Kutanga kwekupedzisira. Iyo prehistory yeUnix chikamu 9

Kutanga kwekuguma

Bell Labs yakagadzika akati wandei masayendisiti akangwara echizvarwa chavo. Vamwe vaitova nezvinzvimbo zvemamaneja mukambani yevabereki. Asi zvakadaro, havana kukwanisa kuona shanduko yakanga ichiitika pavari. Shanduko yaive yakanyanya basa reBell Labs. Nzwisisa nyaya iyi zvichatibatsira kunzwisisa nei Unix yakava sisitimu yekushandisa yereferenzi, uye nei pachinzvimbo chekuishandisa nhasi makomputa mazhinji anomhanyisa reimplementations kana kukurudziras. Kune avo vanozviti, kana ndapedza iyi nhevedzano uye ndisati ndatanga nenhoroondo yeUnix, ndinovimbisa kuburitsa zvinyorwa zvebhaibheri.

Kutanga kwekupera kwesangano

Vakuru veAT&T vakaita zvivi zvakaipisisa. Vakakanganwa kuti vaimhanyisa kambani. Ivo vaiona ivo vega senzvimbo yekuAmerica padanho reapuro pie, Chikunguru 4 fireworks, kana Thanksgiving nhabvu mutambo. Ivo vakasarudza kufuratira zviratidzo zvekuti kune vezvematongerwo enyika nevakuru vakuru vaida kuvayeuchidza (Icho chichava chikamu chechinyorwa chinotevera) asi, vaifanira kutarisana nazvo apo vaiva vatengi veAmerica pachavo vakatumira shoko racho zvakajeka.

Apo, mumakore gumi echipiri ezana ramakore rechiXNUMX, Theodore Vail akatora kambani, akafunga kusiya hurongwa hwekuwedzera hukasha hwevakamutangira uye. vanobvumirana pamamiriro ezvinhu ehumwe chete nehurumende yenyika uye hurumende. Panguva iyoyo hutungamiri hwaive nemusoro sezvo mari yaidiwa kuvaka hurongwa hwekufambiswa kwemashoko hwakabatanidzwa (kunyanya munharaunda yakakura uye yakasiyana-siyana seyeU.SA) yaingowanikwa kumakambani makuru kana hurumende.

Vail haasi iye chete akakurudzira kune vane masimba kusikwa kwevatongi. Akavadzidzisawo zvokurayira. Yakamisa chinangwa chekupa basa rekutanga padanho renzvimbo nemitengo inokwanisika.. Nhaurirano dzenzendo refu dzainyanya kukosha kumakambani makuru uye masangano ehurumende aigona kubhadhara mitengo yepamusoro.

Ndakashamisika kuziva kuti imwe yeAT & T masosi emari yaifanira kuita kwete nekutaurirana asi nemari.. Kambani yakawana zvikwereti zvakaderera kuti iwane mari yekuisa mitsetse nemidziyo. Zvakare, vaipihwa mari kune vatengi pamitengo yakakwira zvishoma, kuchengetedza musiyano.

Kuchinja, zvese zvinoshanduka

Mukutanga kwemaXNUMX zvaiva pachena kune vakawanda kuti gadziriro yacho yaifanira kuchinja. Kuwedzera kwenzira, kufarirwa kwemotokari, kusunungurwa kwevakadzi uye nhamba yevanhu vakaona nyika nekuda kweHondo Yenyika Yechipiri yakaunza shanduko huru munharaunda.

Kutanga, pwere dzakatanga kutsvaka nzira dzokuzvisiyanisa nadzo navabereki vavo. Chechipiri, vanhu vakajaira kufamba kure nekumba. Pakavakwa hurumende, chinangwa chaiva chekuti vanhu vashandise runhare muguta ravo. Ikozvino yave kushandiswa zvakanyanya uye zvakanyanya kufona kure kure. Dambudziko nderekuti muchirongwa chaifungidzirwa naVail, kufambiswa kwemashoko kureba kwaibatsira nhare dzemuno sezvo sisitimu yacho yaionekwa se network yemambure emunharaunda.

Uye, ngatisakanganwe kukanganisa kwakakonzerwa neshamwari Shannon nekuratidza kuti kuburikidza nenharembozha imwechete zvaigoneka kufambisa masaini evhidhiyo nedata.

AT&T yakatsvaira dambudziko pasi pe rug. Panzvimbo pekutsanangura patsva sevhisi yayo setiweki imwe chete yekufambisa akawanda marudzi edata uye yakatarisana nedaro refu, yakafunga kuwedzera kuedza kwayo mubhizinesi rechinyakare. Ehe, kuita yekutanga kungadai kwakareva nhaurirano nevatongi vehurumende nevenyika, uye pakupedzisira kusiya hutongi.

Aya ndiwo matangiro akaita kambani chirongwa chehasha chekuti vanhu vashandise runhare zvakanyanya uye kunyange kuhaya mutsara wechipiri kana wechitatu.. Western Electric yakagadzira Apple hombe nekugadzira magajeti aive ekushongedza. Akatomboedza (uye akakundikana) kutengesa videophone pamusika wekambani.

Semubayiro akatanga kupa zvidzikiso kune mahombe marefu ekufona vashandisi.

Chakanakira capitalism ndechekuti mumwe munhu anogara achiona chinodiwa uye anochigutsa, chero chiine pundutso uye zvisinei nemirau inoirambidza. AT&T yakarambidzwa kupinda mumusika wemakombuta uye yakazvipira kune rombo rakanaka zvekuti yaidzivirira michina yekushambadzira iyo yaigona kuzivikanwa sekombuta. Zvisinei, mamwe makambani Pasinei nezvipingamupinyi zvepamutemo, havana kuzeza kutengesa otomatiki mafoni ekutsinhana uye modem dzakachipa zvakanyanya. Nekufamba kwenguva, vatongi vaizotonga vachitsigira makambani aya, vachiaita zviri pamutemo.

Unoyeuka here zvideredzwa pamafoni epasirese evashandisi vakakura? Pakarepo mumwe munhu akawana bhizinesi rebrokerage. Yakatenga hurongwa hwedata hombe uye yakacheka kuti vashandisi vega vabatsirwe nemitengo yakaderera. Zvakare AT&T yakatadza kuidzivirira.

Uye pakupedzisira kwakauya inflation. Mari yakaderera iyo kambani yakawana chinhu chekare. Uye, sezvo aisakwanisa kuwedzera mubhadharo wevashandisi, Yaimbove nzira yekuwana nayo mari yave kupera mari.

Ndinovimbisa, chimwezve chinyorwa uye tinouya kuUnix.

Iyo yekutanga yeUnix
Nyaya inoenderana:
Iyo yekutanga yeUnix uye basa reBell Labs
Kuunza masayendisiti uye mainjiniya pamwechete
Nyaya inoenderana:
Kuunza masayendisiti uye mainjiniya pamwechete. Iyo yekutanga yeUnix. Chikamu 2
Vacuum sepombi
Nyaya inoenderana:
Vacuum sepombi. Iyo yekutanga nhoroondo yeUnix chikamu 3
Kuuya kwetransistor
Nyaya inoenderana:
Kuuya kwetransistor. Iyo yekutanga yeUnix Chikamu Chechina
Nyaya inoenderana:
VaClaude Shannon. Iyo Prehistory yeUnix Chikamu Cheshanu
Basa raShannon
Nyaya inoenderana:
Basa raShannon. Iyo prehistory yeUnix chikamu 6
Ruzivo rwedzidziso
Nyaya inoenderana:
Ruzivo rwedzidziso. Iyo prehistory yeUnix chikamu chechinomwe
Mameseji mazhinji, fomati imwe
Nyaya inoenderana:
Mameseji mazhinji, kodhi imwe. Iyo prehistory yeUnix chikamu chesere.

Izvo zviri muchinyorwa zvinoomerera pamisimboti yedu ye tsika dzekunyora. Kuti utaure chikanganiso tinya pano.

Makomendi gumi, siya zvako

Siya yako yekutaura

Your kero e havazobvumirwi ichibudiswa.

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  1. Inotarisira data: AB Internet Networks 2008 SL
  2. Chinangwa cheiyo data: Kudzora SPAM, manejimendi manejimendi.
  3. Legitimation: Kubvuma kwako
  4. Kutaurirana kwedata
  5. Dhata yekuchengetedza: Dhatabhesi inobatwa neOccentus Networks (EU)
  6. Kodzero: Panguva ipi neipi iwe unogona kudzora, kupora uye kudzima ruzivo rwako

  1.   zerua akadaro

    Ndiri kuda chikamu ichi chenhoroondo yauri kutiudza uye nezve revolution kwete chete mumhando dzekutaurirana, asi mumunda wemagetsi uye kuti yakatungamirira sei kudigitization pakupedzisira.

    Kumbundira uye kukutendai nekutiunzira zvinhu izvi.

    1.    Diego ChiGerman Gonzalez akadaro

      Ndatenda nekupindura.