Snap vs Flatpak, kuenzanisa kushoma kwehunyanzvi kunoenderana nekushandiswa uye manzwiro emunhu

Snap vs. flat pack

Yave nguva refu kubva pakatanga kushandiswa mapakeji snap uye flatpack. Kunyangwe vanga vari mukuyedza kwenguva, vese vakatanga kunyatso shandiswa muna 2016, saka chero mushandisi weLinux achange atoedza imwe pasuru yerudzi urwu. Pakutanga gore rino, mumwe wangu Diego akanyora chinyorwa chinotsanangura mutsauko, zvakanakira uye zvakaipira mumwe nemumwe, uye nhasi isu tichaita zvishoma zvakafanana, asi tichitarisa ruzivo rwekushandisa wega.

Kufanotaura mutongo zvishoma, kana chikamu chayo, ndingati iwe unofanirwa kusarudza imwe kana imwe chete kana pasuru iri mune ese mafomati, zvichienderana nekuti chimwe nechimwe chinoshanda sei kwatiri. Zvakare ramba uchifunga kuti flatpaks inogadziridzwa zvakanyanya, nepo snaps inovandudzwa chete kana iyo vhezheni yaiswa. Zvakajairika kuona iyo flatpak inogadziridza kune imwecheteyo vhezheni kakawanda, nekuti ivo vanofanirwa kunge vakagadzirisa chimwe chinhu uye iyo yekuvandudza inouya nekukurumidza pavanoisa chigamba.

Snap uye Flatpak, nyaya yekuravira

Kune mamwe mapakeji paFlathub akanyorwa sealpha kana beta, uye vanozviita munzvimbo yepamutemo repository, hapana Beta. Mamwe mapakeji anogadziridzwa munguva pfupi iri kutevera, zvakafanana nemafambisirwo anoita Rolling Release, uye izvi hazviwanzo kutiunzira zvinhu zvakanaka. The snap inovandudzwa zvishoma uye kazhinji kupa shanduro kuti vanoita kunge zvakanyanya kugadzikana, asi musiyano uyu unowanzo diki.

Saka, kune wekupedzisira mushandisi, ndeupi mutsauko pakati pezviviri sarudzo? Diego akatotsanangura zvakakwana, asi ini ndaizoomerera kune ina:

Inowanikwa software

ndofunga Panyaya ye software iripo, Flathub inorova Snapcraft nekure. Muchokwadi, ini ndakaona pane akati wandei maitiro maapplication aive paSnapcraft akanyangarika, nepo paFlathub anoramba aripo uye achigadziridzwa. Vagadziri, vangangoita zvepakati uye zvidiki, vanowanzo sarudza Flathub, uye ese maapplication matsva anosvika mudenderedzwa reGNOME anoonekwa ipapo munguva pfupi. mumwe wekupedzisira, Retro, wachi inogona kugadziriswa nemitemo yeCSS.

Nekudaro, dhizaini ye snaps inovaita sarudzo iri nani yekurongedza uye kugovera mamwe marudzi esoftware, senge madhiraivha kana kunyange shanduro dze. Python se 3.8.

Kubatanidzwa neiyo inoshanda sisitimu

Sezvo Diego akati, "snap mapakeji ane yakazara mvumo system saka zvinokwanisika kuamisa kuti adyidzane neiyo inoshanda sisitimu uye akaiswa maapplication nenzira yakajairika.«. Izvi mvumo Ivo vanobvumira, kunyangwe nekudzokororwa, kuti snap mapakeji anobatanidza zvirinani nehurongwa pane flatpaks. Semuenzaniso, kune multimedia application inoratidza ruzivo muKDE task maneja kana uchishandisa snap vhezheni, asi chete chiratidzo chekushandisa paunenge uchishandisa iyo flatpak vhezheni.

kumhanya kwekuvhura

Izvi zvingaita soupenzi, asi handizvo. Iwe unofanirwa kudhonza nzeve dzeCanonical wotaura kuti haugone kumirira 10s kuti application ivhure mune snap fomati kana uine komputa ine yakanaka processor uye SSD. Zviri kuita nani neFirefox package, saka pane nzvimbo yekuvandudza uye iwe unofanirwa kuderedza nguva yekurodha. Flatpacks inovhura nekukurumidza.

Proprietary software

Inogona kunge iri chimwe chinhu icho vashandisi vazhinji munharaunda yeLinux vasingafarire, asi dzimwe nguva zvakakosha kuishandisa. MuSnapcraft pane Microsoft Visual Studio Code (yepamutemo) kana Valve's Steam nezvose zviri mupakeji imwe chete. Snaps inowanzosarudzwa nemakambani makuru, chikamu nekuda kwekugadzirwa kwavo, asiwo nokuti Canonical inosvika zvibvumirano nemakambani kuti uvape pokutanga.

Chii chandinoisa: snaps kana flatpaks?

Sezvandakataura muparadzi pakutanga kwepositi, ndinofunga haufanirwe kusarudza imwe nemutemo. Unofanira kuzviedza. Kana iwe uchida chimwe chinhu chakawedzera-kusvika-zuva, iwe unofanirwa kuenda ne flatpak. Kana kusanganisa kwakawanda kuchidikanwa, zvingave zvakakosha kushandisa snap. Kana iwe usingakwanise kumirira masekondi mashoma kuti snap ivhure, saka iwe unofanirwa kuenda kune iyo flatpak, uye kana iwe uchida chimwe chinhu chakaderera chekambani, kunyangwe Diego atotsanangura kuti mumvuri weRed Hat uripo, flatpaks yakakosha. . Ehe, kana imwe yezviviri sarudzo isingashande pakombuta yedu, tinofanira kushandisa imwe.

Ini pachangu, ini ndinoshandisa flatpaks kupfuura snaps, asi zvakanyanya nechikonzero chimwe: chirongwa kana application yandinoshandisa iri paFlathub uye kwete paSnapcraft. Zvino, kana zviri pamutemo repositories... Mosarai mose.


Izvo zviri muchinyorwa zvinoomerera pamisimboti yedu ye tsika dzekunyora. Kuti utaure chikanganiso tinya pano.

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  1.   Office akadaro

    Ini handishandise, kana imwe kana imwe, ini ndinoshandisa mukuru we distro mubvunzo wandiri kushandisa uye nguva, zvimwe zvese zviedzo. Ikozvino ndine slackware uye debian uye handina kumboda flatpak kana snap.

  2.   Seba akadaro

    Mune yangu kesi kana isiri mudeb fomati, zvinoenderana; kana iri app inotora nzvimbo diki, ndinoifarira muAppimage, kana iri kudzokorora ndinoitsvaga seFlatpak.

    1.    Linux akadaro

      Zvakanaka, mune yangu, kana isiri muchimiro chekugovera kwangu, ndinoiunganidza nekuimhanyisa, sezvo iri Linux.