Java inotendeuka makumi maviri neshanu. Nhoroondo ipfupi yepuratifomu

Java inotendeuka makumi maviri neshanu

«Ndakarambana nemusikana wangu mugadziri. Haazive Java »ndakanzwa joke kekutanga pachirongwa cheredhiyo chakanangana neruzhinji. Izvi zvinoratidza izvozvo Kuzivikanwa kweiyi 25-gore-rekare mitauro mitauro inodarika iyo nzvimbo yekombuta sainzi.

Izwi rekuti Java rinoshandiswa nguva zhinji kureva iyo Java chikuva, ndiko kuti, seti yemidziyo yekukurumidza kukurumidza kwemaplatform mafomu, pamwe nerewo-wechinangwa-chinangwa chirongwa mutauro yakagadzirwa nekambani yeZuva kugadzira zvirongwa zvepuratifomu iyi.

Musiyano weJava nekuremekedza mimwe mitauro yekuronga ndeyekuti Yakagadzirirwa kuitira kuti kodhi yakanyorwa ikwanise kumhanya pane chero sisitimu iyo muchina unokwanisa kumhanya pairi Java (JVM).

Chaizvoizvo. Java haina kuzvarwa kuti ishandiswe mupurogiramu yekombuta. Muma 90 maindasitiri enhau aibheja paterevhizheni inofambidzana uye vanogadzira vakafunga kuti zvaizobatsira pakuseta-kumusoro mabhokisi uye izvo zvaizozozivikanwa sematerevhizheni akangwara. Nekudaro, iyo tambo terevhizheni makambani aive asingafarire. FVakanga vari vagadziri veInternet vakaona kugona kwayo uye Netscape, bhurawuza rekutanga, akaisanganisira.

Java inotendeuka makumi maviri neshanu. Nhoroondo diki

Kutanga kweprojekti kunofanira kuteverwa muna 1991 apo JAmes Gosling, Mike Sheridan, naPatrick Naughton vakaumba iyo inonzi Green Team mukati mekambani yeSun Microsystem. (green timu). Zvinangwa zvavo zvaive zvekuda, ivo vaida kugadzira mutauro wepurogiramu uyo ​​waive

Zvakareruka, zvine simba, zvinotakurika, chikuva chakazvimiririra, chakachengeteka, chepamusoro-kuita, chakakoshwa-shinda, chivakwa-chisina kwazvakarerekera, chakanangana nechinhu, chakadudzirwa, uye chine simba.

Pakutanga mutauro wemunguva yemberi wainzi Greentalk uye mafaera awo aive newedzero .gt asi gare gare zita reOak rakasarudzwa. Oak inoonekwa sechiratidzo chesimba uye inosarudzwa semuti wenyika munyika zhinji dzakaita seFrance, Germany, Romania neUnited States. Zvakare, yaive chiratidzo chakanyoreswa cheimwe kambani.

Nei Java akazopedzisira adaidzwa?

Vagadziri pavakaona kuti havaikwanisa kuidana Oak vakavhiringidza mamwe mazitas. Ivo vaida izwi rinoratidza musimboti wemutauro mutsva: shanduko, simba, kurarama, kutonhorera, yakasarudzika, nyore kuperetera, uye kunakidza kutaura.

Vakaedza zvine simba, shanduko, Silika, Jolt, uye DNA. Pakupedzisira, ivo vakasarudza zita iro Gosling rakauya naro pamusoro pekofi. Java hachisi chirevo, zvinoreva chitsuwa cheIndonesia uko kunogadzirwa mamwe emhando dzakanakisa dzeiyi infusion.

Muna 1995 yekutanga kiyedzo vhezheni yeshanduro yekugadzira yakaburitswa uye, gore rimwe chetero, magazini yeTIme yakazvitumidza chimwe chezvinhu gumi zvegore. Nhasi mutauro inoshandiswa kugadzira desktop, nhare, dandemutande uye zvakapetwa zvinoshandiswa. Mapurogiramu mazhinji anozivikanwa akavhurwa akanyorwa achishandisa Java.

Iyo gakava pamusoro pemarezinesi avo

Mazhinji emapuratifomu e Java mapuratifomu anowanikwa pasi pemarezinesi akavhurika, uye, izvo zvisina kutsiviwa nemamwe mapurojekiti ari open source. Zvisinei, ichi hachisi vimbiso. Oracle (iyo yakatenga Sun Microsystem) iri kumhan'arira Google yekumisazve kuitiswa kweJava application programming interfaces paApple. Mhedzisiro yemutongo uyu inoenderana nekuti kutsiviwa kunogona kuramba kuchishandiswa here.

Uchishandisa Java zvinoshandiswa paLinux

Mazhinji maJava application anosanganisira diki module inovatendera kuti ishandiswe pasina kukosha kwekuisa zvimwe zvinoriumba Nekudaro, kumhanya most need to install a Java nguva yekumhanya. Zvakawanda zve Kugoverwa kweLinux kunosanganisira package inonzi OpenJDK mune avo ekuchengetera iyo inogona kuiswa nenzira yakajairwa.

Iwe unogona zvakare kuisa yepamutemo Oracle nguva yekumhanya nharaunda kubva papeji rako. Asi ine rezinesi chete uye ine zvirambidzo pakushandisa kwayo zvekutengesa.

Muzviitiko zvese izvi, iwe unofanirwa kungoisa mbeva mbeva pamusoro pechishandiso uye nekobhatani bhatani sarudza kurivhura nenharaunda yakasarudzwa yeJava.

Zvirongwa muJava

Kugadzira zvirongwa muJava chete nIsu tinofanirwa kuve neyambotaurwa iyo OpenJDK package yakaiswa uye yakasanganiswa yekusimudzira nharaunda seNetBeans, Eclipse, kana Intellij Idea. TDzese dzinogona kuiswa nyore nyore pane yedu Linux kugovera uchishandisa zvinyorwa uye iyo FlatPak uye Snap mapakeji.


Izvo zviri muchinyorwa zvinoomerera pamisimboti yedu ye tsika dzekunyora. Kuti utaure chikanganiso tinya pano.

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