Nmap 7.90 yakatoburitswa uye idzi ndidzo nhau dzayo

nmap-logo Kutanga kwe iyo nyowani vhezheni yenethiwekhi chengetedzo scanner "Nmap 7.90" iyo yakagadzirirwa kuongorora network uye kuona inoshanda network network. Mune iyi vhezheni itsva 3 matsva eNSE zvinyorwa zvaiverengerwa kupa otomatiki ezviito zvakasiyana neNmap, pamwe masigineti matsva anopfuura chiuru nemazana maviri akawedzerwa kuti aone mashandiro enetiweki uye masisitimu anoshanda.

Kune avo vasingazive nezveNmap, iwe unofanirwa kuziva kuti ichi chinhu chakavhurika sosi chinoshandiswa kuita port scanning. Iyo pakutanga yaigadzirirwa Linux kunyangwe parizvino iri muchinjika-chikuva. Inoshandiswa kuongorora kuchengetedzwa kwemakomputa masystemZvakare nekutsvaga masevhisi kana maseva mukombuta network, yeiyi Nmap inotumira yakatsanangurwa mapaketi kune mamwe makomputa uye inoongorora mhinduro dzadzo.

Main nyowani maficha eNmap 7.90

Imwe yeshanduko dzakanyanya kukosha mune iyi nyowani vhezheni yeNmap 7.90, ndizvozvo yakasimuka kubva pakushandisa rezenisi reGPLv2 rakagadziridzwa kuenda kuNmap yeruzhinji rezinesi rezenisi, iyo isina kuchinja zvakanyanya uye zvakare yakavakirwa paGPLv2, asi iri nani kurongeka uye kujekesa.

Misiyano kubva kuGPLv2 bika kusvika pakuwedzera kwezvimwe zvakasarudzika nemamiriro, senge kugona kushandisa Nmap kodhi mune GPL-zvisingaenderane zvigadzirwa zvine rezenisi mushure mekuwana mvumo kubva kumunyori, uye kudiwa kwekuparadzanisa kupihwa marezenisi kuendesa uye kushandiswa kwe nmap sechikamu zvigadzirwa zvigadzirwa.

Nezve shanduko dzakaitwa muNmap 7.90, zvinoratidzwa izvo zvinopfuura mazana masere ekunyorera uye sevhisi vhezheni vhezheni zvakawedzerwa, uye huwandu hwese hwenzvimbo yekuzivisa hwasvika 11878 zvinyorwa.

Kunze kwezvoe dzinosvika mazana mana masisitimu anoshanda akawedzerwa, 400 ye IPv330 uye 4 ye IPv67, kusanganisira zvitupa zveIOS 12/13, macOS Catalina neMojave, Linux 5.4, uye FreeBSD 13. Huwandu hweshanduro dzinowanikwa dzehurongwa hwekushandisa hwakwira kusvika pa5678.

Pamwe chete nazvo futi Yakawedzera tsananguro yeMySQL 8.x, Microsoft SQL Server 2019, MariaDB, Crate.io CrateDB, uye kuiswa kwePostreSQL paDocker.

Yakawedzera 23 nyowani UDP yekuongorora zvikumbiro (UDP payload, protocol yakatarwa zvikumbiro zvinopindura panzvimbo pekuregeredza UDP paketi) yakagadzirirwa iyo Rapid7 InsightVM network scan injini yekuvandudza kunyatso kuona kweakasiyana maDP services.

Pane rimwe divi maraibhurari matsva akawedzerwa kuNmap Scripting Engine (NSE), yakagadzirirwa kugadzirisa zviito zvakasiyana neNmap: kuburitsa nemabasa ekugadzirisa zvinobuda uye fomati tambo, uye dicom nekumisikidzwa kweDICOM protocol inoshandiswa kuchengeta uye kutumira mifananidzo yekurapa.

  • dicom-brute: yekusarudzwa kwezviratidzo zveAET (Musoro wechinhu chekushandisa) mumaseva eDICOM (Mifananidzo yeDhijitari uye kutaurirana mumushonga);
  • dicom-ping: kuti uwane maseva eDICOM uye uone kubatana uchishandisa AET ID
  • uptime-mumiririri-info: kuunganidza system ruzivo kubva kuIdera Uptime vamiririri
  • InfrastructureMonitor.

Huwandu hwezvirongwa zvakatsanangurwa hwakawedzera kubva pa1193 kusvika pa1237, kusanganisira rutsigiro rweairmedia-odhiyo, banner-ivu, control-m, insteon-plm, pi-hole-stats, uye ums-webviewer protocols.

Of the dzimwe shanduko dzinomira pachena:

  • Yakawedzera UDP zvikumbiro zvekuona STUN (Session Kuyambuka Zvishandiso zveNAT) uye GPRS Tunneling Protocol (GTP).
  • Wakawedzera "-kuwana-kusava nehanya-rst" sarudzo yekuregeredza TCP RST mhinduro kana uchisarudza nzvimbo yekuenda kunzvimbo (inobatsira kana firewalls kana traffic traffic masystem ajekesa RST mapaketi kumisa kubatana).
  • Wakawedzera "-ssl-servername" sarudzo yekushandura kukosha kwezita rezita muTLS SNI.
  • Wakawedzera kugona kushandisa "-kuenderera" sarudzo kuti utangezve kukanganisa IPv6 scanning zvikamu.

Chekupedzisira, kana iwe uchida kuziva zvakawanda nezve iyi nyowani vhezheni, unogona kutarisa izvo zvinyorwa mu chinotevera chinongedzo.

Maitiro ekuisa Nmap 7.90 paLinux?

Kune avo vanofarira kugona kuisa Nmap pamwe nemamwe maturusi pane yavo system, Vanogona kuzviita nekutevera nhanho dzatinogovana pazasi.

Kubva kuburitswa kweiyi nyowani vhezheni yeNmap kwaive kuchangobva kuitika, mashoma magove akatogadzirisazve iyi vhezheni. Saka vanofanira kumirira mazuva mashoma.

Kunyange isu tinogona kutendeukira kunyore kodhi yekodhi yekushandisa pane yedu system. Iyo kodhi inogona kutorwa pasi uye kurongedzwa nekuita zvinotevera:

wget https://nmap.org/dist/nmap-7.90.tar.bz2
bzip2 -cd nmap-7.90.tar.bz2 | tar xvf -
cd nmap-7.90
./configure
make
su root
make install

Muchiitiko chekuparadzirwa nerutsigiro rweRPM mapakeji, vanogona kuisa iyo Nmap 7.90 package nekuvhura terminal uye nekuita inotevera mirairo:

sudo rpm -vhU https://nmap.org/dist/nmap-7.90-1.x86_64.rpm
sudo rpm -vhU https://nmap.org/dist/zenmap-7.90-1.noarch.rpm
sudo rpm -vhU https://nmap.org/dist/ncat-7.90-1.x86_64.rpm
sudo rpm -vhU https://nmap.org/dist/nping-0.7.90-1.x86_64.rpm

Izvo zviri muchinyorwa zvinoomerera pamisimboti yedu ye tsika dzekunyora. Kuti utaure chikanganiso tinya pano.

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