Linux kugoverwa kwemaseva. Dzimwe sarudzo

Linux kugoverwa kwemaseva

Kunyangwe raive risati rave gore reLinux pane desktop, mune zvimwe zvikamu zvemusika zvinogona kunge zviri mutambi mukuru kana zvinokwikwidzana zvakabatana nedzimwe nzira dzekudyidzana. Semuenzaniso, ese mazana mashanu ane simba kwazvo makomputa anoshandisa sehurongwa hwekushandisa. Uye, kana isu tikataura nezve maseva, iyo inowanikwa pachena manhamba inoita kunge inoratidza parity neWindows.

Chii chinonzi server masisitimu anoshanda

Seva inoshanda sisitimu, isisitimu yekushandisa yakanyatsogadzirirwa kumhanya pamaseva (Nhasi ndiri chirevo chezviri pachena). Ndezve software yakaturikidzana pamusoro payo mamwe mapurogiramu esoftware, kana maapplication, anogona kumhanya pane server server. Mune mamwe mazwi, inoshanda zvakafanana nedesktop inoshanda sisitimu, nharembozha inoshanda sisitimu, kana yakadzamidzirwa sisitimu inoshanda sisitimu. Basa rayo kubvumira mapurogiramu esoftware uye maapplication kuti amhanye pane iwo madhifaiti.

Iyo Server Inoshanda Sisitimu inobatsira kugonesa uye kufambisa chaiwo mabasa akadai se:

  • Webhu server.
  • email server.
  • faira server.
  • database server.
  • sevha yekushandisa.
  • purinda server.

Pakutanga, Chero chero komputa mudziyo, kusanganisira imwechete bhodhi makomputa, malaptop, desktops, uye mafoni anogona kuve maseva. Nekudaro, nekuda kwezvikonzero zvekuita, michina yakagadzirirwa yakagadzirirwa inowanzo shandiswa.

Sezvazviri mumusika wedesktop, mumusika servere inogona kuwana yakavhurwa sosi uye mhinduro dzemidziyo. Muchiitiko cheyakavhurwa sosi, hutungamiriri iLinux, kunyangwe paine dzimwe nzira dzakanangana neBSD neSolaris. Panyaya yemakambani ane hupfumi, mutungamiri asina kupokana ndiMicrosoft.

Pakati pezvirongwa zveLinux yakanyanya kushandiswa iRed Hat iyo inotengeswa pasi peiyo modhi yekunyorera

Zvinoenderana neazvino manhamba aripo, musika unogoverwa seinotevera:

  • Windows: 47,8%
  • Tsvuku Huru: 33,9%
  • Vamwe (vasingazivikanwe): 18,3%

Linux kugoverwa kwemaseva. Dzimwe sarudzo

Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server

Ndataura pamusoro apa kuti Red Hat inowanikwa pasi peiyo modhi yekunyorera iyo inokupa iwe kuwana kune software, technical technical, uye kugadzirisa. ZvisineiKana iwe uchida kuzviziva iwe neiyo Linux inoshanda sisitimu inonyanya kushandiswa mumaseva nemidziyo yayo, unogona kuzviita uyen mahara nekunyorera ku yako yekuvandudza portal.

Debian

Debian ndiye imwe yeakanakisa kugoverwa kweLinux. Iyo ine yakazara yakazara zvinyorwa, yakanakisa package package manejimendi, uye chirongwa chekuvandudza icho chinoona kuti yega yega yakagadzikana vhezheni yavanoburitsa yakanyatsogadzikana.

Ini handina kuwana chero akavimbika manhamba ekutsigira izvo zvandiri kuda kutaura kuti ndingave ndiri kuwana zvinotyisa zvisirizvo. Pfungwa yangu ndeyekuti Debian pane maseva haina kufarirwa sezvayaifanira. Ini ndinofungidzira iwe unofanirwa kuona kuti kusiyana neUbuntu ivo havaregedze yakakodzera vhezheni yemaseva. Ndiye mushandisi panguva yekuisirwa uyo anosarudza kuti oisa desktop kana server kunyorera.

Ubuntu Server

La shanduro yeUbuntu maseva kanaIyo inopa kusimba kweDebian pamwe nekubatanidzwa kwetekinoroji yegore uye kuona. Uye zvakare, iko kushandiswa kweiyo Snap packet fomati uye neiyo LivePatch sevhisi iyo inobvumira kernel kugadzirisa pasina kudikanwa kwekuitazve, deredza midziyo yekuzorora. Kunyangwe iko kugovera kuri kwemahara, unogona kubvumirana neCanonical's technical support sevhisi.

Fedora Server

Una kugoverwa yemaseva akagadzirwa nenharaunda, asi anotsigirwa neRed Hat. Fedora Server yakanakira maneja maneja anoda kuwana matekinoroji azvino zvemahara.

CentOS

Chimwe chirongwa nharaunda inotsigirwa neRed Hat uye yakavakwa nekodhi kodhi yekuparadzira uku. Iyo yemahara saFedora, asi zvinotora nguva kuisa itsva shanduro uye matekinoroji. Izvi hazvina hazvo kuipa, tiri kutaura nezve chikamu chinoda kugadzikana uye kuvimbika.

Cloud Linux

Mune ino kesi tine mugove pPfungwa chete kune dzakagovaniswa webhu dzinopa vatapi. Musimboti wayo unovakwa zvichibva pane tekinoroji yeOverVZ OpenVZ inobvumira akawanda masisitimu anoshanda kuti amhanye zvese uye panguva imwe chete.

CloudLinux inoparadzanisa mutengi wega mune yakasarudzika "Chiedza Yakasarudzika Nharaunda" (LVE), iyo migove, inogovera uye inogumira server zviwanikwa, senge ndangariro, CPU nekubatana, kune yega yega

Kugoverwa uku wakasununguka kuyedza kwemazuva makumi matatu wozotenga rezinesi.


Izvo zviri muchinyorwa zvinoomerera pamisimboti yedu ye tsika dzekunyora. Kuti utaure chikanganiso tinya pano.

Makomendi gumi, siya zvako

Siya yako yekutaura

Your kero e havazobvumirwi ichibudiswa.

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  1.   webzi akadaro

    Uye Suse entreprise Linux? Oracle? IBM ????

    1.    Diego ChiGerman Gonzalez akadaro

      Iwo zvirokwazvo akasarudzika sarudzo dzandisina kuwana mukana wekuyedza izvozvi.
      Uye, mukuzvidzivirira kwangu, zita racho rinodaro Dzimwe sarudzo
      Gracias por tu comentario

  2.   Ulysses akadaro

    Mhoroi, kana iri yekutaura nezve IBM LINUX, sekufunga kwangu, IBM yakatenga Red Hat, saka kutaura nezve Red Hat kuri kutaura nezve IBM. Kana iri Oracle, ini handizive kuti ndeipi modhi yacho, sezvo yakatenga Sun Microsystems, zvimwe zviitiko zvaive zvemahara zvakabhadharwa, senge zvimwe zvikamu zvekuchengetedzwa kweJava, uye zvakare yakabvisa My SQL nekuitenga, ndizvo nei yakamuka MariaDB; saka chokwadi chako chekushandisa hachina kusununguka kana, ndinotarisira kuti ndakanganisa.

    1.    Diego ChiGerman Gonzalez akadaro

      Chokwadi. Asi inotarisirwa senge chikamu chakazvimiririra. Muchokwadi IBM inopawo maseva ane Ubuntu.
      Kana zviri zveOracle, vhezheni yayo yeLinux inopihwa pasi peyemhando yekunyorera. Solaris ichiri yemahara kunyangwe isisiri yakavhurwa sosi.