Iyo Cathedral uye Bazaar inotendeuka makumi maviri nemashanu


Kutenda kushamwari dze Kanaima GNU / Linux takadzidza kuti Chivabvu 27, 2022 vakapemberera kusvitsa makore makumi maviri nemashanu chimwe chezvinyorwa zvakakosha kunzwisisa software yemahara. Iyo Cathedral uye Bazaar naEric S Raymond.

Sei Cathedral uye The Bazaar?

Mubhuku, Raymond anotaura nezvemhando mbiri dzekuvandudza software

... iyo "cathedral" modhi, inoshanda kune zvakawanda zvebudiriro inoitwa munyika yekushambadzira software, kusiyana neiyo "bazaar" modhi, inowanzoitika yeLinux world.

Muchitsauko chekutanga, munyori anotsanangura zvakaita kuti anyore bhuku

Pakazosvika nguva Linux yakabuda pachiratidziro cheradar yangu kutanga kwa1993, ndakanga ndatobatanidzwa muUnix uye yakavhurika sosi kusimudzira kwemakore gumi. Aive mumwe weavo vakatanga kubatsira mukusimudzira GNU pakati pemakore ekumaXNUMX. Akange aburitsa huwandu hunoremekedzwa hweakavhurika sosi software pamambure, achigadzira kana kubatanidza zvirongwa zvakati wandei (nethack, iyo VC uye GUD modhi dzeEmacs, xlife, uye zvimwe zvishoma) zvichiri kushandiswa zvakanyanya nhasi. Ndakafunga kuti ndaiziva kuti zvaiitwa sei.

Linux yakashandura zvakawanda zvandaifunga kuti ndaiziva kumusoro. Kwemakore anga achiparidza evhangeri yeUnix yezvishandiso zvidiki, kukurumidza prototyping, uye evolutionary programming. Asi zvakare aitenda kuti paive nekamwe kakuomarara kuomarara uko kwaidiwa imwe nzira yepakati uye yakarongwa kubva pakutanga. Ndakafunga yakanyanya kukosha software (mashandisirwo masisitimu kana maturusi akakura chaizvo seEmacs) dzaida kuvakwa nomutoo wemacathedral, kuti dzinyatsounganidzwa nevaroyi kana kuti mapoka maduku evaroyi vaishanda vari voga zvakaisvonaka, pasina shanduro dzokuedza dzaizobudiswa nguva isati yakwana.

Linus Torvalds budiriro chimiro - kuyedza kare uye kazhinji, govera zvakanyanya sezvinobvira, vhurika kusvika pakuita unzenza. - chaive chishamiso chaicho. Hapana chekuita nekuvakwa kwakanyarara uye nekuremekedza kwecathedral - nharaunda yeLinux, nekusiyana, yaiita senge yakakura bhazaar ine majenda akasiyana uye nzira (inoratidzirwa zvakakwana neLinux software repositories, iyo yaigamuchira mipiro kubva kune chero munhu) kubva kwaingoratidzika bedzi kuva kunobvira kuti gadziriro inotsinhirana uye yakatsiga ibude kupfurikidza nenhevedzano yezvishamiso.

Unogona kuwana bhuku racho mahara pano


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