SteamOS 3, aya ndiwo akanyanya kukosha maficha

Collabora yakavhurwa munguva pfupi yapfuura kuburikidza ne blog post Ziva pane SteamOS 3 inoshanda sisitimu yekuvaka, iyo inotakura paSteam Deck inotakurika yemitambo komputa uye yakanyanya kusiyana neSteamOS 2.

Kune avo vatsva kuSteamOS, iwe unofanirwa kuziva kuti izvi ndeye yakasarudzika Linux kugovera kune emitambo zvishandiso, iyo Valve naCollabora vanga vachishanda pamwechete kwemakore akati wandei.

SteamOS 3 inomira kunze pamusoro peshanduro dzakapfuura dzeSteamOS nekuti izvi yakavakirwa paArch Linux, a rolling release distribution that inosanganisira yazvino vhezheni yeMesa kune yakavhurika sosi yakakwidziridza giraidhi rutsigiro uye inotsiva iyo Debian-yakavakirwa SteamOS 2 vhezheni yakashandiswa mune yapfuura Steam Machine chirongwa.

Iine dhizaini yayo nyowani "A/B", pave nezvikamu zviviri zveOS, zvine mavhezheni maviri akasiyana eSteamOS. Paunenge uchivandudza, chifananidzo chitsva chekushanda chinonyorerwa kune chero chikamu chisati chiri kushandiswa ikozvino, iyo isati yatangazve. Iyo yakasarudzika bootloader module yobva yazvisarudzira nyowani yekushandisa system uye inoibhutsu. Kana kukwidziridzwa kwakabudirira, unoenderera mberi nekushandisa iyo nyowani yekushandisa system uye iyo yekare system partition inoshandiswa zvakare pakuvandudza kunotevera. Kana iyo yakagadziridzwa vhezheni ikasabhuya nemazvo, ipapo iyo bootloader inotenderera ichidzokera kune yapfuura system partition uye unogona kuedza zvakare gare gare. 

Mukati Zvimiro yeSteamOS 3 inopesana neSteamOS 2 tinogona kuwana zvinotevera:

  • Kutama kweDebian package base kuArch Linux.
  • By default, mudzi FS inoverengwa-chete.
  • Iyo yekuvandudza modhi inopihwa, umo iyo midzi yekuparadzanisa inoiswa mune inonyorwa modhi uye inopa kugona kugadzirisa sisitimu uye nekuisa mamwe mapakeji uchishandisa pacman package maneja yeArch Linux.
  • Atomic nzira yekuisa zvigadziriso: kune maviri disk partitions, imwe inoshanda uye imwe yacho haisi, iyo itsva vhezheni yehurongwa muchimiro chemufananidzo wakagadzirirwa inotakurwa zvizere pane isingashande partition uye yakanyorwa seyakashanda.
  • Kana ukakundikana, unogona kudzokera kune yakapfuura vhezheni pasina dambudziko.
  • Tsigiro yeFlatpak mapakeji.
  • Iyo PipeWire media server inogoneswa.
  • Iyo chart stack yakavakirwa pane yazvino vhezheni yeMesa.
  • Kumhanyisa mutambo weWindows, Proton inoshandiswa, iyo yakavakirwa panheyo yekodhi yeWine purojekiti uye DXVK.

Mukuwedzera, zvakakodzera kutaura izvozvo kukurumidza kutangwa kwemitambo, iyo Gamescope composite server inoshandiswa (yaimbozivikanwa se steamcompmgr), iyo inoshandisa iyo Wayland protocol, iyo inopa chaiyo skrini uye inogona kumhanya pamusoro peimwe desktop nharaunda.

Kuwedzera kune yakasarudzika Steam interface, kuumbwa kukuru kunosanganisira KDE Plasma desktop kune asiri ekutamba mabasa (unogona kubatanidza kiibhodhi uye mbeva kuSteam Deck mudziyo kuburikidza ne USB-C woishandura kuita yekushandira).

Nharaunda yeKDE yakaita basa rakawanda kuvandudza ruzivo, kusanganisira shanduko yedingindira, mamwe mashandisirwo emushandisi zvinhu, uye kugadzirisa kugadzikana.

Mukushandiswa kwakajairwa, iyo inoshanda OS partition inoverengwa-chete, kuita kuti Steam Deck ive yakasimba sezvinobvira. Nekudaro, kusiyana neakawanda emitambo consoles, ichi chishandiso chakavhurika zvachose uye chinogona kuchinjirwa kune yekuvandudza modhi apo iyo OS partition inoverengwa / kunyora uye inogona kugadziridzwa.

Pakupedzisira, kana iwe uchifarira kuziva zvakawanda nezvazvo nezvechinyorwa, unogona kubvunza chirevo chepakutanga Mune inotevera chinongedzo.

Dhawunirodha uye edza SteamOS 3 yeSteam Deck

Kune avo vanofarira kukwanisa kuyedza iyi hurongwa hutsva, vanofanirwa kuziva kuti yatovepo download uye mufananidzo wehurongwa une huremu hwe2.5 GB).

Pamusoro pezvo, vakaburitsawo mirairo yekuvheneka mufananidzo uyu paSteam Deck. Mufananidzo wacho wakagadzirirwa kudzoreredza firmware pakaitika tsaona uye yekushandisa paSteam Deck chete. Kune maPC enguva dzose, iyo SteamOS 3 inovaka yakavimbiswa kuburitswa gare gare.


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