Iyo 63rd edition yePamusoro 500 yakatoburitswa

TOP500

TOP500 inoisa uye inodonongodza iyo mazana mashanu ane simba zvakanyanya asina-kugoverwa komputa masisitimu munyika.

Mazuva mashoma apfuura Iyo 63rd edition ye "Pamusoro 500" chinzvimbo chakaburitswa iyo inoronga makomputa ari kuita zvakanyanya pasi rose. Iyi rondedzero yakavakirwa pakuyera masisitimu maitiro uchishandisa iyo LINPACK benchmark, iyo inoverengera kumhanya uko system inogona kugadzirisa seti yemutsara equations.

Uye muichi chinyorwa chitsva chinoratidzwa, zvichienzaniswa nechapfuura chinyorwa (chinyorwa 62) masumbu akagara nzvimbo shanu dzekutanga padanho rekare dzakachengetwa zvinzvimbo zvavo.

  1. Nzvimbo yekutanga muPamusoro 500 inoramba ichichengetwa ne «Frontier», anga achitungamira chinzvimbo ichi kwemakore maviri akateedzana. Inowanikwa kuUS Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, cluster iyi ine 2 miriyoni processor cores (8.7 GHz AMD EPYC 64C) uye Iyo inopa kuita kwe1206 exaflops. Iyo cluster inofambiswa neHPE Cray OS (SUSE Linux Enterprise Server edition 15).
  2. Iyo Aurora system paArgonne Leadership Computing Facility muIllinois, USA, yawana nzvimbo yechipiri muTOP500. Iri sumbu rakawedzera nhamba ye processor cores (Xeon CPU Max 9470 52C 2.4 GHz) kubva pa4.8. 9.2 mamiriyoni, zvichikonzera kuita kwe1012 exaflops. Pasi pehodhi pane SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 15 SP4.
  3. Panzvimbo yechitatu pane "Gondo" rakaiswa muMicrosoft Azure Cloud muUS, richitorazve chinzvimbo chayaive yasvika mushure mekuonekwa kwayo kwekutanga mune yakapfuura runyorwa. Iye "Gondo" isumbu rakaiswa neMicrosoft kuAzure gore uye rine 2 miriyoni processor cores (Xeon Platinum 8480C 48C 2GHz CPU), Iyo inopa huwandu hwekuita kwe561 petaflops. Iyo cluster software yakavakirwa paUbuntu 22.04.
  4. Fugaku: Iri kuRIKEN Institute for Physical and Chemical Research muJapan, cluster iyi inoshandisa maARM processors (158976 nodes yakavakirwa paFujitsu A64FX SoC, ine 8.2 GHz 2,2-core Armv48-A SVE CPU) uye inopa 442 petaflops yekuita. Fugaku inoshandisa Red Hat Enterprise Linux.
  5. LUMI: Iri paEuropean Supercomputing Center (EuroHPC) muFinland, cluster iyi inopa r.kuita kwe379 petaflops. Iyo yakavakirwa paHPE Cray EX235a chikuva uye inosanganisira 2.2 miriyoni processor cores (AMD EPYC 64C 2GHz, AMD Instinct MI250X accelerator, Slingshot-11 network). Inoshandisa HPE Cray OS seyo inoshanda sisitimu.

Pamusoro pezvo, nzvimbo yechitanhatu yakatorwa nechikwata chitsva cheAlps, chakatangwa kuSwitzerland National Supercomputing Center. Iyi cluster ine 1,305,600 NVIDIA Nyasha 72C 3.1 GHz processor cores uye inopa 270 petaflops kuita.

Kana ari supercomputers kumba, inotaurwa kuti Chervonenkis, Galushkin uye Lyapunov masumbu akagadzirwa neYandex aive nekuderera pachinzvimbo. Ivo vakabva pamakumi matatu nematanhatu, 36 uye 58 kusvika 64nd, 42th uye 69th zvakateerana. Aya masumbu akagadzirirwa kugadzirisa matambudziko ekudzidza muchina uye kupa mashandiro e79, 21.5, uye 16 petaflops zvakateerana. Vanomhanya Ubuntu 12.8 uye vakashongedzerwa ne AMD EPYC 16.04xxx processors uye NVIDIA A7 GPU.

Na chikamu chemaitiro matsva ezvinzvimbo ye supercomputers inotaurwa kuti:

  • Kune 181 supercomputers muNorth America (171 mwedzi mitanhatu yapfuura).
  • Europe: 157 supercomputers (143 mwedzi mitanhatu yapfuura).
  • Asia: 147 supercomputers (169 mwedzi mitanhatu yapfuura).
  • South America: 9 supercomputers (10 mwedzi mitanhatu yapfuura).
  • Oceania: 5 supercomputers (6 mwedzi mitanhatu yapfuura).
  • Africa: 1 supercomputer (isina kuchinjwa).
  • Intel inotonga chinzvimbo nesarudzo ye62.8% (67.9% mwedzi mitanhatu yapfuura).
  • AMD CPUs: 31.4% (28% mwedzi mitanhatu yapfuura).
  • IBM Simba: 1.2% (1.4% mwedzi mitanhatu yapfuura).
  • Ese masisitimu ari muchikamu akashandisa Linux seyavo sisitimu yekushandisa kubva munaNovember 2017.
  • Iyo shoma yekuita chikumbaridzo chekupinda muTop500 yakawedzera kusvika 2,13 petaflops.
  • Kuitwa kwese kwemasisitimu ese ari padanho akawedzera kubva pa7 kusvika ku8,2 exaflops mumwedzi mitanhatu yapfuura.

Y maererano nekushandiswa kwekugoveras, zvinonzi:

  • 42.4% (44.6% mwedzi mitanhatu yapfuura) shandisa Linux-based system, asi usatsanangure kugovera.
  • RHEL kushandiswa ikozvino kwakawedzera kusvika 16.8% (kare 12.6%)
  • CentOS yakadzikira kusvika 9.4% (yaimbova 11%)
  • Cray Linux ine 9,2% (9.6%)
  • Ubuntu yakawana chikamu chidiki chinokwira kusvika pa8.4% (7,8%)
  • SUSE yakaramba iri 4,4% (4,4%)
  • Rocky Linux yakawedzera kusvika 3% (2%)
  • Alma Linu 1,2% (1%)
  • AmazonLinux; 0.2% (0.2%)
  • Sainzi linux 0.2% (0.2%)

pakupedzisira kana uri kufarira kuziva zvakawanda nezvazvo, ndinokukoka iwe kuti utarise kuburitswa kwePamusoro 500 mukati chinotevera chinongedzo.


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