Terminal, shell, TTY, console: zvakafanana here?

linux-shell

Kunyange zvazvo mazwi aya achiwanzosanganiswa uye achishandiswa zvakasiyana, izvi hazvisizvo. terminal, console, TTY uye shell hazvina kufanana. Pane misiyano yakakosha pakati pechimwe nechimwe chezvikamu izvi. Muchikamu chino, tinojekesa zvinoreva mazwi aya sezvaanoshanda kuUNIX/Linux masisitimu anoshanda…

ari kusiyana Ndizvo zvinotevera:

  • chiteshi: inzvimbo inogamuchira kuiswa kwemavara uye inoratidza zvinobuda kana mumwe murairo waitwa. Mune mamwe mazwi, ingave nharaunda inobvumidza iwe kumhanyisa ganda uye kuita mirairo yemutsetse wemirairo. Kupa mimwe mienzaniso, mamwe anozivikanwa zviteshi Terminator, Tmux, Xterm, nezvimwe.
  • Console: is terminal yemuviri kana mudziyo, komputa inodzora iyo iwe yaunogona kudyidzana nayo neiyo system uye kuwana kune iyo terminal. Zvisinei, ikozvino inoshandiswa mune imwe mamiriro ezvinhu. Asi ichokwadi komputa ine mbeva, keyboard uye skrini.
  • Shell: muturikiri wemutsara wekuraira, nharaunda inobvumira zvirongwa kuti zvimhanye uye kuti zvikwanise kuita zvinyorwa kuratidza mhedzisiro mune terminal inobuda. Mimwe mienzaniso yegoko inogona kuve ksh, bash, zsh, PowerShell, nezvimwe. Kana iwe uchida kuona goko rauri kushandisa munzvimbo yako, unogona kumhanya kuraira iyo $SHELL uye zita richaonekwa mune zvabuda.
  • TTY (Teletypewriter): ndiyo acronym ye teletype, yakasakara ye electromechanical mhando michina yaishandiswa kare. MuLinux neUnix masisitimu anoshanda anoshandiswa kureva kune yakajairwa terminal yesystem uye anoita seakaverengerwa. Kuti uone ruzivo pamusoro payo, unogona kushandisa murairo w.
  • PTS (Pseudo Terminal Slave): ishoko risinganyanyozivikanwa, asi rinoshandiswawo. Inoreva chikamu chinoshandiswa kana uchibatanidza kuLinux system kuburikidza neSSH protocol kana kushandisa imwe SSH mutengi sePutty. Muchiitiko ichi, unogonawo kushandisa murairo w kuona ruzivo.

Izvo zviri muchinyorwa zvinoomerera pamisimboti yedu ye tsika dzekunyora. Kuti utaure chikanganiso tinya pano.

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