Chii chinonzi Linux meta-mapakeji?

Linux package yekuwedzera

Isu tato taura nezve kuwanda kwemapakeji uye maitiro ekuisa pane linux negwara mega iro rakaburitswa pane ino blog nguva refu yapfuura. Ino ndiyo nguva yekutaura nezvazvo iyo meta-mapakeji, iyo vashandisi vazhinji vasingazive kana kuti vakanzwa nezve mashoma. Meta-mapakeji anotibvumidza isu kuronga akati wandei zvirongwa pamwe neyakavimbika avo ekumisikidza kamwechete. Chinhu chinonakidza kwazvo chinogona kuchengetedza nguva nesimba.

Kugoverwa kwakawanda kunoishandisa yegadziriro yekumisikidza, kumisikidza madesktop enzvimbo nemaapps avo (ona KDE neGNOME), kuisa mapakeji esoftware nechinangwa chimwe chete, sekuisa ese mapakeji ekushandisa kubva kune distro ine imwechete meta-package, nezvimwe. Iko kunyorera kune mazhinji uye zvirokwazvo unogona kufungidzira akawanda akawanda.

Asi kwete chete vanogadzira emahombe software mapakeji kana maneja anogona kuashandisa, iwe unogona zvakare kuishandisa uye kuagadzira iwo ku gadza mapakeji epurogiramu iyo yaunoshandisa kazhinji uye nekudaro iwe unozozviponesa pachako uchizvitsvaga imwe neimwe mushure mekumisikidzwa kwedistro yako kana mushure mefomati. Semuenzaniso, yeDebian (uye zvigadzirwa) equivs inoshandiswa, chishandiso chekugadzira iyi mhando yemeta-mapakeji. Kutanga kuishandisa, isa iyi pasuru pane yako distro uye ipapo uchave ne "equivs-control" uye "equivs-build", iwo maviri maturusi ayo achakubatsira iwe kuagadzira iwo:

  • Gadzira iyo faira yekumisikidza na:
 

equivs-control nombre_del_fichero

  • Isu tinogadzirisa iyo faira nemunyori wedu wepamoyo, semuenzaniso:
 

gedit nombre_del_fichero

  • Isu tinozadza, zvinoenderana nezvatinoda, zvirinani kukosha:
    • Pasuru: kwaunoisa zita repakeji
    • Shanduro: kwaunoisa iyo vhezheni.
    • Zvinoenderana - Inotsanangura comma yakaparadzaniswa rondedzero yekuvimbika
    • Architecture - Iyo dhizaini iyo pasuru inoitirwa. Pano unogona kudoma "zvese" pasina makotesheni kuti uvasarudze ese kana imwe yakatarwa.
    • Faira: unogona kuwedzera mafaera kana uchida.
    • Vamwe: kana iwe uchida uye uine ruzivo, iwe unogona kuzadza izvo zvasara.
  • Gadzira meta package:
 

equivs-build nombre_del_fichero


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  1. Inotarisira data: AB Internet Networks 2008 SL
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  1.   Jimmy orano akadaro

    Zvinonakidza ndanga ndisingazive kuti zvaivepo.
    Kuziva zvakadzama - kunyangwe munyori akaneta - uye kunyangwe zvainge zvakanyorwa muna2008, ini ndinokurudzira iyi link (bvisa nzvimbo dzekuenda):

    http: / / ubuntuforums. org / showthread.php? t = 726317