Linux yakanyatso kutonga pamusoro pevane mazana mashanu mumasimba epasirose epasirose

Top 500

Yekupedzisira Top500, chinzvimbo chevane mazana mashanu emasimba makuru munyika, yakaburitswa muna Chikumi 17, 2019 kumusangano wepasi rose weHigh Performance Computing yakaitirwa muFrankfurt, Germany.

En Iyi mhando nyowani iwe uchaona kuti kune makumi mapfumbamwe nemapfumbamwe vapinda mune ino nyowani runyorwa, kusanganisira 94 yeChina uye 47 yeUnited States. Musoro wenyaya unoramba usingachinji, uchienzaniswa nenzvimbo yapfuura, nezvinyorwa zviviri chete zviri pamusoro gumi, imwe yacho iri sisitimu iripo yakagadziridzwa uye simba rayo rakawedzerwa.

Frontera ndiyo chete nyowani nyowani yepamusoro mune gumi gumi, iri munzvimbo yechishanu mune ino TOP500 ine simba re38 petaflops.

Mune ino nyowani edition yeiyo rondedzero Tinogona kuona kuti United States yakawedzera michina mitsva minomwe kuTop500 yemakomputa makuru ane simba kwazvo pasirese, achisimbisa kugara kwayo mukukwiridzira ne116 makomputa ese akazara uye 38,4% yesimba remakomputa emagetsi.

Kugoverwa kwevashandi vakuru ndeinotevera:

  • China: 219
  • Nyika dzakabatana: 116
  • Japan: 29
  • Furanzi: 19
  • UK: 18
  • Germany: 14
  • Ireland: 13
  • Netherlands: 13
  • Kanada 8
  • Maodzanyemba Korea: 5
  • Itari: 5
  • Australia: 5
  • Singapore 5
  • Switzerland 4
  • Saudi Arabia, Brazil, India, Chamhembe Afrika: 3
  • Russia, Finland, Sweden, Spain, Taiwan: 2

Supercomputers inotungamira iyo yepamusoro 500

Ipo China yakadonha kubva kunzvimbo yekutanga neyechipiri kusvika kunzvimbo yechitatu neyechina kubva munaNovember 2017, asi Ichiri pamberi peUS sezvo huwandu hweChina hwemakomputa makuru ari 219 muhuwandu ichienzaniswa ne116 muUnited States.

Kunyangwe chikamu ichi chaizopa sechirevo chekuti China ine kugona kukuru, chinhu chakasiyana sezvo United States iri mutungamiri werondedzero ichifunga nezve simba rekugadzirisa.

Makomputa maviri makuru akagadzirwa neBM yeUnited States ndiwo Musangano izvo ine simba mazana maviri petaflops uye iyo Sierra ine simba re200 petaflops, iri paOak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) muTennessee uye Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory muCalifornia, zvichiteerana, inochengetedza zvigaro zvepamusoro zviviri.

Panzvimbo yechitatu neyechina Kubva pane urwu runyorwa kune maviri maChinese makuru

The Sunway TaihuLight, sisitimu yakagadzirirwa neNational Center for Research muParallel Computing Technology (NRCPC) muWuxi (125.4 petaflops)

Uye Tianhe-2A Yakagadziriswa neYunivhesiti yeChina National Defense Technology (NUDT) kuGuangzhou (100 petaflops).

Kugovaniswa kwakawanda nenhamba yevashandisi vakuru munzvimbo dzakasiyana dzepasi ndeinotevera: 267 makomputa ari muAsia (261 gore rapfuura), 127 muAmerica (131) uye 98 kuEurope (101), 5 muOceania uye 3 muAfrica. .

Linux, iyo yakasarudzika sisitimu yevanonyanya kutamba

Top 500

Mune chinzvimbo cheanoshanda masisitimu anoshandiswa mune makuru makomputa, Izvo zvinofanirwa kucherechedzwa kuti vese makomputa makuru mune ino TOP500 vava kushanda pasi peLinux-based operating system, iyo pane zvinotevera Linux kugoverwa mavari:

48.8% (50.8%) haitsanangure kugovera

27.8% (23.2%) shandisa CentOS

7.6% (9.8%) - Cray Linux

3% (3.6%) - SUSE

4,8% (5%) - RHEL

1.6% (1.4%) - Ubuntu

0.4% (0.4%) - Sayenzi Linux

Hardware

Ndichiri kutaura nezve vagadziri vanopa masimba aya makuru vatinogona kuwana:

Lenovo ndiye zvakare mutengesi mukuru wevapfuura makomputa mune ino TOP500, sezvo inomiririra 34.6% yezvikepe zvakaongororwa neInspur (14.2%), Sugon (12.6%), HPE (8%) uye Cray (7.8%).

Ndichiri pamoyo iyo inopa masimba aya makuru Intel CPUs inotungamira nzira inomira pachena: 95.6%, Inoteverwa neBMM Power ine 2.6%, SPARC64 - 0.8%, munzvimbo yechina, 0.4% mu AMD chete ne0.4%.

Ruzhinji rwazvo rwakavakirwa paIntel Xeon processor uye maNVIDIA anowedzera.

Pano zvakakosha kuratidza chimwe chazvo, iri mune iyi yepamusoro 500, kubvira chete iyo Astra supercomputer inouya neARM processorIzvo zvinoshamisa kuona supercomputer inofambiswa neiyi tekinoroji iyo vazhinji vanogona kufunga kuti haina zvazvinotora kumabasa makuru.

Chekupedzisira izvozvi chinzvimbo cheGreen 500 hachisisiri kuburitswa zvakasiyana uye chinobatana nePamusoro 500sekugona kwesimba iko zvino kuchiratidzwa pamusoro wepamusoro Top 500 chiyero (LINPACK FLOPS reshiyo kune simba rekushandisa mumawatts inozotorwa).


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  1.   pedro akadaro

    Frontera ine 21 chete "inoshanda" petaflops (yasvika 23.5 muyedzo yesimba) uye inotarisirwa kusvika 38.7 mushure memamwe matanho ekuwedzera ayo epanyama uye emakomputa masisitimu ...