Vacuum sepombi. Iyo yekutanga nhoroondo yeUnix chikamu 3

Vacuum sepombi

Mune izvi nyaya dzakateedzana tiri kutsvaga mavambo eAix, iyo inoshanda sisitimu iyo Linux nemamwe akavhurwa sosi anoshanda masystem akafuridzirwa. Asi, sezvo zvisingaite kupatsanura Unix kubva kuchinhu chakachengetedza vavaki vayo, tinofanirwa kutanga nenhoroondo yeBell Laboratories, chimwe chezvinhu zvinobudirira zvikuru pazvinhu zvitsva zvezana ramakore rechiXNUMX.

Panguva ino zvakanaka kujekesa, pamwe iyo AT&T (mubereki mubatanidzwa weBell Laboratories) yanga isiri kambani yemuenzaniso mukubata kwayo nevanokwikwidza nevatengi. Zvinhu zvaive zvisina kukwana kuBell Labs futi; paive nevanhu vainzwira tsitsi vavasingafanirwe kunzwira tsitsi, shanje, kurwira kwehunhu, uye nenjodzi dzose dzinowanzoitika kana vanhu vachishanda pamwechete.

Zvisinei, ivo vakakwanisa kugadzira imwe yenzvimbo dzinobudirira kwazvo dzebasa kubvira panguva yemasangano eRenaissance, vakaisa hwaro hwekutsvagisa kwemakambani uye ekuvandudza marabhoritari. Uye, kana chete vachidzivirira kushora kutsamwa kwevatongi, vakagovana zvavakawana nezvidzidzo, kazhinji zvemahara.

Vacuum sepombi. Kukunda madaro

AT & T yaive kambani yekubatsira nhares. Kuti murabhoritari yake yekutsvagisa yakapa boka diki revashandi vake rusununguko rwekutsvagisa zvekutanga hazvina kuvaita kuti vakanganwe chinangwa chikuru. Iva kambani inozotaurirana kuUnited States yese.

Asi, kuti vabudirire pane izvo vaifanira kugadzirisa dambudziko, Maitiro ekuita kuti izwi revanhu rifambe madaro marefu pasina kurasikirwa nehunhu. Ehezve ivo vaifanirawo kutora hanya nezvimwe zvinhu zvakaita setambo dzinopesana nemhedzisiro yekuve panze, asi, sezvo izvo zvisingatisiye isu padhuze neUnix, isu ticharegeredza.

Iye aive purezidhendi wekambani, Theodore Vail, akaraira vaive pasi pake muna 1906 kuti eIvo vanowana nzira yekuvaka nhare yekubatana pakati peNew York neSan Francisco. Inofanira kunge ichishanda na1914, gore iro iro Panama Pacific International Kuratidzwa kwaizoitwa.
Dambudziko guru raive rekushomeka kwesimba rinogonesa kana rekudzokorora. Mumashoko emukuru wekambani:

Isu tanga tichiziva maitiro ekuvandudza akadaro akadzokorora? Kwete. Nei? Sayenzi yakanga isati yatiratidza nzira. Isu tanga tine chero chikonzero chekufunga kuti achadaro? Hongu. Nokufamba kwenguva? Pamwe.

Chishandiso chinozivikanwa seyeti yekutsvaira (Kana paine nyanzvi mumba inoda kugadzirisa dudziro yangu, vanogamuchirwa kuti vadaro mune yekutaura fomu) Icho chigadzirwa chinodzora kuyerera kwemagetsi emagetsi pakati pemagetsi maviri. Izvo zvinoita saizvozvo mune yakanyanyisa mamiriro ekushomeka. Chaive chakakosha chikamu chekuvandudzwa kweredhiyo, terevhizheni, radar, kurekodha kurira uye kubereka, kureba nhare mbozhanhare uye, iyo inopembedza kuti ndiri kunyora chinyorwa, makomputa ekutanga ane zvigadzirwa zvemagetsi.

Bell Labs inouya yekutsvaira tube tekinoroji kuburikidza neinovhurika nzira. Aine chokwadi chekuti hapana mainjiniya ake aizowana mhinduro, akafunga kudaidza vadzidzi vezvechiremba mu teó fizikiki.zvinonaka. Yakanga iri nguva yekutanga munyika yemakambani masayendisiti akashandiswa kugadzirisa matambudziko einjiniya.

Mumwe wemasayendisiti akatora tAkagadzira mudziyo wechubhu inonzi Audion, akaivaka zvakare achishandisa zvakanyatso shanda zvinhu, uye akavandudza mweya kuburitsa kuti ibudise mweya.io. Dhizaini dzakanatswa uye kushanda zvizere kana mutsetse wakavhurwa muna 1915.

Nekupinda kweUnited States muHondo Yenyika I, Zvekutsvagisa zveAT & T zvakashandurwa kushandiswa kwemachubhu emuchina mukushandisa zvemauto.

AT & T pfumo guru reDamocles raive iro vezvematongerwo enyika vanozoedza kudzikisira nhare yavo yega. Ndokusaka yaigara ichiedza kubvumidza tekinoroji yayo yekudyara kune mamwe maindasitiri. Nekudaro, kutsvagisa kwake pamusoro peyakabvisa machubhu kwakazowanikwa kune ese mairi akasimbiswa uye ari kubuda maindasitiri Iwo ma prototypes ekutanga emakomputa emagetsi aishandisa vacuhu chubhu michina neBell tekinoroji akaonekwa mukupera kwema30. Asi, panguva iyoyo Bell Labs vaive vatofunga nezve tekinoroji yaizoita kuti vashaye basa.


Izvo zviri muchinyorwa zvinoomerera pamisimboti yedu ye tsika dzekunyora. Kuti utaure chikanganiso tinya pano.

Makomendi gumi, siya zvako

Siya yako yekutaura

Your kero e havazobvumirwi ichibudiswa.

*

*

  1. Inotarisira data: AB Internet Networks 2008 SL
  2. Chinangwa cheiyo data: Kudzora SPAM, manejimendi manejimendi.
  3. Legitimation: Kubvuma kwako
  4. Kutaurirana kwedata
  5. Dhata yekuchengetedza: Dhatabhesi inobatwa neOccentus Networks (EU)
  6. Kodzero: Panguva ipi neipi iwe unogona kudzora, kupora uye kudzima ruzivo rwako

  1.   Eduardo akadaro

    mavharuvhu

    1.    Diego ChiGerman Gonzalez akadaro

      gracias