Fedora 40 inosvika neGnome 46, Wayland kuvandudzwa uye nezvimwe

Fedora 40

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Nhasi tiri kupemberera uye chikonzero chiri kuburitswa kwepamutemo kweiyo vhezheni itsva yeFedora 40, iyo inosvika panguva yakakodzera, sezvo mune dzakasiyana siyana dzakaburitswa mifananidzo dzakaunzwa nekuda kwezvinetso zvakaonekwa uye ini pachangu ndakafunga kuti Fedora 40 yaisazove yakasarudzika, sezvo ichangoburwa. XZ raibhurari nyaya, Canonical yakanonoka kubudiswa kwayo.

Asi zvakanaka, kusiya izvi parutivi uye kuenderera mberi nemhemberero, Fedora 40 ine nhamba huru yekuchinja kwakakosha uye kuvandudzwa, iyo inotangira kubva pakuvandudzwa kwezvishandiso, kutungamira kwepakeji, pamwe nekuchinja mune itsva tsika Atomic Desktops kugovera, pakati pezvimwe zvinhu.

Chii chitsva muFedora 40?

Mune iyi vhezheni nyowani yeFedora 40 iyo inoratidzwa mudesktop edition Iyo itsva shanduro yakaitwa GNOME 46 izvo yakaunza basa rekutsvaga pasi rose, kubvumira vashandisi kutsvaga iyo yese system zvakananga kubva padesktop. Uyezve, Kuvandudzwa kwekuita kwefaira maneja uye terminal emulators, tsigiro yekuyedza yeVariable Refresh Rate (VRR) yakawedzerwa uye mhando yekubuda kwechikamu chechikamu chakavandudzwa zvakare, nekudaro ichinatsiridza kuratidzwa pane yakakwirira-resolution kuratidza. Dzimwe budiriro dzinocherechedzwa dzinosanganisiran yakawedzerwa masimba ekubatanidza kune ekunze masevhisi, inogadziridza kune system configurator uye kuvandudzwa kune yekuzivisa sisitimu uye izvo GTK inoshandisa injini itsva yekupa yakavakirwa paVulkan API.

GNOME 46
Nyaya inoenderana:
Chii chitsva muGNOME 46 'Kathmandu': kuvandudzwa kunoshamisa kunosimudzira yako Linux ruzivo

Mune desktop edition ne KDE yakagadziridzwa kuita shanduro KUPI 6, uchishandisa iyo Wayland protocol pachinzvimbo cheX11, shanduko iyi yaisanganisira kurega kutsigirwa kweX11-based sessions, nekuda kwekufunga nezveX.Org server iri kudzikiswa muRHEL 9 uye kubviswa kwayo kwakarongwa mukuburitswa kunotevera. Shanduko iyi yakafambiswa neshanduko yevatyairi vefbdev kuenda kune simpledrm drivers, inobatanidza zvirinani neWayland, uye nerutsigiro rweWayland muvatyairi veNVIDIA.

KDE 6 Mega-Kuburitswa
Nyaya inoenderana:
Aya ndiwo anonyanya kuzivikanwa maficha eKDE 6 Mega-Release

Kune chikamu ches tsika yekugovera, Fedora yakasanganiswa kusiyana kwayo pasi peiyo Atomic Desktops brand, izvi zvinosanganisira GNOME-based Fedora Silverblue, KDE-based Fedora Kinoite, Fedora CoreOS, uye Fedora IoT. Saizvozvo, shanduro nyowani dzeFedora Sericea uye Fedora Onyx dzave kugoverwa pasi pemazita Fedora Sway Atomic uye Fedora Budgie Atomic.

Fedora Atomic Desktops
Nyaya inoenderana:
Fedora Atomic Desktops, iyo mhuri nyowani isingachinjiki Fedora spins

Mukuwedzera kune izvi, zvinoonekwa kuti chikamu chechipiri cheshanduko kune yemazuva ano yekurodha maitiro yapera, iyo inoderedza misiyano neyekirasi bhutsu nekutora yakabatana kernel mufananidzo unonzi UKI. Muchikamu chechipiri ichi, the kugona kurodha UKI zvakananga kubva kuUEFI shim.efi module, kugovera neakasiyana bootloader senge grub kana sd-boot, tsigiro yekushandisa UKI pane masisitimu ane Aarch64 architecture yaitwa, uye vhezheni yemufananidzo weUKI wakanyatsogadzirirwa nharaunda dzemakore uye akachengetedzwa chaiwo muchina akagadzirwa.

Imwe shanduko inomira pachena muFedora 40 ndeyekuti Iyo yakagadzirira-kushandisa-pakeji ine PyTorch muchina kudzidza chimiro chakawedzerwa kune repository. Iyi pasuru parizvino inotsigira kumhanya paCPU pasina GPU kana NPU kukwidziridza, asi rutsigiro rweGPU neNPU accelerators yakarongwa kuwedzerwa mukuburitswa mune ramangwana.

Akaitwawo kuvandudzwa kweNetworkManager, Zvakanaka, muFedora 40, nzira yekuona IPv4 kero kusawirirana pane network yemuno yave kugoneswa nekusarudzika, uye kero yekusingaperi yeMAC yekubatanidza isina waya yakagoneswa zvakare.

Vaka maturusi akaita seMock, Koji neCopr zvino shandisa iyo DNF 5 package maneja kuisa zvinomirirwa nekuvaka, pamwe nekurodha metadata ine runyoro rwemafaira akasanganisirwa mumapakeji ikozvino yakaremara muDNF nekukasira.

MuFedora 40, pasuru ine OpenSSL 1.1 raibhurari yakabviswa nekuda kwekupera kwerutsigiro rwayo, uye zvinoenderana nezvinodiwa zvakashandurwa kuita Vhura SSL 3.0. Pamusoro pezvo, raibhurari yeZlib yakatsiviwa neforogo inonzi Zlib-ng, iyo inopa mamwe magadzirirwo ekuvandudza kuita uku uchichengetedza API-level kuenderana nezlib.

OpenSSL
Nyaya inoenderana:
Iyo itsva vhezheni yeOpenSSL 3.3.0 yakatoburitswa

Pakupedzisira, akabvisa libuser raibhurari uye akabvisa libuser-based passwd package, kuitsiva nechishandiso kubva pamumvuri-utils package. Pamusoro pezvo, shanduko dziri mumabasa kuGCC kuti isanganise vhezheni itsva yemutauro weC wenguva dzose, izvo zvinokanganisa zvimwe zvemutauro wenhaka.

Of the dzimwe shanduko dzinomira pachena:

  • Kugadzirwa kwe delta zvigadziriso zveRPM mapakeji kwakamira, izvo zvinoreva kuti data chete rakagadziridzwa zvine chekuita neiyo yakamboiswa vhezheni yepakeji inotakurwa panguva yekuvandudza. Rutsigiro rweDeltarpm rwakaremarawo muDNF neDNF5.
  • Yakaunzwa Passim, sevha yekuchengetera yakagadzirirwa kugovera mafaera anowanzo kukumbirwa kunetiweki yemuno pasina kuwana zvakananga maseva ekutanga kana kushandisa maCDN epasi rose.
  • Image Builder ikozvino inoshandiswa kugadzira Fedora Workstation Live mifananidzo uye oskuvaka yemifananidzo mishoma pane ARM architecture.
  • Kiwi yakatsiva ImageFactory kugadzira mifananidzo yeFedora Cloud Edition.
  • Kubernetes-ane hukama mapakeji akagadziridzwa uye Fedora IoT ikozvino inoshandisa bhoti midziyo yakavakwa neOSTree uye bootc.

Kana iwe uchida kuziva zvakawanda nezvazvo, unogona kubvunza iyo ruzivo mune iyi link inotevera.

Dhawunirodha Fedora 40

Kune avo vanofarira kudhawunirodha iyi nyowani vhezheni yeFedora 40 yekuisa kana kuyedza pamakomputa avo, unogona kuwana iyo system mufananidzo neGnome kana akasiyana akasiyana (Spins) kubva kune yepamutemo webhusaiti. Iyo yekubatanidza ndeiyi.


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  1. Inotarisira data: AB Internet Networks 2008 SL
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  5. Dhata yekuchengetedza: Dhatabhesi inobatwa neOccentus Networks (EU)
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