Linux Kernel: Isu tinotsanangura mutsauko pakati pe6 marudzi akasiyana

Linux kernel

Linux. Kune akawanda, ese anoshanda masisitimu, kana saka isu tinonongedzera kwavari. Asi chokwadi ndechekuti ndiro musimboti pakavakirwa ese. Kubudirira kwayo kwakatanga makore makumi matatu nerimwe apfuura sechirongwa chegore rekupedzisira naLinus Torvalds, uye nhasi iri mumhando dzese dzemidziyo, kubva kumakomputa kuenda kuIoT (Internet yezvinhu) zvishandiso, zvichipfuura nemumakore. Asi hapana kana imwe chete linux kernel, kana kuti, kune shanduro dzakasiyana dzayo.

Chinonyanya kuzivikanwa kernel yakagadzikana. Ndiyo inoshandiswa mukugovera kwakawanda iyo isingasarudze LTS, asiwo pane zvimwe zvakagadzirirwa yeaudiovisual editing, kana mamwe anogamuchira zvigamba zvekuchengetedza pamberi peiyo yakagadzikana. Muchikamu chino tichataura pamusoro pezvitanhatu zvingasarudzwa, imwe neimwe iine chikonzero chekuve. Ndeipi yakanakisa sarudzo ichaenderana nekushandiswa kwedu kwezuva nezuva.

Linux kernel

Yakasimba

Sezvinoratidzwa nezita racho, ndiyo shanduro yakagadzikana yeLinux kernel, uye ndiyo yakagadziridzwa naLinus Torvalds pamwe nevaanoshanda navo. inokandwa imwe yekuvandudza nyowani mwedzi miviri kana zvakadaro, uye yekutanga chinyorwa chinoiswa kamwe pamakore matatu ega ega, zvakanyanya kana zvishoma. Ndiyo inoshandiswa mukugovera kwakawanda, chero vasingasarudze imwe yakafanana neinotevera pane rondedzero.

LTS

LTS inomirira Long Term Support, zvinoreva kuti inotsigirwa kwenguva yakareba. Nguva yekutsigira inoenderana nevachengeti, uye, semuenzaniso, Linux 5.15 LTS inofanirwa uye inotarisirwa kutsigirwa kwenguva shoma pane Linux 5.10 LTS. Kazhinji ndivo yakatsigirwa kwemakore mashanu, asi vachengeti vanogona kusarudza kuti nguva ino inoderedzwa kusvika kumakore matatu.

Chinhu chakanaka nezve LTS kernel ndechekuti haigamuchire zvinhu zvitsva kuti vaigona kutyora kuwirirana, izvo uye kuti vanogashira akawanda ekugadzirisa zvigadziriso. Nokudaro, ivo vakagadzikana kupfuura avo vakagadzikana, kanganwirai redundancy, asi havagamuchiri nhau dzisiri dzekugadzirisa chimwe chinhu.

rt kana Nguva Chaiyo

Kana isu tichishanda neaudiovisual content, panogona kuve nekunonoka pakati pechiratidzo uye kana yasvika pamidziyo. Somuenzaniso, kana tikabatanidza gitare remagetsi nekombiyuta, tikaisa mahedhifoni uye software yacho isiri kumira zvakanaka, tinogona kupedzisira tanzwa ruzha nokunonoka, zvichiita kuti tisakwanisa kuridza zvakanaka. Aya marudzi ematambudziko anoderedzwa ne -rt kernel kana mukati nguva chaiyo.

Zvakaomeswa

Iyo "yakaomeswa" vhezheni yeLinux kernel yakagadzikana, yakatarisana nekuchengetedza, uye inouya nezvigamba izvo yakagadzikana vhezheni haisati yawana. Ane a zvirongwa zvekuchengetedza.

Ramba uchifunga kuti iyo yakawedzera layer yechengetedzo zvinogona kuita kuti mamwe mapurogiramu asashande neiyi kernel, saka inofanirwa kushandiswa chete kana chengetedzo chiri chinhu chakakosha pakushandisa kwedu nemidziyo.

Zen

Iyo Linux kernel yakagadzirwa nekuita mupfungwa, asi zvakare inoshandisa simba rakawanda. Naizvozvo, kushandiswa kwayo kunokurudzirwa zvakanyanya pamakomputa edesktop, kwete zvakanyanya pamalaptops uko kuzvitonga kunogona kuderedzwa zvakanyanya. Nekuda kwekuita kwayo, inoonekwa nevakawanda seyakanakisa sarudzo yekutamba. Ita low latency uye high refresh rate.

Kune kugovera, kwakadai seGaruda Linux, inoshandisa iyi kernel kuvandudza mashandiro, chimwe chinhu chekuchengeta mupfungwa kana ukashandisa laptop uye haitore nguva yakareba isina kurodha.

linux-yakasununguka

linux-yakasununguka ipurojekiti inochengetedza akati wandei akagadziridzwa shanduro dzeLinux kernel dziri bvisa zvese zvisingasanganisire source code uye mamwe masoftware anoshandisa marezinesi evaridzi. Inokurudzirwa neFree Software Foundation.

Ndeipi Linux kernel yandinofanira kushandisa?

Kubva pakuona kwangu, izvo kugovera kwedu kunopa yave pedyo nekuve iyo yakanakira sarudzo kwatiri. Iyo inogona kusashandisa yazvino yakagadzikana vhezheni, asi inofanirwa kusanganisira yazvino chengetedzo zvigamba. Kana isu tichida iyo yekupedzisira, uye kugovera kwedu hakuishandise, iyo yakagadzikana Linux kernel inofanira kunge iri chinhu chechipiri chekufunga nezvacho.

Pakupedzisira, zvakanakisisa izvo zvinonyatsoenderana nezvido zvedu, uye kana pane zvakawanda zvingasarudzwa imhaka yekuti zvakakosha. Yakaomeswa uye RT inofanirwawo kuverengerwa nevatambi uye vagadziri vemukati zvichiteerana. Sezvandinogara ndichitaura, sarudzo ndeyedu.


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