FSF Inoti "Hupenyu Huri Nani Paunodzivirira Windows 11" Inoyambira Kuti Iri Kutadzisa Vashandisi Verusununguko Rwavo

Imwe yenharo dzinopisa zvikuru munharaunda munharaunda mishanu yapfuura yave iri Windows 11 zvemahara zvinodiwa, asi iyo Yemahara Software Foundation (FSF) Ini ndakanga ndisina kubatanidzwa kusvikira ipapo. Asi, yakamirira yepamutemo system kuvhura zuva inoshanda kupa maonero ako nezvenyaya iyi, Icho chokwadi ndechekuti FSF inoona Windows 11 se "yakakosha nhanho munzira isiriyo yerusununguko rwevashandisi."

Sangano inotaura kuti Windows 11 yakanga isiri kuita chinhu kurerutsa "Nhoroondo refu yeWindows inotorera vashandisi rusununguko rwekushandisa uye kuzvitonga."

Iyo itsva avatar yeMicrosoft desktop desktop inoshanda yakwezva kushoropodzwa kwakakosha kubva kune vese vashandisi nemasangano. Kunyangwe hazvo Windows 11 iri hombe kudzokorora kweWindows, iine mitsva maficha ekuvandudza kugadzirwa, chengetedzo, uye ruzivo rwekutamba, Microsoft yakaodza moyo vashoma vashandisi nekumisikidza iyo bha yakanyanya kukwirira yemhando yemutambo.

Iyo kambani inodzika nyaya yayo yebhizinesi pachokwadi chekuti inotsvaga kuchengetedza mushandisi kuchengetedzeka, asi izvo zvinodikanwa zvinobvisa mamirioni emaPC, dzimwe nguva matsva.

Mune blog blog (pane yepamutemo Windows 11 kuburitsa zuva) na Greg Farough, FSF mushandirapamwe, Sangano rinoti Windows 11 inodzokera kumashure kana zvasvika kurusununguko rwe digital.

“Musi wa5 Gumiguru, Windows 11, system yakagara ichiramba vashandisi rusununguko rwekushandisa uye kuzvitonga, yakaburitswa, uye iyi vhezheni itsva haina chainoita kuigadzirisa. Kunyange hazvo Microsoft yakaparura masirogani asina kujeka uye anokurudzira pamusoro penharaunda nekubatana, Windows 11 inhanho huru munzira isiriyo kana toreva nezverusununguko rwevashandisi, ”akanyora Farough.

Sechiyeuchidzo, iyo FSF yakagadzirwa naRichard M. Stallman, aimbova MIT mushandi (akasiya basa munaGunyana 2019 pakati penyaya yekushungurudzwa pabonde), kuyedza kugadzira mashandiro uye mamwe mabasa eruzhinji asingakanganise rusununguko rwekutaura. 

Izwi rekuti "yemahara" haireve pamutengo, asi pakukwanisa kushandura nekugovana software sezvaunoda. Farough akati Microsoft yakanga "yakasarudza nemaune kuumba mamiriro emagetsi asina kurongeka, umo mugadziri nemaune anochengeta vashandisi vasina simba uye vachivimba nekubvisa ruzivo."

"Hazvichakodzeri kuidaidza kuti komputa yemunhu kana iri pasi peMicrosoft pane kumushandisi," akadaro. Farough akataura kuti chokwadi chekuti Windows 11 ikozvino inoda kuti mushandisi agadzire account yeMicrosoft ichapa Redmond hofori "kugona kuenzanisa maitiro evashandisi nehunhu hwavo." "Kunyangwe avo vanofunga kuti havana chekuhwanda vanofanirwa kungwarira nezvekugovana zvese zvavo zveIT nekambani, ndoda kambani inogara kune imwe nyika," yakadaro FSF.

Farough akatsanangura danho reMicrosoft rekurega kubvumira maPC akura kuti amhanye Windows 11 sekuedza kumanikidza munhu wese vashandisi kushandisa iyo Yakavimbika Platform Module (TPM).

Uye ndizvo izvozvo Tinofanira kucherechedza kuti Microsoft yakabvuma kubvira chiziviso cheWindows 11 muna Chikumi kuti izvo TPM 2.0 zvinodiwa zvakakosha kuti ubatsirwe zvizere kubva mukuchengetedza kwakakwidziridzwa uko iyo nyowani sisitimu yekushandisa inopa kune vashandisi. "Iyi [TPM] iri kutsausa, nekuti kana ikashandiswa nekambani yepropathi software, hukama hwavo nemushandisi hahwune kuvimba, asi pakutengesa," akadaro Farough mune yake posvo.

"Kana yakanyatso kudzorwa nemushandisi, TPM inogona kuva nzira inobatsira yekusimbisa kuvharira uye kuvanzika kwevashandisi, asi kana iri mumaoko aMicrosoft, hatina tarisiro," akaenderera mberi. Sekureva kwemaneja wemushandirapamwe weFSF, sangano rinotarisira kuti Microsoft ishandise yakasimba kriptographic control in Windows 11 kuti isimbise DRM yakasimba (manejimendi manejimendi manejimendi) pane midhiya uye mashandisirwo kuti ave nechokwadi chekuti hapana chishandiso chinogona kushanda pasina mvumo kubva kuMicrosoft.

Akataura kuti pachinzvimbo che DRM, iyo FSF inotaura mune iyi nyaya ye "dhijitari kudzora manejimendi." Kuenzanisira iyi poindi, Farough anoita zvinotevera kucherechedza nezvezvinodiwa zveMicrosoft zvinoshandiswa muWindows: Vashandisi veWindows vanowanzosarudza imwe inozivikanwa (kunyangwe ichinetsa zvakanyanya) imwe nzira seZoom, munzvimbo yepakati uye inogumbura uye yakanyatsoibatanidza futi. nzira iyo Windows inobata vanhu vaunosangana navo ”.

Achitaura nezvese zvataurwa pamusoro pekuda kweMicrosoft kweLinux, Farough yakati haina kuwedzera kuWindows.

"Mumakore achangopfuura, Microsoft yakaedza kukanganisa nzira yakavhurika sosi inovandudza 'hupenyu pamwechete' nekugadzira musimboti weMicrosoft GitHub maficha anoenderana neasina maJavaScript uye kuendesa vashandisi ku'Sevhisi seKutsiviwa kwesoftware-senge software," Farough akadaro.

"Nekurwisa rusununguko rwevashandisi kuburikidza neWindows uye yemahara software nharaunda zvakananga kuburikidza neisina-mahara JavaScript, Microsoft iri kuratidza kuti haina chinangwa kusunungura kubata kwayo kune vashandisi," akagumisa.

mabviro: https://www.fsf.org


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