Iyo 54th edition yeiyo TOP 500 yakatsikiswa uye Linux iri kuramba ichitonga makomputa akasimba kwazvo pasirese

TOP500

Iyo itsva edition yeiyo chinzvimbo chemakomputa mazana mashanu anoita zvakanyanya yakaburitswa munyika, ino iri 54th edition. Kunze kweizvozvo kuPanguva imwecheteyo, vhezheni itsva ye imwe nzira yekufanirwakuGirafu 500 yemasumbu masisitimu, yakagadzirirwa kuongorora mashandiro epuratifomu makomputa ane chekuita nekuenzanisa kwemaitiro epanyama uye mabasa ekugadzirisa makuru data maseti anowanikwa mune aya masisitimu. Iyo Green500 chiyero haichaburitswa zvakasiyana uye inosanganiswa neTop500.

Nezve iro idzva shanduro yeTOP 500 tinogona kuona kuti vatungamiriri gumi vepamusoro havana kuchinja kubvira, pakutanga, muchinhanho, IBM inozviisa pachayo neiyo Summit sumbu ku Oak Ridge National Laboratory (USA). Sumbu inomhanya Red Hat Enterprise Linux uye ine 2,4 mamirioni cores processor (uchishandisa 9-core IBM Power22 3.07C 22GHz CPUs uye NVIDIA Tesla V100 accelerators), ichipa 148 petaflops kuita.

Panguva ye nzvimbo yechipiri inogarwa neAmerican cluster Sierra, yakaiswa neBM kuLivermore National Laboratory yakavakirwa papuratifomu yakafanana neSummit uye ichiratidza mashandiro padanho re94 petaflops (anenge 1,5 miriyoni cores).

Chechitatu, pane Chinese Sunway TaihuLight cluster, iyo inoshanda mune yenyika supercomputer centre yeChina, iyo inosanganisira anopfuura mamirioni gumi macores uye inoratidza kuita kwe10 petaflops. Kunyangwe iri padhuze kuita, iyo Sierra cluster inoshandisa hafu yesimba reSunway TaihuLight.

Chechina ndeye Chinese Tianhe-2A sumbu, iyo inosanganisira angangoita mamirioni mashanu cores uye inoratidza mashandiro e5 petaflops.

Frontera Cluster, yakagadzirwa naDell weTexas Computer Center, iri pachinhanho chechishanu pachinzvimbo. Iyo sumbu inomhanya CentOS Linux 7 uye inosanganisira zvinopfuura 448 Xeon Platinum 8280 28C 2.7GHz-based cores. Iyo yakazara RAM saizi ndeye 1.5 PB, uye mashandiro acho anosvika makumi maviri nematatu petaflops, inova yakapetwa katanhatu pane mutungamiriri muchiyero

Nezve kugoverwa nenhamba yevanonyanya kudzvinyirira munyika dzakasiyana, muchinyorwa chino chitsva, idzi dzinogoverwa seinotevera:

  • China: 228 (219 - mwedzi mitanhatu yapfuura). Pakazara, ivo vanogadzira 31.9% yezvose zvinogadzirwa (hafu yegore rapfuura - 29.9%).
  • Nyika dzakabatana: 117 (116). Kubudirira kwese kunofungidzirwa pa37.8% (hafu yegore rapfuura - 38.4%).
  • Japan: 29 (inoenderera nenhamba yakafanana nemwedzi mitanhatu yapfuura)
  • Furanzi: 18 (19).
  • Germany: 16 (14).
  • Netherlands: 15 (13).
  • Ireland: 14 (13).
  • Great Britain: 11 (18).
  • Kanada 9 (8).
  • Itari: 5 (inoenderera nenhamba yakafanana nemwedzi mitanhatu yapfuura).
  • Singapore 4 (5).
  • Australia, South Korea, Saudi Arabia, Brazil, Russia: 3.

Kugovaniswa kwakawanda kwehuwandu hwevane makomputa munzvimbo dzakasiyana dzepasi ndeinotevera: 274 supercomputer vari muAsia (267 mwedzi mitanhatu yapfuura), 129 muAmerica (127) uye 94 kuEurope (98), 3 muOceania.

Mukupatsanurwa kwemaitiro ekushandisa anoshandiswa Mumakomputa makuru, Linux inoramba ichitonga muTOP 500.

Kugovera pane kugoverwa kweLinux:

  • 49.6% usatsanangure kugovera,
  • 26.4% shandisa CentOS.
  • 6.8% CrayLinux.
  • 4.8% RHEL.
  • 3% SUSE.
  • 2% Ubuntu.
  • 0.4% Sayenzi Linux.

Iko kushomeka kwekuita chikumbaridzo kupinda muTop500 kwemwedzi mitanhatu yakawedzera kubva pa1022 kusvika pa1142 teraflops (Gore rakapera chete mazana maviri nemakumi maviri nemapfumbamwe emapoka airatidza kuita kwakakwirira kupfuura petaflops, 272 makore maviri apfuura, 138 94 makore matatu apfuura).

Kuburitswa kwese kwese masisitimu ari muchikamu chegore kwakawedzera kubva pa1.559 kusvika pa1.650 exaflops (makore matatu apfuura pakanga paine 566 petaflops). Iyo sisitimu iyo inovhara ratidziro yazvino yaive 397th mune yapfuura kuburitswa uye 311th mugore rapfuura.

Iwo makuru maCPU maIntel CPUs: 94% (hafu yegore yapfuura yaive 95.6%), IBM Simba: 2.8% (2.6%) munzvimbo yechipiri, AMD 0.6% (0.4%) munzvimbo yechitatu, 0.6% muchina SPARC64 (0,8%).

35.6% (hafu yegore yapfuura 33.2%) yeavo vese vashanduri vane 20 cores, 13.8% (16.8%) - 16 cores, 11.2% (11.2%) - 12 cores, 11% (11.2%) - 18 cores, 7.8% (7%) - gumi nemana.

144 yemakumi mashanu seti (hafu yegore yapfuura - 133) ivo vanoshandisawo zvinokurumidza kana macoprocessorpanguva 135 masisitimu anoshandisa NVIDIA machipisi (hafu yegore yapfuura paive ne125), vashanu vanoshandisa Intel Xeon Phi (5), 5 PEZY (1), 1 mhinduro dzakauchikwa dzinoshandiswa (yaive 1), mu1 - Matrix-1 (2000), mu1 AMD Vega GPU (yapfuura mwedzi mitanhatu, hapana maAdv accelerator akashandiswa)

Pakati pevagadziri vemasumbu, Lenovo anotanga kuve pamberi: 34.8% (34.6% gore rapfuura), Sugon 14.2% (12.6%) vari pachinhanho chechipiri, Inspur yakawira panzvimbo yechitatu - 13.2% (14.2%), Hewlett- chinzvimbo chechina Packard - 7% (8%) uye 7% ( 7.8%), inoteverwa neAtos - 4.6%, IBM 2.6 (2.4%), Fujitsu 2.6% (2.6%), Penguin Computing - 2.2% (1.8%), Dell EMC 2.2% (3%), Huawei 2% (1.4 %), NVIDIA 1.2%. Makore mashanu apfuura, kugoverwa pakati pevagadziri kwaive kwakadai: Hewlett-Packard 36%, IBM 35%, Cray 10.2%, uye SGI 3.8%.

mabviro: https://www.top500.org/


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  1.   01101001b akadaro

    Chinyorwa chakanaka kwazvo. Kutenda.