Debian GNU / Hurd 2021 yave kuwanikwa uye uku ndiko kuchinja kwayo

Mazuva mashoma apfuura kuvhurwa kweshanduro nyowani ye Debian 11.0 Bullseye, vhezheni inosanganisa nhamba hombe yeshanduko pakati payo inomira kuti inosvika nayo Linux 5.10, pamwe neshanduko huru kune inoisa, zvakare mutyairi mutsva exFAT, pakati pezvimwe zvinhu. Kana iwe uchida kuziva zvakawanda nezve iyi nyowani vhezheni yekugovera, ini ndinokukoka iwe tarisa zvinotevera zvinotevera. 

Uye ndizvozvo kutaura nezve kuburitswa kwaDebian 11, inenge panguva imwechete uye nenzira yakafanana yakaburitswa kusunungurwa kwekuparadzirwa Debian GNU / Yakakuvara 2021, kuti kusiyana neshoko randakataura nguva pfupi yadarika, iyi "vhezheni" yeDebian inosiyana nazvo, sezvo ichibatanidza iyo Debian software nharaunda neGNU / Hurd kernel.

Kune avo vasingazive nezveGNU Hurd, iwe unofanirwa kuziva kuti izvi iyo kernel yakagadzirirwa sekutsiva iyo Unix kernel uye yakagadzirirwa seti yemaseva ayo mhanya pamusoro peGNU Mach microkernel uye ivo vanoita akasiyana masisitimu masevhisi senge mafaera masystem, network stack, uye faira yekuwana control system.

Iyo GNU Mach microkernel inopa IPC michina iyo inoshandiswa kutaurirana pakati pezvinhu zveGNU Hurd uye kuvaka yakagovaniswa mizhinji-server dhizaini.

Nenzira iyi, Debian GNU / Hurd ine chinyorwa cheinenge 70% yeiyo yakazara Debian dura rekuchengetedza, kusanganisira Firefox uye Xfce zviteshi. Pamusoro pezvekuti saizvozvowo Debian ndeimwe yezvishoma zvakagovaniswa zvine zviitiko zvakasiyana, imwe yadzo iyo ingangove isu tese tinoziva iLinux, imwe ndiyo yatiri kutaura nezvayo mubhuku rino uye imwe kuti panguva ino ini handizive kana ichiri nerutsigiro kana iine chiitiko chinoshanda chiri neBSD kernel, saka zvakanyanya chete damba reDebian rinogadzirwa neLinux neHurd.

Nekudaro, Debian GNU / Hurd inoramba iri yega inoshingairira kuvandudza Debian chikuva chakavakirwa pane isiri-Linux kernel (vhezheni yeDebian GNU / KFreeBSD yakambogadzirwa, asi yakagara yakasiiwa).

Nezve Debian GNU / Hurd 2021

Nzvimbo yacho GNU / Hurd haisi imwe yezvivakwa zvinotsigirwa zviri pamutemo zveDebian 11, saka Debian GNU / Hurd 2021 inosunungurwa zvakasiyana uye ine chinzvimbo chekusazivikanwa kweDebian kusunungurwa, sezvo sekutaura kwatakaita kumwe kwekukanganisa kweDebian GNU / Hurd 2021 ndeyekuti inongowanikwa chete i386 uye parizvino inounganidza yakatenderedza 70% yeiyo package faira.

Pakati pekuchinja kwataurwa mune iyi nyowani vhezheni yeDebian GNU / Hurd 2021 ndeyekuti yaita Go mutauro chiteshi.

Izvo zvinoonekwawo kuti iyo Tsigiro ye byte renji yekukiya faira (fcntl, POSIX rejista kukiya), pamwe nerubatsiro rweyedzo ye 64-bit uye multiprocessor (SMP) masisitimu uye zvakare kutsigira maAPIC.

Zvakare zvinotaurwa kuti se yakagadzirisa iyo kodhi kuendesa kukanganisa kubata kune mushandisi nzvimbo (Userland IRQ kuendesa).

Uye akawedzera nyanzvi mushandisi nzvimbo dhirairi mutyairi zvichibva pane rump mashandiro (Runnable Userspace Metaprogram) kubva kuNetBSD chirongwa. Pakutanga, dhairekitori yaishandiswa kuburikidza nechero iyo inobvumidza madhiraivha eLinux kumhanya kuburikidza neakakosha emulation layer muMach kernel.

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Finalmente kune avo vanofarira kugona kuyedza Debian GNU / Hurd 2021Iwe unofanirwa kuziva kuti izvo zvakavakirwa zvivakwa zvinopihwa neakagadzirwa chaizvo graphical installer uye mapakeji aripo iye zvino anongowanikwa chete kune i386 akitekicha.

NETINST yekuisa mifananidzo, maCD nemaDVD, pamwe nemufananidzo wekuvhurwa mumasisitimu ehurongwa, akagadzirira kurodha pasi zvaunogona kuita kubva chinotevera chinongedzo.

Izvo zvakakoshawo kutaura izvo zvinokurudzirwa kuyedza system pamushini chaiwo uye kuti kana uchiifarira, unogona kutevedzera gwara rakapihwa papeji reDebian kubva pane iyi link iripazasi.

Kana iwe uchida kuziva zvakawanda nezvazvo, unogona kutarisa ruzivo Mune inotevera chinongedzo.


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  1. Inotarisira data: AB Internet Networks 2008 SL
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  5. Dhata yekuchengetedza: Dhatabhesi inobatwa neOccentus Networks (EU)
  6. Kodzero: Panguva ipi neipi iwe unogona kudzora, kupora uye kudzima ruzivo rwako

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