Maitiro ekuisa Ubuntu kubva kune USB mudziyo

Mufananidzo wemadhiraivha maviri

Kuisa Ubuntu kubva kune USB mudziyo, 4 gigabyte yakakwana. Nekudaro, avo vane hukuru hukuru vanobvumira kugamuchira akati wandei kugovera

Kwapera mazuva apo makomputa akauya nemafloppy drives nemarekodha emaCD nemaDVD. Nhasi, michina yakasimba-yehurumende iri kurwira nzvimbo yekirasi hard drive uye, Zvishandiso zve USB zvinozivikanwawo semapeni madhiraivha ndiyo nzira huru dzekutsinhanisa mafaera ari muchimiro chemuviri.

Muchidzidzo ichi tichaona sei kuisa Ubuntu kubva pa USB mudziyo.  Ngatijekese kuti kana mudziyo uchinge wabatanidzwa uye sisitimu yadzorwa, kuisirwa kwakangofanana nekuzviita kubva kuDVD. Musiyano uri munzira iyo yekuisa midhiya inogadzirwa uye kudikanwa kwekugadzirisa zvinodikanwa zvebhoti zvekombuta. Sezvo izvi zvichisiyana nemodhi yebhodhi raamai, ini handikwanise kupa rairo yakajairika yekuti ungazviita sei.

Vamwe vaverengi vangangopotsa Rufus pane iyi runyorwa. Rufus pasina mubvunzo ndiyo mhinduro yakakwana yekugadzira yekugovera yekuisa midhiya. Nehurombo inongowanikwa yeWindows uye ndakafunga kutarisa pane-cross-platform maturusi.

Kwakabva nekwauri kuenda

Kana iwe wakateerera kune zvidzidzo zvemutauro kuchikoro iwe uchayeuka kukosha kwezvirevo. Vaviri vavo vaive 'kubva' uye 'mukati'. Kusiyana nezvinoitika neWindows tinogona kuisa Ubuntu kubva pane pendrive uye tinogona kuimisa (chero iine ndangariro yakakwana) pane pendrive. Mune yekutanga USB mudziyo ndiyo yekuisa svikiro, mune yechipiri ndiyo yekumisikidza nzvimbo.

Kana iwe ukabatanidza USB mudziyo kushandisa seUbuntu yekuisa midhiya, inokupa sarudzo yekushandisa inonzi inonzi Live Mode mauri mune chiitiko chakafanana nekuishandisa zvakajairika, kunze kwekuti RAM chiyeuchidzo chinoshandiswa se hard disk uye shanduko dzinorasika kana komputa yadzimwa. Mamwe maturusi ekugadzira midhiya ekugadzira anokupa iwe kugona kugovera nzvimbo pane mudziyo (inonzi kushingirira) kuchengetedza shanduko dzaunoita. Idzo shanduko dzinoiswa muRAM mushure mekutakura sisitimu yekushandisa. Ichi chinhu chinobatsira kwazvo pakugadzira tsika yekuisa midhiya.

Paunoisa Ubuntu pane USB tsvimbo chiitiko chakafanana nekuchiisa pane main drive. Muganho chete inzvimbo.

Maitiro ekuisa Ubuntu kubva kune USB mudziyo

Zvakatora matanho

Kurudziro yakazvarwa kubva kwandiri anopfuura makore gumi neshanu kugadzira yekuisa midhiya yekugovera Linux. Kana iwe uchizoigadzira kubva kuWindows, shandisa iyo fomati chishandiso nemudziyo kutanga, hazvina basa kuti chishandiso chauchashandisa chine sarudzo yefomati. Unozozviponesa kutemwa nemusoro.

Maitiro acho anotevera:

  1. Unganidza chigadzirwa USB yauchashandisa sekuisa media.
  2. Vhura Explorer Windows
  3. Dzvanya muchikamu cheComputer iyi.
  4. Isa chinongedzo pachiratidzo chinoratidza pendrive uye nebhatani rekurudyi tinya pa Format.
  5. Sarudza exFat se faira system.
  6. usatarise kukurumidza fomati bhokisi.
  7. Dzvanya en Tanga.
  8. Dzvanya en Bvuma

Kana iyo fomati yaitwa wagadzirira kugadzira yekuisa midhiya.

PaLinux unogona kuzviita zvine graphic, kunyangwe maturusi acho achisiyana nedesktop. Iwe unogona zvakare kuzviita kubva kune terminal nekutevera matanho aya:

  1. Inozivisa mudziyo nemurairo sudo fdisk -l. Chiziviso chichave /dev/sdX1 apo X inotsiviwa nebhii diki rearufabheti.
  2. Bvisa mudziyo cpamurayiro sudo umount /dev/sdX1
  3. Fomati mudziyo ne sudo mkdosfs -F 32 -I /dev/sdX1
  4. Bvisa uye batanidza zvakare chishandiso.

Zvekare, kune nzira dzekuita izvi zvakajeka, asi desktop yega yega inoishandisa zvakasiyana.

Nhanho yechipiri ndeyekutora iyo Ubuntu mufananidzo. Unogona kuitora kubva peji rino.

Zvishandiso zvekugadzira yekuisa midhiya

Paunenge wapedza kudhawunirodha mufananidzo, unoda chishandiso kugadzira iyo yekuisa midhiya. Hedzino dzimwe dzesarudzo:

mhepo

Screenshot yeVentoy yekuisa folda.

Iyo Linux vhezheni yeVentoy ine akati wandei graphic zvishandiso, zveiyo terminal uye webhu.

mhepo Inowanikwa kune ese Windows neLinux uye ndiyo sarudzo yekufunga kana usati wambogadzira yekuisa midhiya yekugovera Linux kana usingade kuomesa hupenyu hwako. Iwe unongoda kumhanyisa application, tevera matanho anoratidzwa kuti uise chirongwa pane mudziyo uyezve, uchishandisa faira maneja, dhonza mufananidzo wawakadhawunirodha kune peni drive.

Iwe unogona kuisa akawanda mapikicha eLinux uye Windows kugovera sekukwanisa kweiyo flash drive. Paunotanga komputa ine mudziyo wakabatana unenge uine menyu yekusarudza kuti ndeipi yekutanga. Rangarira kuti Windows haina live modhi saka mugadziri anotanga.

Kuve neVentoy yakaiswa hazvireve kukanganisa iyo flash drive kune mamwe mashandisiro. Sezvo zvichitora nzvimbo shoma, iwe unongofanira kudzima iyo iso mifananidzo, chengetedza magwaro aunoda uye rekodha zvakare mifananidzo kana waida.

Hunhu hweVentoy ndeiyi:

  • Tsigiro yeUEFI uye Legacy Bios.
  • Inotsigira kutsungirira.
  • Inoenderana neWindows mifananidzo uye Linux kugovera.
  • Gadziridza kune imwe vhezheni isina fomati.
  • Inogona kushandiswa nemifananidzo yakakura kudarika 4 gigabytes.

Kugadzira iyo yekuisa svikiro neVentoy

  1. tinya kaviri muVentoy.exe paWindows kana zvakakodzera muVentoyGUI.aarch64, VentoyGUI.i386, VentoyGUI.mips64el kana VentoyGUI.x86_64 paLinux.
  2. Shandura purogiramu kudzvanya pa mutauro uye kusarudza Spanish kubva pazasi-pasi runyorwa.
  3. Sarudza zvinotevera pasi peSarudzo Yakachengeteka bhuti rutsigiro uye muPartition style GPT (Chete kana iri komputa itsva. Zvikasadaro, siya zvese sezvazviri.
  4. Sarudza mudziyo wakakodzera mune yekudonha rondedzero pasi pemudziyo. Usaite sezvandakaita ndichigadzira chinyorwa chandakanganisa uye ndikadzima muunganidzwa wangu wemabhuku emagetsi.
  5. Dzvanya pakuisa.
  6. Dhinda ok mune chimwe nechimwe chezviziviso.
  7. Enda kune faira maneja uye tevedzera Ubuntu mufananidzo kuVentoy.
Kopa mafaira kuVentoy

Kuti ugadzire yekumisikidza svikiro uchishandisa Ventoy, unongofanirwa kukopa mufananidzo kune mudziyo.

In musimboti iwe unogona kutotanga neiyo Ubuntu yekumisikidza. Iwe unongoda kutangazve system uye kugadzirisa boot yekombuta yako. Nehurombo kuve nyore kweVentoy kwakapera pano. Kana iwe uchida kumisikidza kushingirira, uchafanirwa kutevedzera akati wandei matanho atisiri kuzotaura nekuti kune maturusi anozviita zviri nyore. Iwe unogona kuwana maitiro ekuzviita mune zvinyorwa.

Aetbootin

Yekutanga skrini yeUbuntu installer

Ndichiri pamidhiya yekuisa yakagadzirwa neakawanda maturusi, Ubuntu bhutsu kune yekumisikidza/yedzo sarudzo skrini, kana yagadzirwa neUNetbootin tinoenda zvakananga muyedzo mode.

Chirongwa ichi Inowanikwa kuWindows, macOS uye Linux. PaLinux iwe unogona kuimisa uchishandisa iyo inogoneka mabhinari inoda kutangwa kubva kune terminal nekuraira sudo ./nombre del archivo descargado. Unogona kukumbirwa kuisa mamwe mapakeji.

Chinhu chinonakidza cheUNetbootin ndechekuti inokutendera kuti utore kugovera usati waiisa, kunyangwe isiri iyo yazvino vhezheni, saka zviri nani kuiwana kubva kune yepamutemo peji.

Ndokumbira utarise kuti iyi app usafomati mudziyo saka unofanira kufanozviita.

Maitiro ekugadzira iyo yekuisa media ndeiyi inotevera:

  1. Sarudza mufananidzo yakatorwa muchikamu Diski/mufananidzo.
  2. zadza saizi yekushingirira. 1024 inofanira kunge yakawandisa.
  3. Dzvanya en Bvuma

Pane imwe nguva panguva yekudhirowa uye kukopa mafaera, chirongwa chinoita sechamira. Hazvina kudaro. CuNdapedza, baya Salir uye reboot system. Rangarira kuseta bhutsu yekombuta.

Sezvandinotaura mumutsara wemufananidzo unoratidza chikamu ichi, UNetbootin inoenda yakananga muyedzo modhi uye inozviita muChirungu. Nekuda kwekuti isu takaramba takabatiswa tinokwanisa kugadzirisa izvi uye, nekuda kwekushingirira, shanduko ichava yekusingaperi. Chero zvazvingava, kana iwe uchingoisa Ubuntu pane dhisiki, tanga muturikiri uye sarudza Spanish semutauro.

Balena Etcher

Chimwe chishandiso nyore uye chii Pamusoro pekugadzira yekuisa svikiro uchishandisa pendrive, unogona kuzviita nekadhi reSD.. Inowanikwa yeWindows (32 uye 64 bits), macOS uye Linux (zvakare 32 uye 64 bits). Panyaya yekugovera kukuru kweLinux zvinogoneka kuwedzera marepositori kuchengetedza iyo application yakagadziridzwa. Dzimwe sarudzo mapakeji muDEB, RPM, uye Appimage mafomati.

Balena Etcher zvakare inotibvumira kutora mufananidzo tisati taisa, asi, kusiyana neNetbootin, inozviita zvakananga kubva pane chinongedzo chatinoratidza. Iyo inofanirwa kunge iri yekurodha link yeapp, kwete webhusaiti. Mukuwedzera, tinogona kushandisa mufananidzo wakambodhawunirwa kana kutevedzera dhisiki.

Kana mavambo asarudzwa, tinosarudza nzvimbo. Kana paine anopfuura imwe USB mudziyo wakabatana, isu tinosarudza iyo chaiyo kubva pane rondedzero. Kuti utange maitiro, tinya pa Flash!.

Kana tangoibvumira nepassword yedu, kurekodha kunotanga. Iyo skrini inotiratidza kufambira mberi iri kuvhiringa sezvo yakawanda yacho inosanganisira kushambadza kune mamwe mapurojekiti kubva kune vanogadzira. Chiratidzo chete chinooneka bhari rine ruvara pakati uye kuruboshwe.

Kana yapera, tinotangazve uye tinogadzirisa kurongeka kwebhoti yemidziyo.

Ndeipi iri nani pavatatu?

Zvinoenderana. Kana iwe usingazive Ubuntu, kana iwe uchida akati wandei kugovera pane chako kifaa, yakanakisa sarudzo ndeye Ventoy. Kana iwe uchida kugadzira yekumisikidza midhiya yakagadziriswa sezvaunoda, UNetbootin. Kana iwe uchizogadzira iyo yekuisa midhiya pane Balena Etcher SD kadhi.

Zvakadaro, aya angori matatu ematurusi gumi nemaviri anowanikwa kugadzira Ubuntu yekumisikidza midhiya ne USB tsvimbo.


Izvo zviri muchinyorwa zvinoomerera pamisimboti yedu ye tsika dzekunyora. Kuti utaure chikanganiso tinya pano.

Iva wekutanga kutaura

Siya yako yekutaura

Your kero e havazobvumirwi ichibudiswa.

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