Nhasi Nyamavhuvhu 25 Linux inopemberera makore makumi maviri nemasere

kufara-zuva rekuzvarwa-linux

Makore makumi maviri nemasere apfuura, muna Nyamavhuvhu 28, 25, mushure memwedzi mishanu yekuvandudza, iye ane makore makumi maviri nerimwe ekuberekwa Linus Torvalds akazivisa mumusangano wekufona kuti anga achigadzira prototype yekushanda kwesystem nyowani, yeiko kupera kwekuchinjiswa kwe bash 1.08 uye gcc 1.40 kwakaonekwa.

Kuburitswa pachena kweruzhinji rweLinux kernel kwakaziviswa munaGunyana 17. Iyo 0.0.1 kernel yaive 62 Kb muhukuru mune yakadzvanywa fomu uye yaive neinenge zviuru gumi mitsara yekodhi (zvichienzaniswa neiyo yazvino Linux kernel iyo inopfuura mamirioni makumi maviri nematanhatu emitsetse yekodhi).

Iyo Linux kernel yakafuridzirwa neiyo MINIX inoshanda sisitimu, iyo yakanga isingakodzeri Linus aine rezinesi rake risingaperi. Gare gare, apo Linux yakava chirongwa chakakurumbira, vanyengeri vakaedza kupomera Linus yekuteedzera chaiko kodhi yemamwe masisitimu eMINIX.

Kunyange Kupomerwa uku kwakadzingwa naAndrew Tanenbaum, munyori weMINIX, uyo akaraira mumwe wevadzidzi kuti aenzanise zvakadzama kodhi yeMinix uye yekutanga vhezheni yerudzi rweLinux. Mhedzisiro yeongororo yakaratidza kuvapo kwemana chete asina kukosha kodhi block machisi, nekuda kwezvinodiwa zvePOSIX neANSI C.

Linus pakutanga yaida kutumidza musimboti weFreax, kubva pamazwi "mahara", "mashura" uye X (Unix).

Asi zita rekuti "Linux" rakapihwa kernel naAri Lemmke, uyo pakukumbira kwaLinus akaisa kernel pane yunivhesiti FTP server, achipa zita dhairekitori nefaira kwete "freax", sekukumbirwa naTorvalds, asi "Linux».

Zvinoenderana neongororo ya2010 yakatumirwa neEuropean Union, mari inofungidzirwa yekuvandudza chirongwa cheLinux kernel-kubva pakutanga chaizosvika kumadhora US $ 13 bhiriyoni (kuverenga kwakaitwa apo kernel yaive nemitsetse yemamirioni gumi nematanhatu yekodhi).

Iyo mascot yepamutemo yeLinux kernel, iyo Tux penguin, yakasarudzwa semhedzisiro yemakwikwi akaitwa muna 1996. Zita rekuti Tux rinomirira Torvalds UniX.

En nezve kernel inoburitswa kubvira payakatanga shanduroKusvikira iyo yazvino, tinogona kuona inotevera nguva, iko iro 2.x.xx bazi raive rakareba kupfuura mamwe ose.

  • 0.0.1 - Gunyana 1991, zviuru gumi zvemitsetse yekodhi
  • 1.0.0 - Kurume 1994, 176 zviuru mitsara yekodhi
  • 1.2.0 - Kurume 1995, 311 zviuru mitsara yekodhi
  • 2.0.0 - Chikumi 1996, mazana manomwe mazana masere emitsetse yemakodhi
  • 2.2.0 - Ndira 1999, 1.8 mamirioni emitsetse yekodhi
  • 2.4.0 - Ndira 2001, 3,4 mamirioni emitsetse yekodhi
  • 2.6.0 - Zvita 2003, 5.9 mamirioni emitsetse yekodhi
  • 2.6.28 - Zvita 2008, 10,2 mamirioni emitsetse yekodhi
  • 2.6.35 - Nyamavhuvhu 2010, 13.4 mamirioni emitsetse yekodhi
  • 3.0 - Nyamavhuvhu 2011, 14,6 mamirioni emitsetse yekodhi
  • 3.5 - Chikunguru 2012, 15.5 mamirioni emitsetse yekodhi
  • 3.10 - Chikunguru 2013, 15.8 mamirioni emitsetse yekodhi
  • 3.16 - Nyamavhuvhu 2014, 17.5 mamirioni emitsetse yekodhi
  • 4.1 - June 2015, 19,5 mamirioni emitsetse yekodhi
  • 4.7 - Chikunguru 2016, 21.7 mamirioni emitsetse yekodhi
  • 4.12 - Chikunguru 2017, 24,1 miriyoni mitsara yekodhi
  • 4.18 - Nyamavhuvhu 2018, 25.3 mamirioni emitsetse yekodhi
  • 5.2 - Chikunguru 2019, 26.55 mamirioni emitsetse yekodhi

Nepo budiriro ichifambira mberi uye yakaratidza maficha:

  • Linux 0.0.1 - Gunyana 1991, yekutanga ruzhinji kuburitswa iyo inongotsigira i386 CPU uye bhutsu kubva padhiropu dhisiki
  • Linux 0.12: Ndira 1992, kodhi yakatanga kugoverwa pasi pechirevo cheGPLv2
  • Linux 0.95: Kurume 1992, yakapa kugona kumhanyisa iyo X Window Sisitimu, yakagadzirisa chaiyo memory uye inoshandura chikamu chekutsigira.
  • Linux 0.96-0.99: 1992-1993, basa rakatanga pane network network. Iyo Ext2 faira system inosvitswa, rutsigiro rweELF fomati fomati yakawedzerwa, madhiraivha emakadhi ezwi uye vatongi veSCSI vanounzwa, kernel module uye iyo / proc faira system inotakurwa.

    Muna 1992, yekutanga SLS uye Yggdrasil kugoverwa kwakaonekwa. Muzhizha ra1993, iyo Slackware neDebian mapurojekiti akavambwa.

  • Linux 1.0: Kurume 1994, yekutanga yakagadzika vhezheni vhezheni
  • Linux 1.2: Kurume 1995, kuwedzera kwakakura muhuwandu hwevatyairi, rutsigiro rweAlpha, MIP uye mapuratifomu ePSARC, kuwedzerwa kwenzvimbo dzemagetsi, kuunzwa kwepaketi firita, rutsigiro rweNFS
  • Linux 2.0: June 1996, rutsigiro rwema processor akawanda
    Kurume 1997: LKML, Linux kernel vanogadzira tsamba yekutumira, yakavambwa
    1998: Yakatangisa yekutanga Linux-yakavakirwa sumbu pane yeTop500 runyorwa, ine makumi matanhatu neshanu nodhi ine Alpha CPU
  • Linux 2.2- Ndira 1999, yakawedzera memory management system kunyatsoshanda, yakawedzera IPv6 rutsigiro, yakagadzira firewall nyowani, yakaunza nyowani ruzha subsystem.
  • Linux 2.4: Kukadzi 2001, rutsigiro rwe 8-processor 64GB RAM masisitimu, Ext3 faira system, USB rutsigiro, ACPI
  • Linux 2.6: Zvita 2003, SELinux tsigiro, maturusi ekugadzirisa otomatiki kernel parameter, sysfs, yakagadziriswazve memory management system.
    Muna 2005, iyo Xen hypervisor yakaunzwa, ichiunza munguva yehunyanzvi
    MunaGunyana 2008, yekutanga vhezheni yeiyo Android chikuva inoenderana neLinux kernel yakaumbwa
  • Linux 3.0: Muna Chikunguru 2011, mushure memakore gumi ekuvandudza vhezheni 10.x, shanduko kuenda ku2.6x kuverenga yakaitwa. Huwandu hwezvinhu zviri muGit repository hwasvika mamirioni maviri
  • Linux 4.0: Muna 2015 iyo Linux 4.0 kernel yakaburitswa. Huwandu hwezvinhu zvegit munzvimbo yekuchengetera hwasvika mamirioni mana
    Muna Kubvumbi 2018, iyo nhanho yezvinhu zvitanhatu zvemamiriyoni egit zvinhu munzvimbo yekernel repository yakapfuura.
  • Linux 5.0: Muna Ndira 2019, iyo Linux kernel 5.0 bazi rakaumbwa. Iyo yekuchengetera yasvika padanho re 6.5 mamirioni ezvinhu zvegit.

Izvo zviri muchinyorwa zvinoomerera pamisimboti yedu ye tsika dzekunyora. Kuti utaure chikanganiso tinya pano.

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