VaClaude Shannon. Iyo Prehistory yeUnix Chikamu Cheshanu

Ndiri kunyora chinyorwa ichi mune imwe imba iri kumucheto kweguta guru reArgentina. Kana wapedza, iwe uchafamba nemakiromita efiber optics kuenda kunzvimbo yegungwa yeLas Toninas uko tambo yepasi pevhu ichakutora iwe pasi peAtlantic nenzira inokurumidza kuenda kumaseva eSpanish eLinuxAdictos. Kana yaburitswa, inogona kuverengwa pa smartphone yavo nemutyairi webhazi muMadrid uye murwere akagara mukamuri yekumirira yachiremba wemazino muMexico City pahwendefa ravo. Zvinokwanisika kuti wekutanga aifarira zvekuti anofonera amai vake kuti vaverenge, mumwe wacho achiona kuti zvashata zvekuti anoisa vhidhiyo pa Instagram achiti anoivenga zvakadii.

Basa reBell Labs

Mazhinji matekinoroji akabatanidzwa mukuita uku, kubva pandakabatidza komputa kuti ndinyore chinyorwa, kusvika muMexico adzvanya bhatani kuti aise vhidhiyo yake, yakatanga, yakagadziridzwa kana kufemerwa nebasa reimwe sangano. Bell Labs.

Yakapihwa mari nemubhadharo mudiki pamabhiri enhare kubva kuAT&T yekutaurirana monopoly, Bell Labs yakaunza pamwechete vamwe vepamusoro fizikisi, nyanzvi dzemasvomhu, chemist, mainjiniya, uye dzimwe nyanzvi muzvidzidzo zvekuvandudza kana kuwedzera tekinoroji sevhisi.

Kunyangwe izvo zvinoruramisa dzino dzakateedzana Iko kugadzirwa kweUnix, iyo inoshanda sisitimu iyo Linux, FreeBSD uye macOS zvakafemerwa nazvo, transistors, cellular mobile communication network uye CCD tekinoroji yekutorwa kwemifananidzo yedhijitari yakabvawo ipapo. Ichokwadi kuti havana kuona kukwanisa kwe microprocessors, asi kugadzirwa kweizvi kungadai kusina kuitika pasina kutsvakurudza kwekare nemarabhoritari mune semiconductor zvinhu.

Kunyangwe Bell Labs yakashanda nemaitiro akafanana neaya emahara software nharaunda uye mazhinji ezvakagadzirwa aive mhedzisiro yekubatana kwevanhu vakati wandei., zvichida kubudirira kwake kukuru kwaiva kubatsira kwomunhu oga. Uye, haisi tekinoroji asi dzidziso. Rega ndikuzivise kuna VaClaude Shannon.

VaClaude Shannon

Mwanakomana womutengesi nomutongi wetaundi rokumaruwa uye womukuru wechikoro, akakura achiunganidza nokubvisa midziyo. Basa rake munyika yekukurukurirana akatanga kuvaka telegraph. Kubva panguva yekutanga, mapurofesa ake aizomurondedzera semusayendisiti ane tarenda huru uye, makore gare gare, Albert Einstein pachake aizomuisa se "akachenjera".

Chiitiko chekutanga munyaya yatiri kutaura ndeye apo Mr. Claude Shannon, ava kuda kupedzisa dhigirii yake yepasikiriyasi paYunivhesiti yeMichigan, anoona chiziviso chinoshevedza vashandi veMIT "differential analyzer".

Inotorwa seimwe yekutanga analog komputa, differential analyzer yakatora room yese uye yaitofanira kushandiswa nevanhu vakati wandei. Aikwanisa kugadzirisa matambudziko akaomarara esvomhu nekumhanya kwakakura kupfuura kwedzimwe nzira dzenguva iyoyo. Muchina uyu waive nedunhu remagetsi emagetsi aidzora seti yetsvimbo, mapulleys, magiya, uye madhisiki anotenderera, ayo vafambisi vaifanira kugara vachishandura kuti vaenderane nehunhu mudambudziko renhamba. Chinhu chinosekesa ndechekuti muanalyzer akapa mhinduro nekunyora nepenzura yemuchina papepa regirafu.

Achifadzwa nemuchina, Shannon akatanga kufarira ma electromechanical relays mukati medunhu rekutonga. Aya aive magineti switch aidzvanya kuvhurika kana kuvharika kana ikozvino yaiswa kana kugurwa. Iyo yakavhurika kana yakavharwa chinzvimbo cheiyo relay inogona kumiririra hongu kana kwete mhinduro kumubvunzo. Zvakare, cheni yerelays inogona kubatika munzira ine musoro inomiririra dzimwe nzira "AND" kana "OR" zvichienderana nenzvimbo yakavhurika kana yakavharwa.. Nenzira iyo, iwe unogona kupindura dambudziko rakaoma kana kumhanya yakaoma seti yemirairo.

Kushanda nemuongorori wekusiyanisa kwakapa Shannon mhodzi yepfungwa yenzira itsva yekugadzira nekushandisa maseketi aya kuburikidza nekushandiswa kweBoolean algebra.

Musoro uchasara wenyaya inotevera

Iyo yekutanga yeUnix
Nyaya inoenderana:
Iyo yekutanga yeUnix uye basa reBell Labs
Kuunza masayendisiti uye mainjiniya pamwechete
Nyaya inoenderana:
Kuunza masayendisiti uye mainjiniya pamwechete. Iyo yekutanga yeUnix. Chikamu 2
Vacuum sepombi
Nyaya inoenderana:
Vacuum sepombi. Iyo yekutanga nhoroondo yeUnix chikamu 3
Kuuya kwetransistor
Nyaya inoenderana:
Kuuya kwetransistor. Iyo yekutanga yeUnix Chikamu Chechina

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  1. Inotarisira data: AB Internet Networks 2008 SL
  2. Chinangwa cheiyo data: Kudzora SPAM, manejimendi manejimendi.
  3. Legitimation: Kubvuma kwako
  4. Kutaurirana kwedata
  5. Dhata yekuchengetedza: Dhatabhesi inobatwa neOccentus Networks (EU)
  6. Kodzero: Panguva ipi neipi iwe unogona kudzora, kupora uye kudzima ruzivo rwako