Nmap 7.95 inopa kuvandudzwa muNpcap, zvinyorwa zvitsva, kugadzirisa uye nezvimwe

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Nmap ndeye yakavhurika sosi port yekufemba chirongwa.

Shanduro itsva ye Nmap 7.95 yave kuwanikwa Uye mune iyi vhezheni itsva inounzwa, kubatanidzwa kwezvimwe zviziviso kunomira pachena, pamwe nekubatanidzwa kwezvinyorwa zvitsva, zvigadziriso, zvigadziriso zvebug nezvimwe.

Kune avo vasingazive nezveNmap, iwe unofanirwa kuziva izvozvo Ichi chishandiso chakavhurika sosi chinoshandiswa kuongorora uye kuongorora network uye basa rayo guru nderekuongorora zvishandiso panetiweki kuti uone kuti ndeapi masevhisi uye zviteshi zvakavhurika, izvo zvinopa ruzivo rwakakosha nezvetiweki topology uye hunogona kuitika. Pamusoro pekugona kwayo kuona masisitimu anoshanda uye kuita scannerability scans, Nmap inomira pachena nekuchinjika kwayo uye kuwedzera kuburikidza neinjini yayo yekunyora (NSE), iyo inobvumira zvinyorwa zvetsika kuti zvigadziriswe uye kuitiswa kune chaiyo scanning uye yekuongorora mabasa.

Chii chitsva muNmap 7.95?

Mune iyi vhezheni itsva yeNmap 7.95, inosimbisa kubatanidzwa kweanopfuura 4000 anoshanda system IPv4 zvigunwe kubva munaChikumi 2020, tichiwedzera mafingerprints 336 ehuwandu hwe6036. inosanganisira kudhindisa zvigunwe zve iOS 15 uye 16, macOS Ventura uye Monterey, Linux 6.1, OpenBSD 7.1, uye lwIP 2.2.

Imwe shanduko muNmap 7.95 ndeye lKubatanidzwa kwe2500+ sevhisi/vhezheni yekuona zviziviso kubva munaJune 2020 uye saizi yese yedatabase identifier yasvika 12,089 marekodhi, ichiwedzera siginecha kuverenga ne1.4% Nhamba yeakatsanangurwa maprotocol akawedzera kubva 1237 kusvika 1246. Pakati pezvimwe zvinhu, rutsigiro rwakawedzerwa kune grpc, mysqlx, essnet, remotemouse. uye tuya protocol.

Iyo vhezheni ye Windows yakagadziridza Npcap yayo (mbishi packet kubatwa uye kutapurirana mutyairi) kubva vhezheni 1.75 kusvika 1.79, kusanganisira iyo ckugona kuburitsa kodhi yekusaina kiyi ku "Nmap Software LLC", Kutsiva zita rekare re "Insecure.Com LLC", mashandiro emutyairi akavandudzwa nekudzikisa kukakavara kwekiyi uye kubatanidza makopi e data, pamwe nekugadzirisa kwakasiyana siyana.

Pamusoro peizvi vakawedzera4 zvinyorwa zvitsva zveNSE zvakabatanidzwa kuti zviongorore masisitimu ekudzora maindasitiril kubva munharaunda yeDINA uye otomatiki zviito zvakasiyana neNmap zvinosanganisira hartip-info, iec61850-mms, multicast-profinet-discovery uye profinet-cm-kutarisa.

Yeimwe shanduko izvo zvinomira pachena:

  1. Yakagadziridzwa yaisanganisira maraibhurari akadai seLua kushanduro 5.4.6, libpcre2 kusvika 10.43, zlib kusvika 1.3.1, libssh2 kusvika 1.11.0, uye liblinear kusvika 2.47.
  2. Yakagadziridzwa OpenSSL kune vhezheni 3.0.13 mumabhinari eWindows anovaka uye maRPM, kugadzirisa maCVE asina anozivikanwa maitiro paNmap.
  3. Zenmap uye Ndiff ikozvino shandisa setuptools yekurongedza pane distutils.
  4. Yakagadzirisa akati wandei mabug, anosanganisira Ncat UDP server modhi gadziriso, TCP Batanidza scanning nyaya paWindows, ssh-auth-methods kubuda, tsikidzi muZenmap, TLS 1.2 kusaina algorithms, RPM spec faira zvinodiwa, uye ndangariro kuvuza.
  5. Yakagadzirwa-inotungamirwa optimizations kune chiteshi chekuongorora injini, kuvandudzwa kweOS yekuona zvigunwe zvekufananidza.
  6. Yakagadzirisa nyaya nekuverenga kwekunze-kwe-mabheji, kudonha kwendangariro, kuparara kune chekuita nemazita ebasa makadhi, uye kupatsanurwa kweDNS TXT zvinyorwa zveNSE zvinyorwa.
  7. Yakavandudzwa siginecha yekufananidza kodhi kana ichiona masisitimu anoshanda, yakachinja nmap-os-db syntax kutsigira mitsara muTCP sarudzo mitsetse.
  8. Kuvandudzwa kwakaitwa kune kodhi inoenderana muiyo OS yekuona injini, uko inetiweki sosi port nhamba inochinja nekuyedza kwega kwega, pakati pezvimwe zvigadziriso zvinoenderana nechizvarwa profiles.

Finalmente kana iwe uchida kuziva zvakawanda nezvazvo nezve iyi vhezheni nyowani, unogona kutarisa izvo zvinyorwa mu chinotevera chinongedzo.

Maitiro ekuisa Nmap paLinux?

Kune avo vanofarira kugona kuisa Nmap pamwe nemamwe maturusi pane yavo system, Vanogona kuzviita nekutevera nhanho dzatinogovana pazasi.

Kubva kuburitswa kweiyi nyowani vhezheni yeNmap kwaive kuchangobva kuitika, mashoma magove akatogadzirisazve iyi vhezheni. Saka vanofanira kumirira mazuva mashoma.

Kunyange zvakadaro isu tinogona kutendeukira kunyore kodhi yekodhi yekushandisa pane yedu system. Iyo kodhi inogona kutorwa pasi uye kurongedzwa nekuita zvinotevera:

wget https://nmap.org/dist/nmap-7.95.tar.bz2
bzip2 -cd nmap-7.95.tar.bz2 | tar xvf -
cd nmap-7.95
./configure
make
su root
make install

Muchiitiko chekuparadzirwa nerutsigiro rweRPM mapakeji, vanogona kuisa iyo Nmap 7.95 package nekuvhura terminal uye nekuita inotevera mirairo:

rpm -vhU https://nmap.org/dist/nmap-7.95-1.x86_64.rpm
rpm -vhU https://nmap.org/dist/zenmap-7.95-1.noarch.rpm
rpm-vhU https://nmap.org/dist/ncat-7.95-1.x86_64.rpm
rpm -vhU https://nmap.org/dist/nping-0.7.95-1.x86_64.rpm

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