CentOS Stream 9 inoratidzwa zviri pamutemo uye idzi ndidzo shanduko dzakanyanya kukosha

Iyo purojekiti CentOS chiziviso munguva pfupi yapfuura zviri pamutemo lpakuwanikwa kweCentOS Stream 9 kugovera, iyo inoshandiswa sehwaro hwekugoverwa kweRed Hat Enterprise Linux 9 sechikamu chenzira itsva, yakazaruka yekuvandudza.

CentOS Stream inogara ichigadziridzwa kugovera uye inobvumira kuwanikwa kwekutanga kumapakeji ari kugadzirwa kune ramangwana vhezheni yeRHEL. CentOS Stream sakaiswa sepurojekiti yepamusoro yeRHEL, kubvumira vatori vechikamu chechitatu kudzora gadziriro yemapakeji eRHEL, kupa mazano ekuchinja kwavo uye kukurudzira sarudzo.

Kare, mufananidzo weimwe yeFedora vhezheni yakashandiswa sehwaro hwebazi idzva reRHEL, iro rakanatswa nekudzikamiswa kuseri kwemagonhi akavharwa, pasina kugona kudzora nzira yekusimudzira uye sarudzo dzakaitwa. Munguva yekuvandudzwa kweRHEL 9 yakavakirwa paFedora 34 snapshot, nekubatanidzwa kwenharaunda, bazi reCentOS Stream 9 rakaumbwa, umo basa rekugadzirira riri kuitika uye rinoumba hwaro hwebazi idzva rakakosha reRHEL.

Shanduko huru muCentOS Stream 9

Iyo desktop yakavakirwa paGNOME 40 (GNOME 3.28 inosanganisirwa muRHEL 8) uye GTK 4 raibhurari. MuGNOME 40, madhesikirwo echokwadi muZviitwa Overview modhi akaiswa kune mamiriro ekutarisa uye anoita seanoenderera loop kubva kuruboshwe kuenda kurudyi. GNOME shandisa simba-profiles-daemon controller, Inopa kugona kushandura pakubhururuka pakati pesimba rekuchengetedza modhi, simba rekuenzanisa modhi, uye peak performance mode.

Ese maodhiyo nzizi akaendeswa kuPipeWire media server, inova ikozvino yakasarudzika pachinzvimbo chePulseAudio uye JACK. Kushandisa PipeWire kunokutendera kuti upe hunyanzvi hwekugadzirisa odhiyo mune yakajairwa desktop edition, bvisa kupatsanuka, uye ubatanidze yako odhiyo zvivakwa zvekushandisa zvakasiyana.

Nokusingaperi, GRUB yekutanga menyu yakavanzwa kana RHEL iriyo yega kugovera pane system uye kana kutanga kwekutanga kwakabudirira. Kuti uratidze menyu panguva yebhutsu, ingobata pasi kiyi yeShift kana kudzvanya Esc kana F8 kiyi kakawanda.

Zvikamu zvekutsigira mitauro yakasiyana zvakaendeswa kumapakiti emitauro, zvichibvumira mwero werutsigiro wemitauro yakaiswa kuti usiyane.

Kugovera kunoshandisa bazi idzva reOpenSSL 3.0 cryptographic library. Nekutadza, mamwe emazuva ano uye akavimbika cryptographic algorithms anogoneswa (semuenzaniso, kushandiswa kweSHA-1 muTLS, DTLS, SSH, IKEv2 uye Kerberos yakaremara, TLS 1.0, TLS 1.1, DTLS 1.0, RC4, Camellia, DSA, 3DES uye FFDHE-1024 dzakaremara).

Kuita kweSELinux kwakagadziridzwa zvakanyanya uye nekushandisa ndangariro kushoma. Mu / etc / selinux / config, tsigiro ye "SELINUX = yakaremara" kuseta yekudzima SELinux yabviswa.

Kuumbwa kunosanganisira mptcpd daemon itsva yekugadzirisa MPTCP (MultiPath TCP), kuwedzera kweTCP protocol kuronga kuwirirana kweTCP nekuendeswa kwemapakiti panguva imwe chete munzira dzakawanda kuburikidza netiweki yakasiyana-siyana inosanganiswa nemakero akasiyana eIP. Kushandisa mptcpd kunoita kuti zvikwanise kugadzirisa MPTCP pasina kushandisa iproute2 utility.

Network script package yakabviswa, pachinzvimbo ndeye NetworkManager kugadzirisa network yekubatanidza. Iyo ifcfg yekumisikidza fomati ichiri kutsigirwa, asi NetworkManager inosarudzika kune keyfile-based fomati.

Clang inoshandiswa nekukasira kuvaka QEMU emulator, Izvi zvakabvumira iyo KVM hypervisor kushandisa dzimwe nzira dzekudzivirira, senge SafeStack, kudzivirira maitiro ehudzvanyiriri eReturn-Oriented Programming (ROP).

SSSD (System Security Services Daemon) yakawedzera granularity yematanda, semuenzaniso, nguva yekupedzisa basa ikozvino yakabatanidzwa kune zviitiko uye kuyerera kwechokwadi kunoratidzwa. Zvishandiso zvekutsvaga zvakawedzerwa kuongorora maitiro uye magadzirirwo enyaya.

Pakati pezvakanyanya kuchinja zvinoonekwa:

  • Yakawedzera rutsigiro rwekuyedza WireGuard VPN
  • Nekumisikidza, SSH login semudzi inorambwa.
  • Yakapera packet filter management maturusi iptables-nft (utility iptables, ip6tables, ebtables, uye arptables) uye ipset. Zvino zvinokurudzirwa kushandisa nftables kubata firewall.
  • Iyo sisitimu nharaunda uye maturusi ekumisikidza akagadziridzwa.
  • GCC 11 inoshandiswa kugadzira mapakeji
  • Iyo C standard raibhurari yakagadziridzwa kuita glibc 2.34
  • Linux kernel package yakavakirwa pane vhezheni 5.14
  • RPM Batch Manager yakagadziridzwa kune vhezheni 4.16 nerutsigiro rwekutendeseka kutarisa kuburikidza nefapolicyd.
  • Kugovera kutama kuenda kuPython 3 kwapera.
  • Nekutadza, iyo Python 3.9 bazi rinopihwa

Chekupedzisira, zvinofanirwa kutaurwa kuti izvo zvinovaka zvakagadzirirwa x86_64, Aarch64 uye ppc64le (IBM Power 9+) zvivakwa. Zvakare, rutsigiro rweiyo IBM Z yekuvakisa (s390x Z14 +) inoziviswa, asi inovaka iyo haisati yavepo.

Kana iwe uchida kuziva zvakawanda nezvazvo, iwe unogona kutarisa iyo ruzivo Mune inotevera chinongedzo.


Izvo zviri muchinyorwa zvinoomerera pamisimboti yedu ye tsika dzekunyora. Kuti utaure chikanganiso tinya pano.

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