Cybersecurity: Hardware kuve yakachengeteka zvakanyanya

kuchengetedza hardware

Isu takajaira kutaura nezve software-yakavakirwa kuchengetedza mhinduro, senge antivirus, firewall, IDS, encryption zvirongwa, 2FA, nezvimwe. Nekudaro, kune vamwe vashandisi, iyo hardware-based security iyo yakati wandei mumumvuri, zvisinei nekuti ivo vanogona kuve vane simba uye nyore kushandisa mhinduro mune dzimwe nguva.

Ndicho chikonzero ndakatsaurira chinyorwa ichi kunyanya kune ipa mhinduro idzi Hardware yekuchengetedza yaunogona kushandisa kumba kana mukambani:

Chinyorwa ichi chichava mhinduro yakanamirwa nemaperipherals uye zvishandiso (HSM), kwete yakavakirwa-mukati hardware mhinduro, senge TEE, TPM 2.0, zvakabatanidzwa zvigunwe zvigunwe zvinonzwa, nezvimwe.

U2F makiyi

kuchengetedza hardware, U2F

ari U2F makiyi iwo akachipa, uye imhando yehardware-yakavakirwa kaviri authentication system. Kuti ushandise iyi USB mudziyo, zvese zvaunofanirwa kuita ndeye kuibatanidza kuPC yako sezvaungaite pendrive, kekutanga chete iyo inoburitsa nhamba isina kujairika kuti ibudise akasiyana hashes ayo achashandiswa kupinda kune akabatana mapuratifomu. kana masevhisi.

Paunenge uchinge uchinge uchinge uchinge uchinge uchinge uchinge uchinge uchinge uchinge uchinge uchinge uchinge uchinge uchinge uchinge uchinge uchinge uchinge uchinge uchinge uchinge uchinge uchinge uchinge uchinge uchinge uchinge uchinge uchinge uchinge uchinge uchinge uchinge uchinge uchinge uchinge uchinge uchinge uchinge richinge rwakapinda kune iyo sevhisi, chaunofanirwa kuita kubaya kiyi ye USB muchiteshi uye kumirira iyo. browser inozviziva uye inotarisa. Nenzira iyi, vamwe vanhu vasina mudziyo uyu havazokwanisa kuwana account yako kunyangwe vachiziva password.

Makiyi aya anowanzo enderana nemabhurawuza makuru ewebhu, akadai seMozilla Firefox, Google Chrome, Opera, nezvimwewo, pamwe nemamwe masevhisi anozivikanwa, akadai seGoogle (GMAIL, Docs, Adsense,…), Dropbox, GitHub, Facebook, nezvimwe.

Kana iwe ukashinga kutenga chero yeaya makiyi e USB, heano mamwe recommendations (zvakakosha kuti vave nechitupa cheFIDO2):

hardware firewall

hardware firewall

Un firewall, kana firewall, inzira yekudzivirira inovharira isina kutenderwa network kupinda, kana inobvumira kutaurirana kwakatenderwa nemushandisi kana sisitimu maneja. Zvakanaka, kuwedzera kune izvo zvakavakirwa pasoftware, kune zvakare izvo zvakavakirwa pane Hardware.

Midziyo iyi inogona kunakidza kumakambani nemaseva, kukwanisa kuzvigadzirisa nenzira yakafanana kune router, kubva kune web interface uchishandisa browser. Mukuwedzera, kuiswa pakati peInternet uye router, zvose zvigadziri zvakabatanidzwa kune router yakati zvichadzivirirwa, pasina kugadzirisa imwe neimwe.

Midziyo iyi inogona kuwanikwa mune imwe compact fomu, yakafanana nerouter, yeimba, kana sevha racks. Vamwe recommendations Ndizvo:

  • Zvekumba:
  • Zvekambani:
  • Ye server (rack):

VPN Router uye VPN Bhokisi

vpn-router

Sezvaunoziva, imwe VPN (Virtual Private Network) inokutendera kuti ugadzire chiteshi chakavharidzirwa kuti uongorore paInternet zvakachengeteka. Pamusoro pezvo, zvinodzivirira data rako rekubhurawuza kuti riwanikwe neISP, uchakwanisa kuwana zvakavharika munzvimbo yako nekushandura IP kune imwe nyika, zvinovandudza kusazivikanwa kwako, nezvimwe. Mazhinji eaya masevhisi anogona kushandiswa kuburikidza nevatengi maapplication, zvisinei, maapplication aya anofanirwa kuisirwa pane imwe neimwe yemidziyo yaunobatanidza kunetiweki kuitira kuti ese ari pasi pekuchengetedzwa kweVPN.

Imwe mhinduro ndeye kushandisa a vpn router/bhokisi iyo inokutendera kuti ugadzirise masevhisi aya (ExpressVPN, NordVPN, VyperVPN, CyberGhost, Surfshark, IPVanish...) uye nekudaro zvese zvishandiso zvaunobatanidza nazvo zvichachengetedzwa (nharembozha, smart TV, consoles, PC, IoT, nezvimwe. ) Kunyangwe pakange pasina mutengi app yepuratifomu iyoyo.

Vamwe router mazano zvakanaka kushandisa neVPN:

Shellfire ine zvakare vpn bhokisi, izvo zvinongoitika uye zvakagadziridzwa otomatiki kuita kuti zvinhu zvive nyore kune vasiri tekinoroji vashandisi:

encryption hardware

hardware encryption

El kunyorera kazhinji ibasa rakati "rinorema" kune Hardware. Nekudaro, kune Hardware encryption makadhi kana zvishandiso zvinobatsira software. Aya masisitimu anoita yakazvitsaurira processor yeizvi, inogona kuve mukana. Kune mamwe akavakirwa pamachipisi eARM, pax86, zvakare muPCI kadhi fomati, makiyi e USB encrypt data, nezvimwe.

Dzimwe dzemhinduro dzinoshanda dzekuva neyako encrypted data are the USB makiyi uye ekunze hard drives vane encryption system yakavakirwa-mukati. pano unogona kuwana mamwe mazano akadai se:

Newewo une Hardware Encrypted NAS inosanganisirwa, kuve neyako "gore" yakavanzika uye yakachengeteka, senge:

PKI token hardware

ari PKI tokens iwo midziyo yehardware inochengeta makiyi akavanzika uye zvitupa zvedhijitari zvakachengeteka. Paunenge uchida encrypt, decrypt, kana kusaina kune imwe mhando yebasa, maitiro, nezvimwe, unogona kushandisa izvi zvishandiso zvakachengeteka.

Mumusika iwe unogona kuwana akawanda emhinduro idzi, se Thales Boka, macro security, avo microcosm, Etc.

Unewo zvimwe zvaunazvo SmartCard kana smart kadhi kuverenga, pamwe neyemagetsi DNI kuita online transactions. Zvimwe zvezvishandiso izvi zvinokurudzirwa ndezvi:

SSL/TLS Accelerator

hardware TSL SSL accelerator

ari hardware SSL/TSL accelerators Iwo maturusi anopawo kuchengetedzwa, uye kuti iwe unogona kuwana mune akasiyana mafomati, senge PCI ekuwedzera makadhi, mukuwedzera pakuiswa mumaraki. Nzira yekuburitsa iyo CPU kubva pabasa iri, sezvo ichi chimwe chikamu chichakumikidzwa kwachiri. Nekudaro, masisitimu aya haashandiswe mumba kana bhizinesi diki, asi pamaseva.

Chengetedza hardware yekubhadhara system

Thales yakachengeteka kubhadhara HSM

Izvi zvirongwa zvekubhadhara zvakachengeteka nehardware havaite zvine musoro kumba kana, asi vanoitira mamwe masangano, makambani, nezvimwe. Aya masisitimu eHSM anowedzera kuchengetedza uye anodzivirira-anodzivirira zvishandiso zvinogona kushandiswa muzvitoro zvebhangi indasitiri. Nekudaro, inopa yakakwira mazinga ekudzivirira makiyi encryption, mutengi maPIN anoshandiswa mumagineti mitsetse makadhi uye EMV chip (kana yakafanana) kuburitswa, nezvimwe. Vamwe vapeji verudzi urwu rwemhinduro ndivo Thales, PayCore, masevhisi akadai MyHMS, Etc.

Wallet kana chikwama che cryptocurrencies

cryptocurrency hardware chikwama

chikwama, kana portfolio, wallet, virtual wallet, kana chero chaunoda kuidaidza, isystem yekuchengeta nekugadzirisa zvinhu zvako mucryptocurrencies. Inogona kuitwa nesoftware kana zvakare nehardware, yakagadzirirwa chete kuchengetedza iyo yeruzhinji uye yakavanzika makiyi e cryptocurrencies yako.

Vamwe kutenga mazano Ndizvo:

Biometric sensors

biometric sensor

Kune mhando dzinoverengeka dze biometric sensor kuvandudza kuchengetedzwa kwehardware, uye izvo zvinogona kutsiva nzira dzekuwana nezvinojairwa (zita remushandisi uye password) nekucherechedzwa kweyakasarudzika biometric paramita mumunhu wega. Somuenzaniso, pane zvimwe zvakafanana:

  • Zvigunwe zvinonzwa.
  • Kuzivikanwa kwechiso.
  • iris kuzivikanwa.
  • Kuziva kutaura.
  • Ruoko geometry.
  • Siginicha yekuongorora.

Vanogona kushandiswa akasiyana mafomu, kubva pakuwana sevhisi kana kupinda mukati, kusvika pakuvhura magonhi, nezvimwe. Mune mamwe mazwi, ivo havangogone kukubatsira iwe kuvandudza kuchengetedzwa kwedhijitari, asiwo padanho remuviri kana perimita. Mimwe michina ingangokufarira ndeiyi:

Kensington kukiya uye zvakafanana

Kensington lock

Vakakurumbira kensington lock Icho chinongedzo chekuchengetedza chinogona kupinzwa mugomba diki rinosanganisirwa mune mamwe mamodheru emalaptops uye ane chinangwa chekudzivirira kubiwa kwemidziyo iyi. Inoshandiswa kumisa kukiya uye yakagadzirwa uye yakagadzirwa neKensington Computer Zvigadzirwa. Parizvino, kune mamwe mabhureki anopa mhinduro dzakafanana.

Zvishoma nezvishoma, dzimwe mhinduro dzave kuoneka kune mimwe michina, kubva padesktop PC kuenda kune nharembozha senge mahwendefa kana mafoni.

Vamwe kutenga mazano Ndizvo:

vamwe

webcam cover

También existen zvimwe zvakawanda zvinogadzirisa kuvandudza kuchengetedzwa kwehardware, zvimwe zvisiri pasina kupokana, zvimwe zvakachipa uye zvinoshanda. Kubva pane akajairwa mavhavha emakamera ekumberi (webcam yelaptop, AIO, nharembozha), kuti vasakutarise pasina mvumo yako, kune enhema data jenareta senge charger. Madhaka.


Izvo zviri muchinyorwa zvinoomerera pamisimboti yedu ye tsika dzekunyora. Kuti utaure chikanganiso tinya pano.

Iva wekutanga kutaura

Siya yako yekutaura

Your kero e havazobvumirwi ichibudiswa.

*

*

  1. Inotarisira data: AB Internet Networks 2008 SL
  2. Chinangwa cheiyo data: Kudzora SPAM, manejimendi manejimendi.
  3. Legitimation: Kubvuma kwako
  4. Kutaurirana kwedata
  5. Dhata yekuchengetedza: Dhatabhesi inobatwa neOccentus Networks (EU)
  6. Kodzero: Panguva ipi neipi iwe unogona kudzora, kupora uye kudzima ruzivo rwako