyana zvachose seRed Hat's red hat, kana SUSE's chameleon .. .

Izvo zvese zvakauya mufananidzo wepenguin uyo Linus Torvalds aifarira zvakanyanya uye kuti zvaizoshanda sekurudziro yeTux yekupedzisira. Musiki waro ndiLarry Ewing, uye akatanga muna 1996 apo iyi penguin yaizovhurwa. Alan Cox, mumwe wevagadziri vengano, aivewo nezvakawanda zvine chekuita nemufananidzo uripo iye zvino weTux, sezvo akapa zano muLKML nezvekuti chinofanira kunge chiri chii uye Linus Torvalds akaifarira.

Penguin akafuridzira Tux

Sezvauri kuona, uyu mufananidzo ndiyo iyo iyo Linus Torvalds yakawanikwa pane FTP server uye akaifarira zvakanyanya. Inotaridzika seimwe yevatambi vari Zvisikwa Zvinonyaradza yakagadzirwa naNick Park. Saka Larry aizoishandisa sehwaro hweakakosha ake ekutanga.

El tsamba yekutanga iyo yakaburitswa muLKML (Linux Kernel Mailing Lists) yaive inotevera:

Re: Linux Logo prototype.

Linus Torvalds (torvalds@cs.helsinki.fi)

Tue, 9 Chivabvu 1996 17:48:56 +0300 (EET DST).

Mumwe munhu anga aine logo yemakwikwi yechiratidzo, pamwe vanhu vanogona kutumira mazano avo kune webhu saiti.

. . Zvisinei, iyi inoita kunge murombo penguin haina kusimba zvakakwana kuti ibate pasi, uye inozopunzika. Kwete yakanaka, yakanaka logo, mune izvo.

. . Zvino, kana iwe uchifunga nezve mapenguin, tanga tora mweya wakadzikama, wozofunga "cuddly". Tora kumwe kufema, uye funga "akanaka." Dzokera ku "cuddly" kwechinguva (uye enda kufema), wobva wafunga "kugutsikana".

. Neni kusvika ikozvino? Kugona.

. . Zvino, nema penguin, (akagunun'una akadaro), "kugutsikana" zvinoreva kuti anga achangoradzikwa, kana akaiswa pane herring. Tora kubva kwandiri, ini ndiri nyanzvi pamapenguin, idzo ndidzo chete sarudzo mbiri.

. Zvino, tichishanda pakona iyoyo, hatidi kunyatsobatanidzwa neiyo randy penguin (saka, tinoita, asi haisi yezvematongerwo enyika, saka hatidi), saka isu tinofanirwa kunge takatarisa kune "yakanamirwa kumuromo wayo." nehering ”kona pano.

. Saka kana iwe uchifunga "penguin", iwe unofanirwa kunge uchifungidzira zvishoma zvakanyanyisa kufuta penguin (*), kugara pasi mushure mekuzvinyudza pachako, uye uchangobva kubhowekana. Yakagara ipapo ichinyemwerera zvine mutsindo - nyika inzvimbo yakanaka kuve iwe kana uchangobva kudya marita mashoma ehove mbishi uye iwe uchinzwa imwe "burp" ichiuya.

. (*) Kwete FAT, asi iwe unofanirwa kugona kuona kuti yakagara pasi nekuti yakanyatso kudzvanywa kuti umire. Funga "bhegi bhegi" apa. . Zvino, kana iwe uine matambudziko ekuzvibatanidza iwe nechimwe chinhu chinoburuka nekudya hove mbishi, funga "chokoreti" kana chimwe chinhu, asi iwe unowana iyo pfungwa.

. Ok, saka isu tinofanirwa kunge tichifunga nezve inodiwa, inokatyamadza, yakazadzwa penguin yakagara pasi mushure mekuzvinanzva pa herring. Ndichiri neni?

. IZVI zvinouya chikamu chakaoma. Nemufananidzo uyu wakasimbiswa pamaziso ako, iwe unobva wanyora vhezheni yacho. Kwete yakawanda tsananguro - ingori dema bhurasho-mhando pepa (iwe unoziva maitiro aunowana nebhurashi uko hukobvu hwemutsara hunosiyana). Izvo zvinoda tarenda. Ipa vanhu rondedzero, uye ivo vanofanirwa kutaura Ndine mumwe futi? ”.

. Ipapo isu tinogona kuita rakakura vhezheni nerumwe ruzivo (pamwe tichizendamira pasi rose, asi handifunge kuti tinonyatsoda kupa chero "macho penguin" mufananidzo pano nezve Atlas kana chero chinhu). Iyo yakadzama vhezheni inogona kurova billy-mukomana kuchema kune ese andine hanya, kana kutamba ice-hockey nedhimoni reFreeBSD. Asi iyo yakapusa, isina kuroorwa penguin yaizove iyo logo, uye vamwe vacho vangangove iyo cuddly penguin iri kushandiswa semutambi mune imwe tafura.

. Linus

Pakutanga yakanga isina zita, asi James Hughes ndiye akafunga kutanga kumutumidza kuti Tux, sezvo yakashandisa iyo T yeTorvalds, iyo U uye X yeUnix (Torvalds UniX), uyezve riri izwi rinowanikwa muChirungu sechidimbu cheTUXedo, uye rinoenderana neyakajairwa masutu ekupfeka (tuxedo) ayo atinodana " Penguin "colloquially nekuda kwekufanana kwayo nemhuka idzi.

Uye nenzira, pakusikwa kweTux, zvingave sei zvisina kudaro, yemahara software package yakashandiswa senge chirongwa GIMP. Kunyanya, vhezheni 0.54 ye software iyi ingashandiswa.

Kunyange Tux ari chipfuwo, mucherechedzo, unogona shandisa icho kana iwe uchida uye kunyange kuchichinja kana uchifarira. Musiki waro Larry akangobvunza kuti iwe uzive zvaakasika uye usazvipe pachako, uchikwanisa kukuisa mukubatana naye kuburikidza neemail yake.

Chekupedzisira, nei penguin uye kwete imwe mhuka, iyo zvakare ine chekuita neLinus Torvalds. Musiki weLinux aive nekugadzirisa kukuru kwemhuka idzi. Iyo Clumsy, mvura yemvura Torvalds aifarira zvakanyanya. Kutsvaga chimwe chinhu chinonakidza, iyo pfungwa yeakakora penguin akagara mushure mekudya angave akanaka uye anokwana zvakakwana neLinux.

Variants

Tux zvakasiyana

Kunyangwe iyo chiratidzo chakasarudzwa Tux yakasarudzikaMunhoroondo yese, misiyano yakawanda yeiyo yakasarudzika penguin yakagadzirwa. Dzimwe dzadzo dzakagadzirwa nevateveri uye idzo dzakaganhurirwa kusiyanisa fomu yekutanga, kana kusanganisira zvishongedzo kuti zviite kuti vataridzike sevanhu vekunyepedzera: Super Man, Batman, Robocop, Yoda, Son Goku, uye yakareba nezvimwe, sezvauri kuona. Mumambure.

Asi paive zvakare zvimwe zvakasiyana yakagadzirwa neLinux vanogadzira ivo pachavo kune zvimwe zvinangwa zvekupa. Iyi ndiyo kesi yeTuz, musiyano wakagadzirwa sechiratidzo kutsigira matambudziko emota kumeso ayo aibata madhimoni eTasmanian ane njodzi mukutsakatika. Yakanga iri chaiyo yakasarudzika Tasmanian dhiyabhorosi ine manyepo muromo pamusoro, achifananidza iyo penguin. Yaive chipfuyo chekernel vhezheni 2.6.29, kunyangwe iwe usisiri kurangarira.

Este Tuz yaive zano rakagadzirwa naAndrew McGrown, uchishandisa Inskcape SVG. Mhedzisiro yacho yakaburitswa seCreative Commons CC-BY-SA dhizaini.

Asi kungofanana neTuz, paive nechimwe chiratidzo chemakakatanwa chakabva paTux icho chaive che «Linux yeVashandi veboka"Yakaburitswa muna 2013. Yaive yekernel 3.11-rc1, apo Linus Torvalds akaburitsa iyi Release Candiate uye akafunga kupa zita kodhi kubva ku" Uncycling Gorilla "kuenda ku" Linux yeWorkgorups ". Uku kutaura kuMicrosoft Windows Workgroups 3.11 (1993) kwakakonzera kuti Tux ichinjwe nekubata mureza neiyo inozivikanwa kambani yekambani yeRedmond yechirongwa ichi.

Uye, hongu, mazhinji emahara software kana akavhura masosi mapurojekiti, kunyanya avo vanobva ku distros, Vakagadzira zvavo zvakasiyana. Imwe yeanonyanya kuzivikanwa ndeaya eSlackware ine pombi inozivikanwa yekuputa, kana Andatux de Guadalinex, ine plumper uye inoratidzika kunge yemwana, iyo yeCrystal, iya yeTuxGuitar, iya yePaX, ...

Iko kune Tux yekuravira kwese!

Curiosities

LInux Tux Monument

Tux agara aine chekuita nemakakatanwa uye kuda kuziva kubvira payakatanga. Pamusoro pezvo, kuve mascot anozivikanwa kwazvo mune yakavhurika-sosi yepasi, zvaitawo kuti ngano yayo ikure kusvika kumiganhu isingafungidzirwe. Semuyenzaniso:

  • Chimwe chezvinhu zvikuru zvekuziva iwe chaunofanira kuziva ndechekuti mumakwikwi aya kuwana mascot kana logo yeLinux kernel, logo ye Larry Ewing haana kukunda mune imwe yemhando nhatu dzakaburitswa. Asi yakazopedzisira yashandiswa sechiratidzo ... Zvinonakidza!
  • Kumwe kuda kuziva kwaunofanira kuziva ndiko Jeff ayers Akaenderera mberi achivimbisa kuti Linus Torvalds aive nekugadziriswa kwepenguin zvekuti akarumwa nemucheche uye akabata «Penguinitis"(Chinhu chisiri chaicho, asi zvanga zvakanaka kupembedza kukara nemhuka idzi). Ngano dzakatenderedza rakavhurika sosi gamba rakakura uye mascot ake akapedzisira ave kunge asingatapurike. Uku ndiko kwaive kukwezva kwaLinus kumapenguin aakashanyira Canberra National Zoo uye Aquarium muAustralia kanoverengeka. Jeff akataura izvozvo fungidziro chirwere kutarisana "kumuka husiku uchingofunga nezve mapenguin uye kunzwa rudo rukuru kwavari«. Chii chinoita kunge chechokwadi ndechekuti mumwe wavo akamuruma paruoko ...
  • Tux ane shongwe, kana kuti, Linux inayo. Inowanikwa muguta reRussia reTyumen. Iyi shongwe, nekuda kwekuzivikanwa kwesystem, yatove nekushanyirwa kwakawanda kubva pasirese pasirese, kunyangwe hazvo ichingori diki diki rakafemerwa naTux.
  • Yakanaka shiri yakafemerwa naTux ndeyechokwadi pygmy shamhu shiri, rudzi rwepenguin inozivikanwa seye ngano kana bhuruu uye inogara muNew Zealand.
  • Larry Ewing akashandisa a komputa 486 DX2 / 50 kushanda neGIMP mukugadzira Tux. Yakanga isina Linux inomhanya pairi, asi yakashandisa GIMP 0.54. Nekudaro, iro rekupedzisira basa rakaitirwa pane SGI Crismon workstation.
  • Dhizaini yekutanga yaLarry yaive mu nhema ne chena. Mushure mekuyedza kwakati wandei vhezheni yacho yaizouya ...

Tux nhoroondo yekutanga

  • Tux haisi iyo logo, ndiye chipfuwo. Linux ine mamwe marogo, uye yaive nawo pamberi pekuuya kweTux. Kunge logo yeLinux 2.0 yakagadzirwa naMat Ericson iyo yakundikana kutsiva mascot engano. Uye ndinofunga kuti munhu wese anotozivisa Linux neTux, zvisinei nekuti mangani mamwe marogo angave ...
  • La mufananidzo mudiki weTux mascot inongova ma microns zana nemakumi matatu. Uye iri mudunhu rakabatanidzwa risingazivikanwe basa. Inogona kuonekwa mune kufa kwepfuti kwayo. Uye isu takamuziva nekuda kwa Ini ndinoshanda pano ndiripo:

Tux muIC (die shot) kana micrograph

  • Uye pakupedzisira, ndinofunga kuti haifanire kufuratirwa kuti chipfuwo Tux anga ari muchadenga. Ehe, ichi chiratidzo chasvika kunze nzvimbo ... Pano unogona kuchiona.

Uye ndine chokwadi chekuti pachave nechimwe chinhu chinondinzvenga ... Pachave nekunyora enisaikoropidhiya paTux.

Kuzivikanwa uye Mechandising

Tux plush

La Tux mukurumbira yaita kuti ishandiswe zvakanyanya kune zvese fungidziro uye purofiti nekutengesa akawanda zviyeuchidzo zveiyi mascot. Muchokwadi, yakatoonekwa mune mamwe mafirimu uye akateedzana, uye kunyangwe logo yemuimbi Ephixa yakavakirwa paTux, pamwe nemumitambo yemavhidhiyo, kushambadzira senge Froot Loops, ma comics akaita seHellblazer, kana Webhusaiti Yeushamwari Yevashandisi ...

Semuenzaniso, mukati mitambo yemavhidhiyo yaonekwa semunhu mukuru paPingus, SuperTux, SuperTux Kart, OpenArena, FreedroidRPG, Team Fortress 2, Tux Racer, FreCiv, WarMUX, Frozen Bubble, LinCity-NG, nezvimwe. Asi zvakare yave ichishandiswa nemamwe mapurojekiti senge Corel Linux, kuwanda kwemamwe ma distros, Tux Droid, nezvimwe.

Gamuchira Tux

Kuzivikanwa kwaro kukuru uye legion yaro yeva fan vakariita chigadzirwa chinobatsira kwazvo. Handizive kana zvakaringana seYana Yoda, asi ichokwadi chakaunza mari zhinji kune avo vanobatsirika kubva mukutengesa kwemarudzi ese ekutengesa zvichibva paTux, kubva kumagetsi, t-shirts, madhora, zvitambi, mhuka dzakazara. etc.

Kana iwe uchida kutenga imwe yeiyi Ndinoyeuka kana iwe unoda kuzvipa, heino mimwe mienzaniso yakanaka iwe yaungade:

Mushure mekuverenga yavo nyaya yese, iwe uchavatenda zvakanyanya ...


Izvo zviri muchinyorwa zvinoomerera pamisimboti yedu ye tsika dzekunyora. Kuti utaure chikanganiso tinya pano.

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