Distrobox, chishandiso chakanakisa chekubatanidza chero distro mune yako system nekuda kwemidziyo

yakaziviswa iyo itsva vhezheni yeDistrobox 1.3, iyo inoiswa sechombo icho inokutendera iwe kukurumidza kuisa uye kumhanya chero Linux kugovera mumudziyo uye simbisa kubatanidzwa kwayo neiyo huru system.

Iyo purojekiti inoshandiswa seplugin pamusoro peDocker kana Podman toolkit, uye inosiyaniswa nekurerutsa kwakanyanya kwebasa uye kugadziridzwa kwekubatanidzwa kwenzvimbo yekuuraya pamwe nehurongwa hwese.

Kuti ugadzire nharaunda ine distro yakasiyana, ingo mhanyisa imwechete distrobox-gadzira command usingafunge nezve zvakanaka. Mushure mekutanga, Distrobox inoendesa dhairekitori remushandisi kumudziyo, inogadzirisa kupinda kune X11 server uye Wayland kuti imhanye kubva mumudziyo weGUI, inokutendera kuti ubatanidze madhiraivha ekunze, inowedzera ruzha kuburitsa, inoshandisa shell-level yekubatanidza SSH mumiriri, D-Bus. uye udev.

Nekuda kweizvozvo, mushandisi anogona kushanda zvizere pane imwe kugovera pasina kusiya iyo huru system. Distrobox inoti inokwanisa kugamuchira 16 kugovera, kusanganisira Alpine, Manjaro, Gentoo, EndlessOS, NixOS, Void, Arch, SUSE, Ubuntu, Debian, RHEL, uye Fedora. Chero kit yekugovera iyo mifananidzo iripo muOCI fomati inogona kuvhurwa mumudziyo.

Ichi chirongwa ine chinangwa chekuunza chero nzvimbo yemushandisi yekugovera kune chero imwe podman kana docker inoenderana kugovera, saka zvinonzi zvakanyorwa muPOSIX sh kuitira kuti ive inotakurika sezvinobvira uye kuti mushandisi haana matambudziko nekutsamira uye kuenderana kweshanduro ye glibc, kunze kwekuti ine chinangwa chekupinda mumudziyo se. nokukurumidza sezvinobvira

Distrobox 1.3 nhau huru

Iyo vhezheni itsva inomira pachena nekuti wedzera distrobox-host-exec command yekumhanyisa mirairo kubva mumudziyo kumhanya munzvimbo yevaenzi.

Imwe shanduko inomira pachena ndeyekuti yakawedzera rutsigiro rwe microdnf toolkit, pamwe nerutsigiro rwakaitwa rwemidziyo inomhanya semidzi (midzi).

Pamusoro peizvi, zvakare inosimbisa iyo tsigiro yakawedzerwa yekugovera (Fedora-Toolbox 36, openSUSE 15.4-beta, AlmaLinux 9, Gentoo, ostree-based systems) uye kuti kubatanidzwa kuri nani nemamiriro ekunze kwakashandiswa, semuenzaniso, kuwiriranisa kwezvirongwa zvenguva, dns uye /etc/hosts.

Yeimwe shanduko izvo zvinomira pachena:

  • Yakawedzerwa -s/-saizi sarudzo kuratidza mudziyo dhisiki kushandiswa
  • AlmaLinux 9 yakawedzerwa kune yakaedzwa midziyo yekugovera
  • Yakagadziriswa gentoo rutsigiro
  • Yakawedzera mamwe maturusi ekutanga, unminify apt-get/dnf/yum/pacman/zypper - install langs uye docs
  • yakawedzera pinentry kune base package list
  • Gadzirisa zvisizvo zvinosiyana mune mamwe mifananidzo yemidziyo
  • gomo kumba munzvimbo yecanonical yeostree masisitimu.

Maitiro ekuisa DistroBox paLinux?

Kune avo vari kufarira kukwanisa kuisa chishandiso ichi, Iwe unofanirwa kuziva kuti inowanikwa mune akawanda makuru eLinux ekugovera repositori.

Asi kune iyi kesi, isu tichashandisa iyo yekuisa nzira inopihwa kunenge chero kugoverwa kweLinux. Kuti uite izvi, ingovhura terminal uye mairi isu tichanyora zvinotevera:

curl -s https://raw.githubusercontent.com/89luca89/distrobox/main/install | sudo sh

Uye takagadzirira nazvo tinogona kutanga kushandisa chishandiso ichi.

Nezve kushandiswa kwayo, distrobox yakakamurwa kuita 8 mirairo:

  1. distrobox-gadzira- inogadzira mudziyo
  2. distrobox-enter - kupinda mumudziyo
  3. distrobox-list- kunyora midziyo yakagadzirwa ne distrobox
  4. distrobox-rm- kubvisa mudziyo wakagadzirwa ne distrobox
  5. distrobox-mira- kumisa mudziyo unomhanya wakagadzirwa ne distrobox
  6. distrobox-init - nzvimbo yekupinda mudziyo (isina kuitirwa kushandiswa nemaoko)
  7. distrobox-export- yakagadzirirwa kushandiswa mukati memudziyo, inobatsira kutumira kunze maapplication uye masevhisi kubva mumudziyo kuenda kumuenzi.
  8. distrobox-host-exec- kuita mirairo/zvirongwa kubva kumuridzi, uri mukati memudziyo

Finalmente Kana iwe uchida kudzidza zvakawanda nezve Distrobox, iwe unofanirwa kuziva kuti kodhi yeprojekiti yakanyorwa muShell uye yakagoverwa pasi peGPLv3 rezinesi. Iwe unogona kubvunza ese ari maviri ayo kodhi kodhi, pamwe neayo evashandisi zvinyorwa uye rumwe ruzivo mu inotevera link.


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