oVirt, ipuratifomu yekutarisira chaiwo machina uye gore zvivakwa

oVirt ipuratifomu yekuendesa, kuchengetedza uye kutarisa chaiwo muchina uye kugadzirisa makore zvivakwa zvichibva paKVM hypervisor uye libvirt raibhurari.

Chaizvoizvo, oVirt ndeye virtualization mhinduro akagovera open source yakagadzirirwa kugadzirisa zvese zvivakwa zvekambani. oVirt inoshandisa yakavimbika KVM hypervisor uye yakavakirwa pane akati wandei mamwe mapurojekiti enharaunda, anosanganisira libvirt, Gluster, PatternFly, uye Ansible.

Iwo chaiwo muchina manejimendi matekinoroji akagadzirwa muoVirt anoshandiswa muRed Hat Enterprise Virtualization chigadzirwa uye anogona kuita seyakavhurika imwe nzira yeVMware vSphere. Pamusoro peRed Hat, Canonical, Cisco, IBM, Intel, NetApp uye SUSE vanobatanidzwawo mukusimudzira.

Nezve oVirt

oVirt is a stack inovhara ese mazinga e virtualization, kubva kune hypervisor kuenda kuAPI uye GUI. Kunyangwe KVM yakamisikidzwa seyakanyanya hypervisor muoVirt, iyo interface inoshandiswa se plugin kune libvirt raibhurari, iyo inobvisa kubva kune hypervisor mhando uye yakakodzera kubata chaiwo michina yakavakirwa akasiyana virtualization masisitimu, anosanganisira Xen uye VirtualBox.

Sechikamu cheoVirt, chinongedzo chekukurumidza kugadzirwa kwemazhinji emakina anowanikwa zvakanyanya nerutsigiro rwekufamba kwehupenyu hwenzvimbo pakati pemaseva pasina kumisa basa iri kugadzirwa.

Nzvimbo yacho inopa maturusi ekugadzira dynamic balancing mitemo uye kugadzirisa zviwanikwa maturusi, cluster simba manejimendi manejimendi, chaiwo muchina wekutarisa maturusi emifananidzo, uye zvikamu zvekushandura uye kupinza kunze michina iripo. Imwe chete virtual datastore, inowanikwa kubva kune chero node, inotsigirwa.

Iyo interface ine yepamberi yekushuma uye manejimendi maturusi ayo anotendera iwe kuti utore zvigadziriso zvese padanho rezvivakwa uye pamwero wemakina ega ega.

Mukati zvehunhu izvo zvinogona kuratidzwa kubva kuOVirt, ndeaya anotevera:

  • Akapfuma webhu-based mushandisi interfaces kune admin nevasiri-admin vashandisi
  • Yakabatanidzwa manejimendi evaenzi, kuchengetedza uye network marongero
  • Kurarama kutama kwemachina chaiwo uye dhisiki pakati pevatambi uye kuchengetedza
  • Kuwanikwa kwakanyanya kwemakina chaiwo kana paine kutadza kwemuenzi

Mukuwedzera, zvakakodzera kutaura kuti chikuva Munguva pfupi yapfuura yakagadziridzwa kuOVirt vhezheni 4.5.0, mune izvo zvinonyanya kuzivikanwa ndezvinotevera:

  • Yakapihwa rutsigiro rweCentOS Stream 8 uye RHEL 8.6-beta.
  • Tsigiro yekuyedza yakashandiswa yeCentOS Stream 9.
  • Shanduro dzakagadziridzwa dzezvikamu zvakashandiswa, kusanganisira GlusterFS 10.1, RDO OpenStack, Yoga, OVS 2.15, uye Ansible Core 2.12.2.
  • Native IPSec rutsigiro rwakaitwa kune vanogamuchira vane Open Virtual Network (OVN).
  • Virtual Network) uye yakagadziriswa ovirt-provider-ovn package.
  • Yakawedzera rutsigiro rweiyo Virtio 1.1 yakatarwa.
  • Inopa kugona kugonesa NVIDIA Unified Memory tekinoroji yemhando yeGPUs (mdev vGPU).
  • Tumira kunze kuOVA (Open Virtual Appliance) uchishandisa NFS yakakwidziridzwa.
  • Yakawedzera chinhu chekutsvaga kune vNIC Profiles tebhu muwebhu interface.
  • Yakavandudzwa ziviso yekuuya kwechitupa kusashanda.
  • Yakawedzera rutsigiro rweWindows 2022.
  • Kune vanogamuchira, iyo nvme-cli package inosanganisirwa.
  • Inopihwa otomatiki CPU uye NUMA inosunga panguva yekutama.
  • Iko kugona kushandura chengetedzo kune yekugadziridza modhi ine virtual muchina kutonhora kwakapihwa.
  • Fixed 9 vulnerabilities, 8 avo vanopihwa mwero wekusimba uye imwe inopihwa yakaderera severity level. Matambudziko makuru ane chekuita nekuyambuka-saiti scripting (XSS) muwebhu interface uye kurambwa kwesevhisi muinjini yekutaura nguva dzose.

Dhawunirodha uye tora oVirt

Pakupedzisira kana uri iKufarira kudzidza zvakawanda nezvazvo yepuratifomu iyi, iwe unofanirwa kuziva kuti kodhi yeprojekiti yakagoverwa pasi peGPLv2 rezinesi uye unogona kubvunza zvakawanda nezvayo mu inotevera chinongedzo.

Kana vari vanofarira simba edza chikuva ichi iwe unofanirwa kuziva kuti Ready mapakeji aripo eCentOS Stream 8 uye Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8.6 Beta. Yakagadzirira-ku-deploy ISO mufananidzo weoVirt Node NG yakavakirwa paCentOS Stream 8 uye unogona kuzvitora kubva chinotevera chinongedzo.


Izvo zviri muchinyorwa zvinoomerera pamisimboti yedu ye tsika dzekunyora. Kuti utaure chikanganiso tinya pano.

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  1. Inotarisira data: AB Internet Networks 2008 SL
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  5. Dhata yekuchengetedza: Dhatabhesi inobatwa neOccentus Networks (EU)
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