GParted manual: kutarisira zvikamu hazvina kumbove nyore

GParted logo uye hard drive

Muchikamu chino tinokuzivisa iwe kuGParted, chishandiso chakasimba uye chakazara icho chinokubatsira iwe kuti uve nedhiraivhi rako rakagadzirira. Kune izvi unofanirwa kuziva kuti chii, ndechei uye mashandiro ayo, zvinova izvo zvatichaedza kukudzidzisa mune ino posvo, kuti utange kutora matanho ako ekutanga nayo nenzira yakapusa. Ehezve, chenjera sezvo kukuvadza chikamu kana kuidzima kunogona kutungamira mukurasikirwa kwedata rako, saka chenjera kana usiri nyanzvi.

Vazhinji venyu muchatozviziva, vamwe vazhinji vanenge vatove vachishandisa pazviitiko zvakawanda, asi kune nyanzvi shoma kana kune avo vasati vaziva izvi chidimbu chekugadzirisa chishandiso Vhura sosi pasi peGPL rezinesi uye yakanyorwa muC ++, Kutaura kuti haina kubatsira chete kuLinux, nekuti pane Rarama vhezheni yekumhanya kubva padiski kana USB ndangariro, uchikwanisa kubata zvimwe zvikamu zveamwe masisitimu anoshanda sekureba sezvavanotsigirwa.

Pakutanga yaive uye iri yekuparadzanisa mupepeti weiyo GNOME desktop nharaunda, kunyangwe paine dzimwe nzira senge KDE Chikamu Cheku maneja yeimwe desktop desktop kuGNOME uye nezvimwe zvishandiso, asi pamwe GParted ndiyo yakave inozivikanwa kwazvo uye nekudaro inonakidza kutaura nezvayo pano. Asi tisati tatanga neiyo GParted dzidziso, regai tione diki dzidziso yekukuisa munzvimbo uye kuti tione kuti ndeyei.

Chii chinonzi GParted?

GParted iri, sezvandakataura, mupepeti mupepeti, ndiko kuti, software inoshanda sechishandiso kugadzira, kuona, kugadzirisa kana kudzima zvikamu pa hard drive, peni dzinotyaira, memori makadhi, nezvimwe. Aya masystem ekuchengetedza anoda imwe mhando yemupepeti seGParted kuti iite chikamu uye fomati inoshandiswa neanoshanda masystem kana kutsaura dhata kana masisitimu anoshanda mumatunhu akasiyana mukati meiyo imwechete dhisiki.

Chii chinonzi kupatsanura?

Dhiraivhu rakaomarara neGparted partition

Chikamu che disk chikamu Izvi zvinogona kuitwa pane yekuchengetera yenyama unit (USB memory, hard disk, memory card, DVD,…). Kunyangwe iyo generic tsananguro ichisimbisa kuti iko kupatsanurwa kunogona kuitwa mune imwechete yemuviri yekuchengetera unit, izvi hazvisi zvechokwadi zvachose, nekuti muGNU / Linux uye muUX, pane chishandiso izvo zvatakambotaura nezvazvo kuwedzera uku kugona kupfuura zvakajairwa miganho uye nekupa kukurira kukuru.

Asi izvi hazvifadzi isu izvozvi, chete kuziva kuti chii chikamu uye chakakosha sei mumakomputa masystem. Iwe unofanirwa zvakare kuziva kuti chikamu chose chinofanirwa kuve ne fomati, faira system kuitira kuti chero sisitimu inoshanda ishandure. Mupfungwa iyi, kwete ese masisitimu anogona kutsigirwa neese ma OS, semuenzaniso Linux ndeimwe yeinotsigirwa kwazvo. Windows semuenzaniso inogona kushandisa FAT, FAT32 uye NTFS, Mac OS X zvakare ine yavo seHFS uye HFS +, nezvimwe.

Iyo sfaira system kana FS (FileSystem) Icho chaicho chine mutoro mukati meizvi zvikamu zvekuwedzera mabasa ekupa nzvimbo kune iyo data, kugadzirisa yemahara nzvimbo, mhando yekuwana kune yakachengeteka, nezvimwe. Ndokunge, ivo vanogadzira iyo yakachengetwa ruzivo kuti vakwanise kumiririrwa nesoftware ...

Izvi ndizvo zvatiri kureva kana tichiti "ngatiitei fomati ...", kuti ndikupe imwe yema fomati kuyeuchidzo, kunyangwe isu tichigadzirawo chimwe kana zvimwe zvezvikamu izvi. Ndechipi chingave chinhu chekuchengetera chive chisina chikamu / es uye fomati?

GParted dzidziso

GParted GUI

Ichi chifananidzo chinoratidzwa pamitsara iyi ndi iyo GParted GUI, chishandiso chinokutendera kuti ushandire graphical kune avo vane phobia yakadaro yemutsetse wekuraira kana nyanzvi shoma. Naizvozvo, yakapusa-kushandisa-uye inonzwisisika interface inooneswa yatinogona kushandisa kukwanisa kugadzirisa zvikamu zvedu uye kupa mafomati, kwete chete nekuiisa mune yedu distro, asiwo neiyo Live iyo iwe yaunogona kurodha pasi kubva pawebhu kuenda chitange icho kubva mundangariro ye RAM uye pasina kuisa….

Dhawunirodha GParted uye kumisikidza

Zvakanaka, chinhu chekutanga kuve neGParted ndechekuchiisa mukugovera kwedu kana kuchishandisa muRarama mode uye kune izvi zvatinoda tanga kurodha pasi yazvino vhezheni yeGParted:

  • GParted yepamutemo yekurodha webhusaiti kupi iwe uchawana iyo vhezheni ye distros dzakasiyana seDebian, Fedora, Ubuntu, yakavhurikaSUSE, kunyange ichitsanangudza rairo iwe yaunofanirwa kushandisa mune terminal kuti uiise pane kuikanda kubva pawebhu. Pane ino webhusaiti iwe unowanawo iyo sosi kodhi uye Rarama vhezheni yeGParted mune matatu akasiyana maBhaibheri, eI686 (32-bit) masisitimu, i686-PAE (ine Physical Kero Yekuwedzera pane 32-bit masisitimu) uye amd64 (ye 64- ikakuruma). Kana iwe ukasarudza Rarama, ipapo uchafanirwa kuiendesa kune USB kana CD kuti ukwanise kuitangisa.

Kana iwe uchida kuzviita zvakananga kubva pakoniKuisa GParted pane yako distro pasina kurodha pasi, unofanirwa kunyora zvinotevera:

  • ZveDebian, Ubuntu uye zvigadzirwa:
sudo apt-get install gparted

  • ZvekuvhuraSUSE:
sudo zypper install gparted

  • Zve Fedora:
su -c "yum install gparted" 

Kana iwe ukasarudza LivePaunenge iwe watora pasi iyo ISO, iyo nenzira, uchafanirwa kushandisa Legacy modhi mumasisitimu emazuva ano neEFI (zvishandiso zvakatengwa kubva muna 2010 approx.), Rinotevera danho ndere kuipisa iyo pane optical disc kana pendrive. Ungazviita sei? Zvakanaka, kuti usazowedzera, unogona kuwana ruzivo kubva imwe yezvinyorwa zvedu pano. Mariri ndakatsanangura nzira yekupisa iyo ISO pane pendrive kuti ndikwanise kuitakura kubva kuEFI system, chete izvo pachinzvimbo chekuva Ubuntu chichava GParted ... Kana iwe uchida kuchipisa kuCD / DVD / BD , zviite nechombo chako chaunoda kurekodha (Brasero, k3b,…).

Nenzira, kana iwe uchikwanisa kutanga Live, iwe unowana menyu maunofanira kusarudza zvinotevera:

  1. GParted Live (sarudzo yakasarudzika)
  2. Sarudza Keymap kubva pane arch runyorwa (kusarudza mutauro wekhibhodi yako, mune ino ES)
  3. Sarudza 0 kuti utange mu graphic mode uye iro iro hwindo rinowoneka sekunge iwe wakariisa pane yako distro, kuti iwe ugone kuenderera pamwe nedzidziso zvisinei nesarudzo yakasarudzwa, Rarama kana kumisikidzwa ...

Matanho ekutanga

Iye zvino tave neGParted ichishanda mune yedu system, kungave nekuimhanyisa kubva ku RAM mune Live mode kana nekuvhura chirongwa kubva kwedu distro. Chinhu chimwe chandisina kumbotaura asi chiri pachena, ndechekuti iwe haugone kushanda nezvose zvikamu kubva mukushandisa, asi kubva kuRarama. Izvi zvakajairika, nekuti kana ichimhanya kubva ku RAM, iwe une zvikamu zvese zvakasununguka kuti uzviitise, pachinzvimbo, kubva pachishandiswa unenge uri "kutsika-tsika" chikamu chiri kushandiswa nehurongwa hwekushandisa panguva iyoyo ...

Tataura izvozvo, isu tinotanga neicho chaicho kushanda kweGParted. Mu interface yatinoona menyu kumusoro, toolbar ine mabhatani anokurumidza uye kupatsanura kana kusarudzira mudziyo, pazasi chete pachave nebhawa rakakamurwa kana kwete mumabhokisi ane mavara anova zvikamu muzvikamu zvakasarudzwa zvekuchengetedza uye kumashure tichaona kuputsika nehumwe ruzivo rwezvikamu izvi. kana nzvimbo dzisina kuumbika ... Uchakwanisawo kuona mashandiro akamirira ayo GParted achaita kumucheto kwepazasi kwehwindo uye iwo anozoiswa kana uchinge warova bhatani re "Nyorera" kana uchinge wajekesa.

GParted GUI

Zvakanaka, kuita neGParted kuri nyore kwazvo:

  1. Sarudza iyo unit musarudzo kwaunoda kushanda (hard drive, USB stick, memory card, nezvimwewo). Inofanira kuoneka mune yekudonha-pasi sarudza menyu, kana ichibatana nekombuta.
  2. Iye zvino izvo zvikamu zvicharatidzwa, kana paine, kubva kuchikamu chekuchengetedza. Kana pasina zvikamu, nzvimbo ichiripo haina kuzoratidzwa yekumisikidza uye kushandisa. Kunyangwe chiri chikamu kana nzvimbo isina chinhu, kana ukachisarudza negonzo uchaona kuti mamwe mabhatani anga asingashande pabhara rekushandisa ave kuwanikwa kuti ashande nenzvimbo yakasarudzwa.
  3. Iwe unogona zvakare shandisa bhatani repamushonga kurudyi pane chidimbu kana nzvimbo pane yaunoda kushanda uye menyu ine sarudzo icharatidzwa. Iwe unogona kuona kuti ruzivo rwechikamu chimwe nechimwe chinoratidzwa, kana iine kiyi icon ndeyekuti yakavharwa kana kushandiswa uye haugone kushanda nayo. Iwe zvakare uchaona museve kuti kana iwe ukabaya padziri, iwo unozoratidza zvidimbu zvechikamu kana paine chero, pamwe neanchor poindi, faira system inoshandiswa, saizi, nezvimwe.
  4. Iye zvino tingave takasarudza chidimbu kana nzvimbo mbishi. Chero zvazvingaitika sarudzo kuti isu tinobvumidzwa ndeizvi:
    1. New: Iyo inoshandiswa kugadzira chikamu chitsva munzvimbo isina kugadzirwa kana mbishi nzvimbo. Izvo ndezve kana iwe watenga nyowani yekuchengetera unit uye inouya isina kuumbika, kuti ugone kukupa iwe uye uye iyo sisitimu inozviziva kuti igone kushanda nayo. Iwe unogona kugadzira chikamu chimwe chete pane yekuchengetera unit kana akati wandei, zvinoenderana nezvinodiwa zvako.
    2. Bvisa: bvisa chikamu chakagadzirwa, chakanakira apo iwe paunoda kusunungura icho chikamu chediski kuti ubatanidze iyi nzvimbo yakasvibira kune imwe nzvimbo iripo yekuwedzera kana kungoigadzirisa.
    3. Kopa / Nyora chikamu. sekutaurwa kwazvinoitwa nezita rayo rinokutendera kuti utore uye unamate kupatsanura munzvimbo yakapihwa. Izvi zvichaita kuti kupatsanurwa kuve neiyo UUID, fomati uye chitaridzi seyakanyorwa, iyo inogona kuunza kupokana, saka, kana usiri nyanzvi, chenjera.
    4. Resize / fambisa: Iyo inoshandiswa kufambisa zvikamu kubva kune imwe nzvimbo pane rakaomarara dhisiki kuenda kune rimwe (rinonakidza kana chikamu chedisk dhisiki kana ndangariro chakakuvadzwa kuendesa chikamu kune chimwe chikamu chakanaka) kana kuchinjazve iwo. Semuenzaniso, kana isu tichida kuwedzera kana kudzikisa saizi yechikamu nekuti chazove chidiki kana kuti kungoregedza imwe nzvimbo nekudzikisa uye nekuwedzera icho kune chimwe.
    5. Fomati senge: fomati iyo yekuchengetera unit kana partition kuti ipe iyo fileystem kana FS kubva pakati peavo vanotsigirwa neGParted. GParted inotsigira mafaera efaera kana mafomati senge ext2, ext3, ext4, SWAP, FAT16, FAT32, nezvimwe. Kana iyo chikamu chiri mubvunzo chiri kuzoshandiswa senzvimbo yekuchinjana, unogona kusarudza SWAP.Kana yakagadzirirwa zvimwe zvekushandisa pane GNU / Linux masisitimu, ini ndinokurudzira ext mune yayo yazvino vhezheni vhezheni, ext4. Asi kana izvo zvaunoda idhiraivho inoenderana nemamwe masisitimu anoshanda kuti agovaniswe, kana kutomboverengerwa / kunyorwa nemamwe majaira akadai seTV, maprinta, nezvimwe, saka unofanirwa kushandisa FAT32.
    6. Kukatanura / Unganai: kusaburitsa / kukwirisa iyo / dev / xxx chishandiso kubva kune yayo gomo poindi kuti ugone kushanda nayo kana ikasatendera iwe kana kungozvidzikisira kana zvichidikanwa Uye zvakare, kana yaitwa, inozorodza kugovera kuratidza izvo zvakagadziridzwa zvirimo pachiratidziri.
    7. Tarisa: inotarisa kupatsanura, ichawana uye kuyedza kugadzirisa matambudziko ainowana pachikamu kana yakanganisika kana kuora.
    8. UUID: inobvumira kushandura Universal Unique Chitupa cheichi kifaa chiri mubvunzo. Izvi zvinonyanya kusiiwa zvisina kubatika kana tisina ruzivo rwakawanda.
    9. Tag: mazita kana kunyora vhoriyamu.
    10. Mashoko: inoratidza yakadzama partition kana vhoriyamu ruzivo.
  5. Kana tangosarudza basa ratiri kuda kuita, zvichave zvakakwana kupa iyo icon iyo yakaita seye green tick kana V Mubhokisi rematurusi uye GParted iwe uchakwanisa kushanda kuti uite zvaunoda ... Mirira kuti ipedze uye chenjera kuti komputa isadzime kana bhatiri rinopera pakati pechirongwa kana zvikamu zvacho zvingave kukuvara uye kurasikirwa nedata. Saka kana iwe ukashandisa Laptop gara uine iyo yakabatana kunetiweki panguva yekuita.

Usakanganwa kusiya zvaunotaura nekusahadzika, mazano kana kushoropodza, kana uinazvo. Ndichaedza kuvapindura vese ...


Izvo zviri muchinyorwa zvinoomerera pamisimboti yedu ye tsika dzekunyora. Kuti utaure chikanganiso tinya pano.

Makomendi gumi, siya zvako

Siya yako yekutaura

Your kero e havazobvumirwi ichibudiswa.

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  3. Legitimation: Kubvuma kwako
  4. Kutaurirana kwedata
  5. Dhata yekuchengetedza: Dhatabhesi inobatwa neOccentus Networks (EU)
  6. Kodzero: Panguva ipi neipi iwe unogona kudzora, kupora uye kudzima ruzivo rwako

  1.   mircocaloghero akadaro

    Imwe nyanzvi ino chinyorwa, ndichave nacho padyo ...

    Ndinovada pavanoburitsa izvi zvidzidzo .. Ndatenda zvikuru.

  2.   Douglas 75 akadaro

    Excelente

  3.   leillo1975 akadaro

    Tuto yakanaka. Kwandiri inongova chishandiso chakakosha chekushandisa kwezuva nezuva pabasa rangu.

    1.    Isaac PE akadaro

      Ndinokutendai mose!!!

      1.    Izirayeri akadaro

        Mhoro. Ndatenda, asi ndine dambudziko.
        Zvinoitika kuti GParted haina kundipa iyo nzvimbo poindi sarudzo, iyo ikholamu haipo, saka ini handina kukwanisa kuisa Linux yangu. Ndatenda nerubatsiro rwenyu.

      2.    Izirayeri akadaro

        Iyo mount point point haina kuoneka !!!!
        Mumwe munhu ndibvise padambudziko iro, ndapota

  4.   auru akadaro

    Dzidziso yakanaka. Muchikamu cheiyo posvo iwe yaunobvunza, Chii chingave chinhu chekuchengetedza chingave chisina kugovera / s uye fomati?

    Ini ndinogona kufunga nemhinduro dzinoverengeka, semuenzaniso:

    1. Ini ndinowanzoita kubviswa kwakazara kwedhiraivhi yePS4 yangu uye ndichida kuziva nechimwe chishandiso, sezvo gparted haibvumiri kuita basa iri "iro randinoziva" ... Zadza dhirairi rakaoma nemazero, kungave nekukurumidza kana kunonoka .

    Pfungwa yekusada kuipa mhando yemafomati uye / kana kugadzira zvikamu nekuti inyaya yekuti Sony vhidhiyo inonyaradza, PS3 uye PS4 vane basa rekupa yavo fomati kune yemukati hard drive. Neichi chikonzero, nei tichizopa FAT fomati kune yemukati dhiraivhu kana iyo PS4 iri kuzopa iyo yayo fomati ... iyo nenzira, hapana anoziva kuti ndeipi fomati yarinoshandisa.

    Iyo ingave iri chaiyo nzira chaiyo yekuzviita uye ndiyo 1 yezvikonzero nei sarudzo dzakadai dziripo mune gparted.

  5.   Marco Antonio akadaro

    Iye zvino ndave kutanga kukwirisa faira refaira neUBUNTU SERVER 15, zvirokwazvo ichazondibatsira, uye nekukurumidza pandingaishandisa ndinobva ndataura pamusoro pekuti yakafamba sei… .ndatenda

  6.   bertholdousz akadaro

    Mhoro. Pane here nzira iyo GParted inogona kufambisa zviri mukati mePrimary partition kuenda kuLogic mukati Yakawedzerwa?

  7.   Jose akadaro

    Ndatenda zvikuru nedzidziso. Zvave zvichibatsira zvikuru.

  8.   Gabriel akadaro

    Chii chandinoita kana ndichingova nechikamu chimwe chete uye chisingatenderi kuti ndiite chero chinhu?

  9.   Cris akadaro

    Kutenda, kupfupisa uye kune iyo poindi, sezvazvinofanira kuve!

  10.   Ale akadaro

    Kutenda nemupiro, wakanaka. Kushanda zvinoshamisa Kukwazisa

  11.   x akadaro

    Iwe unofanirwa kuisa zita rako rizere ini ndakaita zvinyorwa zvebhaibheri zvepeji yako asi handikwanise kuisa zita rako.