Maitiro ekunyatso simbisa kuvimbika kweiyo ISO mufananidzo weako distro

chengetedza ISO mufananidzo

Iwe pamwe watora pasi kugoverwa kweGNU / Linux kuti umise. Kazhinji vashandisi vazhinji vanosarudza kusaongorora chero chinhu, ivo vanongotora iyo ISO mufananidzo, vanoipisa mumoto unovhurika uye vanogadzirira kuisa kugovera kwavo. Pakupedzisira, vamwe vanoongorora huwandu asi kwete chokwadi cheiyo pachayo. Asi izvi zvinogona kutungamira kumafaira kushatiswa kana kuchinjwa nevanhu vechitatu vane huipi ...

Rangarira kuti kwete chete iyo inogona kukusevha kubva kune yakashatiswa mafaera, asi zvakare mamwe cyber tsotsi Iwe wakashandura nemaune chifananidzo kuti ubatanidze mamwe malware kana madhoo ekumashure kuti usore vashandisi. Muchokwadi, haisi nguva yekutanga kuti kumwe kwekurwiswa uku kuitike pane distro kurodha pasi maseva uye zvimwe zvirongwa zvezvinangwa izvi.

Zvaunoda kuziva kare

Zvakanaka, sezvamunoziva, kana iwe uchirodha pasi distro pane akati wandei emafaira ekuongorora. Ndizvo here iyo MD5 uye iyo SHA. Chinhu chega chinosiyana mavari ndeyekunyorera algorithm iyo yakashandiswa mune yega yega, asi ese ari maviri anoshandira chinangwa chimwe chete. Iwe unofanirwa kushandisa iyo SHA.

ari chaiwo mafaira iyo iwe yaunogona kuwana kana uchitsvaga iyo distro, kuwedzera kune iyo ISO mufananidzo pachayo, ndeaya:

  • distro-zita-mufananidzo.iso: ndiyo iyo ine iyo ISO mufananidzo weiyo distro pachayo. Inogona kuve nemazita akasiyana kwazvo. Semuenzaniso, ubuntu-20.04-desktop-amd64.iso. Mune ino kesi inoratidza kuti ndiyo Ubuntu 20.04 distro yedesktop uye yeiyo AMD64 dhizaini (x86-64 kana EM64T, muchidimbu, x86 64-bit).
  • MD5SUMS: Iine macheki emifananidzo. Mune ino kesi MD5 inoshandiswa.
  • MD5SUMS.gpg: mune ino kesi ine yechokwadi yedhijitari siginicha yeiyo yapfuura faira, kuti uone kuti ndeyechokwadi.
  • SHA256SUMS: Iine macheki emifananidzo. Mune ino kesi SHA256 inoshandiswa.
  • SHA256SUMS.gpg: mune ino kesi ine yechokwadi yedhijitari siginicha yeiyo yapfuura faira, kuti uone kuti ndeyechokwadi.

Unotoziva kuti kana ukadzora uchishandisa iyo .torrent Kuongorora hakuzove kuri kudikanwa, nekuti ongororo inosanganisirwa muitiro wekurodha pasi nemhando idzi dzevatengi.

Muenzaniso

Zvino ngatiisei muenzaniso unoshanda yemabatiro aanofanira kuita mune chaiyo kesi. Ngatifungei kuti isu tinoda kurodha Ubunut 20.04 uye tiongorore iyo ISO mufananidzo uchishandisa SHA256:

Iwo mapurogiramu aunoda anowanzouya pre-akaiswa. Zvikasadaro iwe unozofanirwa kuisa iyo coreutils uye gnupg mapakeji
  1. Dhawunirodha iyo ISO chifananidzo Ubuntu chaihwo.
  2. Dhawunirodha mafaira ekuongorora. Ndokunge, zvese SHA256SUMS uye SHA256SUMS.gpg.
  3. Iye zvino iwe unofanirwa kuita inotevera mirairo kubva kudhairekitori uko kwawakadhirodha (uchifungidzira kuti ari muDownloads) ku Tarisa:
cd Descargas
gpg --keyid-format long --verify SHA256SUMS.gpg SHA256SUMS
gpg --keyid-format long --keyserver hkp://keyserver.ubuntu.com --recv-keys 0xD94AA3F0EFE21092
sha256sum -c SHA256SUMS 

ari mhedzisiro yakakandwa mirairo iyi haifanire kukuyambira. Iwo wechipiri kuraira waizoratidza siginecha ruzivo neUbuntu hunhu mune iyi kesi. Kana iwe ukaverenga meseji «Iko hakuna kunongedzera kuti siginecha ndeya muridzi"Kana"Iko hakuna kunongedzera kuti siginecha ndeya muridzi" haufaniri kutya. Zvinowanzoitika kana zvisina kuziviswa setakavimbika. Ndosaka uchifanira kuve nechokwadi chekuti kiyi yakadzingwa ndeyechinhu (mune iyi kesi, ivo vanogadzira Ubuntu), uye nekudaro rairo rechitatu randakaisa ...

Murairo wechina unofanirwa kukuudza kuti zvese zvakanaka kana kuti «Iyo sum inowirirana»Kana iyo ISO mufananidzo faira isina kuchinjwa. Zvikasadaro, inofanira kukuzivisa iwe kuti chimwe chinhu hachina kunaka ...


Izvo zviri muchinyorwa zvinoomerera pamisimboti yedu ye tsika dzekunyora. Kuti utaure chikanganiso tinya pano.

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