Mhanya macOS Catalina paLinux nzira iri nyore

MacOS Catalina

Iyo nyowani yekushandisa system ye Apple, macOS Catalina, ndiyo iyo ichashandiswa kune zvazvino zvigadzirwa zveCupertino firm. Iyi vhezheni 10.15, uye inotora zita rayo kubva kuSanta Catalina Island kumaodzanyemba kweCalifornia. Sezvaunoziva, iyo yekodhi yekodhi system, yeIntel EM64T mapuratifomu uye ine yakasanganiswa kernel inozivikanwa seXNU. Chokwadi iwe unozivawo, ini ndinopa mhinduro kune avo vasingazive, kuti iyi kernel yakavakirwa paMach uye * BSD kodhi, kunyanya FreeBSD, saka iri Unix.

Parizvino mharidzo. Asi, kana iwe uchida kumhanya macOS Catalina kana chero imwe vhezheni yapfuura, unogona kuzviita sekureba uine Macintosh inoenderana mune yako, yakadai seMacBook, iMac, Mac Pro, nezvimwe. Kana iwe usina Apple chigadzirwa, iwe zvakare une dzimwe sarudzo dzekuyedza (chaiwo michina, hackintosh). Muchikamu chino isu ticha tarisa pakuona kuitira kuti iwe ugone kuyedza macOS Catalina pane yako yaunofarira GNU / Linux distro.

Pane chirongwa chinonakidza paGitHub. Unogona riwane kubva pane iyi link uye zvinokuunza Maturusi anodiwa kuseta muchina unokurumidza kwazvo macOS muchina muQEMU uchishandisa KVM kumhanyisa. Nenzira iyi, zvese zvichave nyore kwazvo uye zvakaomarara pane kuzviita nemaoko kuti ukwanise kumhanyisa MacOS VM yako wega. Uye zvakare, ruzivo nderekuti iwe unogona zvakare kuve uine yazvino Catalina vhezheni. Uye HAPANA MAC ANODIWA! Ndechipi chakanakisa, nekuti kuwana iyo inoshanda sisitimu kana iwe usina Apple timu yakaratidzika kunge yakaoma, kunze kwekunge iri pirate ...

ari matanho ekutevera kuti uzviite zviri nyore kwazvo (sarudza rairo yaunoda kune yako distro):

sudo apt-get install qemu-system qemu-utils python3 python3-pip  #Para Debian/Ubuntu y derivados
sudo pacman -S qemu python python-pip            #Para Arch Linux
sudo zypper in qemu-tools qemu-kvm qemu-x86 qemu-audio-pa python3-pip  #Para SUSE/openSUSE
sudo dnf install qemu qemu-img python3 python3-pip #Para Fedora/CentOS/RHEL

Iye zvino iwe waisa yazvino vhezheni yeQEMU emulator (3.1 kana yepamusoro), izvo zvinodiwa zvinoshandiswa uye Python 3, pamwe nepombi. Izvi zvinotevera dhawunirodha mapakeji epurojekiti kubva kuGitHub chinongedzo izvo zvandakasiya kumberi, uye mukati mune script yaunofanirwa kuita nenzira iyi (kana ukasashandisa chero sarudzo, Catalina yakaiswa nekumira, asi iwe unogona kudoma vhezheni ye macOS yaunoda, sarudza iyo yaunoda ):

./jumpstart.sh --mojave
./jumpstart.sh --high-sierra
./jumpstart.sh --catalina

Nenzira, iwe unogona kusarudza chete pakati peshanduro idzi nhatu panguva ino. Zvinonyadzisa kuti iwe haugone kusarudza pakati pezvose zviripo, asi zvirinani izvo zvazvazvino zviripo, zvinova zvinonyanya kudiwa Kana iwe uchida Shumba, Maverick, Tiger, kana chero imwe, uchafanira kuzviita neruoko ... Rangarira zvakare kuti ne qemu unogona kuteedzera chero chikuva, zvakare PPC yekumhanyisa MacOS X pre-x86-64 shanduro.

Kuti uite nhanho yapfuura unofanirwa kuve neinternet inoshanda. Muchokwadi, kana iwe uchitova ne macOS system mufananidzo .img kana .dmg (mune iyi kesi inoshandura kuita .img ine dmg2img), unogona kusvetuka nhanho yapfuura uye woenda wakananga kune inotevera, nekuti zvazvinoita kuwana macOS . Iye zvino unofanirwa kugadzira iyo virtual hard drive uko macOS inomhanya muQEMU (unogona kutsiva disk_name Ine zita raunoda uye panzvimbo pe64 GB yenzvimbo, isa iya yaunoda yeMV yako, iine 20GB iwe unenge uine):

qemu-img create -f qcow2 nombre_disco.qcow2 64G

Zvino, pakati pemafaira akatorwa kubva kuGitHub iwe uchawana basic.h, iwe unofanirwa kuwedzera iyi mitsara kumagumo nezvake nemupepeti:

    -drive id=SystemDisk,if=none,file=nombre_disco.qcow2 \
    -device ide-hd,bus=sata.4,drive=SystemDisk \

Y mhanya akadaro script Kuti ubudise mushini, kugovera, uye kutanga kuiswa kweMacOS:

./basic.sh

Iwe unogona zvakare kuzviita ne Virtual Machine Manager kana Virt-Maneja pane qemu ... Uye zvakare isina musoro / gore-rakavakirwa.

Y ZvaitwaIwe unofanirwa ikozvino kuve neyako macOS muchina mune yakasarudzwa vhezheni inowanikwa kuti ushande nayo. Sezvauri kuona, izvi zvishandiso uye zvinyorwa zvinopihwa nechirongwa ichi zvinoita kuti basa rako rive nyore, kunyanya sezvo iwe usingade kutsvaga mufananidzo weMacOS, asi watokupa kare.

Kutenda kune avo vakapa muchirongwa ichi, unogona kumhanyisa muchina we macOS neshanduro yaunoda nyore nyore.


Izvo zviri muchinyorwa zvinoomerera pamisimboti yedu ye tsika dzekunyora. Kuti utaure chikanganiso tinya pano.

Makomendi gumi, siya zvako

Siya yako yekutaura

Your kero e havazobvumirwi ichibudiswa. Raida minda anozivikanwa ne *

*

*

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  1.   Jesu akadaro

    Hei, kana uchiisa, inondiisa pachikamu che2gb uye kwete pane iyo 64gb yandakambogadzira, sezvo ini ndichisarudza iyo partition nekuti haindibvumidze.

    1.    peace akadaro

      usati waenda ku diski zvinoshandiswa uye fomati iyo 64g partition, kana iwe uchinge wazviita sarudza iyo kana iwe uchipa sarudzo yekuisa.

      1.    Chris akadaro

        Neimwe chikonzero kuraira
        qemu-img gadzira -f qcow2 disk_name.qcow2 64G

        ingo gadzira chaiyo diski ye
        197632 Nov 18:01 macHD.qcow2

        Sei?

    2.    Erik akadaro

      Iwe unofanirwa kuumbiridza diski iwe yawakagadzira, mukati meiyo yekumisikidza skrini usati waita kudzoreredza, tanga washandisa yekupedzisira sarudzo uye kana iwe uchinge waita kupora, iyo disk yawakagadzira ichaonekwa.

      1.    maka akadaro

        Kwete kwete, dhisiki ratakasika harigone kuumbwa sezvaunotaura, nekuti hapana disk rakadai mukumisikidza. Ndiro dambudziko.

    3.    Uzieri akadaro

      Kufanana neni, kana uchiisa iyo MacOS system, inongondiratidza chikamu che2gb uye ichiti yakavharwa uye handigone kuisarudza.

  2.   David akadaro

    Unogona kuva neamd processor

    1.    peace akadaro

      usati waenda ku diski zvinoshandiswa uye fomati iyo 64g partition, kana iwe uchinge wazviita sarudza iyo kana iwe uchipa sarudzo yekuisa.

  3.   Fernando akadaro

    Ini ndaifunga kuti 20GB yakwana ... hahahaha haitenderi hushoma hwe24GB kuiswa ... ndinobvisa sei diski?

  4.   Michael EG akadaro

    Izvi zvingave zvinondinakidza kwandiri kana iyo OS ingangoshandiswa pa100% asi kuve yekumisikidzwa kumisikidzwa ingangopa chete pa50-60%. Ndinofanira kubvunza:
    Izvo zvese zvigadzirwa zvemidziyo zvinoshanda, semuenzaniso kutinhira 3 chiteshi?
    Kuti ushandise odhiyo, unogona here kuisa madhiraivha eg. apollo UAD uye unoshanda ne low latency? UA Apollo mapatya X (Kutinhira 3)
    Ko iyo chaiyo diski nzvimbo inogona kuwedzerwa semuenzaniso? isa software senge pro zvishandiso, cubase, nezvimwe?

    Nekuti kana zvese izvi zvaigona kuitika uye nesisitimu yaive yakagadzikana ... jira: D

  5.   Gonzalo akadaro

    Pandinomhanya basic.sh, inoshuma chikanganiso:

    Haugone kuwana KVM kernel module: Hakuna rakadai faira kana dhairekitori
    qemu-system-x86_64: yakundikana kutanga KVM: Hakuna yakadaro faira kana dhairekitori

  6.   karle akadaro

    mushure mekuda apt-tora kuisa qemu-system qemu-utils python3 python3-pip. dhawunirodha mapakeji epurojekiti kubva kuGitHub chinongedzo ???? ndine urombo ini ndiri mutsva ku linux. chii chinonzi danho / rairo.

    1.    karle akadaro

      Ini ndinoenda kune ino nhanho asi inondiudza kuti haigone kuiwana

      sudo ./jumpstart.sh –catalina
      sudo: ./jumpstart.sh: raira haina kuwanikwa

      1.    gcjuan akadaro

        Haisi imwechete script asi yakapetwa kaviri pamberi pecatalina. Zvisinei, sezvazvinotaura mune reprojekti repaki paGitHub, haufanire kuisa iyo vhezheni yaunoda kuisa kana iwe uchida kuisa Catalina nekuti ndiyo yakasarudzika sarudzo.

  7.   Miguel akadaro

    Sawa,
    Pane mumwe munhu angandibatsira here?

    ./basic.sh
    Haugone kuwana KVM kernel module: Hakuna rakadai faira kana dhairekitori
    qemu-system-x86_64: yakundikana kutanga KVM: Hakuna yakadaro faira kana dhairekitori

    1.    gcjuan akadaro

      Iyo faira iri pane yakaoma dhiraivhu iwe yawakagadzira ine zita rakafanana nefaira rawakawedzera mumitsara kune basic.sh?

      Unofanirwa kunge wakawedzera zvinotevera kumagumo e basic.sh:

      -drive id = SystemDisk, kana = isina, faira = disk_name.qcow2
      -device ide-hd, bhazi = sata.4, dhiraivha = SystemDisk \

      uye zita redhisiki rakaomarara rawakagadzira rinofanirwa kunzi disk_name.qcow2 mune iyi kesi.

      Zvinoita kunge zvakapusa asi kazhinji kacho mhando yezvikanganiso zvinouya kubva muzita remafaira uye nezvimwe kana iko kukanganisa kuri kuti "Hakuna rakadai faira kana dhairekitori".

      Ita shuwa yekumhanyisawo basic.sh script semutungamiriri, ndiko kuti:

      sudo ./basic.sh

      1.    maka akadaro

        Ini ndazviita uye dhisiki hariratidzike mukumisikidza, pamwe kunze kwe ./basic.sh zvakafanirawo kuchinja zita mune imwe nzvimbo usati watanga Sudo ./basic.sh?

        1.    maka akadaro

          Ndakagadzira diski zvakare nemurairo uyu uye ikozvino kana zvikaonekwa:
          qemu-img gadzira -f qcow2 disk_name.qcow2 32G

    2.    Percy akadaro

      Mumwe munhu anogona kundibatsira here kuti qemu izive mudziyo weUSb

  8.   mukristu akadaro

    Mumwe munhu akaedza kubatanidza iPhone uye kukwanisa kuishandisa, ndiko kuti, xCode roll kana mimhanzi kuenderana

  9.   Juanlu akadaro

    Ini ndinowana yakaderera kwazvo resolution, pane chero munhu anoziva kana paine nzira yekuchinja resolution?

    1.    maka akadaro

      Mune iyo basic.sh faira pane mutsara unoti:
      -vga qxl
      Iko kune sarudzo yekuichinjira iyi yeiyi:
      -vga std

      Kune rimwe divi, kana iwe ukapinda mac chaiyo muchina mune marongero eiyo mac pachayo uye kupinda mascreen ipapo unogona kuchinja marongero.

      Chimwe chinhu, hazvina kufanana padanho rekumhanyisa kumhanyisa muchina wewindows mode kana mune yakazara skrini, kuenda kuzere skrini muqemu unofanirwa kushandisa kiyi yekubatanidza: ctrl + alt + F

  10.   maka akadaro

    Pane chero munhu anoziva kugadzira usb inoshanda pane ino chaiyo muchina? Iyo qemu haitombozviziva.

  11.   Leonardo ramirez akadaro

    Kwaziso. Ini ndakakwanisa kuisa zvakakwana muchina neMac OS Mojave.
    Mubvunzo: Ndingawedzera sei RAM yemuchina?
    Ndinogara pa2GB uye ndinoda kuisa 4GB pairi.

    1.    JJ Biosca akadaro

      Zvakanakisa Chinhu chimwe chete ichi chinoitika kwauri, ndine 8GB yekumusoro asi ne macOS Catalina ndinongowana 2GB. Wakakwanisa kuigadzirisa here?
      gracias

    2.    JJ Biosca akadaro

      Yakagadziriswa. Mune iyo basic.sh faira une mutsetse unoratidzira ndangariro yako. Nokutadza iri 2GB. Isa ndangariro chaiyo yauinayo uye chengeta. Mutsetse ndeuyu:

      -m 2G

  12.   Oscar akadaro

    Ndingaite sei kuti ndiwedzere kugona kweiyo mifananidzo kadhi?
    Ingori 3 MB uye ndinoda kuwedzera kwairi.

  13.   dgalvarez99 akadaro

    Unogona kundibatsira ndapota, pandinenge ndichigadzira uye ndiri kuenda kunosarudza diski kwairi kuzoiswa, zvinoita sekunge disk rakavharwa

  14.   Nit Kwete akadaro

    Hi,
    Kutevera iwo mirairo, ini ndine Mac OS Catalina, inomhanya Qemu uye Linux Mint 20.
    Ndokumbirawo, mumwe munhu anditsanangure, maitiro ekugonesa, kune chero mushandisi weLinux, kuti akwanise kumhanyisa muchina chaiwo.
    Chero kutsanangura mvumo dzandinofanira kupa kuti ndiwane yangu / imba, kana kuratidza mashandisirwo emuchina mune imwe dhairekitori yekuwana kune vese vashandisi.
    Ndinoigadzira ine zita rangu rekushandisa, asi mwanasikana wangu anoda kuishandisa uye haagone kubva kwaari.
    Ndinokutendai zvikuru.

  15.   Edgar quiroz akadaro

    Inoshanda chaizvo uye ichinyorova sezvo muVirtualBox ine Windows iri mega inononoka

  16.   Alexander Pallares akadaro

    Ini handina kukwanisa kupedzisa zvinobudirira, zvakandipa {o iwo mameseji anotevera:
    Kutora BaseSystem / BaseSystem.dmg… [######################## ########## # ##################) se dmg… [# # # # # # ######################] Kutora BaseSystem / BaseSystem.dmg… [# # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # ##################] 100%
    ./jumpstart.sh: mutsara 39: / home / alex / Downloads / tools / dmg2img: haigone kuendesa binary faira
    alex @ alex-Macmini: ~ / Downloads $ qemu-img gadzira -f qcow2 alex_mac.qcow2 24G
    Kugadzira 'alex_mac.qcow2', fmt = qcow2 size = 25769803776 cluster_size = 65536 lazy_refcounts = off refcount_bits = 16
    alex @ alex-Macmini: ~ / Downloads $ ./basic.sh
    Haugone kuwana KVM kernel module: Mvumo yaramba
    qemu-system-x86_64: yakundikana kutanga KVM: Mvumo yaramba
    ./basic.sh: mutsara 30: -device: raira harina kuwanikwa

    Ndichaonga rutsigiro rwako

  17.   Xavier D akadaro

    mhoro, handizive kana iyi iriyo nzvimbo chaiyo asi ndinoda rubatsiro, mune yangu linux primary distro kwemwedzi mishoma ndanga ndichiisa ClamTK kubva kuchitoro chepuraimari chepamutemo chandikanganisa, haigone kuburitswa uye pakuisa. zvirongwa zvakasiyana senge kubva kuQUEMU kana chero chimwe chinobuda zvinotevera:
    dpkg: kukanganisa kunouraya kusingagoneki, kubvisa pamuviri:
    kuverenga rondedzero yemafaira epakeji 'libclamav9: amd64': Kupinza / kubuda kukanganisa
    E: Sub-process / usr / bin / dpkg yakadzosa kodhi yekukanganisa (2)
    Ndokumbirawo mubatsire kukanganisa uku kusanditendera kuti ndigadzirise mafaera eOS kungave nemaoko kana otomatiki, hazviite kuti ndiise mapurogiramu matsva

    1.    Isaac akadaro

      Mhoro, edza izvi:

      cd / var / lib / dpkg

      ls -l

      Tsvaga faira inonzi status

      sudo cp status.bak

      sudo nano chimiro

      Tarisa mukati meiyi faira repasuru 'libclamav9: amd64'
      Kana wangowana pairi, bvisa zvese zvinyorwa zvichireva pazviri, kubva pa "Package" kuenda ku "Original-Maintainer"
      Sevha neCtrl + O uye buda mupepeti

      sudo apt upgrade

      sudo apt -fix-broken install

      sudo rm status.bak

      Izvozvo zvinofanira kushanda.
      Thanks!