Systemd 251 yakatoburitswa uye idzi ndidzo nhau dzayo

systemd-245

Mushure memwedzi mishanu yekuvandudza kuburitswa kweiyo vhezheni itsva ye systemd 251 yakaziviswa, vhezheni umo zvinodiwa nehurongwa zvakawedzerwa. Iyo yakaderera yakatsigirwa vhezheni yeLinux kernel yakawedzera kubva 3.13 kusvika 4.15. Inoda chibatiso che CLOCK_BOOTTIME kuti chishande. Kuti uunganidze, unoda compiler inotsigira C11 standard uye GNU extensions (iyo C89 chiyero ichiri kushandiswa kwemafaira emusoro).

Kune chikamu chezvinyowani chinomira kunze kweiyi vhezheni itsva, inosimbiswa kuti se akawedzera chiyedzo chekushandisa systemd-sysupdate nokuti ona otomatiki, dhawunirodha uye isa zvigadziriso uchishandisa iyo atomiki michina kutsiva zvikamu, mafaera kana madhairekitori.

Imwe shanduko inomira pachena ndeyekuti raibhurari itsva yemukati yakagovaniswa inosumwa, libsystemd-core- .so, iyo yakaiswa mu /usr/lib/systemd/system dhairekitori uye inoenderana ne libsystemd-shared-library. .zvakadaro. Kushandisa raibhurari yakagovaniswa libsystemd-core- .SW inoderedza saizi yese yekuisirwa nekushandisa zvakare iyo binary kodhi. Nhamba yevhezheni inogona kutsanangurwa kuburikidza neiyo 'yakagoverwa-lib-tag' sarudzo mune meson kuvaka system uye inobvumira kugovera kutumira akawanda mavhezheni emaraibhurari aya panguva imwe chete.

Mukuwedzera kune izvi, zvinoratidzwa zvakare kuti Environment variable pass yaitwa $MONITOR_SERVICE_RESULT, $MONITOR_EXIT_CODE, $MONITOR_EXIT_STATUS, $MONITOR_INVOCATION_ID uye $MONITOR_UNIT ane ruzivo nezvechikamu chinotariswa kune OnFailure/OnSuccess controller.

Zvemayuniti, iyo ExtensionDirectories set inoitwa, inogona kushandiswa kuronga kurodha kweSystem Extension components. kubva kumadhairekitori enguva dzose, pane dhisiki mifananidzo. Zviri mukati meiyo system yekuwedzera dhairekitori inofukidza OverlayFS uye inoshandiswa kuwedzera iyo / usr/ uye / opt/ dhairekitori dhairekitori uye kuwedzera mamwe mafaera panguva yekumhanya, kunyangwe kana madhairekitori akatsanangurwa akaiswa kuverenga-chete. Tsigiro yekutsanangura dhairekitori yawedzerwawo kune 'portablectl yakawedzerwa -extension=' command.

En systemd-networkd, kune unicast nzira yakagadziridzwa kuburikidza nechikamu che [Route], kukosha kwechiyero kwakashandurwa kubva ku default kuenda ku "link" kuti ienderane nemaitiro e "ip nzira" yekuraira. Yakawedzera "Isolated=true|false" parameter ku[Bridge] chikamu kugadzirisa iyo network mabhiriji hunhu hwezita rimwechete mu kernel. Muchikamu che [Tunnel], iyo External parameter yakawedzerwa kugadzirisa tunnel yemhando yekunze (metadata collection mode).

Of the dzimwe shanduko izvo zvinomira pachena:

  • Yakawedzerwa BootServerName, BootServerAddress, uye BootFilename parameters kuchikamu che [DHCPServer] kugadzirisa kero yeseva, zita reseva, uye zita rebhuti refaira rinotumirwa neDHCP server paunenge uchitanga muPXE mode.
  • Muchikamu che [Network], L2TP parameter yakabviswa, panzvimbo iyo mune .netdev mafaira unogona kushandisa zvitsva zveMunharaunda maererano neL2TP interface.
  • Iva nechokwadi chekuti systemd-yakagadziriswa inotangwa kare mukuita kwebhoti, kusanganisira kubhowa kubva initrd kana systemd-yakagadziriswa iripo mumufananidzo weinitrd.
  • Yakawedzerwa -fido2-credential-algorithm sarudzo kune systemd-cryptenroll yekusarudza credential encryption algorithm uye -tpm2-ne-pini sarudzo yekudzora kupinda kwePIN kana uchivhura chikamu uchishandisa TPM.
  • Yakawedzera imwe yakafanana sarudzo tpm2-pin ku /etc/crypttab. Paunenge uchivhura zvishandiso kuburikidza neTPM, marongero akavharidzirwa kuti adzivirire kubva pakubatwa kwemakiyi encryption.
  • Yakawedzera D-Bus API kune systemd-timesyncd kuti itore zvine simba ruzivo kubva kune NTP server kuburikidza neIPC.
  • Kuti uone kudiwa kwekubuda kweruvara pamirairo yese, iyo COLORTERM nharaunda inochinjika inotariswa kuwedzera kune NO_COLOR, SYSTEMD_COLORS, uye TERM, izvo zvakambotariswa.
  • Iyo Meson yekuvaka sisitimu inoshandisa iyo yekumisa_tag sarudzo yemaitiro ekuvaka uye kuisirwa kwezvinhu zvinodiwa: pam, nss, devel (pkg-config), systemd-boot, libsystemd, libudev.
  • Yakawedzera default-compression kuvaka sarudzo yekusarudza compression algorithm ye systemd-journald uye systemd-coredump.
  • Yakawedzera kuyedza kuseta "reboot-for-bitlocker" kune sd-boot muloader.conf kubhutsu Microsoft Windows neBitLocker TPM.
  • Systemd-journald yakadzikamisa kugona kutumira kunze muJSON fomati. Yakawedzera rutsigiro rweJSON kubuda mu "journalctl -list-boots" uye "bootctl list" mirairo ("-json" mureza).
  • Yakawedzera hwdb dhatabhesi mafaera kune udev, ane ruzivo nezve inotakurika zvishandiso (PDAs, Calculator, nezvimwewo) uye zvishandiso zvinoshandiswa kugadzira ruzha uye vhidhiyo (DJ consoles, keyboards).
  • Iyo LoadCredential yekumisikidza inobvumira zita redhairekitori senharo, mune iyo nyaya inoedza kurodha zvitupa kubva kune ese mafaera mune yakataurwa dhairekitori.
  • Musystemctl, iyo "--timestamp" paramende yakawedzera kugona kududzira "unix" mureza kuratidza nguva muepoch fomati (nhamba yemasekonzi kubvira Ndira 1, 1970).

Chekupedzisira, kana iwe uchida kuziva zvakawanda nezvazvo, unogona kubvunza ruzivo Mune inotevera chinongedzo.


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